1.1 Purpose. To establish the minimum life safety requirements for Intermediate Care Facilities for the Intellectually Disabled (ICFID).
1.2 Scope. This Regulation addresses the criteria for utilizing one- and two-family dwellings, either newly constructed or renovated, as an ICFID.
1.3 Application. The application of this Regulation pertains to those facilities that desire to utilize a type of residential occupancy similar to, if not actually, a one- and two-family dwelling, including new construction and/or conversion of existing dwellings. These occupancies shall be reviewed and approved under the New Residential Board and Care occupancy Chapter of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, and shall include the additional fire protection features required by this Chapter.
Note: For purposes of clarification, these occupancies will NOT be considered Limited Care Facilities as found under the New Health Care occupancy Chapter of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, except when the issue of “self preservation” can not be affirmatively demonstrated.
“Intermediate Care Facilities For The Intellectually Disabled”. Means group homes for eight (8) or fewer persons with intellectual disabilities.
3.1 Automatic fire suppression systems, automatic sprinklers, shall be installed as applicable, pursuant to the Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, NFPA 13D, or the Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies Up To and Including Four Stories In Height, NFPA 13R, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
3.2 All automatic sprinkler valves shall be electronically supervised and emergency forces notification shall be in accordance with the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
1.2 Scope. This Regulation may be utilized in the application of reviews and approvals for occupancies commonly known as Bed and Breakfasts to be made a part of an individual's dwelling place, a one- and two-family dwelling, within the restrictions stipulated herein.
1.3 Application. Bed and Breakfasts in one- and two-family dwellings include buildings containing not more than two (2) dwelling units in which each living unit is occupied by members of a single family with no more than six (6) outsiders, if any, accommodated in a maximum of three (3) rooms.
2.2 Each rented room shall have at least one primary means of escape and one secondary means of escape in accordance with the Chapter of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101 that addresses One and Two-Family Dwellings, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
2.3 A comprehensive smoke detection system is installed throughout the structure, and in accordance with the Chapter of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101 that addresses One and Two-Family Dwellings and the Chapter of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101 that addresses Building Services and Fire Protection Equipment, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
1.1 Purpose. To establish the minimum fire protection requirements for apartment buildings and multi-family dwellings.
1.2 Scope. This Regulation addresses the criteria for the installation of fire alarm signaling and smoke detection systems in apartment buildings and multi-family dwellings.
1.3 Application. The application of this Regulation pertains to all apartment buildings and multi-family dwellings.
“Apartment Buildings”. Any multi-family residential building containing three (3) or more living units with independent cooking and bathroom facilities, whether designated as apartments, tenements, garden apartments, condominiums, or by any other name, including any existing building or structure converted to use as an Apartment Building.
“Existing Apartment Buildings”. Any apartment building constructed prior to the adoption of this Regulation.
3.1 Fire Alarm Signaling Systems. All new apartment buildings shall be provided with a fire alarm signaling system in accordance with the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
Note: The sign should be of durable construction and affixed firmly in the immediate vicinity of each pull station. The line of lettering should be a minimum of one half inch (1/2”) high and use a plain font that is easy to read.
4.1 Smoke Detection Systems Required. All new apartment buildings shall be provided with an automatic smoke detection system in the interior corridors and/or hallways and/or stairways, in accordance with the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, and the National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 72, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
4.3 Multiple Station Smoke Detectors. In each apartment or residential unit of an apartment building or multi-family residential occupancy, hardwired, battery back-up, single or multiple station smoke detectors shall be installed according to the following:
4.4 Portable Fire Extinguishers. All apartment buildings shall be provided with portable fire extinguishers, placed as follows:
6.3 Such doors as required in §6.1 shall be a minimum of solid core construction, with only the minimum “peep-hole” opening therein; or in the case for new construction shall be in compliance with the appropriate specification of the State Fire Prevention Regulations in effect at the time of construction.
6.4 The State Fire Marshal, upon finding that the living unit doors do not meet the minimum solid core construction, as specified in §6.3 shall be authorized to write an order for the replacement of such doors, and will have a compliance date that is the same as the order for the State Fire Prevention Commission for compliance in providing the automatic door closing devices
6.5 Effective December 17, 1997, the owner of any complex, building or buildings shall have on file with the Office of State Fire Marshal, a corrective plan of action detailing the owner’s timetable for complying with the provisions of these Regulations
6.6 Any violations of this Regulation shall be considered as violations of the State Fire Prevention Regulations and the State Fire Marshal will initiate such actions as specified in 16 Del.C. Ch. 66 for such violations.
1.1 Purpose. This Regulation is intended to be supplemental in nature to the 16 Del.C., Ch. 66.
1.2 Scope. This Regulation addresses the criteria for the installation of smoke detectors in all residential occupancies.
1.3 Application. The application of this Regulation applies to all residential occupancies, used wholly or in part as a home, residence, dwelling, or sleeping place for one or more persons, either permanent or transient, including, but not limited to, any one- and two-family dwelling, mobile home, modular home, townhouse; lodging, rooming or boarding house; hotel, motel, bed and breakfast facility; dormitory, apartment or multi-family dwelling; board and care facility; or a residential occupancy by any other name, be it rented, leased or owned. (16 Del.C. §6631)
“Compliance Date”. The date by which any required new installation or retrofit work must be completed.
“Existing Buildings”. Any building erected or built prior to the effective date of the legislation. (16 Del.C. §6631(3)).
“Effective Date of Legislation”. 16 Del.C., Chapter 66, relating to Smoke Detectors was enacted on June 30, 1993.
“Interconnected Smoke Detectors”. Two or more electrically operated smoke detectors wired together or operated through wireless battery power smoke detectors supervised by a listed control panel operating in such a manner so that the operation of any single smoke detector shall cause the alarm in all the smoke detectors and/or audible devices within the dwelling to sound.
“Monitored Battery Power Supply”. The type of battery operated smoke detector that is constructed in such a manner as to provide a warning beep or tone when the installed battery is reaching the end of its useful electric charge.
“Sleeping Area”. Any room or group of rooms utilized as a sleeping place, that are accessed from a common corridor or hallway. Sleeping areas separated by any other living space shall be considered to be a separate sleeping area.
3.1 Each new one- and two-family dwelling, mobile home, modular home, and townhouse built after the effective date of this legislation shall have smoke detection devices and/or smoke detection systems installed according to the following requirements:
3.1.3 The smoke detection devices or system shall be interconnected, so that operation of any smoke detection device shall cause the alarm-sounding devices in all smoke detectors within the dwelling or building to sound, and;
3.1.4 The smoke detection devices shall be hard-wired or operated through wireless battery power and supervised by a listed control panel, into the building or occupancy’s electrical system in accordance with the provisions of the National electric Code, NFPA 70, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, and;
3.1.5 Each hard-wired or wireless battery powered, interconnected smoke detection device in the immediate vicinity of each bedroom area shall be equipped with a built-in battery back-up power supply, or one single station, battery operated smoke detection device shall be installed in the immediate vicinity of each bedroom area, in addition to the hard-wired smoke detection device. (16 Del.C. §6632(a)(1) and §6632(a)(2))
3.2 Each one- and two-family dwelling, mobile home, modular home, and townhouse erected or built prior to the effective date of this legislation shall have smoke detection devices and/or smoke detection systems installed according to the following requirements:
3.2.3 The smoke detection devices may be single-station, individual smoke detection devices approved by Underwriters Laboratories or the Factory Mutual Association, and powered by a monitored battery power supply. (16 Del.C. §6632(a)(3)).
3.3 Nothing contained in this section shall prohibit the owner of any one- and two-family dwelling, mobile home, modular home, or townhouse from installing an interconnected smoke detection system, in accordance with §3.1 of the Regulation. (16 Del.C. §6632(b)).
4.1 Each new and existing lodging, rooming, or boarding house; hotel, motel, or bed and breakfast facility; dormitory, apartment, or multi-family dwelling; board and care facility; or a residential occupancy by any other name shall have smoke detection devices and/or smoke detection systems installed in accordance with the following requirements:
4.1.3 Shall be installed on each additional story of the occupancy, including basements and corridors, hallways and stairwells, on each floor according to the standards and specifications of the National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 72, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, but excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics, if nothing is stored or kept in such areas, or;
4.1.4 Smoke detection devices and/or systems shall be installed in conformance with those provisions of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, for each particular occupancy, and;
4.1.5 The smoke detection devices or system listed in §4.1.1, §4.1.2 and §4.1.3, except as otherwise specified herein, shall be interconnected, so that operation of any smoke detection device shall cause the alarm-sounding devices in all smoke detectors within the building, occupancy or within a separate zoned area to sound or, it shall initiate the building fire alarm system to provide an audible warning to all occupants of the building, and;
4.1.6 The smoke detection devices and/or systems shall be hard-wired or operated through wireless battery power and supervised by a listed control panel, into the electrical system of the building or occupancy in accordance with the National Electric Code, NFPA 70, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
4.2 With the approval of the State Fire Marshal, smoke detection devices in individual sleeping areas may be exempted from the requirement that they be interconnected if the building or occupancy is provided with an automatic smoke detection system in the hallways, corridors, and stairwells, or is connected to a building fire alarm system which will activate an alarm which is sufficiently audible to warn the occupants of the building of the impending danger of fire or hazard to life. This smoke detection system and/or fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with the National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 72, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations and this Statute. (16 Del.C. §6633(d)).
Note: While not specifically addressed in this Chapter, it is the expressed intent that smoke detection devices be required in individual sleeping rooms pursuant to the standards of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, and the National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 72, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, pursuant to the language of this §4.2. If an exception is attainable, then the inference is to be made that the devices are required.
4.3 For all buildings or occupancies which are required to install smoke detection devices and/or systems under §4.1 or §4.2 of this Chapter, that do not have an auxiliary, emergency, or back-up power supply, each smoke detection device or smoke detection system shall utilize the type of smoke detection device, or system that has a built-in battery back-up power supply. (16 Del.C. §6633(e)).
4.5 Plans and specifications for all smoke detection devices and systems required under §4.1 and §4.2 of this Chapter shall be submitted to the Office of State Fire Marshal, prior to installation, for review and approval. (§6633(f)).
5.1 For each newly erected or constructed one- and two-family dwelling, mobile home, modular home, or townhouse, the compliance date shall be the effective date of this Legislation. (16 Del.C. §6634(a)).
6.1 Purpose: To establish the rules and regulations for the installation of Hard-Wired Smoke Detectors pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637 (Delaware Fire Detection Fund).
6.2.1 Approval for installations shall be established by the Office of the State Fire Marshal and priority will be afforded to dwellings with handicapped children, handicapped adults, infirm residents, and residents 62 years of age and older.
6.3.1 Upon approval, hard wired single station smoke detectors with battery back-up shall be installed in the hallway of each sleeping area and on each additional story of family living units, including basements.
6.3.5 The installation shall be completed within thirty (30) days from the day the electrician/installer has been chosen. The homeowner will be responsible to provide access to the contractor for installation within the allotted time.
6.3.7 Upon completion the electrician/installer shall contact an Electrical Inspection Agency, recognized by the Office of the State Fire Marshal. The Electrical Inspection Agency shall inspect the wiring connected to the owner’s electrical system for final approval.
126.96.36.199 The homeowner will be notified when the electrical inspection will be conducted. The homeowner will be responsible to provide access for the Electrical Inspector to make the required inspection.
6.3.8 Upon approval by the Electrical Inspection Agency, the electrician/installer shall forward a copy of the approval certificate, along with an invoice for the installation to the Office of the State Fire Marshal for approval for payment.
188.8.131.52 Separate unit prices will be established for single detector installations, additional detectors, and minimal charge for showing up at locations where an installation could not be achieved. There will be separate units prices established for each County.
6.4.5 The Office of the State Fire Marshal will confirm it has received the required information. The electrician/company will then be added to the list of hardwired smoke detector installers pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(d).
6.5.1 Pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(b), a special fund of the State has been created and is known as the "Delaware Fire Detection Fund
6.5.2 Pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(b), all moneys, including gifts, bequests, grants or other funds from private or public sources specifically designated for the Delaware Fire Detection Fund shall be deposited or transferred to the Fire Detection Fund. Moneys in the Delaware Fire Detection Fund may be saved and deposited in an interest bearing savings or investment account.
6.5.3 Pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(c), moneys from the Delaware Fire Detection Fund shall be expended for the purpose of providing hard-wired smoke detectors with battery back up to Delaware residences lacking smoke detection devices.
6.5.4 Pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(c), any moneys received from State-appropriated funds shall only be used for owner-occupied residences.
6.5.5 Pursuant to 16 Del.C. §6637(c), any moneys derived from private sources may be used for any Delaware residences.
Note: Fire experience in outdoor storage of tires reveals a number of concerns, including:
1.2 Scope. This Regulation addresses the criteria for the outdoor storage of more than 100 tires and all disposal sites. Indoor storage of tires shall be governed by the applicable standards, as adopted and/or modified in these Regulations.
1.3 Application. The application of this Regulation pertains to all outdoor storage of tires and all disposal sites.
1.4 Permit Required. It shall be unlawful to store tires without first obtaining a permit in accordance with Regulation 701, Chapter 3.
“Aisle”. An accessible clear space between storage piles or groups of piles suitable for housekeeping operations, visual inspection of piling areas, and initial firefighting operations.
“Clear Space”. Any area free of combustible materials. This does not preclude the storage of non-combustible materials that will not transmit an exposed fire.
“Fire Lane”. A clear space suitable for firefighting access and operations by motorized fire apparatus. See also Regulation 705, Chapter 5.
“Scrap Tire”. A tire that is no longer suitable for vehicular use.
“Units (Equivalent Passenger)”. One average size passenger tire weighing approximately 25 pounds.
“Yard”. The outdoor areas where tires and scrap tires are stored, and includes the entire area located inside the security fence.
Note: The fire hazard potential inherent in tire storage and disposal operations can best be controlled by a positive fire prevention program. Additionally, included should be consideration of topography, since oil accumulations or runoff can be expected in a fire condition.
3.2 Appropriate steps shall be taken to limit access to the tire storage area in accordance with §5.2 of this Chapter.
4.2.5 If the minimum distance required in §4.2.4 cannot be provided, a Two Hour Rated Fire Wall (Class “B” Fire Barrier) shall be provided in accordance with Regulation 702, Chapter 2. This Two Hour Rated Wall shall be equal to or exceed the height of the pile(s).
5.2.1 A security fence shall be placed so as to completely enclose the yard containing outdoor tire storage. A minimum height of six feet of chain link, plus two strands of barbed wire shall be provided.
6.4 If there is a reliable source of water, such as a lake, stream, pond, or other body of water, in the vicinity of the tire storage area, a dry hydrant shall be provided, even if a public or private water system is provided.
7.1 Bulldozers, front-end loaders, and similar equipment acceptable to the State Fire Marshal shall be available to move tires not yet involved in the fire, to create breaks in the tire pile, or to cover burning tires with soil.
1.1 Purpose. This Regulation is supplemental in nature and provides a method to reasonably maintain up to the maximum occupant load in places of assembly, as defined by the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
1.2 Scope. This Regulation establishes a point of primary entrance and exit to places of assembly that will be utilized to control the occupant load.
1.3 Application. This Regulation applies to all places of assembly where the Office of the State Fire Marshal has established, posted, and recorded the maximum occupant load.
3.1 Where, in the opinion of the State Fire Marshal, a place of assembly appears to be near or at the maximum occupant load, the State Fire Marshal may require that the owner of the place of assembly provide a method of accounting for the number of people that may be in the place of assembly at any given time.
3.2 Once the State Fire Marshal has identified a place of assembly to fall within the provisions of this Regulation, the owner must maintain the method of accounting for the occupant load for all hours of operation as established by the State Fire Marshal.
3.3 The method of accounting for occupant load shall be in place during such hours, as established by the State Fire Marshal, and shall be available at any time for inspection by the State Fire Marshal at the primary entrance/exit to the place of assembly.
1.1 Purpose. To establish minimum life safety requirements for special amusement buildings known as Haunted Houses when used on a seasonal basis.
1.2 Scope. This Regulation may be utilized in the application for a permit for occupancies commonly known as Haunted Houses used on a seasonal basis. “Seasonal basis” in this Chapter shall mean operating and/or open to the public during either the Spring, Summer, Fall, or Winter, within a calendar year.
1.3 Permit Required.
1.3.1 Any person, partnership, association, organization, or corporation that desires to operate a haunted house shall apply to Office of the State Fire Marshal for a permit at least fifteen (15) days prior to the date of operating the attraction.
1.4.2 A letter of approval of an electrical inspection as a temporary installation, issued by an electrical inspection agency, approved by the State Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal shall be filed with the Office of State Fire Marshal. The date of the electrical inspection shall be within the thirty (30) days prior to opening day.
2.2 Occupants shall be prohibited from areas not on the level of exit discharge or the story above it. Provisions shall be made to physically bar occupants from entering areas not on the level of exit discharge and areas not open to the public.
2.5 Foam rubber, urethane foam, or any other type of expanded combustible material known to burn readily shall not be permitted in the building. Black plastic (fire resistive only) or fire treated cloth may be used on walls.
3.4 Emergency Lighting: Emergency lighting shall be provided so that the floor level of all areas able to be occupied by the public is provided with minimum lighting in the event of loss of normal power
3.5 Exit Marking: All exits shall be provided with conspicuous, internally or externally illuminated standard EXIT signs. The exit signs shall also be provided to be illuminated in the emergency lighting mode so as to be readily visible even in the event of loss of normal power.
4.1 Fire Extinguishers: At least one portable multi-purpose fire extinguisher, with a minimal rating of 2A:10BC, shall be provided and properly mounted in each room able to be occupied by the public and at each exit and entrance.
4.4.2 The Stand-By detail shall consist of at least one standard pumper with its water supply being a minimum 1000 gallon, a crew of at least four, and two-way radio communication with the dispatch center.
5.1.1 Attendants (Operators) of the attraction are responsible for general safety and good fire protection practices. Only individuals at least sixteen (16) years of age are to be attendants. An emergency action plan and critical assignments shall be reviewed with all attendants daily, prior to the hours of operation.