1.1.1 Spread of Fire. No person shall knowingly permit any fire to spread so as to endanger life or property of another or use or operate any device which may be a source of ignition unless proper removal of flammable material surrounding the operation is accomplished or such other reasonable precautions are taken to ensure against the starting and spreading of unfriendly fires.
1.1.2 Burning of Construction Materials. During construction or demolition of buildings or structures no waste materials or rubbish shall be disposed of by burning on the premises or in the immediate vicinity.
1.1.3 Bonfires and Rubbish Fires. No person shall kindle or maintain any bonfire or rubbish fire or authorize any such fire to be kindled or maintained on any private land unless:
126.96.36.199 The fire is contained in an approved waste burner located safely not less than thirty feet (30’) from any structure. Bonfires and rubbish fires shall be constantly attended by a competent person until such fire is extinguished. This person shall have a garden hose connected to the water supply or other fire extinguishing equipment readily available for use.
1.1.4 Other Outdoor Fires. No person shall kindle or maintain any controlled burning, agricultural burning, fires for land clearing, or fires for demolition and removal of hazards without first notifying the local fire dispatch center of the time and date of the burning.
1.1.5 Authority to Prohibit All Outdoor Fires. The State Fire Marshal may prohibit any and all bonfires, controlled burnings, agriculture burnings, land clearing, fires for demolition and removal of hazards, and out-door rubbish fires whether or not contained, when atmospheric conditions or local circumstances make such fires hazardous. During such time the State Fire Marshal may issue a special burning permit to those persons who show just cause and provide adequate safeguards to prevent the fire from spreading.
1.1.6 Notifying the Fire Department. Whenever an unfriendly fire occurs in any building or on any premises of any kind, the owner, manager, occupant, or any person in control of such building or premises, upon discovery of an unfriendly fire, or evidence of there having been an unfriendly fire, even though it has apparently been extinguished, immediately shall cause notice of the existence of such fire, circumstances of same, and the location therefore to be given to the fire department. This requirement shall not be construed to forbid the owner, manager, or other person in control of the aforementioned building or premises from using all diligence necessary to extinguish such fire prior to the arrival of the fire department. No person shall make, issue, post, or maintain any regulation or order, written or verbal, that would require any person to take any unnecessary delaying action prior to reporting a fire to the fire department.
1.1.7 Reporting Hazardous Condition. Any person, upon discovering evidence of spontaneous heating or other abnormal heating of any merchandise, commodity, cargo, shipment, or other material of any kind in any building, marine vessel, appliance, apparatus, tank, or open stack pile, or any person upon discovering or being apprised of any uncontrolled hazardous gas leak or hazardous material or combustible or flammable liquid spill, shall immediately notify the fire department.
1.1.8 Reporting of Fire Incidents. Any fire brigade, department, or company shall report all incidents to the State Fire Marshal in an electronic format acceptable to the State Fire Marshal within ten days after the end of the month in which the incident occurs.
1.1.9 False Alarm. No person shall deliberately or maliciously turn in an alarm of fire when in fact that person knows that no fire exists. No person shall activate an installed fire warning or extinguishing system for purposes other than emergency, maintenance, drills, or prescribed testing.
1.1.10 Evacuation of Building. Whenever an unfriendly fire occurs in any building, premises, or fire area of any kind, or upon the initiation of a fire alarm all occupants shall evacuate the building, premises, or fire area immediately and shall not re‑enter the building, premises, or fire area unless permission is given by the Fire Chief or Fire Officer in charge of the scene.
1.1.11 Maintaining a Fire Hazard. No person shall knowingly maintain a fire hazard.
1.1.12 Carelessness With Fire. No person shall deliberately, or through carelessness or negligence, set fire to or cause the burning of any bedding, furniture, rug, curtain, drape, or other combustible material, in such manner as to endanger the safety of any person or property.
1.1.13 Posting of Fire Exit Plans. Residential occupancies designed for, intended for, or used by transients shall have an approved copy of fire exit plans conspicuously posted in the lobby and each occupancy unit and at such other locations as may be required by the State Fire Marshal.
1.1.14 Notification of Fire Department of Inoperative Fire Safety Equipment. Persons owning, controlling, or otherwise having charge of any fixed fire extinguishing or fire warning system or standpipe system shall notify the fire department and Office of the State Fire Marshal at any time such system or systems are inoperable or taken out of service. Both shall also be notified when service is restored.
1.1.15 Barricading Vacant Buildings. Every person owning or having charge or control of any vacant building shall remove all combustible waste and refuse therefrom and lock, barricade, or otherwise secure all windows, doors, and other openings in the building to prohibit entry by unauthorized persons.
1.1.16 Smoking. Where in the opinion of the State Fire Marshal conditions exist which make smoking a fire hazard on any premises, "No Smoking" signs shall be posted as directed by the State Fire Marshal. "No Smoking" signs shall be of a color, size, lettering, and location as approved by the State Fire Marshal. No person shall remove such "No Smoking" signs or light, ignite, or otherwise set fire to or smoke any cigar, cigarette, pipe, tobacco, or other form of smoldering substance nor hold, possess, throw, or deposit any lighted or smoldering substance in any place where it would constitute a fire or life hazard.
188.8.131.52 Nothing in the foregoing provision shall be construed as prohibiting smoking in areas, offices, or other rooms which have been designated by the State Fire Marshal as safe smoking areas and have been approved for such purpose.
1.1.17 Use of Torches, Welders, or Laser Cutting Devices. Any person using a torch or other flame producing device, welder, or laser cutting device in any building or structure shall provide one (1) approved fire extinguisher or water hose connected to the water supply on the premises where such burning is done. In all cases, the person doing the burning shall remain on the premises one (1) hour after the torch or flame producing device has been used.
1.1.18 Hazardous Gas in Balloons. No person shall use any flammable, oxidizing, toxic, corrosive, or reactive gas to inflate balloons. Air and inert gases, such as helium and nitrogen, are not prohibited for this purpose.
1.1.19 Fire Doors. Fire doors shall be kept closed at all times.
1.1.20 Interference With Fire Protection Equipment. No person shall render any portable or fixed fire extinguishing system or device or any fire warning system inoperative or inaccessible, except as may be necessary during emergencies, maintenance, drills or prescribed testing.
3.1 Fire drills shall be held at least once a month in educational occupancies where such occupancies constitute the major occupancy of a building and at least once every two months in institutional occupancies where such occupancies constitute the major occupancy of a building. During severe weather, fire drills may be postponed. A record of all fire drills shall be kept and persons in charge of such occupancies shall maintain a written record on site of all such fire drills held, giving the time and date of each drill held. This record of fire drills shall be made available to a representative of the State Fire Marshal, upon request. The record shall be maintained for a period of three years, not including the current year.
Note: Change relieves facilities from requirement of sending reports to the State Fire Marshal.
3.2 In educational occupancies fire drills shall include complete evacuation of all persons from the building. In institutional occupancies fire drills shall be conducted to familiarize operating personnel with their assigned positions of emergency duty; complete evacuation of all persons from the building at the time of the fire drill shall be required only where it is practicable and does not involve moving or disturbing persons under medical care.
4.1 Sweeping Compounds. Only approved water solutions or detergents, floor sweeping compounds, and grease absorbents shall be used for cleaning floors. The use of sawdust or similar combustible materials to soak up combustible or flammable liquids spilled or dropped from machinery or processes on any floor is prohibited.
4.2 Lighting and Heat Producing Equipment. Proper clearances shall be maintained between heating and lighting equipment and ordinary combustibles in accordance with these Regulations. In the absence of a specific regulation, the State Fire Marshal shall designate proper clearances based on sound engineering judgment. Lighting and heating processes and equipment utilizing flammable or combustible liquids shall be designed in accordance with these Regulations.
4.3 General Use of Combustible And Flammable Materials. Flammable or combustible materials shall not be used for decorative or display purposes in any part of a building occupied by the public in such a quantity or manner so as to constitute a fire hazard unless such material is flame-proofed or fire retardant treated in a manner acceptable to the State Fire Marshal.
4.4 Disposal of Combustible Waste.
4.4.1 Combustible waste or refuse shall be properly stored or disposed of at the end of each working day, before vacating a building or premises, and whenever necessary to prevent creating a fire hazard. The term "properly stored or disposed of" shall mean removed from the building or to within a room or area specifically designed and approved for such storage.
184.108.40.206 Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity of 1½ cubic yards or more shall not be stored in buildings; or placed within 10 feet of combustible walls, openings, or combustible roof eave lines.
5.1 Fire Extinguishing Capabilities. Fire extinguishing capabilities approved by the State Fire Marshal shall be provided at waste disposal sites including, but not limited to, fire extinguishers, water supply and hose, and earth moving equipment.
5.2 Dumping of Burning Load Prohibited. Burning debris shall not be dumped at a waste disposal site except at a remote location on the site where fire extinguishment can be accomplished before compacting, covering, or other disposal activity is carried out.
5.3 Transportation of Combustible Waste and Refuse. Vehicles or conveyances used to transport combustible waste or refuse over public thoroughfares shall have all cargo space covered and maintained sufficiently tight to ensure against ignition from external fire sources and scattering burning and combustible debris which may come in contact with ignition sources. Transporting burning waste or refuse is prohibited.
5.4 Waste Handling Plants. All structures housing operations which are involved primarily in the handling, storage, or baling of combustible waste materials shall be equipped with an automatic fire extinguishing system installed in accordance with these Regulations.
6.1 General Requirements.
6.1.1 Means of Egress. Means of egress shall be provided and maintained in accordance with the applicable provisions of these Regulations.
6.2 Storage on Roofs and Fire Escape Balconies. No person shall place or maintain upon any roof or fire escape balcony any materials or objects which may interfere with egress or fire department operations.
6.3 Attachments to Fire Escapes and Fire Protection Equipment. No person shall attach or fasten any rope, wire, cable, or similar device, to any part of any fire escape, standpipe, auxiliary fire fighting equipment, appliance, or other apparatus.
6.4 Responsibility to Prevent Overcrowding. The manager or person in charge of the premises shall be responsible for preventing overcrowding as specified by the State Fire Marshal. At no time shall the posted occupant load, as established by the Office of the State Fire Marshal, be exceeded within any building or premise.
6.5 Obstruction of Aisles and Passageways. No person shall block, impede, or obstruct any aisle, passageway, hallway, lobby, foyer, or stairway leading to or from any entrance or exit required by law which will prevent, delay, hinder, or interfere with the free use of such passageway by any person. Special security or security devices which affect the exiting shall be subject to the approval of the State Fire Marshal.
6.6 Failure to Vacate. No person shall fail to leave any premises which are overcrowded when told to do so by the management of the premises or any authorized enforcement officer.
7.1 Fire Retardants. The provisions of 7.2 and 7.3 of this Chapter shall be applicable to all chemical formulations, paints, coatings, or other finishes which are sold, offered for sale, or advertised, and which purport to reduce the surface flamespread rating or to reduce or eliminate combustible characteristics of furnishings and structures.
7.2 Approval and Tests. No person shall sell, or offer for sale, any chemical formulation, paint, coating, or other finish which purports to reduce flame-spread rating or to reduce or eliminate combustible characteristics of furnishings or structures that have not been approved by the State Fire Marshal.
Note: Listing by a nationally recognized testing agency or laboratory accepted by the State Fire Marshal constitutes, in this case, State Fire Marshal approval.
7.3 Applicators of Fire Retardant Coatings. Every applicator of fire retardant coating shall certify to the State Fire Marshal that applications of such coatings comply with the manufacturer's specifications.
8.1 General Use of Combustible Decorations. No person shall install, maintain, or use vegetation, bunting, cotton batting, plastic cloth, textile, excelsior, paper, or other combustible material for the purpose of decoration in any building, premises, vehicle, or marine vessel to which the public is admitted or invited unless such decorative materials have been made flame resistant with an approved flame retardant material or process in accordance with applicable NFPA Codes and Standards adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
8.2 Fire Tests. Tests for determining flammability of combustible decorations shall be conducted in accordance with applicable tests for the type of combustible decoration involved.
8.3 Interior Finishes. Textiles, paper, or other combustible materials adhered to walls and ceilings, (not free hanging) must comply with the interior finish requirements of the applicable codes and standards listed in Regulation 701.
8.4 Christmas Trees.
8.4.1 Natural cut Christmas trees, including living trees in a balled condition with their roots protected by an earth ball, shall not be permitted in Assembly, Educational, Health Care, Residential Board and Care, Detention and Correctional, Mercantile, Hotel, or Dormitory occupancies.
8.4.8 In occupancies where natural trees are permitted, the bottom end of the trunk shall be cut-off at an angle at least one to two inches (1-2”) above the end to help the tree absorb water. The tree shall be placed in a suitable stand with adequate water. The water level shall be checked and maintained on a daily basis. The tree shall be removed from the building immediately upon evidence of dryness.
9.1 Portable Fire Extinguishers. Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in all buildings in accordance with the provisions of the Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers, NFPA 10, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
9.2 Automatic Fire Extinguishing Systems, Automatic Sprinkler Systems and Standpipes. Automatic fire extinguishing systems, automatic sprinkler systems, and standpipes shall be required as set forth in these Regulations.
9.3 Maintenance of Equipment. All systems, equipment, tanks, piping, devices, appliances, controls, or storage facilities, over which these Regulations contain regulatory provisions, shall be maintained in operative condition at all times to provide the service for which installed.
9.4 Water Supply and Fire Hydrants. The State Fire Marshal may require that all premises, other than one- and two-family dwellings, be provided with a water supply system installed in accordance with these Regulations.
11.1 Compressed and liquefied gases shall be stored, handled, transported, and used in accordance with the applicable provisions of the codes and standards as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
12.1.1 This section shall be applicable only to those operations or occupancies involving combustible dusts which are not otherwise regulated by an applicable NFPA code or standard as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
12.2 General Requirements.
12.2.1 The accumulation of dust in quantities sufficient to create a fire or explosion hazard on electric motors, walls, ledges, or other interior surfaces, or on the roof of any building on which dust may settle is prohibited. Metallic dust shall be stored in tightly covered metal containers in a cool, dry place.
12.2.2 Every plant, factory, workshop, or other premises in which dust is produced as a product or as a result of operations in the production of other products in such quantities as to create a possible fire or explosion hazard, shall be equipped and maintained with an approved pneumatic or mechanical dust collection system designed, maintained, and operated in accordance with applicable NFPA codes and standards as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
12.2.3 All dust-producing or dust-agitation machinery, such as grinding mills and separators, and all elevators, elevator legs, spouts, hoppers, and other conveyors shall be provided with casings or enclosures maintained as nearly dust-tight as possible.
12.2.4 Approved magnetic or pneumatic separators shall be installed ahead of all shellers, crackers, crushers, grinding machines, pulverizers, and similar machines in which the entrance of foreign materials may cause sparks to be generated.
12.3 Explosion Prevention and Suppression.
12.3.1 Dust explosion hazards shall be minimized by use of appropriate control measures as set forth in the applicable NFPA codes and standards as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations. The Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems, NFPA 69, and Guide for Venting of Deflagrations, NFPA 68, may be used to meet the requirements of this paragraph with due regard to the precautionary measures contained in these publications.
12.4 Sources of Ignition.
12.4.1 Smoking and Open Flames. Smoking and the carrying of matches, the use of heating, or other devices employing an open flame, or the use of any spark-producing equipment is prohibited in areas containing dust-producing, and/or dust-agitation operations.
12.4.2 Electrical Power and Lighting. Artificial lighting in areas containing dust-producing or dust-agitation operations shall be by electricity. All electrical wiring and equipment in such areas shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, for Class II Hazardous Locations. The State Fire Marshal shall be responsible for designating the areas requiring hazardous location electrical classification and shall classify the area in accordance with the classification system set forth in the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
12.4.3 Portable Fire Extinguishers Required. Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed for extra hazard occupancy protection.
13.1 Applicability. This section shall apply to hazardous materials not covered under the NFPA codes and standards adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
13.2.1 Type Permitted. Matches permitted under this Regulation shall be capable of withstanding a temperature of 200 degrees Fahrenheit for eight (8) consecutive hours without igniting in a standard laboratory test.
13.2.2 Packaging and Labeling. Matches shall be labeled and packed in conformance with U.S. Department of Transportation specifications.
13.2.3 Storage Requirements. Matches in excess of 50 pounds, including the containers, shall not be stored within ten feet (10’) of any open elevator shaft, elevator shaft opening, open stairway, or other vertical opening.
13.2.4 Sources of Ignition. Matches shall not be within ten feet (10’) of any boiler, furnace, stove, open flame, or similar source of ignition.
13.2.5 Storage at Wholesale Outlets. For storage at wholesale establishments and other locations where containers of matches are stored in piles exceeding 100 cubic feet, such containers shall be arranged so as not to exceed ten feet (10’) in height nor 1500 cubic feet in volume with aisles at least eight feet (8’) wide.
13.2.6 Match Storage With Other Commodities. When case lots of matches are stored in the same room with other materials or commodities, they shall be separated therefrom by a clear space of not less than eight feet (8’).
13.3 Storage of Hazardous Materials.
13.3.1 Hazardous materials which, when mixed, react violently or evolve toxic vapors or gases or which, in combination, become hazardous by reason of toxicity, oxidizing power, flammability, or other properties shall be separated from each other in storage by distance, partitions or other approved manner so as to preclude accidental contact between them.
13.4 Warning Signs.
13.4.1 The State Fire Marshal may require warning signs wherever hazardous materials are stored or processed or handled. Such warning signs shall be conspicuously lettered in accordance with the Standard System for the Identification of the Fire Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response, NFPA 704, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations.
13.5 Transportation of Hazardous Materials.
14.1 All covered malls and Class "A" places of assembly where exhibits, displays, craft shows, trade shows, etc., that are of a temporary duration, shall obtain an annual license from the State Fire Marshal, to conduct or hold such operations.
14.2 Any covered mall and Class "A" places of assembly required under §14.1 of this Chapter to have an annual license to engage in such operations, shall obtain from the State Fire Marshal, a permit for each such exhibit, display, craft show, trade show, etc., that is held.
14.4 In order to secure a permit as required in §14.3 of this Chapter, the owner of such covered mall and Class "A" places of assembly shall submit an application for such permit to the State Fire Marshal, at least 30 days prior to the scheduled opening of the event.
14.4.1 Accompanying the application for permit as described in this section, the owner will submit a floor plan detailing the location or positioning of all displays, exhibits, etc., detailing the number and width of all aisleways, required means of egress, and exits.
14.5 The State Fire Marshal will inspect the location of the covered mall and Class "A" places of assembly to ensure that the arrangement of all such displays, exhibits, etc., are in compliance with the floor plan as submitted with the application for the permit.
14.6 The owner of the covered mall and Class "A" places of assembly is responsible to ensure that all provisions of the State Fire Prevention Regulations are complied with during such times as the display, exhibit, etc., are open to the attendees.
14.7 Any violations of the State Fire Prevention Regulations with respect to this section shall be remedied and/or action taken by the State Fire Marshal as provided for in the State Fire Prevention Regulations or found in 16 Del.C., Chapter 66.
14.8.1 Accept a floor plan or specifications from the applicant, that will detail an area or section of the occupancy that may be designated by the State Fire Marshal to be utilized for the exhibits, displays, craft shows, trade shows, etc., such approval to be in effect for the period for which the annual license is issued. Such designated floor plans or specifications will relieve the applicant from submitting an individual floor plan or specification for each individual exhibit, display, craft show, trade show, etc., as long as only the approved, designated area or space is utilized.
14.8.2 Such floor plans or specifications in §14.8.1 shall detail the location and identification of all means of egress, exits, and such areas to be maintained clear under the provisions of the State Fire Prevention Regulations.
14.9 For those occupancies, who comply with the provisions of §14.8 of this Chapter, the application for the permit for each individual exhibit, display, craft show, trade show, etc., is to be submitted to the State Fire Marshal no later than five (5) days prior to the scheduled opening of the event.
15.2 Where two or more new passenger elevators are located in a single hoist way and serve all or the same portion of the building, only one elevator car that provides a car sized to accommodate an ambulance cot 24 inches by 84 inches in its horizontal position for each hoist way shall be required.
15.3 Elevator cars required to comply with 15.1 or 15.2 shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in height and shall be placed inside on both sides of the hoist way door frame. Firefighter recall keys shall be provided in a manner acceptable to the local fire department.
Note: The words “to accommodate” in this context is intended to mean the cot is in the horizontal position and shall travel in to the elevator without having to modify the position. Additionally once the cot is in place in the car, there should be room for at least two (2) EMS attendants.
1.3 All electrical conductors and wiring shall be inspected and approved by an electrical inspection agency approved by the State Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal, prior to occupancy.
1.4 For the purpose of electrical inspections under this Chapter electrical conductors and equipment includes those portions of fire protection systems that incorporate electrical current carrying wiring and devices.
2.1 A letter of approval of electrical inspection issued by an electrical inspection agency approved by the State Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal shall be filed every three (3) years with the Office of the State Fire Marshal for the following occupancies:
2.2 Assembly occupancies shall file every five (5) years with the Office of the State Fire Marshal a letter of approval of electrical inspection issued by an electrical inspection agency approved by the State Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal.
3.2 A letter of approval of electrical inspection issued by an electrical inspection agency approved by the State Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal shall be filed with the Office of the State Fire Marshal.
An electrical inspection on any property may be ordered by written violation notice when deemed necessary by the State Fire Marshal. Such electrical inspection shall be performed by an electrical inspection agency approved by the Board of Electrical Examiners and recognized by the State Fire Marshal and a report shall be filed with the Office of the State Fire Marshal.
Symbol Of Testing Laboratory Required. A person may not sell or distribute an electrical consumer product which is intended ultimately for the personal use of a consumer in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, unless the product is clearly labeled, marked, or stamped with the symbol of an electrical testing laboratory which is certified by the State Fire Marshal to test products to determine that they are safe for use.
1.1 A plan showing the capacity and location of exit ways and aisles leading thereto shall be submitted for approval to the State Fire Marshal and an approved copy shall be displayed on the premises of all indoor theaters.
There shall be conspicuously posted in motels and hotels, in each sleeping room, a plan of all exits and fire escapes, detailing the path of egress from said room and the location of each fire alarm station along that path.
In addition to the requirements of the Standard for Fire Safety Criteria for Manufactured Home Installations, Sites, and Communities, NFPA 501A, as adopted and/or modified by these Regulations, every manufactured home installation, site, and/or community owner or operator shall furnish to the Emergency Dispatch Center having jurisdiction a plot plan of the installation, site, and/or community showing the manufactured home installation. The owner or operator shall also assign numbers to all manufactured homes in a consecutive order and place or have placed the assigned number in a readily visible location on each manufactured home, to eliminate any confusion in the event emergency service, fire, police, or ambulance is needed.
1.2.1 The purpose of this chapter is to ensure access to buildings and other facilities for the purpose of providing emergency services. Access for emergency vehicles shall be provided by means of streets, roads, alleys, access roadways, and/or dedicated fire lanes.
1.4.1 For specific definitions, see Regulation 701, Chapter 2. The definitions as found in this section shall be in addition to the definitions found in other sections of these Regulations and shall be applicable to this chapter.
Building Access – Access to a building’s exterior entrances, exits and other safety equipment (i.e. fire department connections, fire hydrants, etc) that will allow emergency services to access the building or equipment within a reasonable distance from parked emergency vehicles.
Emergency Services Access – That portion of accessibility to any property which is necessary for emergency vehicles to gain access to fire protection equipment during an emergency condition.
Primary Entrance – The principle entrance or exit door to a building for use by emergency services.
Road – See Street
Street – A thoroughfare (street, avenue, road, fire lane or boulevard, etc.) which has been devoted for vehicular use by the public and shall be permitted to be utilized for access by Emergency Services Apparatus. For the purpose of this Regulation, a street shall be a minimum of 14 feet in unobstructed clear width one or two way traffic.
Yellow Color – The specific color yellow shall be the uniformly accepted yellow as utilized by State of Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT). Only vivid and durable paint shall be used and shall be suitable for street surfaces.
2.1 All premises where emergency personnel may be called upon to provide emergency services, which are not readily accessible from streets, shall be provided with suitable gates, access roads, and fire lanes so that all buildings on the premises are accessible to emergency apparatus.
2.2 In the case of one- and two-family dwellings emergency service access shall be provided in such a manner so that emergency apparatus will be able to locate within 100 feet from the street to the primary entrance.
2.3 Any dead end road more than 300 feet in length shall be provided with a turn-around or cul-de-sac arranged such that emergency apparatus will be able to turn around by making not more than one backing maneuver. The turn-around or cul-de-sac shall be arranged as follows:
2.6.2 Fire Department access shall be provided to all otherwise inaccessible gated communities, subdivisions, developments, gated commercial properties or property by any other name through the use of a system or device approved by the Office of the State Fire Marshal after consultation with the local Fire Chief.
2.6.3 The system or device required in 2.6.2 shall be located in an area accessible to the fire department approved by the Office of the State Fire Marshal after consultation with the local Fire Chief.
220.127.116.11.1 An automated system shall consist of one manual and one automated means to open the gate. The owner or their representative shall meet with the local Fire Chief prior to submission to the Office of the State Fire Marshal to agree on the system. A letter of agreement shall be created, and signed by both parties. The letter shall include a detailed description of both the manual and automated means.
18.104.22.168.2 A manual gate shall consist of one manual means to open the gate. The owner or their representative shall meet with the local Fire Chief prior to submission to the Office of the State Fire Marshall to agree on the means to open. A letter of agreement shall be created, and signed by both parties. The letter shall include a detailed description of the manual means to open.
22.214.171.124 To be considered accessible for fire department apparatus the actual clear openings shall be not less than 14 feet, the paved surface through the gate shall be not less than 12 feet, and the gate shall be setback from the perpendicular street by at least 50 feet.
Exception: If the 50 foot setback above is not possible, the actual clear openings and the paved surface through the gate shall be made wider than set forth above in order to accommodate all responding emergency response apparatus.
2.6.4 The owner and/or occupant of the property requiring fire department access as specified in 2.6.2 and 2.6.3 shall maintain the approved system or device in strict accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines.
2.6.5 The owner and/or occupant of the property requiring fire department access shall not modify access in any manner that could prevent fire department access without obtaining prior approval from the Office of the State Fire Marshal.
1. For Mixed Use occupancies, accessibility shall be based on the floor with the individual occupancy requiring the greatest accessibility coverage.
2. Educational shall include educational assembly buildings with mixed uses and shall not be considered as mixed use.
3. For Day Care Homes, see 3.4.4.
3.3 The State Fire Marshal may consider other design criteria for existing properties in a traditional urban setting on an individual basis, based upon the nature and degree of hazard associated with the building and/or characteristics of the site.
Note: See Figure 5-6 – Building Access – With No Fire Lane
3.4.3 Building Access shall be provided by a pervious or impervious surface which is capable of supporting the load of all emergency services apparatus and shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practices.
3.4.4 In the case of a Day Care homes located in one- and two-family dwellings, emergency service access shall be provided in such a manner so that emergency apparatus can be positioned within 100 feet to the primary entrance.
3.5 Perimeter Access minimum width shall be 15 feet measured from the face of the building at grade with a maximum slope of ten percent (10%). Plantings and utility services (includes condenser units, transformers, etc.) shall be permitted within the perimeter access, and shall not interfere with emergency services fire ground operations.
Note: See Figure 5-7 – Perimeter Access – With No Fire Lane
Note: See Figure 5-8 – Fire Lane and Perimeter Access – Without Fire Suppression
4.3 The State Fire Marshal may consider other design criteria for existing properties in a traditional urban setting on an individual basis, based upon the nature and degree of hazard associated with the building and/or characteristics of the site.
4.5 Perimeter Access minimum width shall be 15 feet measured from the face of the building at grade with a maximum slope of ten percent (10%). Plantings and utility services (includes condenser units, transformers, etc.) shall be permitted within the perimeter access, provided they do not interfere with the emergency services fire ground operations.
Note: See Figure 5-9 – Fire Lane and Perimeter Access with Fire Suppression
1. For Mixed Use occupancies, accessibility shall be based on the floor with the individual occupancy requiring the greatest accessibility coverage.
2. Educational shall include educational buildings with mixed uses and shall not be considered as mixed use.
NOTE: For the purposes of this Regulation and application of the Accessibility Table, the fire lane portion was based upon a 100 foot Aerial reach and the width of aerial stabilizers. The Perimeter Access portion was based upon standard fire ground operations.
5.1 Where emergency services apparatus have to utilize access roadways to reach designated fire lanes, such access roadways shall be constructed to meet the minimum engineering specifications and/or requirements pursuant to the Delaware Department of Transportation or local jurisdictions for paved roadways.
5.2 All access roadways shall be paved and be a minimum of 20 feet clear width for two-way traffic and 14 feet clear width for one-way traffic. The paved width of access roadway shall be measured from edge of parking spaces, or face of curb for vertical curb and back of curb for mountable curb, or edge of pavement if there is no curbing.
6.3 Fire lanes shall be required to run along the front of the building as determined by the primary entrance(s). In cases where there is more than one primary entrance(s), each shall be served by a fire lane even if this exceeds the percentage as required by Section 4.0, Table 5-2.
6.5 The closest edge of fire lanes shall not be located further than 50 feet from the exterior wall if one or two stories in height; 40 feet if three or four stories in height, or 30 feet if over four stories in height.
6.8 Where overhangs, canopies, balconies, or any other building or site features must project over any fire lane, an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13’-6” above the fire lane shall be provided.
6.8.4 The portion of the building perimeter which contains overhangs, canopies, balconies, or any other building features shall not apply towards the fire lane accessibility requirements of Section 4.0, Table 5-1 in this chapter.
Note: See Figure 5-10 – Marking and Identification of Fire Lane
126.96.36.199 The four inch (4”) solid yellow demarcation line may be omitted at the intersection of the access roadway or parking lot aisle, but shall continue for the remainder of the fire lane where it does not intersect an access roadway or parking lot aisle.
Note: See Figure 5-11 – Marking and Identification of Fire Lane – Intersecting an Access Roadway or Aisle
Note: See Figure 5-16 – Approved Sign For Marking Fire Lanes
Note: See Figure 5-12 – Marking and Identification of Fire Lane – No Parking Between Building & Fire Lane
Note: See Figure 5-13 – Access Requirements – Parking Between Building & Fire Lane with Curb and Sidewalk with Multiple Primary Entrances
Note: See Figure 5-14 – Access Requirements – Parking Between Building & Fire Lane with Sidewalk But without Curb with Multiple Primary Entrances
Note: See Figure 5-15 – Marking and Identification of Fire Lane – Parking Between Building and Fire Lane
8.7 When required by the State Fire Marshal, minimum four inch (4”) diameter steel bollards filled with concrete and marked yellow shall be installed at the outermost corners of the exit’s demarcation area. The minimum height of the bollard shall be 36 inches above the finished grade of the adjacent surface.
9.1.1 In the case of a building constructed prior to the adoption of this Regulation, this Regulation is not intended to require the degree of access as required for new buildings, but this Regulation does require that access be provided and marked for existing buildings, ON A CASE BY CASE BASIS, as determined by the State Fire Marshal with due consideration to the existing conditions
9.1.2 “Existing” in the context of this section means that the building was already constructed prior to a fire lane regulation being promulgated, prior to the date of these Regulations. The State Fire Marshal shall determine the minimum access and marking required based on the building occupancy, size, and height with due consideration to the existing conditions.
10.3 Enforcement action regarding stopping, standing or parking a vehicle in a fire lane shall be as prescribed in 21 Del.C. §4179 and/or 21 Del.C. §7001.
1.4 Demarcation lines need not be located on sidewalk surfaces or other pedestrian surfaces not subject to vehicular traffic, but shall extend from the end of the sidewalk surface to the edge of street or traffic lane.
1.6 When required by the State Fire Marshal, minimum four inch (4") diameter steel bollards filled with concrete and marked yellow shall be installed at the outermost corners of the exit's demarcation area. The minimum height of the bollard shall be 36 inches above the finished grade of the adjacent surface.
2.3 Where fire hydrants are located along a curb line with permitted parking, the area between the fire hydrant and the street or fire lane shall be stenciled with four inch (4") demarcation lines and the words "NO PARKING".
2.5.4 Minimum four inch (4") diameter steel bollards filled with concrete and marked yellow shall be installed at the outermost corners of the fire hydrant demarcation area. The minimum height of the bollard shall be 36 inches above the finished grade of the adjacent surface.
3.6 When required by the State Fire Marshal, minimum four inch (4") diameter steel bollards filled with concrete and marked yellow shall be installed at the outermost corners of the demarcation area for the fire department connections. The minimum height of the bollard shall be 36 inches above the finished grade of the adjacent surface.