Professional Standards Board

Statutory Authority: 14 Delaware Code, Section 122(d) (14 Del.C. §122(d)) 14 DE Admin. Code 332



332 Certification Technology Education Teacher

I. Summary of the Evidence and Information Submitted

The Professional Standards Board, acting in cooperation and consultation with the Department of Education, seeks the consent of the State Board of Education to amend 14 DE Admin. Code 332 Certification Technology Education Teacher. The regulation concerns the requirements for certification of educational personnel to the certification of educators, pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1220(a). It is necessary to amend this regulation to align it with changes in statute regarding licensure and certification of educators, and to update the course requirements for the position. There are no approved educator preparation programs in Delaware for Technology Education teachers. The requirements have been aligned with the Delaware Technology Education student content standards and the national Technology Education content standards. The regulation will be renumbered 1568 to reflect its movement to the Professional Standards Board portion of the Department of Education regulations. It will also be renamed Standard Certificate Technology Education Teacher to make it consistent with other regulations for standard certificates for educators.

Notice of the proposed amendment of the regulation was published in the News Journal and the Delaware State News on June 24, 2005, in the form hereto attached as Exhibit “A”. The notice invited written comments. Written comments were received from the Governor’s Advisory Council for Exceptional Citizens supporting the amendment of the regulation.

II. Findings of Facts

The Professional Standards Board and the State Board of Education find that it is appropriate to adopt this regulation to comply with changes in statute regarding the licensure and certification of educators.

III. Decision to Adopt the Regulation

For the foregoing reasons, the Professional Standards Board and the State Board of Education conclude that it is appropriate to amend the regulation. Therefore, pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1205(b), the regulation attached hereto as Exhibit “B” is hereby adopted. Pursuant to the provision of 14 Del.C. §122(e), the regulation hereby amended shall be in effect for a period of five years from the effective date of this order as set forth in Section V. below.

IV. Text and Citation

The text of the regulation amended shall be in the form attached hereto as Exhibit “B”, and said regulation shall be cited as 14 DE Admin. Code 1568 of the Administrative Code of Regulations of the Department of Education.

V. Effective Date of Order

The effective date of this Order shall be ten (10) days from the date this Order is published in the Delaware Register of Regulations.


Harold Roberts, Chair Sharon Brittingham

Norman Brown Heath Chasanov

Edward Czerwinski Angela Dunmore

Karen Gordon Barbara Grogg

Bruce Harter Valerie Hoffmann

Leslie Holden Carla Lawson

Mary Mirabeau Gretchen Pikus

Karen Schilling Ross Carol Vukelich


Valerie A. Woodruff, Secretary of Education



Jean W. Allen, President

Richard M. Farmer, Jr., Vice President

Mary B. Graham, Esquire

Barbara Rutt

Dennis J. Savage

Dr. Claibourne D. Smith

332 Certification Technology Education Teacher

Effective July 1, 1994

(Formerly Industrial Arts)

1.0 The following shall be required for the Standard license in the middle level grades and 9-12 and is valid at the elementary level (if appropriate elementary foundation courses have been successfully completed.) NOTE: Many colleges and universities are currently producing K-12 certified technology education teachers.

1.1 Bachelor's degree from an accredited college and,

1.2 Professional Education

1.2.1 Completion of an approved teacher education program in Technology Education or,

1.2.2 A minimum of 24 semester hours to include Human Development, Methods of Teaching Technology Education, Identifying/Treating Exceptionalities, Effective Teaching Strategies, Multicultural Education, and student teaching at the appropriate level (7-12) and,

1.3 Specific Teaching Field

1.3.1 Major in Technology Education or,

1.3.2 Completion of an approved teacher education program in Technology Education or,

1.3.3 A minimum of 48 semester hours including at least two courses in each of the following technology system or equivalent areas: Communications: Graphic Communications, Photography, Telecommunications, Electric Communications, Architectural Design, Drafting and Design, Research and Development in Communications, Audio-Video Communications, desk top Publishing, Pre-Engineering and other*. Physical (Product and Transportation): Electricity/Electronics, Transportation Power, Construction, Control Systems, Materials and Processes, Manufacturing Enterprise, Pre- Engineering, Alternate Energy Systems, Aviation and Aero-Space, Research and Development in Physical technology, Material and Testing Processes, Structure Design and Evaluation, Non-metallic Processes, Metallic Processes, Production Systems, and other*. Bio-Related: Waste Management, Fuels and Chemicals, Environment Technology, Cybernetics, Pre-Engineering, Health Care Systems, Ergonomics, Research and Development in Bio-related Technology, Bio-Technical Systems and other*.

*NOTE: This does not comprise an exhaustive list of possible course offerings. Other courses in these areas may be acceptable upon review.

2.0 The following shall be required for the Standard Technology Education Endorsement to the present License (for existing Industrial Arts Teachers holding a Standard or Professional Status Certificate) shall include the following components:

2.1 Introduction to Technology Education, K-12

2.2 Technology Foundations, Transfer and Assessment

2.3 Technology and Society

2.4 Current Trends and Practices In Implementing a Technology Education Program

2.5 Control Technology Systems, Computer Applications, Inventions and Innovations

3.0 The Technology Education endorsement shall be required for all current Industrial Arts certified teachers who have not completed an approved undergraduate or graduate technology education teacher preparation program by June 30, 1999.

3.1 Timeline: 5 years.

3.2 The Department of Education shall offer the endorsement courses (one time on an in-service basis) to all current Industrial Arts certified teachers. Thereafter, cooperative efforts shall be established with local and surrounding higher education institutions to offer the required endorsement courses listed in 2.0.

4.0 Licenses that may be issued for this position include Standard and Limited Standard.

4.1 The Limited Standard License may be issued upon request of a Delaware public school district for a teacher employed for this position who meets the standards as set forth in 2.3 of regulation 301 General Regulations for Certification of Professional Public School Personnel.

1568 Standard Certificate Technology Education Teacher

1.0 Content

1.1 This regulation shall apply to the requirements for a Standard Certificate, pursuant to 14 DelC. §1220(a), for Technology Education Teacher (Grades K-12).

2.0 Definitions

2.1 The following words and terms, when used in this regulation, shall have the following meaning unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

“Department” means the Delaware Department of Education.

“License” means a credential which authorizes the holder to engage in the practice for which the license is issued.

“Standard Certificate” means a credential issued to certify that an educator has the prescribed knowledge, skill, and/or education to practice a particular area, teach a particular subject, or teach a category of students.

“Standards Board” means the Professional Standards Board established pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1201.

“State Board” means the State Board of Education of the State pursuant to 14 Del.C. §104.

3.0 In accordance with 14 Del.C. §1220(a), the Department shall issue a Standard Certificate as a Technology Education Teacher to an applicant who holds a valid Delaware Initial, Continuing, or Advanced License; or Standard or Professional Status Certificate issued by the Department prior to August 31, 2003, and who meets the following requirements:

3.1 A bachelor’s degree from an NCATE specialty organization recognized educator preparation program offered by a regionally accredited college or university with a major in technology education; or

3.2 A bachelor’s degree from a state approved educator preparation program offered by a regionally accredited college or university, with a major in technology education, where the state approval body employed the appropriate NASDTEC standards or NCATE specialty organization standards with a major in technology education; or

3.3 Passage of the appropriate PRAXIS™ II test approved by the Standards Board and the State Board in Technology Education; or

3.4 A bachelor’s degree in any field from a regionally accredited college or university and completion of the semester hours indicated below from a regionally accredited college or university, taken either as part of a degree program or in addition to it:

3.4.1 A minimum of twenty-four (24) semester hours in technology systems or equivalent areas, with a minimum of six (6) semester hours in each of the three areas listed below and an additional six (6) semester hours in any one of the areas listed below: Communications (a minimum of six (6) semester hours): Courses which contain the applications of communication technologies which compose, store, send, receive, and understand ideas and information. Physical Technology Systems (a minimum of six (6) semester hours): Production: Courses which contain the analysis of goals, inputs, processes, outputs, and feedback of manufacturing and construction systems. Energy: Courses which contain the principles and applications of radiant and potential energy, fluid and mechanical power. Transportation: Courses which contain concepts and applications of land, air, space, and sea transportation. Bio-Related (a minimum of six (6) semester hours): Courses which contain techniques and methods for managing and retrofitting bio-related systems in existing and futuristic residential, commercial, and industrial environments; and

3.4.2 A minimum of twenty-one (21) semester hours of pedagogy from a regionally accredited college or university, or equivalent in-service courses approved by the Department, to include: Human Development; Methods and Strategies for Teaching Technology Education; Identifying/Treating Exceptionalities; Effective Teaching Strategies; Multicultural Education; Standards-Based Technology Education in Delaware; and Student Organizations.

9 DE Reg. 547 (10/01/05)(Final)