DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE
Office of the Commissioner
EXEMPT FINAL ORDER
1315 Arbitration of Health Insurance Disputes Between Individuals and Carriers
Regulation 1315 implements 18 Del.C. §§332, which requires health insurance carriers to submit to arbitration disputes with a covered person or authorized representative regarding adverse determinations upon a request for arbitration by the covered person.
With this order, the Department is updating Regulation 1315 to revise the definition of "authorized representative" to remove the requirement that an insurance carrier, when informing a covered person of its internal review process, must inform the covered person of the availability of legal assistance from attorneys working for the Delaware Department of Justice in the preparation of an appeal of an adverse determination involving treatment for substance abuse. These changes are being made due to the January 1, 2020 sunset of HB 100, 81 Del. Laws, Ch. 28, § 3 (May 30, 2017), which amended 18 Del.C. §332. The Department is also taking the opportunity to make stylistic updates to the regulation.
This order is exempt from the requirement of public notice and comment because it includes "amendments to existing regulations to make them consistent with changes in basic law but which do not otherwise alter the substance of the regulation," pursuant to 29 Del.C. §10113(b)(5) and it includes "non-substantive changes in existing regulations to alter style or form or to correct technical errors," pursuant to 29 Del.C. §10113(b)(4).
This order shall be effective 10 days after publication in the Register of Regulations.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
The 5th day of January, 2023 Trinidad Navarro
Commissioner, Delaware Department of Insurance
1315 Arbitration of Health Insurance Disputes Between Individuals and Carriers
The purpose of this Regulation is to implement 18 Del.C. §332, which requires health insurance carriers to submit to arbitration disputes with a covered person or authorized representative regarding adverse determinations upon a request for arbitration by the covered person. This Regulation is promulgated pursuant to 18 Del.C. §§311 and 332; and 29 Del.C. Ch. 101. This Regulation should not be construed to create any cause of action not otherwise existing at law.
"Adverse determination" means a decision by a carrier to deny (in whole or in part), reduce, or terminate health insurance benefits or a determination that an admission or continued stay, or course of treatment, or other covered health service does not satisfy the insurance policy's clinical requirements for appropriateness, necessity, health care setting and/or level of care.
“Authorized representative” means an individual whom a covered person willingly acknowledges to represent his interests during the internal review process and/or an appeal through the arbitration process or the Independent Health Care Appeals Program, including but not limited to a provider to whom a covered person has assigned the right to collect sums due from a carrier for health care services rendered by the provider to the covered person. A carrier may require the covered person to submit written verification of his consent to be represented. If a covered person has been determined by a physician to be incapable of assigning the right of representation, the covered person may be represented by a family member or a legal representative. In cases involving the existence or scope of private or public coverage for substance abuse treatment, assistance may be provided by or through the Delaware Department of Justice as an authorized representative, regardless of whether the covered person has been determined by a physician to be incapable of assigning the right of representation. The Department of Justice may be reached by calling 302-577-4206, by visiting http://attorneygeneral.delaware.gov/dojtreatmentassistance/, or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
“Carrier” means any entity that provides health insurance in this State. Carrier includes an insurance company, health service corporation, managed care organization and any other entity providing a plan of health insurance or health benefits subject to state insurance regulation. Carrier also includes any third-party administrator or other entity that adjusts, administers or settles claims in connection with health insurance.
“Covered person” means an individual and/or family who has entered into a contractual arrangement, or on whose behalf a contractual arrangement has been entered into, with a carrier, pursuant to which the carrier provides health insurance for such person or persons.
“Department” means the Delaware Insurance Department.
"Duration of an Emergency Medical Condition" means a period of time that begins with an Emergency Medical Condition and ends when the Emergency Medical Condition is either treated or stabilized as such stabilization is evidenced by post stabilization care [as referenced in 18 Del.C. §§3349(c)(3) and 3565(c)(3)] in a hospital where such post stabilization care is not within the definition of emergency care services.
“Emergency care provider” means a provider of emergency care services including a provider who also provides health care services that aren't emergency care services.
“Emergency care services” means those services identified in 18 Del.C. §§3349(d) and 3565(d) performed at any time during the Duration of an Emergency Medical Condition, including any covered service providing for the transportation of a patient to a hospital emergency facility for an emergency medical condition including air and sea ambulances so long as medical necessity criteria are met.
“Emergency Medical Condition” shall have the meaning assigned to it by 18 Del.C. §§3349(e) and 3565(e).
“Final coverage decision” means the decision by a carrier at the conclusion of its internal review process upholding, modifying or reversing its adverse determination.
“Grievance” means a request by a covered person or his authorized representative that a carrier review an adverse determination by means of the carrier’s internal review process.
“Health care services” means any services or supplies included in the furnishing to any individual of medical care or hospitalization, or incidental to the furnishing of such care or hospitalization, as well as the furnishing to any individual of any and all other services for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing or healing human illness, injury, disability or disease.
“Health insurance” means a plan or policy issued by a carrier for the payment for, provision of, or reimbursement for health care services.
“Network Emergency Care Provider” is a provider who has a written participation agreement with the carrier to provide emergency care services or governing payment of emergency care services.
"Non-Network Emergency Care Provider" is a provider who is not a Network Emergency Care Provider.
“Provider” means an individual or entity, including without limitation, a licensed physician, a licensed nurse, a licensed physician assistant and a licensed nurse practitioner, a licensed diagnostic facility, a licensed clinical facility, and a licensed hospital, who or which provides health care services in this State.
3.1 Petition for Arbitration
3.1.1 A covered person or his authorized representative may request review of a carrier’s final coverage decision through arbitration by delivering a Petition for Arbitration, using the standardized form available from the Department by mail and on its web site, and all supporting documentation to the Department so that the request for review is received by the Department within sixty days of receipt by the covered person of written notice of the carrier’s final coverage decision.
3.1.2 A covered person or his authorized representative must deliver to the Department an original and one copy of the Petition for Arbitration and all supporting documentation.
3.1.3 At the time of delivering the Petition for Arbitration and supporting documentation to the Department, a covered person or his authorized representative must also:
22.214.171.124 Send a copy of the Petition for Arbitration and supporting documentation to the carrier by certified mail, return receipt requested;
126.96.36.199 Deliver to the Department a Proof of Service confirming that a copy of the Petition was mailed to the carrier by certified mail, return receipt requested; and
188.8.131.52 Deliver to the Department a $75.00 $75 filing fee.
3.1.4 The Department may refuse to accept any Petition that is not timely filed or does not otherwise meet the criteria for arbitration. If the subject of the Petition is appropriate for review through IHCAP (refer to Independent Health Care Appeal Program, Regulation 1301), the Department shall advise the covered person or his authorized representative of the procedure to obtain IHCAP review. If the subject of the Petition is appropriate for IHCAP review, the Petition for Arbitration will be treated as an IHCAP appeal for purposes of determining whether the IHCAP appeal is timely filed in accordance with subsection 5.1 of Regulation 1301.
3.2 Response to Petition for Arbitration
3.2.1 Within 20 days of receipt of the Petition, the carrier must deliver to the Department an original and one copy of a Response with supporting documents or other evidence attached.
3.2.2 At the time of delivering the Response to the Department, the carrier must also:
184.108.40.206 Send a copy of the Response and supporting documentation to the covered person or his authorized representative by certified mail, return receipt requested;
220.127.116.11 Deliver to the Department a proof of service confirming that a copy of the Response was mailed to the covered person or his authorized representative by certified mail, return receipt requested; and
18.104.22.168 Deliver to the Department a $75.00 $75 filing fee.
3.2.3 The Department may return any non-conforming Response to the carrier.
3.2.4 If the carrier fails to deliver a Response to the Department in a timely fashion, the Department, after verifying proper service, and with written notice to the parties, may assign the matter to the next scheduled Arbitrator for summary disposition. The Arbitrator may:
22.214.171.124 Determine the matter in the nature of a default judgment after establishing that the Petition is properly supported and was properly served on the carrier; and
126.96.36.199 Allow the matter to be reopened to prevent a manifest injustice. A request for re-opening must be made by the covered person or his authorized representative no later than seven days after notice of the default judgment.
3.3 Summary Dismissal of Petition by the Arbitrator
3.3.1 If the Arbitrator determines that the subject of the Petition is not appropriate for arbitration or IHCAP or is meritless on its face, the Arbitrator may summarily dismiss the Petition and provide notice of such dismissal to the parties.
3.4 Appointment of Arbitrator
3.4.1 Upon receipt of a Response that conforms with the requirements of this regulation, the Department shall assign an Arbitrator from a panel of Arbitrators and shall schedule the matter for a hearing so that the Arbitrator can render a written decision within 45 days of the delivery to the Department of the Petition for Arbitration.
3.4.2 The Arbitrator shall be of suitable background and experience to decide the matter in dispute and shall not be affiliated with any of the parties or with the provider whose service is at issue in the dispute.
3.5 Arbitration Hearing
3.5.1 The Arbitrator shall give notice of the arbitration hearing date to the parties at least 10 days prior to the hearing. The parties are not required to appear and may rely on the papers delivered to the Department.
3.5.2 The arbitration hearing is to be limited, to the maximum extent possible, to each party being given the opportunity to explain their view of the previously submitted evidence and to answer questions presented to the parties by the Arbitrator.
3.5.3 If the Arbitrator allows any brief testimony, the Arbitrator shall allow brief cross-examination or other response by the opposing party.
3.5.4 The Delaware Uniform Rules of Evidence will be used for general guidance but will not be strictly applied.
3.5.5 Because the testimony may involve evidence relating to personal health information that is confidential and protected by state or federal laws from public disclosure, the arbitration hearing shall be closed unless otherwise agreed by the parties.
3.5.6 The Arbitrator may contact, with the parties' consent, individuals or entities identified in the papers by telephone in or outside of the parties' presence for information to resolve the matter.
3.5.7 The Arbitrator is to consider the matter based on the submissions of the parties and information otherwise obtained by the Arbitrator in accordance with this regulation. The Arbitrator shall not consider any matter not contained in the original or supplemental submissions of the parties, other than information otherwise obtained by the Arbitrator pursuant to this Regulation, that has not been provided to the opposing party with at least five days’ notice, except claims of a continuing nature that are set out in the filed papers.
3.6 Arbitrator’s Written Decision.
3.6.1 The Arbitrator shall render his decision and mail a copy of the decision to the parties within 45 days of the filing of the Petition.
3.6.2 The Arbitrator’s decision shall include allowable charges and payments for each service subject to arbitration for a period that will end on the 360th day after the date of the Arbitrator’s decision.
3.6.3 The Arbitrator’s decision is binding upon the carrier except as provided in 18 Del.C. §332(g).
3.7 Arbitration Costs.
3.7.1 In arbitrations commenced pursuant to 18 Del.C. §332 and Section 3.0 of this Regulation, the carrier shall pay the costs of arbitration, any compensation paid to the arbitrator not to exceed $250, and any additional related fees which exceed the filing fee of $75 required to commence arbitration. In the event the covered person prevails, the $75 filing fee paid by the covered person will be refunded by the carrier.
4.1 A carrier shall maintain written or electronic records documenting all grievances and Petitions for Arbitration including, at a minimum, the following information:
4.1.1 For each grievance:
188.8.131.52 The date received;
184.108.40.206 Name and plan identification number of the covered person on whose behalf the grievance was filed;
220.127.116.11 A general description of the reason for the grievance; and
18.104.22.168 The date and description of the final coverage decision.
4.1.2 For each Petition for Arbitration:
22.214.171.124 The date the Petition was filed;
126.96.36.199 Name and plan identification number of the covered person on whose behalf the Petition was filed;
188.8.131.52 A general description of the reason for the Petition; and
184.108.40.206 Date and description of the Arbitrator’s decision or other disposition of the Petition.
4.2 A carrier shall file with its annual report to the Department the following information:
4.2.1 The total number grievances filed.
4.2.2 The total number of Petitions for Arbitration filed, with a breakdown showing:
220.127.116.11 The total number of final coverage decisions upheld through arbitration; and
18.104.22.168 The total number of final coverage decisions reversed through arbitration.
5.1 A carrier shall not disenroll, terminate or in any way penalize a covered person who exercises his rights to file a grievance or Petition for Arbitration solely on the basis of such filing.
5.2 A carrier shall not terminate or in any way penalize a provider with whom it has a contractual relationship and who exercises, on behalf of a covered person, the right to file a grievance, or Petition for Arbitration solely on the basis of such filing.
Nothing in this Regulation shall supersede any federal or state law or regulation governing the privacy of health information.
In computing any period of time prescribed or allowed by this Regulation, the day of the act or event after which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period so computed shall be included, unless it is a Saturday or Sunday, or other legal holiday, or other day on which the Department is closed, in which event the period shall run until the end of the next day on which the Department is open. When the period of time prescribed or allowed is less than 11 days, intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and other legal holidays shall be excluded in the computation. As used in this section, "legal holidays" shall be those days provided by statute or appointed by the Governor or the Chief Justice of the State of Delaware.
This Regulation shall become effective ten days after being published as a final regulation. The amendment to the definition of "authorized representative" shall become effective 10 days after being published as a final regulation and shall sunset on January 1, 2020 unless expressly reauthorized prior to that date became effective on April 11, 2016, 10 days after being published as a final regulation. The amendment to the definition of "authorized representative" became effective January 11, 2018. The current amendment to the definition of "authorized representative" shall become effective ten days after being published in the Register of Regulations.