department of agriculture
Harness Racing Commission
The Delaware Harness Racing Commission (DHRC), pursuant to 3 Del.C. §10005, proposes to change DHRC Rules 3, 5 and 8. The Commission will hold a public hearing on the proposed rule changes on January 9, 2007. Written comments should be sent to Hugh J. Gallagher, Administrator of Harness Racing, Department of Agriculture, 2320 S. DuPont Highway, Dover, DE 19901.
The proposed changes are for the purpose of updating the rules to reflect current policies, practices and procedures. For example, Rule 3 updates position titles and outdated practices, Rule 5 adds new language requiring the use of safety vests, and Rule 8 updates drug testing procedures and trainer responsibilities.
501 Harness Racing Rules and Regulations
(Break in Continuity of Sections)
3.1 General Provisions
3.1.1 Racing Officials
Officials at a race meeting may include the following, as determined by the Commission:
126.96.36.199 State Steward;
188.8.131.52 Board of jJudges;
184.108.40.206 rRacing sSecretary;
220.127.116.11 pPaddock jJudge;
18.104.22.168 hHorse iIdentifier and / eEquipment cChecker;
22.214.171.124 clerk of the course;
126.96.36.199 oOfficial sStarter;
188.8.131.52 oOfficial cCharter/Program Director;
184.108.40.206 oOfficial tTimer/Photo Finish Technician;
220.127.116.11 photo finish technician;
18.104.22.168 pPatrol jJudge;
22.214.171.1240 program director;
126.96.36.1991 Commission Chief DHRC vVeterinarian;
188.8.131.522 Bleeder Medication vVeterinarian;
184.108.40.2063 Chief DHRC Investigator; and
220.127.116.114 Administrator of Racing
18.104.22.1685 any other person designated by the Commission.
To qualify as a racing official the appointee must be licensed by the Commission after a determination that he/she:
22.214.171.124 is of good moral character and reputation;
126.96.36.199 is experienced in and/or knowledgeable of harness racing;
188.8.131.52 is familiar with the duties to which he/she is appointed and with the Commission's rules and regulations;
184.108.40.206 possesses the mental and physical capacity to perform his/her duties; and
220.127.116.11 is not under suspension or ejection by the U.S.T.A., the C.T.A. Standardbred Canada or any racing jurisdiction.
3.1.3 Approval and Licensing
The Commission, in its sole discretion, may determine the eligibility of a racing official and, in its sole discretion, may approve or disapprove any such official for licensing.
3.1.4 Prohibited Practices
Racing officials and their assistants shall not engage in any of the following activities while serving in an official capacity at a race meeting:
18.104.22.168 participate in the sale or purchase, or own any horse racing at the meeting;
22.214.171.124 sell or solicit horse insurance on any horse racing at the meeting;
126.96.36.199 be licensed in any other capacity without permission of the Commission;
188.8.131.52 wager on the outcome of any live or simulcast race;
184.108.40.206 refuse to take a breath analyzer test or submit to a blood or urine sample when directed by the Commission or its designee; or
220.127.116.11 perform their official duties on any day in during which any horse is entered or races in any live race at the aAssociation grounds that is owned, or trained, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, or is driven, or groomed, by any parent, child or sibling of such official, or participate in the draw for any such race; provided, however, that a parent, child or sibling of an official acting solely as a groom for such a horse shall not be deemed to pose a conflict of interest for the official; provided further, that should any such conflict described above arise, the official will immediately notify the State Steward; and provided, further, that should the official’s spouse, parent, child, or sibling without the permission of the Commission. If repeated such conflicts interfere with the official's performance of his/her normal duties, or with any other official's performance of his/her official duties, then the Commission shall appoint approve another person to replace the official with the familial conflict.
3.1.5 Report of Violations
Racing officials and their assistants shall report immediately to the State Steward Presiding Judge or judges every observed violation of these rules and of the laws of this jurisdiction governing racing.
3.1.6 Complaints Against Officials
Any formal complaint against a racing official other than a judge shall be made to the State Steward or Presiding Judge in writing and signed by the complainant. All such complaints shall be reported to the Commission by the State Steward or Presiding Judge, as appropriate, together with a report of the action taken or the recommendation of the State Steward or Presiding Judge. Formal complaints against the State Steward or any judge shall be made in writing to the Commission and signed by the complainant.
18.104.22.168 A person shall not be appointed to more than one racing official position at a meeting unless specifically approved by the Commission. No person shall be appointed to or hold any such office or official position who holds has any official relation to any person, association, or employed by a corporation or Association engaged in or conducting harness racing within this State. No Commissioner, racing official, steward, or judge whose duty is to insure that the rules and regulations of the Commission are complied with shall bet on the outcome of any race during any live racing program regulated by the Commission nor have any financial or pecuniary interest in the outcome of any race regulated by the Commission. All employees appointed under 3 Del.C. §10007(a-c) shall serve at the pleasure of the Commission and are to be paid a reasonable compensation.
22.214.171.124 The Commission shall appoint or approve the State Steward and judges Board of Judges at each harness race meeting. The Commission may appoint such officials on an annual basis. In addition to any minimum qualifications promulgated by the Commission, all applicants for the positions on the Board of Judges of Steward must be certified by a national organization possess a USTA license and be fully accredited by a recognized university approved by the Commission. An applicant for the position of steward or race judge must also have been previously employed as a steward, patrol judge, clerk of scales or other racing official at a harness racing meeting for a period of not less than forty-five days during three of the last five years, or have at least five years of experience as a licensed driver who has also served not less than one year as a licensed racing official at a harness racing meeting or have ten years of experience as a licensed harness racing trainer who has served not less than one year as a licensed racing official at a harness racing meeting.
126.96.36.199 The Commission may appoint such officers, clerks, stenographers, inspectors, racing officials, veterinarians, and such other employees as it deems necessary, consistent with the purposes of 3 Del.C. Chapter 100.
3.1.8 Appointment of Substitute State Steward/ Presiding Judge
Should any State Steward the Presiding Judge or any judge be absent at race time, the State Steward Presiding Judge, or, in his/her absence the remaining judge(s) shall appoint a deputy for the State Steward Presiding Judge or judge(s). If a deputy State Steward or judge is appointed, the Commission shall be notified immediately by the State Steward Presiding Judge or remaining judges.
3.2 State Steward/ Board of Judges
3.2.1 General Authority
188.8.131.52 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges for each meeting shall be responsible to the Commission for the conduct of the race meeting in accordance with the laws of this jurisdiction and these rules.
184.108.40.206 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges shall enforce these rules and the racing laws of the State of Delaware.
220.127.116.11 The State Steward Presiding Judge's authority includes supervision of all racing officials, licensed personnel, other persons responsible for the conduct of racing and patrons, as necessary to ensure compliance with these rules.
18.104.22.168 The State Steward and Presiding Judge Board of Judges shall have authority to resolve conflicts or disputes related to racing and to discipline violators in accordance with the provisions of these rules.
22.214.171.124 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges have the authority to interpret the rules and to decide all questions of racing not specifically covered by the rules.
126.96.36.199 The State Steward Presiding Judge shall be a representative of the Commission at all race meetings which the Commission may direct such State Steward Presiding Judge to attend. The State Steward Presiding Judge shall be the senior officer at such meetings and, subject to the control and direction of the Commission, shall have general supervision over the racing officials, medication program and drug-testing officials, and all other employees and appointees of the Commission employed at such race meet or meetings. The State Steward Presiding Judge shall, subject to the general control of the Commission, monitor the conduct of the racing and the pari-mutuel department, and supervise the testing of horses and drivers. The State Steward Presiding Judge at all times shall have access to all parts of the aAssociation grounds, including the racecourse, physical plant and grounds. Upon instruction from the Commission, the State Steward Presiding Judge shall conduct hearings and investigations, and report his findings to the Commission. The State Steward Presiding Judge shall act for the Commission in all matters requiring its attention, to receive from all persons having knowledge thereof information required by the Commission and to perform all other duties for the compliance of the rules and regulations of the Commission and the laws of the State of Delaware.
3.2.2 Period of Authority
The State Steward and judges' Board of Judge’s period of authority shall commence five (5) business days prior to the beginning of each race meeting and shall terminate with completion of their official business pertaining to the meeting.
3.2.3 Disciplinary Action
188.8.131.52 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges shall take notice of alleged misconduct or rule violations and initiate investigations into the matters.
184.108.40.206 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges shall have authority to charge any licensee for a violation of these rules, to conduct hearings and to impose disciplinary action in accordance with these rules.
220.127.116.11 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may compel the attendance of witnesses and the submission of documents or potential evidence related to any investigation or hearing.
18.104.22.168 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may at any time inspect license documents, registration papers and other documents related to racing.
22.214.171.124 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges have the power to administer oaths and examine witnesses.
126.96.36.199 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may shall consult with the Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian and/or the Commission chemist to determine the nature and seriousness of a laboratory finding or an alleged medication violation.
188.8.131.52 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may impose, but are not limited to, any of the following penalties on a licensee for a violation of these rules:
184.108.40.206.1 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may take any appropriate actions against any horse for a violation or attempted violation of these rules.
220.127.116.11 7.2 The State Steward and judges Board of Judges may suspend a license; or they may impose a fine in accordance with these Rules for each violation; or they may suspend and fine; or they may order that a person be ineligible for licensing.
18.104.22.168 8 A State Steward's or judges' Board of Judge’s ruling shall not prevent the Commission from imposing a more or less severe penalty.
22.214.171.124 9 The State Steward or judges Board of Judges may refer any matter to the Commission and may include recommendations for disposition. The absence of a State Steward's or judges' Board of Judge’s referral shall not preclude Commission action in any matter.
126.96.36.199 10 Purses, prizes, awards, and trophies shall be redistributed if the State Steward or judges Board of Judges or Commission order a change in the official order of finish.
188.8.131.52 11 All fines imposed by the State Steward or judges Board of Judges shall be paid to the Commission within ten (10) days after the ruling is issued, unless otherwise ordered.
3.2.4 Protests, Objections and Complaints
The State Steward or judges Board of Judges shall investigate promptly and render a decision in every protest made to them. They shall maintain a record of all protests. The State Steward or judges Board of Judges shall file daily with the Commission a copy of each protest, objection or complaint and any related ruling. All protests must be in writing and lodged with the State Steward or judges Board of Judges not later than forty-eight (48) hours after the race in question.
3.2.5 Judges' Presence
A board of judges shall be present in the judges' stand during the contesting of each race. One judge shall be present in the stand thirty (30) minutes prior to the race to observe and the others shall be present no less than fifteen (15) minutes prior to the race, during the contesting of the race and fifteen (15) minutes after the finish.
3.2.6 Order of Finish for Pari-Mutuel Wagering
184.108.40.206 Whenever the judges use a photo to determine the order of finish it shall be displayed for public inspection. The judges may call for a picture from the photo finish camera to aid them in arriving at a decision. However, in all cases the camera is merely an aid and the decision of the Judges shall be final. The judges shall determine the official order of finish for each race in accordance with the rules of the race (see Rule 7.0).
220.127.116.11 The decision of the judges as to the official order of finish, including the disqualification of a horse or horses as a result of any event occurring during the contesting of the race, shall be final for purposes of distribution of the pari-mutuel wagering pool.
3.2.7 Cancel Wagering
The State Steward or judges Board of Judges have has the authority to cancel wagering and order refunds where applicable on an individual betting interest or on an entire race and also have the authority to cancel a pari-mutuel pool for a race or races, if such action is necessary to protect the integrity of pari-mutuel wagering.
3.2.8 Steward's List
18.104.22.168 The judges shall maintain a Steward's List of the horses which are ineligible to be entered in a race.
22.214.171.124 A horse that is unfit to race because it is dangerous, unmanageable or unable to show a performance to qualify for races at the meeting, scratched as a result of a high blood gas test, or otherwise unfit to race at the meeting may be placed on the Steward's List by the Presiding Judge and declarations and/or entries on the horse shall be refused. The owner or trainer shall be notified of such action and the reason shall be clearly stated. When any horse is placed on the Steward's List, the clerk of the course Program Director shall make a note on the electronic eligibility certificate of such horse, showing the date the horse was put on the Steward's List, the reason and the date of removal if the horse has been removed.
126.96.36.199 Following an examination Aall horses scratched by a veterinarian for either lameness or sickness will be put on the Steward's List and can not race for at least seven (7) days from the date of the scratched race. Entries will be accepted during this seven (7) day period for a race to be contested after the seventh day.
188.8.131.52.1 Following an examination Veterinarians may put a horse on the Steward’s List for sickness or lameness for more than seven (7) days if necessary. In that instance, the horse may not race until proscribed number of days has expired. Entries will be accepted during this period for a race to be contested after the proscribed number of days has expired.
184.108.40.206 No Presiding Judge or other official at a fair race meeting shall have the power to remove from the Steward's List and accept as an entry any horse which has been placed on a Steward's List and not subsequently removed therefrom for the reason that he/she it is dangerous or an unmanageable horse. Such meetings may refuse declarations and/or entries on any horse that has been placed on the Steward's List and has not been removed therefrom.
220.127.116.11 No horse shall be admitted to any racetrack facilities in this jurisdiction without having had a negative official test for equine infectious anemia within twelve (12) months. No entry or declaration to start shall be accepted by any Association in this jurisdiction without having had a negative official test for equine infectious anemia within twelve (12) months, except for in the case of paid in events. In paid in events, no horse shall be admitted to any racetrack facilities in this jurisdiction without having had a negative official test for equine infectious anemia within twelve (12) months.
18.104.22.168 The judges may put any horse on the Steward's List for performance when such horse shows a reversal of form or does not race near its own capabilities. Such horse shall qualify in a time comparable to its known capabilities from one to three times, at the discretion of the judges, before being allowed to start.
22.214.171.124 Any horse put on the Steward's List as unmanageable or dangerous must qualify in a satisfactory manner for the judges at least two times.
126.96.36.199 The judges may put any horse on the Steward's List for being noncompetitive or unfit to race at the meeting.
188.8.131.52 The judges may place a horse on the Steward's List when there exists a question exists as to the exact identification, ownership or management of said horse.
184.108.40.206 A horse which has been placed on the Steward's List because of questions as to the exact identification or ownership of said horse, may be removed from the Steward's List when, in the opinion of the judges, proof of exact identification and/or ownership has been established.
220.127.116.11 A horse may not be released from the Steward's List without the permission of the judges.
3.2.9 List of Nerved Horses
The judges shall maintain a list of nerved horses which are on association grounds participating at the race meet and shall make the list available for inspection by other licensees participating in the race meeting post the list in the Race Office.
3.3 Racing Secretary
3.3.1 General Authority
The rRacing sSecretary is responsible for setting the conditions for each race of the race meeting, regulating the nomination of entries and determining the amounts of purses and to whom they are due. The rRacing sSecretary shall check and verify the eligibility of all horses entered.
3.3.2 Eligibility Certificates
The racing secretary is responsible for receiving and safeguarding the eligibility certificates of all horses competing at the track or stabled on association grounds.
3.3.3 2 Race Information
The rRacing sSecretary shall be familiar with the age, class and competitive ability of all horses racing at the meeting.
3.3.4 3 Classifications
The rRacing sSecretary shall classify horses in accordance with these rules. and list horses in the categories in which they qualify.
3.3.5 4 Listings of Horses
The rRaceing secretary Office shall:
3.3.5 4.1 examine all entry forms and declarations to verify information as set forth therein; and
3.3.5 4.2 select the horses to start and the also eligible horses from the declarations in accordance with these rules.
3.3.5 4.3 provide the listing of horses in the daily program.
3.3.6 5 Nominations and Declarations
The rRacing sSecretary shall examine nominations and declarations and early closing events, late closing events and stakes events to verify the eligibility of all declarations and nominations and compile lists thereof for publication.
3.3.7 6 Conditions
The rRacing sSecretary shall establish the conditions and eligibility for entering races and cause them to be published to owners, trainers and the Commission and be posted in the racing secretary's office.
3.3.8 7 Posting of Entries
Upon completion of the draw each day, the rRacing sSecretary shall post a list of entries in a conspicuous location in his/her office and make the list available to the media.
3.3.9 8 Stakes and Entrance Money Records
The racing secretary shall be caretaker of the permanent records of all stakes and shall verify that all entrance monies due are paid not later than one hour prior to post time, regardless of whether the horse actually starts.
3.3.10 9 Winnings
18.104.22.168 For the purpose of establishing conditions, winnings shall be considered to include all monies and prizes won up to the time of the start of a race.
22.214.171.124 2 Winnings during the year shall be calculated by the rRacing sSecretary from the preceding January 1.
3.3.1110 Cancellation of a Race
In case of unfavorable weather or other unavoidable cause, aAssociations, upon notifying of the State Steward Presiding Judge may postpone or cancel races.
3.4 Paddock Judge
3.4.1 General Authority
Under the direction and supervision of the Presiding Judge, the Paddock Judge shall have complete charge of all paddock activities, including but not limited to:
126.96.36.199 Ensuring that all horses entered in a heat or dash are on the racetrack at the time designated by the Presiding Judge to be formed in a parade line; that such horses are attended by their drivers unless specifically excused by the Paddock Judge; that all horses in heat or race parade from the paddock upon the track and before the grandstand not later than five (5) minutes before Post Time; and that drivers not engage in conversation during the post parade. A horse failing to parade without being excused by the Paddock Judge may be scratched from the race or its driver or trainer may be penalized;
188.8.131.52 Supervising the Horse Identifier/and Equipment Checker;
184.108.40.206 Supervising the paddock gate operators;
220.127.116.11 Ensuring that all horses are in the paddock at the time prescribed by the Presiding Judge, but in any event not less than one hour but not more than two hours prior to post time of the race in which the horse is to compete. Except for warm-up trips, no horse shall leave the paddock until called to the post;
18.104.22.168 Maintaining a proper checkin and checkout of horses and drivers. No driver, trainer, owner-trainer or groom once admitted to the paddock or receiving barn shall leave the same other than to warm up said horse or other race related activity until such race, or races, for which he was admitted is contested; provided, however, that in the event of an emergency, trainers or grooms a licensee may leave the paddock, but only with the permission of the Paddock Judge, in which case the Paddock Judge shall maintain a written record thereof, which shall be delivered to the Presiding Judge. No person except an Only a licensed owner or trainer who has another horse racing in a later race, or an official, shall return to the paddock until all races of that program have been completed;
22.214.171.124 Directing the activities of the paddock blacksmith;
126.96.36.199 Ensuring that only properly authorized persons are permitted in the paddock, to wit:
188.8.131.52.1 Owners of horses competing on the date of the race and whose horses are in the paddock; with the exception of all owners of registered stables;
184.108.40.206.2 Trainers of horses competing on the date of the race and whose horses are in the paddock;
220.127.116.11.3 Drivers of horses competing on the date of the race and whose horses are in the paddock;
18.104.22.168.4 No more than two gGrooms of horses competing on the date of the race and whose horses are in the paddock;
22.214.171.124.5 Officials whose duties require their presence in the paddock or receiving barn; and
126.96.36.199.6 Such other persons as are authorized by the Commission; Provided, that no more than two members owners of a registered stable, other than the driver, shall be entitled to admission to the paddock on any racing day, except by permission of the Presiding or Paddock Judge, or written approval by the Commission;
188.8.131.52.7 Notifying the Presiding Judge of any change in racing equipment or shoes before the race;
184.108.40.206.8 Inspecting and supervising the maintenance of all emergency equipment kept in the paddock;
220.127.116.11.9 Notifying the judges of the reason for any horse returning to the paddock after having entered the track for the post parade and before the start of the race;
18.104.22.168.10 Supervising and maintaining the cleanliness of the paddock; and
22.214.171.124.11 Supervising the conduct of all persons in the paddock.
3.4.2 Report to the Presiding Judge
The Paddock Judge shall:
126.96.36.199 Immediately notify the Presiding Judge of anything that could in any way change, delay or otherwise affect the racing program; and
188.8.131.52 Report to the Presiding Judge any observed cruelty to a horse; and
184.108.40.206 Any other violations of these rules.
3.5 Horse Identifier and /Equipment Checker
3.5.1 General Authority
The Horse Identifier & /Equipment Checker shall be present for each race. The duties of the Horse Identifier & /Equipment Checker are:
220.127.116.11 Maintain a listing of all equipment worn, including shoes, and the tattoo or freeze brand number for each horse racing at the meeting;
18.104.22.168 Each time a horse races, identify the horse by checking the lip tattoo or freeze brand; and
22.214.171.124 Compare the type and condition of equipment actually being used by each horse for each race with the approved equipment listed; and
3.5.2 Report Violations
The Horse Identifier & /Equipment Checker shall report to the Paddock Judge immediately any discrepancies or faulty equipment discovered by the investigations specified in this Rule, which findings are to be reported immediately to the Presiding Judge. The Presiding Judge's ruling in these matters is final.
3.6 Clerk of the Course
3.6.1 General Authority
The clerk of the course shall be responsible for keeping and verifying the judges' book and eligibility certificates provided by the U.S.T.A./C.T.A. and recording therein all required information and:
126.96.36.199 names and addresses of owners;
188.8.131.52 the standard symbols for medications, where applicable;
184.108.40.206 notations of placings, disqualifications and claimed horses;
220.127.116.11 notations of scratched or ruled out horses;
18.104.22.168 returning the eligibility certificate to the horse's owner or the owner's representative after the race, when requested;
22.214.171.124 notifying owners and drivers of penalties assessed by the officials;
126.96.36.199 assisting in drawing post positions, if requested; and
188.8.131.52 maintaining the Steward's List.
3.7 6 Official Starter
3.7 6.1 General Authority
3.7 6.1.1 The sStarter is responsible to provide a fair start for each race.
3.7 6.1.2 The sStarter shall be an employee or contractor of the aAssociation.
3.7 6.1.3 An aAssistant sStarter may be employed or contracted if deemed necessary by the aAssociation.
3.7 6.1.4 The sStarter shall ensure that the starter, the starter's assistant(s) and any Assistant Starters and the driver are cognizant of and capable of performing all required emergency procedures.
3.7 6.2 Report Violations
The official sStarter shall report violations of these rules occurring at the start of a race to the judges.
3.7 6.3 Disciplinary Action
The official sStarter shall have authority to assess fines and to suspend the license of drivers for any violation of these rules from the formation of the parade until the word "Go" is given.
3.7 6.4 Starter's List
The official sStarter or the starter's aAssistant Starter shall school horses as may be necessary and shall prepare a list of horses not qualified to start, which shall be delivered to the judges and entered on the Steward's List. The Steward's List shall be posted in the rRacing sSecretary's office with the list of horses not qualified to start.
3.87 Official Charter/Program Director
184.108.40.206 General Authority
The official cCharter is responsible for providing a complete and accurate chart of each race. An accurate chart Judge’s Book shall incorporate a chart of each race which shall include the following:
3.8 7.1.1 horse's name; and electronic eligibility certificate number
220.127.116.11.2 driver's name; and USTA membership number, and trainer’s name and USTA membership number;
18.104.22.168.3 date and place of the race;
22.214.171.124.4 track size, if other than a half mile track track code;
126.96.36.199.5 track condition and temperature;
188.8.131.52.6 type of race (trot or pace);
184.108.40.206.7 classification of race;
220.127.116.11.8 distances other than a mile;
18.104.22.168.9 fractional times of the leading horse, including the race time;
22.214.171.124.10 post position, position at the ¼ mile, the ½ mile and the ¾ mile poles and at the head of the stretch with lengths behind the leader and finish position with lengths behind the winner;
126.96.36.199.11 official order of finish;
188.8.131.52.12 individual time of each horse;
184.108.40.206.13 closing dollar odds (with favorite designated by an asterisk);
220.127.116.11.14 the standard symbols for breaks, park outs free legged pacers, and hobbled trotters where applicable;
18.104.22.168.15 the standard symbols for medications, where applicable;
22.214.171.124.16 in claiming races, the price for which the horse is entered to be claimed less allowances for age and sex;
3.8 7.1.17 names of the horses placed first, second and third by the State Steward and judges; and mutual data to include the payoff prices for win, place, show, daily double, exacta, trifecta, superfecta, and any other exotic wager;
3.8 7.1.18 notations of placings, disqualifications and claimed horses;
126.96.36.199 the names and addresses of owners; and
188.8.131.52 notations of scratched or ruled out horses.
3.7.2 Other Duties
The Charter/Program Director shall also be responsible for keeping and verifying the Judge’s Book and eligibility certificates provided by the U.S.T.A./Standardbred Canada and recording therein all required information.
3.7.3 The Charter/Program Director is also responsible for furnishing the public complete and accurate past performance information.
3.9 8 Official Timer/Photo Finish Technician
3.9 8.1 General Authority
The official tTimer shall accurately record the time elapsed between the start and finish of each race.
3.9 8.2 Timing Procedure
The time shall be recorded from the instant that the first horse leaves the point from which the distance is measured until the first horse reaches the finish line.
3.9 8.3 Timing Races
3.9 8.3.1 In every race, the time of each heat shall be accurately recorded by two timers or an approved electrical timing device, in which case, there shall be one timer.
3.9 8.3.2 Times of heats shall be recorded in minutes, seconds and fifths of a second.
3.9 8.3.3 Immediately following each heat, the elapsed time of the heat shall be publicly announced and/or posted on the totalisator tote board.
3.9 8.3.4 No unofficial timing shall be announced, posted or entered into the official record.
3.9 8.4 Error in Reported Time
3.9 8.4.1 In circumstances involving an error in timing, no time shall be announced, posted or recorded for that heat.
3.9 8.4.2 In any case of alleged error regarding a horse's official time, the time in question shall not be changed to favor the horse or its owner, except upon the sworn statement of the judges and official timers who officiated in the race.
3.10 Photo Finish Technician
3.11 9 Patrol Judge
3.11 9.1 General Authority
The Patrol Judge(s), when utilized, is/are responsible for observing the race and reporting information concerning the race to the judges. If the track's video replay system is deemed adequate by the Commission, use of patrol judges is optional.
3.12 Program Director
3.12.1 General Authority
The program director is responsible for furnishing the public complete and accurate past performance information.
3.13 10 Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian
3.13 10.1 General Authority
The Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian shall:
3.13 10.1.1 be appointed by the Commission;
3.13 10.1.2 be a graduate veterinarian and be licensed to practice in the State of Delaware;
3.13 10.1.3 recommend to the judges any horse deemed unsafe unfit to be raced, or a horse that it would be inhumane to allow to race following examination;
3.13 10.1.4 place horses on the Veterinarian's List, when necessary, and remove horses from the Veterinarian's List;
3.13 10.1.5 place horses on the Bleeder List and remove horses from the Bleeder List;
3.13 10.1.6 maintain a continuing health and racing soundness record of each horse given a racing soundness inspection;
3.13 10.1.7 supervise the taking of all specimens for testing according to procedures approved by the Commission;
3.13 10.1.8 provide proper safeguards in the handling of all laboratory specimens to prevent tampering, confusion or contamination;
3.13 10.1.9 report to the Commission the names of all horses humanely destroyed or which otherwise expire at the meeting and the reasons therefore;
3.13 10.1.10 maintain all required records of postmortem examinations performed on horses which have died on aAssociation grounds;
184.108.40.206.11 refrain from directly treating or prescribing for any horse scheduled to participate during his/her term of appointment at any recognized meeting except in cases of emergency, accident or injury;
3.13 10.1.12 refuse employment or payment, directly or indirectly, from any owner or trainer of a horse racing or intending to race in this jurisdiction while employed as the official veterinarian for the Commission;
3.13 10.1.11 review and make recommendations regarding Commission license applications of practicing veterinarians;
3.13 10.1.12 cooperate with practicing veterinarians and other regulatory agencies to take measures to control communicable and/or reportable equine diseases;
3.13 10.1.13 supervise the periodic periodically review of all horse papers under the jurisdiction of the Commission to ensure that all required tests and health certificates are current and properly filed in accordance with these rules; and
3.13 10.1.14 be authorized to humanely destroy any horse deemed to be so seriously injured that it is in the best interests of the horse to so act.
3.13 11.1 Racing Responsibilities
With respect to the conduct of each race, and each race meeting authorized by the Commission, the Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian shall:
3.13 11.1.1 be available to the racing secretary and/or State Steward or Presiding Judge prior to scratch time each racing day at a time designated by the State Steward or Presiding Judge, to inspect any horses and report on their condition as may be requested by the State Steward or by the judges;
3.13 11.1.2 inspect any horse when there is a question as to the physical condition of such horse;
3.13 11.1.3 recommend scratching a horse to the judges if, in the his opinion of the Commission Veterinarian, the horse is physically incapable of exerting its best effort to win following an examination and communication of same to the trainer or his designee.
3.13 11.1.4 inspect any horse which appears in physical distress during the race or at the finish of the race; and shall report such horse together with his/her opinion as to the cause of the distress to the judges;
3.13 11.1.5 refrain from directly treating or prescribing for any horse scheduled to participate during his/her term of appointment at any recognized meeting except in cases of emergency, accident or injury;
3.13 11.1.6 refuse employment or payment, directly or indirectly, from any owner or trainer of a horse racing or intending to race in the State of Delaware while employed as the Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian;
3.13 11.1.7 conduct soundness inspections on horses participating in races at the meeting;
3.13 11.1.8 place horses on or remove them from the Commission Veterinarian's List.
3.13 11.2 Commission Veterinarian's List
The Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian shall maintain a list of all horses which he or she has determined to be unfit to compete in a race due to physical distress, unsoundness, infirmity or medical condition.
3.14 12 Bleeder Medication Veterinarian
3.14 12.1 General Authority
The Bleeder Medication veterinarian shall:
3.14 12.1.1 Be subject to the supervision of the Commission Veterinarian Fully cooperate and coordinate his duties, responsibilities, schedules and related functions with the Chief DHRC Veterinarian;
3.14 12.1.2 Be a graduate veterinarian and be licensed to practice in the State of Delaware;
3.14 12.1.3 Report to the State Lasix Furosemide (Salix) stall at least one- half hour before the first Lasix horse is due for Lasix injection (i.e., four and one-half hours before post time) treatment area at least 30 minutes prior to the first scheduled Salix treatment;
3.14 12.1.4 Record the name of the horse and the time that the Lasix Salix is administered, and denote "IV" or "IM", as appropriate;
3.14 12.1.5 Report to the Paddock Judge any horse that fails to show, or is late to the State Lasix Salix stall;
3.14 12.1.6 Administer Furosemide (Salix) to each horse on the Bleeder list, and administer Aminiocaproic Acid in accordance with Rule 8.3.5. of these Rules;
3.14 12.1.7 Collect fees for each injection at the time of administration; credit shall not be given at any time;
3.14 12.1.8 Turn in the list of horses and times of administration to the Paddock Judge prior to leaving each race day; and
3.14 12.1.9 Report any unusual findings to the Paddock Judge without delay.
3.14 12.2 Bleeder List
The Bleeder Medication Lasix veterinarian cannot place horses on the Bleeder List; the Commission Veterinarian is the only person authorized to place horses on the Bleeder List. With the approval of the Chief DHRC Veterinarian, the Bleeder Medication Veterinarian may recommend horses to be placed on and off the Bleeder List.
3.15 13 Chief DHRC Investigator
3.15 13.1 The Commission may appoint a Chief DHRC racing inspector or iInvestigator for each harness racing meet. Such Chief DHRC Investigator racing inspector shall perform all duties prescribed by the Commission consistent with the purposes of this chapter. Such racing inspector The Chief DHRC Investigator shall have full and free access to the books, records, and papers pertaining to the pari-mutuel system of wagering and to the enclosure or space where the pari-mutuel system is conducted at any harness racing meeting to which he shall be assigned for the purpose of ascertaining whether the holder of such permit is operating in compliance with the Commission’s rules and regulations. The racing inspector Chief DHRC Investigator shall investigate whether such rules and regulations promulgated by the cCommission are being violated at such harness race track or enclosure by any licensee, patron, or other person. Upon discovering any such violation, the racing inspector Chief DHRC Investigator shall immediately report his or her findings in writing and under oath to the Commission or its designee as it may deem fitting and proper. The racing inspector Chief DHRC Investigator shall devote his full time to the duties of his office and shall not hold any other position or employment, except for performance of similar duties for the Thoroughbred Racing Commission.
3.15 13.2 Subject to the approval of the Commission, and under the direction of the Administrator of Racing, the Chief DHRC Investigator may be delegated one or more of the following responsibilities:
3.15 13.2.1 Supervising the licensing functions of the Commission, including performing background checks and fingerprinting applicants for licensure, and facilitating the Commission’s participation in a uniform, multi-jurisdictional, reciprocal licensing scheme;
3.15 13.2.2 Consulting with track security and with law enforcement agencies both within and outside of Delaware;
3.15 13.2.3 Supervising the human and equine drug-testing programs provided for in these Rules;
3.15 13.2.4 Conducting vehicle and stall searches;
3.15 13.2.5 Intelligence gathering and dissemination;
3.15 13.2.6 Responding to patron complaints regarding the integrity of racing; and
3.15 13.2.7 Where appropriate, presenting complaints to the Commission for disposition, including complaints seeking disciplinary action against licensees of the Commission.
3.16 14 Administrator of Racing
The Commission may employ an Administrator of Racing who shall perform all duties prescribed by the Commission consistent with the purposes of this rule. The Administrator of Racing shall devote his full time to the duties of the office. and shall not hold any other office or employment, except that he can perform the same duties as Administrator of Racing for the Thoroughbred Racing Commission. The Administrator of Racing shall be the representative for the Commission at all meetings of the Commission and shall keep a complete record of its proceedings and preserve, at its general office, all books, maps, documents, and papers entrusted to its care. He shall be the executive officer of the Commission and shall be responsible for keeping all Commission records and carrying out the rules and orders of the Commission. The Commission may appoint the Administrator of Racing to act as a hearing officer to hear appeals from administrative decisions of the steward or racing Board of jJudges.
3.17 15 Any Other Person Designated by the Commission
The Commission may create additional racing official positions, as needed. Persons selected for these positions shall be considered racing officials and shall be subject to the general eligibility requirements outlined in Rule 3.1.1 of this chapter.
1 DE Reg. 504 (11/01/97))
2 DE Reg. 1240 (01/01/99)
2 DE Reg. 1764 (04/01/99)
4 DE Reg. 336 (08/01/00)
5 DE Reg. 832 (10/01/01)
7 DE Reg. 1512 (05/01/04)
(Break in Continuity of Sections)
5.1 General Provisions
5.1.1 Licenses Required
220.127.116.11 A person shall not participate in pari-mutuel racing under the jurisdiction of the Commission without a valid license issued by the Commission. License categories shall include the following and others as may be established by the Commission:
18.104.22.168.1 racing participants and personnel (including owner, authorized agent, trainer, assistant trainer, driver, veterinarian, veterinary assistant, horseshoer and stable employees);
22.214.171.124.2 racing officials (including the State Steward, judges, racing secretary, paddock judge, horse identifier and equipment checker, clerk of the course official starter, official charter, official timer, photo finish technician, patrol judge, program director, State veterinarian and Lasix veterinarian);
126.96.36.199.3 persons employed by the association, or employed by a person or concern contracting with or approved by the association or Commission to provide a service or commodity, which requires their presence in a restricted area; and
188.8.131.52.4 all Commission employees.
184.108.40.206 Persons required to be licensed shall submit a completed application on forms furnished by the Commission and accompanied by the required fee, which shall be determined by the Commission.
220.127.116.11 License applicants may be required to furnish to the Commission a set(s) of fingerprints and a recent photograph and may be required to be re‑fingerprinted or re-photographed periodically as determined by the Commission.
5.1.2 Licensing Reciprocity
The Commission may license persons holding valid permanent (not temporary) licenses issued by Association of Racing Commissioners International (RCI) member racing jurisdictions in North America. The licensee must be in good standing; have cleared a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) fingerprint check within the previous 36 months, or such other period as is required by the Commission; file an application and/or affidavit as may be required by the Commission; and pay the required fees prior to participating in racing.
18.104.22.168 The Commission may recognize the issuance of racing licenses from RCI member jurisdictions in North America for purposes of issuance of licenses in this jurisdiction.
22.214.171.124 Only permanent licenses in good standing shall be considered. Temporary or probationary licenses shall not be considered.
126.96.36.199 An applicant must be in good standing in each jurisdiction where they hold or have held a racing license.
188.8.131.52 The applicant must have submitted fingerprints within the past 36 months, or such other period as is required by this jurisdiction, for the purpose of a criminal records check by the FBI or RCMP. The applicant shall provide this jurisdiction with proof of licensure from another RCI member jurisdiction to which fingerprints were submitted.
184.108.40.206 The applicant shall submit the license application form and license fee required by this jurisdiction.
220.127.116.11 Provided the above requirements have been met, this jurisdiction may issue either a license and/or a validation sticker. The validation sticker shall be affixed to either a license issued by this jurisdiction or a valid license issued by another RCI member jurisdiction. This Commission shall determine the period of time that such license shall be valid in Delaware.
18.104.22.168 In the event the licensee is absent from this jurisdiction, and upon payment of the applicable fees, a receipt shall be mailed to the licensee's permanent address. The receipt may then be presented at the Commission office by the licensee so that a Commission representative may affix the proper validation sticker to the racing license badge.
5.1.3 Multi‑State Licensing Information
In lieu of a license application from this jurisdiction, the Commission shall accept an RCI Multi‑State License and Information form.
5.1.4 Age Requirement
Applicants for licensing shall be a minimum of 14 years of age unless otherwise specified in these rules. An applicant may be required to submit a certified copy of his/her birth certificate. Persons under the age of 18 may be required to show evidence of active participation in a certified educational program or have a high school diploma or equivalent.
5.1.5 Consent to Investigation
The filing of an application for license shall authorize the Commission to investigate criminal and employment records, to engage in interviews to determine applicant's character and qualifications and to verify information provided by the applicant.
5.1.6 Consent to Search and Seizure
By acceptance of a license, a licensee consents to search and inspection by the Commission or its agents and to the seizure of any prohibited medication, drugs, paraphernalia or devices in accordance with state/provincial and federal law. Any drugs, medication or other materials seized may be forwarded by the Commission to the official chemist for analysis.
5.1.7 Licensees' Obligation to Protect Horses
Each person licensed by the Commission shall do all that is reasonable and within his/her power and scope of duty to guard against and prevent the administration of any drug, medication or other substance, including permissible medication in excess of the maximum allowable level, to any horse entered or to be entered in an official workout or race, as prohibited by these rules.
5.1.8 Substance Abuse/Addiction
22.214.171.124 All licensees shall be deemed to be exercising the privileges of their license, and to be subject to the requirements of these rules, when engaged in activities that could affect the outcome of a race or diminish the conditions of safety or decorum required in restricted areas.
126.96.36.199 It shall be a violation to exercise the privileges granted by a license from this Commission if the licensee:
188.8.131.52.1 Is engaged in the illegal sale or distribution of alcohol or a controlled substance;
184.108.40.206.2 Possesses, without a valid prescription, a controlled substance;
220.127.116.11.3 Is intoxicated or under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance;
18.104.22.168.4 Is addicted, having been determined to be so by a professional evaluation, to alcohol or other drugs and not engaged in an abstinence‑based program of recovery acceptable to the Commission;
22.214.171.124.5 Has in his/her possession within the enclosure any equipment, products or materials of any kind which are used or intended for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled dangerous substance;
126.96.36.199.6 Refuses to submit to urine or drug testing, when notified that such testing is based on a random drug testing procedure, is based on reasonable suspicion that the person is using drugs or alcohol or is based on the licensee's acting as if in an impaired condition; or
188.8.131.52.7 Presently has drugs (controlled substances) or alcohol in his or her body. With regard to alcohol, the results of a breathalyzer test showing a reading of more than .05 percent of alcohol in the blood shall be the criterion for a finding of alcohol present in the body; provided, however, that with respect to licensees under the age of 21, the presence of any measurable level of alcohol in the blood shall constitute a violation. With regard to other controlled substances, presence of the drug in any quantity measured by the testing instrument establishes the presence of the drug for purposes of this paragraph.
184.108.40.206 At its discretion, the Commission may conduct random or episodic random drug testing, as well as testing based on reasonable suspicion, in order to ensure safety on the racetrack.
220.127.116.11 When conducted, random drug testing shall apply equally to all licensees who are, at the time of the random testing, exercising the privileges of their license in such ways as may affect the outcome of a race or diminish the conditions of safety or decorum required in restricted areas.
18.104.22.168 No notice need be given as to onset or cessation of random testing.
22.214.171.124 For licensees who are tested under the provisions in this chapter, and whose urine testing shows the presence of drugs (controlled substances) or alcohol, any field screening test results shall be confirmed by a laboratory acceptable to the Commission which shall include Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) procedures.
126.96.36.199 When the sample quantity permits, each test sample may be divided into portions so that one portion may be used for the confirmation procedure and another portion may be utilized to obtain an independent analysis of the urine sample.
188.8.131.52 The Commission shall provide for a secure chain of custody for the sample.
184.108.40.206 Assuming that laboratory procedures confirm the field screening test results, all costs for the transportation and testing of the sample, including the costs of the independent analysis of the divided portion of the sample, shall be the financial responsibility of the licensee.
220.127.116.11 Payment shall be due from the requesting person immediately upon receipt of notice of the costs.
18.104.22.168 A licensee penalized or restricted pursuant to this chapter shall retain rights of due process with respect to any determination of alleged violations which may adversely affect the right to hold a license.
22.214.171.124 If there has been a violation, as specified in 126.96.36.199 above, the following procedures will be followed:
188.8.131.52.1 The Commission or State Steward may, at its or his/her discretion, order the licensee to obtain a professional assessment to determine whether there is a substantial probability that the licensee is dependent on, or abuses, alcohol or other drugs or the Commission or State Steward may act on the information at hand.
184.108.40.206.2 Actions in the case of first violators may include revocation of the license, suspension of the license for up to six months, placing the violator on probation for up to 90 days or ordering formal assessment and treatment.
220.127.116.11.3 Treatment or assessment, if ordered, must meet the conditions set forth below.
18.104.22.168.4 The license of the person may be revoked or suspended for a period of up to one year or a professional assessment of the person may be ordered by the Commission or State Steward.
22.214.171.124.5 If a professional assessment indicates presence of a problem of alcohol or other drug abuse that is not treatable within the reasonably foreseeable future (360 days) the license may be suspended for a period of up to one year.
126.96.36.199.6 If a professional assessment indicates presence of a treatable problem of alcohol or other drug abuse or dependence, the Commission or State Steward may order the licensee to undergo treatment as a condition of continuing licensure. Such treatment will be through a program or by a practitioner, acceptable to the licensee and the Commission or State Steward. Required features of any program or practitioner acceptable to the Commission will be:
188.8.131.52.6.1 Accreditation or licensure by an appropriate government agency, if required by Delaware law;
184.108.40.206.6.2 A minimum of one year follow-up of formal treatment; and
220.127.116.11.6.3 A formal contract indicating the elements of the treatment and follow up program that will be completed by the licensee and, upon completion, certified to the Commission or State Steward as completed. To effect the contract, the licensee will authorize release of information by the treating agency, hospital or individual.
18.104.22.168.7 For third‑time violators, the violator's license may be revoked and the violator may be deemed ineligible for licensure for up to five years.
22.214.171.124 Although relapse (failure to maintain abstinence) is not inevitable, it is common for relapse to occur in recovery from alcoholism or other substance dependence. Therefore, a licensee who is engaged in a formal program of recovery, and is compliant with all provisions other than abstinence, will not be regarded automatically as having committed a new violation.
126.96.36.199 When a licensee is determined to have failed in maintaining abstinence, the licensee shall furnish to the Commission or State Steward an assessment by the treating agency, hospital or individual practitioner indicating whether the licensee was compliant with the agreed upon program of recovery, and an opinion as to whether a "new violation" occurred.
188.8.131.52 The Commission or State Steward will determine whether a new violation has occurred in each instance. If a new violation has occurred, the Commission or State Steward will proceed under 184.108.40.206.1 - 220.127.116.11.3 above or 18.104.22.168.4 - 22.214.171.124.6 above. Otherwise, the licensee shall continue in the agreed upon program of recovery.
5.1.9 Approval or Recommendations by State Steward or Presiding Judge
The Commission may designate categories of licenses which shall require State Steward's or Presiding Judge's prior approval or recommendation.
5.1.10 Employer Responsibility
126.96.36.199 The employment or harboring of any unlicensed person at facilities under the jurisdiction of the Commission is prohibited.
188.8.131.52 With respect to personnel actions based on a violation of any rule of the Commission relating to racing or pari-mutuel wagering, every employer shall report the discharge of any licensed employee in writing to the Commission or its designee, including the person's name, occupation and reason for the discharge.
5.1.11 Employer Endorsement of License Applications
The license application of an employee shall be signed by the employer.
5.1.12 Workers' Compensation
Licensed employers shall carry workers' compensation insurance covering their employees as required by Delaware law.
5.1.13 Financial Responsibility
Applicants for a license may be required to submit evidence of financial responsibility and shall maintain financial responsibility during the period for which the license is issued.
5.1.14 License Refusal
The Commission or its designee may refuse to issue a license and give the applicant the option of withdrawal of an application without prejudice. If an applicant is refused, the applicant may reapply for a license.
5.1.15 License Denial
The Commission may formally deny an application in accordance with these rules. An application denied shall be reported in writing to the applicant stating the reasons for denial, the date when a reapplication may be submitted, and shall be reported to the United States Trotting Association, which shall then advise other racing jurisdictions.
5.1.16 Grounds for Refusal, Denial, Suspension or Revocation of License
184.108.40.206 The Commission or its designee may refuse to issue or may deny a license to an applicant, or may suspend or revoke a license issued, or may order disciplinary measures, if the applicant:
220.127.116.11.1 has been convicted of a felony;
18.104.22.168.2 has been convicted of violating any law regarding gambling or a controlled dangerous substance;
22.214.171.124.3 has pending criminal charges; or
126.96.36.199.4 is unqualified to perform the duties required of the applicant;
188.8.131.52.5 has failed to disclose or states falsely any information required in the application;
184.108.40.206.6 has been found in violation of statutes or rules governing racing in this state or other jurisdictions;
220.127.116.11.7 has racing disciplinary charges pending in this state or other jurisdictions;
18.104.22.168.8 has been or is currently excluded from association grounds by a recognized racing jurisdiction;
22.214.171.124.9 has had a license denied, suspended or revoked by any racing jurisdiction;
126.96.36.199.10 is a person whose conduct or reputation may adversely reflect on the honesty and integrity of horse racing or interfere with the orderly conduct of a race meeting;
188.8.131.52.11 demonstrates financial irresponsibility by accumulating unpaid obligations, defaulting in obligations or issuing drafts or checks that are dishonored or payment refused;
184.108.40.206.12 is ineligible for employment pursuant to federal or state law because of age or citizenship; or
220.127.116.11.13 has violated any of the alcohol or substance abuse provisions outlined in these rules.
18.104.22.168 A license suspension or revocation shall be reported in writing to the applicant and the United States Trotting Association whereby other racing jurisdictions shall be advised.
5.1.17 License Restrictions, Limitations and Conditions
The Commission or its designee, for cause, may restrict, limit or place conditions on any license.
5.1.18 Duration of License
22.214.171.124 Licenses are valid for such other period as permitted by the Commission.
126.96.36.199 A license is valid only under the condition that the licensee remains eligible to hold such license.
5.1.19 Changes in Application Information
During the period for which a license has been issued, the licensee shall report to the Commission changes in information provided on the license applications as to current legal name, marital status, permanent address, criminal convictions, license suspensions of 10 days or more or license revocations or fines of $500 or more in other jurisdictions.
5.1.20 Temporary Licenses
The Commission may establish provisions for temporary licenses or may permit applicants to participate in racing pending action on an application.
5.1.21 More Than One License
More than one license to participate in horse racing may be granted to a person except when prohibited by these rules due to a potential conflict of interest.
5.1.22 Conflict of Interest
188.8.131.52 The Commission or its designee shall refuse, deny, suspend or revoke the license of a person whose spouse holds a license and which the Commission, State Steward or judges find to be a conflict of interest.
184.108.40.206 A commissioner or Commission employee or racing official shall not be an owner of a horse entered to race, and shall not accept breeder awards at, a race meeting where the Commission has jurisdiction.
220.127.116.11 A racing official who is an owner of either the sire or dam of a horse entered to race shall not act as an official with respect to that race.
18.104.22.168 A person who is licensed as an owner or trainer, or has any financial interest in a horse registered for racing at a race meeting in Delaware shall not be employed or licensed at that race meeting as a racing official; racetrack managing employee; photo finish operator; racing chemist or testing laboratory employee; provided, further, that a racing official who is the parent, child or sibling of such person shall not officiate on any day when the horse owned or trained, or in which the person has any financial interest, is entered to race at association grounds; provided, however, that a parent, child or sibling acting as a groom for such a horse shall not be deemed to pose a conflict of interest for an official.
5.1.23 License Presentation
22.214.171.124 A person shall present an appropriate license to enter a restricted area.
126.96.36.199 The State Steward or Presiding Judge may require visible display of a license in a restricted area.
188.8.131.52 A license may only be used by the person to whom it is issued.
5.1.24 Visitor's Pass
Track security may authorize unlicensed persons temporary access to restricted areas. Such persons shall be identified and their purpose and credentials verified and approved in writing by track security. A copy of the written approval shall be filed with the Commission or its designee within 48 hours. Such authorization or credential may only be used by the person to whom it is issued.
5.1.25 Safety Helmets and Vests
184.108.40.206 Safety Helmets: A protective helmet, meeting the Snell Foundation standards for protective harness racing headwear, securely fastened under the chin, must be worn at all times on association grounds when:
220.127.116.11.1 racing, parading or warming up a horse prior to racing; or
18.104.22.168.2 jogging, training or exercising a horse at any time.
22.214.171.124 Safety Vests: A safety vest meeting a standard approved by the Delaware Harness Racing Commission must be worn by all person at all times when on the main track whether for jogging, exercising, qualifying or racing.
126.96.36.199.3 A violation of this rule shall result in a suspension or fine and the participant may be referred to the Commission.
5.1.26 Knowledge of Rules
188.8.131.52 A licensee shall be knowledgeable of the rules of the Commission; and by acceptance of the license, agrees to abide by the rules.
184.108.40.206 A licensee shall report to track security or to the State Steward or judges any knowledge he/she has that a violation of these rules has occurred or may occur.
5.1.27 Standards of Conduct
220.127.116.11 No licensee shall use improper language to any race official, or be guilty of any improper conduct toward such officials or persons serving under their orders, such improper language or conduct having reference to the administration of the course, or of any race.
18.104.22.168 No licensee shall commit an assault, or an assault and battery, upon any driver, trainer, groom, racing official or Commission appointee on the grounds of a racing association, or upon a racing official or Commission appointee who is in the performance of his official duties, nor shall any licensee threaten to do bodily or other injury to any driver, trainer, groom, racing official or Commission appointee, nor shall any licensee address to any such person language which is outrageously insulting.
22.214.171.124 If any licensee shall threaten, or join with others in threatening, not to race, or not to declare in, because of the entry of a certain horse or horses, or of a particular stable, thereby compelling or trying to compel the Racing Secretary to reject certain eligible entries, it shall be reported immediately to the State Steward, and the offending parties may be suspended by the State Steward pending a hearing before the Commission.
126.96.36.199 No owner, agent, trainer or driver who has entered a horse shall thereafter demand of the association a bonus of money or other special award or consideration as a condition for starting the horse.
188.8.131.52 No owner, trainer or driver of a horse shall bet or cause any other person to bet on his behalf on any other horse in any race in which there shall be a horse owned, trained or driven by him, or which he in anywise represents or handles or in which he has an interest; provided, however, that such a person may participate in multiple pool wagering on a race in which his/her horse is included in the wager only in the first (winning) position.
184.108.40.206 If any licensee shall be approached with any offer or promise of a bribe, or a wager or with a request or suggestion for a bribe, or for any improper, corrupt or fraudulent act in relation to racing, or that any race shall be conducted otherwise than fairly and honestly, it shall be the duty of such licensee to report the details thereof immediately to the Presiding Judge or State Steward.
220.127.116.11 Any misconduct on the part of a licensee or patron, fraudulent in its nature or injurious to racing, although not specified in these rules, is forbidden. Any licensee or other person who, individually or in concert with one another, shall fraudulently and corruptly, by any means, affect the outcome of any race or affect a false registration, or commit any other act injurious to racing, shall be guilty of a violation of these rules.
18.104.22.168 If two or more persons combine and confederate together, in any manner, regardless of where the said persons may be located, for the purpose of violating any of the Rules and Regulations of the Commission, and shall commit some act in furtherance of the said purpose or plan, it shall constitute a conspiracy and a violation of these rules.
22.214.171.124 In any case where an oath is administered by the judges, by the State Steward, by the Commission or by a hearing officer thereof, under these rules, or by a Notary Public and any other person legally authorized to administer oaths, if the party knowingly swears falsely or withholds information pertinent to the investigation, he shall be fined, suspended, or both, or expelled.
126.96.36.199 The Commission may impose a fine or suspension on, or may refuse to license, any person subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission if the Commission finds that such person:
188.8.131.52.1 Is associating, consorting or negotiating with bookmakers, touts or other persons of similar pursuits; or
184.108.40.206.2 Is associating, consorting or negotiating with persons who have been convicted of a crime; or
220.127.116.11.3 Is guilty of fraud or has attempted any fraud or misrepresentation in connection with racing, breeding or otherwise; or
18.104.22.168.4 Has violated any law, rule or regulation with respect to racing in any jurisdiction; or
22.214.171.124.5 Has violated any rule, regulation or order of the Commission; or
126.96.36.199.6 Is of such experience, character or general unfitness that the person's participation in harness racing or related activities would be inconsistent with the public interest, convenience or necessity, or with the best interests of racing generally.
188.8.131.52 The Commission may refuse admission to race meeting grounds, and/or may eject from the enclosure of a race track operated by any association, any person whose presence there is, in the judgment of the Commission, inconsistent with the orderly or proper conduct of a race meeting, or whose presence or conduct is deemed detrimental to the best interests of harness racing.
184.108.40.206 Any person, whether a licensee or a patron, may be expelled from the enclosure of a race track operated by any association for any violation of Rule 5.1.27.
220.127.116.11 All licensees, officials and appointees of the Commission, and all employees of any association, are required to conduct themselves in a forthright and courteous manner at all times while on or near the premises of an association during the operation of a licensed harness race meeting. The Commission at any time may require the removal of any licensee, official, appointee or employee whose conduct does not comport with this requirement.
18.104.22.168 Licensees tampering with eligibility certificates may be fined, or their licenses may be suspended or revoked. Further, any winnings of such licensees in races in which a horse was entered whose eligibility certificate was tampered with by such licensee may be ordered forfeited.
5.2.1 Licensing Requirements for Owners
22.214.171.124 Each person who has an ownership or beneficial interest in a horse is required to be licensed.
126.96.36.199 An applicant for an owner's license shall own or lease a horse which is eligible to race, registered with the racing secretary and under the care of a trainer licensed by the Commission. An owner shall notify the stewards/judges of a change in trainer of his/her horse. A horse shall not be transferred to a new trainer after entry.
188.8.131.52 The provisions of 5.1.4 notwithstanding, a person younger than 14 years of age may apply for an owner’s license, provided that no licensed owner younger than 14 years of age will be permitted paddock access at any licensed association. If younger than 18 years of age, an applicant for an owner's license shall submit a notarized affidavit from his/her parent or legal guardian stating that the parent or legal guardian expressly assumes responsibility for the applicant's financial, contractual and other obligations relating to the applicant's participation in racing.
184.108.40.206 If the Commission or its designee has reason to doubt the financial responsibility of an applicant for an owner's license, the applicant may be required to complete a verified financial statement.
220.127.116.11 Horses not under lease must race in the name of the bona fide owner. Each owner shall comply with all licensing requirements.
18.104.22.168 The Commission or its designee may refuse, deny, suspend or revoke an owner's license for the spouse or member of the immediate family or household of a person ineligible to be licensed as an owner, unless there is a showing on the part of the applicant or licensed owner, and the Commission determines that participation in racing will not permit a person to serve as a substitute for an ineligible person. The transfer of a horse to circumvent the intent of a Commission rule or ruling is prohibited.
5.2.2 Licensing Requirements for Multiple Owners
22.214.171.124 If the legal owner of any horse is a partnership, corporation, limited liability company, syndicate or other association or entity, each shareholder, member or partner shall be licensed as required in 5.1.1 of this section.
126.96.36.199 Each partnership, corporation, limited liability company, syndicate or other association or entity shall disclose to the Commission all owners holding a five percent or greater beneficial interest, unless otherwise required by the Commission.
188.8.131.52 Each partnership, corporation, limited liability company, syndicate or other association or entity which includes an owner with less than a five percent ownership or beneficial interest shall file with the Commission an affidavit which attests that, to the best of their knowledge, every owner, regardless of their ownership or beneficial interest, is not presently ineligible for licensing or suspended in any racing jurisdiction.
184.108.40.206 To obtain an owner's license, an owner with less than a five percent ownership or beneficial interest in a horse shall establish a bona fide need for the license and the issuance of such license shall be approved by the Commission.
220.127.116.11 Application for joint ownership shall include a designation of a managing owner and a business address. Receipt of any correspondence, notice or order at such address shall constitute official notice to all persons involved in the ownership of such horse.
18.104.22.168 The written appointment of a managing owner or authorized agent shall be filed with the United State Trotting Association or Canadian Trotting Association and with the Commission.
5.2.3 Lease Agreements
A horse may be raced under lease provided a completed breed registry or other lease form acceptable to the Commission is attached to the certificate of registration and on file with the Commission. The lessor and lessee shall be licensed as horse owners. For purposes of issuance of eligibility certificates and/or transfers of ownership, a lease for an indefinite term shall be considered terminable at the will of either party unless extended or reduced to a term certain by written documentation executed by both lessor and lessee.
5.2.4 Racing Colors
Drivers must wear distinguishing colors, and shall not be permitted to drive in a race or other public performance unless, in the opinion of the judges/stewards, they are properly dressed, their driving outfits are clean and they are well groomed. During inclement weather conditions, drivers must wear rain suits in either of their colors or made of a transparent material through which their colors can be distinguished.
22.214.171.124 A person shall not train horses, or be programmed as trainer of record at extended meetings, without first having obtained a trainer license valid for the current year by meeting the standards for trainers, as laid down by the United State Trotting Association, and being licensed by the Commission. The "trainer of record" shall be any individual who receives compensation for training the horse. The holder of a driver's license issued by the United States Trotting Association is entitled to all privileges of a trainer and is subject to all rules respecting trainers.
126.96.36.199 Valid categories of licenses are:
188.8.131.52.1 "A," a full license valid for all meetings and permitting operation of a public stable.; and
184.108.40.206.2 "L," a license restricted to the training of horses while owned by the holder and/or his or her immediate family at all race meetings.
220.127.116.11 If more than one person receives any form of compensation, directly or indirectly, for training the horse, then the principal trainer or trainers must be listed as “trainer of record”. It shall be a violation for the principal trainer or trainers of a horse not to be listed as “trainer of record”, and, if such unlisted principal trainer or trainers are licensees of the Commission, then he, she or they shall be subject to a fine and/or suspension for such violation. In addition, it shall be a violation for a person who is not the principal trainer of the horse to be listed as “trainer of record”, and such person shall be subject to a fine and/or suspension for such violation. Principal trainers and programmed trainers shall be equally liable for all rule violations. For purposes of this rule, the Steward and judges shall use the following criteria in determining the identity of the principal trainer or trainers of a horse:
18.104.22.168.1 The identity of the person who is responsible for the business decisions regarding the horse, including, but not limited to, business arrangements with and any payments to or from owners or other trainers, licensed or otherwise, veterinarians, feed companies, hiring and firing of employees, obtaining workers’ compensation or proof of adequate insurance coverage, payroll, horsemen’s bookkeeper, etc.;
22.214.171.124.2 The identity of the person responsible for communicating, or who in fact does communicate, with the racing secretary’s office, stall manager, association and track management, owners, etc. regarding racing schedules and other matters pertaining to the entry, shipping and racing of the horse;
126.96.36.199.3 The identity of the person responsible for the principal conditioning of the horse;
188.8.131.52.4 The identity of the person responsible for race day preparation including, but not limited to, accompanying the horse to the paddock or ship-in barn, selection of equipment, authority to warm up the horse before the public, discussion with the driver of race strategy, etc.; and
184.108.40.206.5 The identity of the person who communicates on behalf of the owner with the Steward, judges and other Commission personnel regarding the horse, including regarding any questions concerning the location or condition of the horse, racing or medication violations, etc.
5.3.2 Trainer Responsibility
220.127.116.11 A trainer is responsible for the condition of horses entered in an official race and is responsible for the presence of any prohibited drug, medication or other substance, including permitted medication in excess of the maximum allowable level, in such horses. A positive test for a prohibited drug, medication or substance, including permitted medication in excess of the maximum allowable level, as reported by a Commission‑approved laboratory, is prima facie evidence of a violation of this rule. In the absence of substantial evidence to the contrary, the trainer shall be responsible. Whenever a trainer of a horse names a substitute trainer for program purposes due to his or her inability to be in attendance with the horse on the day of the race, or for any other reason, both trainers shall be responsible for the condition of the horse should the horse test positive.
18.104.22.168 A trainer shall prevent the administration of any drug or medication or other prohibited substance that may cause a violation of these rules.
22.214.171.124 A trainer whose horse has been claimed remains responsible for any violation of rules regarding that horse's participation in the race in which the horse is claimed.
5.3.3 Other Responsibilities
A trainer is responsible for:
126.96.36.199 the condition and contents of stalls, tack rooms, feed rooms, sleeping rooms and other areas which have been assigned by the association;
188.8.131.52 maintaining the assigned stable area in a clean, neat and sanitary condition at all times;
184.108.40.206 ensuring that fire prevention rules are strictly observed in the assigned stable area; 220.127.116.11 providing a list to the Commission of the trainer's employees on association grounds and any other area under the jurisdiction of the Commission. The list shall include each employee's name, occupation, social security number and occupational license number. The Commission shall be notified by the trainer, in writing, within 24 hours of any change;
18.104.22.168 the proper identity, custody, care, health, condition and safety of horses in his/her charge;
22.214.171.124 disclosure of the true and entire ownership of each horse in his/her care, custody or control;
126.96.36.199 registering with the racing secretary each horse in his/her charge within 24 hours of the horse's arrival on association grounds;
188.8.131.52 ensuring that, at the time of arrival at a licensed racetrack, each horse in his/her care is accompanied by a valid health certificate which shall be filed with the racing secretary;
184.108.40.206 having each horse in his/her care that is racing, or is stabled on association grounds, tested for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) in accordance with state/provincial law and for filing evidence of such negative test results with the racing secretary;
220.127.116.11 using the services of those veterinarians licensed by the Commission to attend horses that are on association grounds;
18.104.22.168 immediately reporting the alteration of the sex of a horse in his/her care to the horse identifier and the racing secretary, whose office shall note such alteration on the certificate of registration;
22.214.171.124 promptly reporting to the Presiding Judge, racing secretary and the State veterinarian any horse on which a posterior digital neurectomy (heel nerving) is performed and ensuring that such fact is designated on its certificate of registration;
126.96.36.199 promptly notifying the State veterinarian of any reportable disease and any unusual incidence of a communicable illness of any horse in his/her charge;
188.8.131.52 promptly reporting the death of any horse in his/her care on association grounds to the State Steward or judges and the State veterinarian and compliance with the rules in Chapter 8 governing post-mortem examinations;
184.108.40.206 maintaining a knowledge of the medication record and status of all horses in his/her care;
220.127.116.11 immediately reporting to the State Steward and the State veterinarian if he/she knows, or has cause to believe, that a horse in his/her custody, care or control has received any prohibited drugs or medication;
18.104.22.168 representing an owner in making entries and scratches and in all other matters pertaining to racing;
22.214.171.124 horses entered as to eligibility and allowances claimed;
126.96.36.199 ensuring the fitness of a horse to perform creditably at the distance entered;
188.8.131.52 ensuring that his/her horses are properly prepared and equipped;
184.108.40.206 presenting his/her horse in the paddock at a time prescribed by the Presiding Judge before the race in which the horse is entered;
220.127.116.11 personally attending to his/her horses in the paddock and supervising the preparation thereof, unless excused by the Paddock Judge;
18.104.22.168 attending the collection of a urine or blood sample from the horse in his/her charge or delegating a licensed employee or the owner of the horse to do so; and
22.214.171.124 notifying horse owners upon the revocation or suspension of his/her trainer's license. Upon application by the owner, the State Steward may approve the transfer of such horses to the care of another licensed trainer, and upon such approved transfer, such horses may be entered to race.
5.3.4 Restrictions on Wagering
A trainer shall only be allowed to wager on his/her horse or entries to win or finish first in combination with other horses.
5.3.5 Substitute Trainers
If any licensed trainer is to be absent from the association grounds where his/her horse is programmed to race the Presiding Judge shall be immediately notified and at that time a licensed substitute trainer, acceptable to the Presiding Judge, shall be appointed to assume responsibility for the horse(s) racing during the absence of the regular trainer. The name of the substitute trainer shall appear on the program if possible.
5.4 Owners' Authorized Agents
5.4.1 Licenses Required
126.96.36.199 An authorized agent shall obtain a license from the Commission.
188.8.131.52 Application for license shall be filed for each owner represented.
184.108.40.206 A written instrument signed by the owner shall accompany the application and shall clearly set forth the delegated powers of the authorized agent. The owner's signature on the written instrument shall be acknowledged before a notary public.
220.127.116.11 If the written instrument is a power of attorney it shall be filed with the Commission and attached to the regular application form.
18.104.22.168 Any changes shall be made in writing and filed as provided in 22.214.171.124 above.
126.96.36.199 The authorized agent's appointment may be terminated by the owner, in writing, acknowledged before a notary public and filed with the Commission whereupon the license shall not be valid.
5.4.2 Powers and Duties
188.8.131.52 A licensed authorized agent may perform on behalf of the licensed owner‑principal all acts as relate to racing, as specified in the agency appointment, that could be performed by the principal if such principal were present.
184.108.40.206 In executing any document on behalf of the principal, the authorized agent shall clearly identify the authorized agent and the owner‑principal.
220.127.116.11 When an authorized agent enters a claim for the account of a principal, the name of the licensed owner for whom the claim is being made and the name of the authorized agent shall appear on the claim slip or card.
18.104.22.168 Authorized Agents are responsible for disclosure of the true and entire ownership of each horse for which they have authority at a race meeting. Any change in ownership shall be reported immediately to, and approved by, the stewards/judges and recorded by the United States Trotting Association.
5.5.1 A person shall not drive a horse in any race or performance against time, other than an exhibition race, without having first obtained a driver license valid for the current year by meeting the standards as established by the United States Trotting Association and being licensed by the Commission. The driver license shall be presented to the judges prior to participating for the first time at any race meeting.
5.5.2 The judges may review the performance of a driver at any time and may take the following actions:
22.214.171.124 amend the license category;
126.96.36.199 revoke the license;
188.8.131.52 apply conditions to the license; or
184.108.40.206 require the driver to re‑qualify for his/her license in accordance with the United States Trotting Association regulations.
5.5.3 Drivers must report to the Paddock Judge at least one hour before post time of any race in which they are programmed to drive, unless excused by the Presiding Judge.
5.5.4 Where advanced wagering takes place on any feature betting race, drivers programmed to drive in such races must make their presence known to the Paddock Judge prior to commencement of the advanced wagering.
5.5.5 A driver cannot decline to be substituted by the judges. Any driver who refuses shall be suspended and may be fined.
5.5.6 Once a driver reports to the paddock he/she shall not enter the public stands or the betting area until his/her driving duties for the day have been completed and upon completion of driving duties the driver shall not enter the public stands until he/she has replaced his/her driving outfit with ordinary clothing.
5.5.7 The State Steward or judges may remove a driver at any time if, in his or their opinion, his/her driving would not be in the best interests of harness racing.
5.5.8 A driver shall not drive for any other person in a race in which one of the horses he/she trains or owns has been declared into race, except where such horses are coupled as an entry.
5.5.9 Drivers shall fulfil all engagements, unless excused by the judges.
1 DE Reg. 502 (11/01/97)
5 DE Reg. 832 (10/01/01)
(Break in Continuity of Sections)
8.0 Veterinary Practices, Equine Health Medication
8.1 General Provisions
The purpose of this Rule is to protect the integrity of horse racing, to ensure the health and welfare of race horses and to safeguard the interests of the public and the participants in racing.
8.2 Veterinary Practices
8.2.1 Veterinarians Under Authority of Commission Veterinarian
Veterinarians licensed by the Commission and practicing at any location under the jurisdiction of the Commission are subject to these Rules, which shall be enforced under the authority of the Commission Veterinarian and the State Steward. Without limiting the authority of the State Steward to enforce these Rules, the Commission Veterinarian may recommend to the State Steward or the Commission the discipline which may be imposed upon a veterinarian who violates the rules.
8.2.2 Treatment Restrictions
220.127.116.11 Except as otherwise provided by this subsection, no person other than a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine in this jurisdiction and licensed by the Commission may administer a prescription or controlled medication, drug, chemical or other substance (including any medication, drug, chemical or other substance by injection) to a horse at any location under the jurisdiction of the Commission.
18.104.22.168 This subsection does not apply to the administration of the following substances except in approved quantitative levels, if any, present in post‑race samples or as they may interfere with post‑race testing:
22.214.171.124.1 a recognized non‑injectable nutritional supplement or other substance approved by the official veterinarian;
126.96.36.199.2 a non‑injectable substance on the direction or by prescription of a licensed veterinarian; or
188.8.131.52.3 a non‑injectable non‑prescription medication or substance.
184.108.40.206 No person shall possess a hypodermic needle, syringe or injectable of any kind on association premises, unless otherwise approved by the Commission. At any location under the jurisdiction of the Commission, veterinarians may use only one‑time disposable needles, and shall dispose of them in a manner approved by the Commission. If a person has a medical condition which makes it necessary to have a syringe at any location under the jurisdiction of the Commission, that person may request permission of the State Steward, judges and/or the Commission in writing, furnish a letter from a licensed physician explaining why it is necessary for the person to possess a syringe, and must comply with any conditions and restrictions set by the State Steward, judges and/or the Commission.
8.3 Medications and Foreign Substances
Foreign substances shall mean all substances, except those which exist naturally in the untreated horse at normal physiological concentration, and shall include all narcotics, stimulants, depressants or other drugs or medications of any type. Except as specifically permitted by these rules, no foreign substance shall be carried in the body of the horse at the time of the running of the race. Upon a finding of a violation of these medication and prohibited substances rules, the State Steward or other designee of the Commission shall consider the classification level of the violation as listed at the time of the violation by the Uniform Classification Guidelines of Foreign Substances as promulgated by the Association of Racing Commissioners International and shall consider all other relevant available evidence including but not limited to: i) whether the violation created a risk of injury to the horse or driver; ii) whether the violation undermined or corrupted the integrity of the sport of harness racing; iii) whether the violation misled the wagering public and those desiring to claim the horse as to the condition and ability of the horse; iv) whether the violation permitted the trainer or licensee to alter the performance of the horse or permitted the trainer or licensee to gain an advantage over other horses entered in the race; v) the amount of the purse involved in the race in which the violation occurred. The State Steward may impose penalties and disciplinary measures consistent with the recommendations contained in subsection 8.3.2 of this section.
8.3.1 Uniform Classification Guidelines
The following outline describes the types of substances placed in each category. This list shall be publicly posted in the offices of the Commission Veterinarian and the racing secretary.
220.127.116.11 Class 1
Opiates, opium derivatives, synthetic opiates, psychoactive drugs, amphetamines and U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) scheduled I and II drugs. Also found in this class are drugs which are potent stimulants of the nervous system. Drugs in this class have no generally accepted medical use in the race horse and their pharmacological potential for altering the performance of a race is very high.
18.104.22.168 Class 2
Drugs in this category have a high potential for affecting the outcome of a race. Most are not generally accepted as therapeutic agents in the race horse. Many are products intended to alter consciousness or the psychic state of humans, and have no approved or indicated use in the horse. Some, such as injectable local anesthetics, have legitimate use in equine medicine, but should not be found in a race horse. The following groups of drugs are in this class:
22.214.171.124.1 Opiate partial agonist, or agonist‑antagonists;
126.96.36.199.2 Non‑opiate psychotropic drugs, which may have stimulant, depressant, analgesic or neuroleptic effects;
188.8.131.52.3 Miscellaneous drugs which might have a stimulant effect on the central nervous system (CNS);
184.108.40.206.4 Drugs with prominent CNS depressant action;
220.127.116.11.5 Antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs, with or without prominent CNS stimulatory or depressant effects;
18.104.22.168.6 Muscle blocking drugs which have a direct neuromuscular blocking action;
22.214.171.124.7 Local anesthetics which have a reasonable potential for use as nerve blocking agents (except procaine); and
126.96.36.199.8 Snake venoms and other biologic substances which may be used as nerve blocking agents.
188.8.131.52 Class 3
Drugs in this class may or may not have an accepted therapeutic use in the horse. Many are drugs that affect the cardiovascular, pulmonary and autonomic nervous systems. They all have the potential of affecting the performance of a race horse. The following groups of drugs are in this class:
184.108.40.206.1 Drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system which do not have prominent CNS effects, but which do have prominent cardiovascular or respiratory system effects (bronchodilators are included in this class);
220.127.116.11.2 A local anesthetic which has nerve blocking potential but also has a high potential for producing urine residue levels from a method of use not related to the anesthetic effect of the drug (procaine);
18.104.22.168.3 Miscellaneous drugs with mild sedative action, such as the sleep inducing antihistamines;
22.214.171.124.4 Primary vasodilating/hypotensive agents; and
126.96.36.199.5 Potent diuretics affecting renal function and body fluid composition.
188.8.131.52 Class 4
This category is comprised primarily of therapeutic medications routinely used in race horses. These may influence performance, but generally have a more limited ability to do so. Groups of drugs assigned to this category include the following:
184.108.40.206.1 Non‑opiate drugs which have a mild central analgesic effect;
220.127.116.11.2 Drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system which do not have prominent CNS, cardiovascular or respiratory effects
18.104.22.168.2.1 Drugs used solely as topical vasoconstrictors or decongestants
22.214.171.124.2.2 Drugs used as gastrointestinal antispasmodics
126.96.36.199.2.3 Drugs used to void the urinary bladder
188.8.131.52.2.4 Drugs with a major effect on CNS vasculature or smooth muscle of visceral organs.
184.108.40.206.3 Antihistamines which do not have a significant CNS depressant effect (This does not include H1 blocking agents, which are listed in Class 5);
220.127.116.11.4 Mineralocorticoid drugs;
18.104.22.168.5 Skeletal muscle relaxants;
22.214.171.124.6 Anti‑inflammatory drugs‑‑those that may reduce pain as a consequence of their anti-inflammatory actions, which include:
126.96.36.199.6.1 Non‑Steroidal Anti‑Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)‑‑aspirin‑like drugs;
188.8.131.52.6.2 Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids); and
184.108.40.206.6.3 Miscellaneous anti‑inflammatory agents.
220.127.116.11.7 Anabolic and/or androgenic steroids and other drugs;
18.104.22.168.8 Less potent diuretics;
22.214.171.124.9 Cardiac glycosides and antiarrhythmics including:
126.96.36.199.9.1 Cardiac glycosides;
188.8.131.52.9.2 Antiarrhythmic agents (exclusive of lidocaine, bretylium and propanolol); and
184.108.40.206.9.3 Miscellaneous cardiotonic drugs.
220.127.116.11.10 Topical Anesthetics‑‑agents not available in injectable formulations;
18.104.22.168.11 Antidiarrheal agents; and
22.214.171.124.12 Miscellaneous drugs including:
126.96.36.199.12.1 Expectorants with little or no other pharmacologic action;
188.8.131.52.12.2 Stomachics; and
184.108.40.206.12.3 Mucolytic agents.
220.127.116.11 Class 5
Drugs in this category are therapeutic medications for which concentration limits have been established as well as certain miscellaneous agents. Included specifically are agents which have very localized action only, such as anti‑ulcer drugs and certain antiallergic drugs. The anticoagulant drugs are also included.
8.3.2 Penalty Recommendations
The following penalties and disciplinary measures may be imposed for violations of these medication and prohibited substances rules:
18.104.22.168 Class 1 ‑ in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a minimum license revocation of eighteen months and a minimum fine of $5,000, and a maximum fine up to the amount of the purse money for the race in which the infraction occurred, forfeiture of the purse money, and assessment for cost of the drug testing.
22.214.171.124 Class 2 ‑ in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a minimum license revocation of nine months and a minimum fine of $3,000, and a maximum fine of up to the amount of the purse money for the race in which the violation occurred, forfeiture of the purse money, and assessment for cost of the drug testing.
126.96.36.199 Class 3 ‑ in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a minimum license revocation of ninety days, and a minimum fine of $3,000, and a maximum fine of up to the amount of the purse money for the race in which the violation occurred, forfeiture of the purse money, and assessment for cost of the drug testing.
188.8.131.52 Class 4 - in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a minimum license revocation of thirty days, and a minimum fine of $2,000, and a maximum fine of up to the amount of the purse money for the race in which the violation occurred, forfeiture of the purse money, and assessment for the cost of the drug testing.
184.108.40.206 Class 5 - Zero to 15 days suspension with a possible loss of purse and/or fine and assessment for the cost of the drug testing.
220.127.116.11 In determining the appropriate penalty with respect to a medication rule violation, the State Steward or other designee of the Commission may use his discretion in the application of the foregoing penalty recommendations, and shall consult with the Commission veterinarian and/or the Commission chemist to determine the seriousness of the laboratory finding or the medication violation. Aggravating or mitigating circumstances in any case should be considered and greater or lesser penalties and/or disciplinary measures may be imposed than those set forth above. Specifically, if the State Steward or other designee of the Commission determine that mitigating circumstances warrant imposition of a lesser penalty than the recommendations suggest, he may impose a lesser penalty. If the State Steward or other designee of the Commission determines that aggravating circumstances require imposition of a greater penalty, however, he may only impose up to the maximum recommended penalty, and must refer the case to the Commission for its review, with a recommendation for specific action. Without limitation, the presence of the following aggravating circumstances may warrant imposition of greater penalties than those recommended, up to and including a lifetime suspension:
18.104.22.168.1 Repeated violations of these medication and prohibited substances rules by the same trainer or with respect to the same horse;
22.214.171.124.2 Prior violations of similar rules in other racing jurisdictions by the same trainer or with respect to the same horse; or
126.96.36.199.3 Violations which endanger the life or health of the horse.
188.8.131.52.4 Violations that mislead the wagering public and those desiring to claim a horse as to the condition and ability of the horse;
184.108.40.206.5 Violations that undermine or corrupt the integrity of the sport of harness racing.
220.127.116.11 Any person whose license is reinstated after a prior violation involving class 1 or class 2 drugs and who commits a subsequent violation within five years of the prior violation, shall absent extraordinary circumstances, be subject to a minimum revocation of license for five years, and a minimum fine in the amount of the purse money of the race in which the infraction occurred, along with any other penalty just and reasonable under the circumstances.
18.104.22.168.1 With respect to Class 1, 2 and 3 drugs detect in a urine sample but not in a blood sample, and in addition to the foregoing factors, in determining the length of a suspension and/or the amount of a fine, or both, the State Steward or judges may take in consideration, without limitation, whether the drug has any equine therapeutic use, the time and method of administration, if determined, whether more than one foreign substance was detected in the sample, and any other appropriate aggravating or mitigating factors.
22.214.171.124 Whenever a trainer is suspended more than once within a two-year period for a violation of this chapter regarding medication rules, any suspension imposed on the trainer for any such subsequent violation also shall apply to the horse involved in such violation. The State Steward or judges may impose a shorter suspension on the horse than on the trainer.
126.96.36.199 At the discretion of the State Steward or other designee of the Commission, a horse as to which an initial finding of a prohibited substance has bee made by the Commission chemist may be prohibited from racing pending a timely hearing; provided, however, that other horses registered under the care of the trainer of such a horse may, with the consent of the State Steward or other designee of the Commission be released to the care of another trainer, and may race.
8.3.3 Medication Restrictions
188.8.131.52 Drugs or medications in horses are permissible, provided:
184.108.40.206.1 the drug or medication is listed by the Association of Racing Commissioners International's Drug Testing and Quality Assurance Program; and
220.127.116.11.2 the maximum permissible urine or blood concentration of the drug or medication does not exceed the limit established in theses Rules or otherwise approved and published by the Commission.
18.104.22.168 Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, a person may not administer or cause to be administered by any means to a horse a prohibited drug, medication, chemical or other substance, including any restricted medication pursuant to this chapter during the 24‑hour period before post time for the race in which the horse is entered. Such administration shall result in the horse being scratched from the race and may result in disciplinary actions being taken.
22.214.171.124 A finding by the official chemist of a prohibited drug, chemical or other substance in a test specimen of a horse is prima facie evidence that the prohibited drug, chemical or other substance was administered to the horse and, in the case of a post‑race test, was present in the horse's body while it was participating in a race. Prohibited substances include:
126.96.36.199.1 drugs or medications for which no acceptable levels have been established in these Rules or otherwise approved and published by the Commission.
188.8.131.52.2 therapeutic medications in excess of acceptable limits established in these rules or otherwise approved and published by the Commission.
184.108.40.206.3 Substances present in the horse in excess of levels at which such substances could occur naturally and such prohibited substances shall include a total carbon dioxide level of 37 mmol/L or serum in a submitted blood sample from a horse or 39 mmol/L if serum from a horse which has been administered furosemide in compliance with these rules, provided that a licensee has the right, pursuant to such procedures as may be established from time to time by the Commission, to attempt to prove that a horse has a naturally high carbon dioxide level in excess of the above-mentioned levels; and provided, further, that an excess total carbon dioxide level shall be penalized in accordance with the penalty recommendation applicable to a Class 2 substance.
220.127.116.11.4 substances foreign to a horse at levels that cause interference with testing procedures. The detection of any such substance is a violation, regardless of the classification or definition of the substance or its properties under the Uniform Classification Guidelines for Foreign Substances.
18.104.22.168 The tubing, dosing or jugging of any horse for any reason within 24 hours prior to its scheduled race is prohibited unless administered for medical emergency purposes by a licensed veterinarian, in which case the horse shall be scratched. The practice of administration of any substance via a naso-gastric tube or dose syringe into a horse's stomach within 24 hours prior to its scheduled race is considered a violation of these rules and subject to disciplinary action, which may include fine, suspension and revocation or license.
22.214.171.124 A finding by the official chemist that Erythropietin (EPO) darbopoietin (DPO) or their antibodies was present in a post-race test specimen of a horse shall be promptly reported in writing to the judges. The judges shall notify the owner and trainer of the positive test result for EPO, DPO or their antibodies. The judges shall notify the Commission Veterinarian of the name of the horse for placement on the Veterinarian's List, pursuant to Rule 126.96.36.199, if the positive test result indicates that the horse is unfit to race. Any horse placed on the Veterinarian's List pursuant to this Rule shall not be permitted to enter a race until the owner or trainer, at their own expense, provides proof of a negative test result for EPO, DPO or their antibodies from a laboratory approved by the Commission, provided said test sample is obtained under collection procedures acceptable to the Commission or its designee under these Rules.
Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of this Rule, a horse shall not be subject to disqualification from the race and from any share of the purse in the race and the trainer of the horse shall not be subject to application of trainer's responsibility based on the finding by the laboratory that EPO, DPO or their antibodies was present in the sample taken from that horse.
8.3.4 Medical Labeling
188.8.131.52 No person on association grounds where horses are lodged or kept, excluding licensed veterinarians, shall have in or upon association grounds which that person occupies or has the right to occupy, or in that person's personal property or effects or vehicle in that person's care, custody or control, a drug, medication, chemical, foreign substance or other substance that is prohibited in a horse on a race day unless the product is labelled in accordance with this subsection.
184.108.40.206 Any drug or medication which is used or kept on association grounds and which, by federal or Delaware law, requires a prescription must have been validly prescribed by a duly licensed veterinarian, and in compliance with the applicable federal and state statutes. All such allowable medications must have a prescription label which is securely attached and clearly ascribed to show the following:
220.127.116.11.1 the name of the product;
18.104.22.168.2 the name, address and telephone number of the veterinarian prescribing or dispensing the product;
22.214.171.124.3 the name of each patient (horse) for whom the product is intended/prescribed;
126.96.36.199.4 the dose, dosage, duration of treatment and expiration date of the prescribed/dispensed product; and
188.8.131.52.5 the name of the person (trainer) to whom the product was dispensed.
8.3.5 Furosemide (Salix) and Aminiocaproic Acid (Amicar)
Furosemide (Salix) and Aminiocaproic Acid (Amicar)
may be administered intravenously to a horse on the grounds of the association at which it is entered to compete in a race. Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminiocaproic Acid shall be permitted only after the Commission Veterinarian has placed the horse on the Bleeder List or to facilitate the collection of a pot-race urine sample.
184.108.40.206 Method of Administration
Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid shall be administered intravenously by the licensed Bleeder Medication Veterinarian, unless he/she determines that a horse cannot receive an intravenous administration of Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid. Permission for an intramuscular administration must be authorized by the Presiding Judge or his/her representative; provided, however, that once Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid is administered intramuscularly, the horse shall remain in a detention area under the supervision of a Commission representative until it races.
Aminocaproic Acid shall be administered to a horse on the Bleeder List only by the licensed Bleeder Medication Veterinarian, who will administer not more than 7.5 grams or less than 2.5 grams intravenously. Furosemide shall be administered to horses on the Bleeder List only by the licensed Bleeder Medication Veterinarian, who will administer not more than 500 milligrams nor less than 100 milligrams, subject to the following conditions:
220.127.116.11.1 Not more than 750 milligrams may be administered if (1) the Commission veterinarian grants permission for a dosage greater than 500 milligrams, and (2) after the administration of such greater dosage, the horse remains in a detention area under the supervision of a Commission representative until it races; and
18.104.22.168.2 The dosage administered may not vary by more than 250 milligrams from race to race without the permission of the Commission Veterinarian.
22.214.171.124 Timing of Administration
Horses must be presented at their assigned stalls in the paddock for Aminocaproic Acid treatment. Aminocaproic Acid will be administered not more than 90 minutes (1 1/2 hours) and not less than 60 minutes (1 hour) prior to post time of their respective races and must be treated prior to going on the track the first time. Failure to meet this time frame will result in scratching the horse and the trainer may be fined. Horses must be presented at the Furosemide stall in the paddock, and the Furosemide administered, not more than three hours and 30 minutes (3-1/2 hours) nor less than three hours (three hours) prior to post time of their respective races. Failure to meet this time frame will result in scratching the horse, and the trainer may be fined.
126.96.36.199 Veterinary Charges
It is the responsibility of the owner or trainer, prior to the administration of the medication, to pay the licensed Bleeder Medication veterinarian at the rate approved by the Commission. No credit shall be given without approval of the Bleeder Medication Veterinarian.
No one except a licensed practicing veterinarian shall possess equipment or any substance for injectable administration on the race track complex, and no horse is to receive furosemide in oral form.
188.8.131.52 Post-Race Quantification
The presence of Aminocaproic Acid in a horse following the running of the race in which it was not declared or reported, may result in the disqualification of the horse or other sanctions being imposed upon the trainer and the administering veterinarian.
Conversely, the absence of a bleeder medication following the running of a race, which was declared and reported may result in the disqualification of the horse and other sanctions being imposed upon the trainer and the bleeder Medication Veterinarian
184.108.40.206.1 As indicated by post-race quantification, a horse may not carry in its body at the time of the running of the race more than 100 nanograms of Furosemide per milliliter of plasma in conjunction with a urine that has a specific gravity of less than 1.01, unless the dosage of Furosemide:
220.127.116.11.1.1 Was administered intramuscularly as provided in 18.104.22.168; or
22.214.171.124.1.2 Exceeded 500 milligrams as provided in 126.96.36.199.1.
188.8.131.52.2 If post-race quantification indicates that a horse carried in its body at the time of the running of the race more than 100 nanograms of furosemide per milliliter of plasma in conjunction with a urine that has a specific gravity of less than 1.01, and provided that the dosage of furosemide was not administered intramuscularly as provided in 184.108.40.206 or exceeded 500 milligrams as provided in 220.127.116.11.1, then a penalty shall be imposed as follows:
18.104.22.168.2.1 If such overage is the first violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $250 fine and loss of purse.
22.214.171.124.2.2 If such overage is the second violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $1,000 fine and loss of purse.
126.96.36.199.2.3 If such overage is the third violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $1,000 fine and up to a 15-day suspension and loss of purse.
188.8.131.52.2.4 If in the opinion of the official chemist any such overage caused interference with testing procedures, then for each such overage a penalty of up to a $1,000 fine and a suspension of from 15 to 50 days may be imposed.
184.108.40.206.1 The Bleeder Medication Veterinarian who administers Aminocaproic Acid or Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid to a horse scheduled to race shall prepare a written certification indicating the time, dosage and method of administration.
220.127.116.11.2 The written certification shall be delivered to a Commission representative designated by the Judges within one (1) hour of the last scheduled race for that day.
18.104.22.168 Bleeder List
22.214.171.124.1 The Bleeder Medication Veterinarian shall maintain a Bleeder List of all horses which have demonstrated external evidence of exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) or the existence of hemorrhage in the trachea post exercise upon:
126.96.36.199.1.1 visual examination wherein blood is noted in one or both nostrils either:
188.8.131.52.1.1.1 during a race;
184.108.40.206.1.1.2 immediately post-race or post-exercise on track; or
220.127.116.11.1.1.3 within one hour post-race or post-exercise in paddock and/or stable area, confirmed by endoscopic examination; or
18.104.22.168.1.2 endoscopic examination, which may be requested by the owner or trainer who feels his or her horse is a bleeder. Such endoscopic examination must be done by a practicing veterinarian, at the owner's or trainer's expense, and in the presence of the Commission Veterinarian. Such an examination shall take place within one hour post-race or post-exercise; or
22.214.171.124.1.3 presentation to the Commission Veterinarian, at least 48 hours prior to racing, of a current Bleeder Certificate from an official veterinarian from any other jurisdiction, which show the date, place and method -- visual or endoscopy -- by which the horse was determined to have bled, or which attests that the horse is a known bleeder and receives bleeder medication in that jurisdiction, provided that such jurisdiction's criteria for the identification of bleeders are satisfactory to the Commission Veterinarian.
126.96.36.199.2 The confirmation of a bleeder horse must be certified in writing by the Commission Veterinarian and entered on the Bleeder List. Copies of the certification shall be issued to the owner of the horse or the owner's designee upon request. A copy of the bleeder certificate shall be attached to the horse's eligibility certificate.
188.8.131.52.3 Every confirmed bleeder, regardless of age, shall be placed on the Bleeder List, and furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid, if applicable must be administered to the horse in accordance with these rules prior to every race, including qualifying races, in which the horse starts.
184.108.40.206.4 A horse which bleeds based on the criteria set forth in 220.127.116.11.1 above shall be restricted from racing at any facility under the jurisdiction of the Commission, as follows:
18.104.22.168.4.1 1st time - 10 days;
22.214.171.124.4.2 2nd time - 30 days, provided that the horse must be added to or remain on the Bleeder List, and must complete a satisfactory qualifying race before resuming racing;
126.96.36.199.4.3 3rd time - 30 days, and the horse shall be added to the Steward's List, to be removed at the discretion of the Commission Veterinarian following a satisfactory qualifying race after the mandatory 30-day rest period; and
188.8.131.52.4.4 4th time - barred for life.
184.108.40.206.5 An owner or trainer must notify the Commission Veterinarian immediately of evidence that a horse is bleeding following exercise or racing.
220.127.116.11.6 A horse may be removed from the Bleeder List at the request of the owner or trainer, if the horse completes a 10-day rest period following such request, and then re-qualifies. A horse may discontinue the use of Aminocaproic Acid without a ten (10) day rest period or having to reliquary provided the horse was on Aminocaproic Acid for thirty (34) days or more. In addition, once a horse discontinues the use of Aminocaproic Acid, it is prohibited from using said medication for ninety (90) days from the date of its last administration for Aminocaproic Acid.
18.104.22.168.7 Any horse on the Bleeder List which races in a jurisdiction where it is not eligible for bleeder medication, whether such ineligibility is due to the fact that it does not qualify for bleeder medication in that jurisdiction or because bleeder medication is prohibited in that jurisdiction, shall automatically remain on the Bleeder List at the discretion of the owner or trainer, provided that such decision by the owner or trainer must be declared at the time of the first subsequent entry in Delaware, and the Furosemide and Aminocaproic Acid symbols in the program shall appropriately reflect that the horse did not receive Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid its last time out. Such an election by the owner or trainer shall not preclude the Commission Veterinarian, State Steward or Presiding Judge from requiring re-qualification whenever a horse on the Bleeder List races in another jurisdiction without bleeder medication, and the integrity of the Bleeder List may be questioned.
22.214.171.124.8 Any horse on the Bleeder List which races without Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid in any jurisdiction which permits the use of Furosemide or Furosemide with Aminocaproic Acid in any jurisdiction which permits the use of Lasix shall automatically be removed from the Bleeder List. In order to be restored to the Bleeder List, the horse must demonstrate EIPH in accordance with the criteria set forth in subdivision 126.96.36.199.1 above. If the horse does demonstrate EIPH and is restored to the Bleeder List, the horse shall be suspended from racing in accordance with the provisions of 188.8.131.52.4 above.
184.108.40.206.9 The State Steward or Presiding Judge, in consultation with the Commission Veterinarian, will rule on any questions relating to the Bleeder List.
220.127.116.11 Medication Program Entries
It is the responsibility of the trainer at the time of entry of a horse to provide the racing secretary with the bleeder medication status of the horse on the entry blank, and also to provide the Commission Veterinarian with a bleeder certificate, if the horse previously raced out-of-state on bleeder medication.
8.3.6 Phenylbutazone (Bute)
18.104.22.168.1 Phenylbutazone or oxyphenbutazone may be administered to horses in such dosage amount that the official test sample shall contain not more than 2.5 micrograms per milliliter of blood plasma.
22.214.171.124.2 If post-race quantification indicates that a horse carried in its body at the time of the running of the race more than 2.0 but not more than 2.6 micrograms per milliliter of blood plasma of phenylbutazone or oxyphenbutazone, then warnings shall be issued to the trainer.
126.96.36.199.3 If post-race quantification indicates that a horse carried in its body at the time of the running of the race more than 2.6 micrograms per milliliter of blood plasma of phenylbutazone or oxyphenbutazone, then a penalty shall be imposed as follows:
188.8.131.52.3.1 For an average between 2.6 and less than 5.0 micrograms per milliliter:
184.108.40.206.3.1.1 If such overage is the first violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $250 fine and loss of purse.
220.127.116.11.3.1.2 If such overage is the second violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $1,000 fine and loss of purse.
18.104.22.168.3.1.3 If such overage is the third violation of this rule within a 12-month period: Up to a $1,000 fine and up to a 15-day suspension and loss of purse.
22.214.171.124.3.1.4 For an overage of 5.0 micrograms or more per milliliter: Up to a $1,000 fine and up to a 5-day suspension and loss of purse.
126.96.36.199.4 If post-race quantification indicates that a horse carried in its body at the time of the running of the race any quantity of phenylbutazone or oxyphenbutazone, and also carried in its body at the time of the running of the race any quantity of any other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, including but not limited to naproxen, flunixin and meclofenamic acid, then such presence of phenylbutazone or oxyphenbutazone, shall constitute a violation of this rule and shall be subject to a penalty of up to a $1,000 fine and up to a 50-day suspension and loss of purse.
8.4.1 Reporting to the Test Barn
188.8.131.52 Horses shall be selected for pre- and/or post-racing testing according to the following protocol:
184.108.40.206.1 At least one horse in each race, selected by the judges from among the horses finishing in the first four positions in each race, shall be tested.
220.127.116.11.2 Horses selected for testing shall be taken to the Test Barn or Test Stall testing area to have a blood, urine and/or other specimen sample taken at the direction of the State veterinarian.
18.104.22.168 Random or extra for cause testing, including pre‑race testing, may be required by the State Steward or judges, or by the Commission, at any time on any horse on association grounds that has been entered to race at a Commission licensed Association.
22.214.171.124 Unless otherwise directed by the State Steward, judges Board of Judges or the Commission Chief DHRC Veterinarian, a horse that is selected for testing must be taken directly to the Test Barn or testing area.
126.96.36.199 Trainers shall fully comply with the instructions of the Commission, which may include, but not be limited to the following: Trainers shall present their horse(s) for testing at the specified time and place mandated by the Commission. Testing procedures may be performed on the grounds of any Commission licensed Association, at the trainer’s training facility, or any other location under Commission jurisdiction. Failure to comply shall result in the horse(s) being scratched, and shall be considered a violation euivalent to a Class 1 positive.
8.4.2 Sample Collection
188.8.131.52 Sample collection shall be done in accordance with the RCI Drug Testing and Quality Assurance Program External Chain of Custody Guidelines, or other guidelines and instructions provided by the Commission Veterinarian.
184.108.40.206 The Commission veterinarian shall determine a minimum sample requirement for the primary testing laboratory. A primary testing laboratory must be approved by the Commission.
8.4.3 Procedure for Taking Specimens
220.127.116.11 Horses from which specimens are to be drawn shall be taken to the detention area at the prescribed time and remain there until released by the Commission Veterinarian. Only the owner, trainer, groom, or hot walker of horses to be tested shall be admitted to the detention area without permission of the Commission Veterinarian.
18.104.22.168 Stable equipment other than equipment necessary for washing and cooling out a horse shall be prohibited in the detention area.
22.214.171.124.1 Buckets and water shall be furnished by the Commission Veterinarian.
126.96.36.199.2 If a body brace is to be used, it shall be supplied by the responsible trainer and administered only with the permission and in the presence of the Commission Veterinarian.
188.8.131.52.3 A licensed veterinarian shall attend a horse in the detention area only in the presence of the Commission Veterinarian.
184.108.40.206 One of the following persons shall be present and witness the taking of the specimen from a horse and so signify in writing:
220.127.116.11.1 The owner;
18.104.22.168.2 The responsible trainer who, in the case of a claimed horse, shall be the person in whose name the horse raced; or
22.214.171.124.3 A stable representative designated by such owner or trainer.
126.96.36.199.1 All urine containers shall be supplied by the Commission laboratory and shall be sealed with the laboratory security seal which shall not be broken, except in the presence of the witness as provided by (subsection (3)) subsection 188.8.131.52 of this section.
184.108.40.206.2 Blood sample receptacles will also be supplied by the Commission laboratory in sealed packages as received from the manufacturer.
220.127.116.11 Samples taken from a horse, by the Commission Veterinarian or his assistant at the detention barn, shall be collected and in double containers and designated as the “primary” and “secondary” samples.
18.104.22.168.1 These samples shall be sealed with tamper-proof tape and bear a portion of the multiple part “identification tag” that has identical printed numbers only. The other portion of the tag bearing the same printed identification number shall be detached in the presence of the witness.
22.214.171.124.2 The Commission Veterinarian shall:
126.96.36.199.2.1 Identify the horse from which the specimen was taken.
188.8.131.52.2.2 Document the race and day, verified by the witness; and
184.108.40.206.2.3 Place the detached portions of the identification tags in a sealed envelope for delivery only to the stewards.
220.127.116.11.3 After both portions of samples have been identified in accordance with this section, the “primary” sample shall be delivered to the official chemist designated by the Commission.
18.104.22.168.4 The “secondary” sample shall remain in the custody of the Commission Veterinarian at the detention area and urine samples shall be frozen and blood samples refrigerated in a locked refrigerator/freezer.
22.214.171.124.5 The Commission Veterinarian shall take every precaution to ensure that neither the Commission chemist nor any member of the laboratory staff shall know the identity of the horse from which a specimen was taken prior to the completion of all testing.
126.96.36.199.6 When the Commission chemist has reported that the “primary” sample delivered contains no prohibited drug, the “secondary” sample shall be properly disposed.
188.8.131.52.7 If after a horse remains a reasonable time in the detention area and a specimen can not be taken from the horse, the Commission Veterinarian may permit the horse to be returned to its barn and usual surroundings for the taking of a specimen under the supervision of the Commission Veterinarian.
184.108.40.206.8 If one hundred (100) milliliters (ml.) or less of urine is obtained, it will not be split, but will be considered the “primary” sample and will be tested as other “primary” samples.
220.127.116.11.9 Two (2) blood samples shall be collected in sample receptacles approved by the Commission, one for the “primary” and one for the “secondary” sample.
18.104.22.168.10 In the event of an initial finding of a prohibited substance or in violation of these Rules and Regulations, the Commission chemist shall notify the Commission, both orally and in writing, and an oral or written notice shall be issued by the Commission to the owner and trainer or other responsible person no more than twenty-four (24) hours after the receipt of the initial finding, unless extenuating circumstances require a longer period, in which case the Commission shall provide notice as soon as possible in order to allow for testing of the “secondary” sample; provided, however, that with respect to a finding of a prohibited level of total carbon dioxide in a blood sample, there shall be no right to testing of the “secondary sample” unless such finding initially is made at the racetrack on the same day that the tested horse raced, and in every such circumstance a “secondary sample” shall be transported to the Commission laboratory on an anonymous basis for confirmatory testing.
22.214.171.124.10.1 If testing of the “secondary” sample is desired, the owner, trainer, or other responsible person shall so notify the Commission in writing within 48 hours after notification of the initial positive test or within a reasonable period of time established by the Commission after consultation with the Commission chemist. The reasonable period is to be calculated to insure the integrity of the sample and the preservation of the alleged illegal substance.
126.96.36.199.10.2 Testing of the “secondary” samples shall be performed at a referee laboratory selected by representatives of the owner, trainer, or other responsible person from a list of not less than two (2) laboratories approved by the Commission.
188.8.131.52.11 The Commission shall bear the responsibility of preparing and shipping the sample, and the cost of preparation, shipping, and testing at the referee laboratory shall be assumed by the person requesting the testing, whether it be the owner, trainer, or other person charged.
184.108.40.206.11.1 A Commission representative and the owner, trainer, or other responsible person or a representative of the persons notified under these Rules and Regulations may be present at the time of the opening, repackaging, and testing of the “secondary” sample to ensure its identity and that the testing is satisfactorily performed.
220.127.116.11.11.2 The referee laboratory shall be informed of the initial findings of the Commission chemist prior to making the test.
18.104.22.168.11.3 If the finding of the referee laboratory is proven to be of sufficient reliability and does not confirm the finding of the initial test performed by the Commission chemist and in the absence of other independent proof of the administration of a prohibited drug of the horse in question, it shall be concluded that there is insubstantial evidence upon which to charge anyone with a violation.
22.214.171.124.12 The Commission Veterinarian shall be responsible for safeguarding all specimens while in his possession and shall cause the specimens to be delivered only to the Commission chemist as soon as possible after sealing, in a manner so as not to reveal the identity of a horse from which the sample was taken.
126.96.36.199.13 If an Act of God, power failure, accident, strike or other action beyond the control of the Commission occurs, the results of the primary official test shall be accepted as prima facie evidence.
8.5 Trainer Responsibility
The purpose of this subsection is to identify responsibilities of the trainer that pertain specifically to the health and well-being of horses in his/her care.
8.5.1 The trainer is responsible for the condition of horses entered in an official workout or race and is responsible for the presence of any prohibited drug, medication or other substance, including permitted medication in excess of the maximum allowable level, in such horses. A positive test for a prohibited drug, medication or substance, including permitted medication in excess of the maximum allowable level, as reported by a Commission‑approved laboratory, is prima facie evidence of a violation of this rule. In the absence of substantial evidence to the contrary, the trainer shall be responsible. Whenever a trainer of a horse names a substitute trainer for program purposes due to his or her inability to be in attendance with the horse on the day of the race, or for any other reason, both trainers shall be responsible for the condition of the horse should the horse test positive; provided further that, except as otherwise provided herein, the trainer of record (programmed trainer) shall be any individual who receives any compensation for training the horse.
8.5.2 A trainer shall prevent the administration of any drug or medication or other foreign substance that may cause a violation of these rules.
8.5.3 A trainer whose horse has been claimed remains responsible for any violation of rules regarding that horse's participation in the race in which the horse is claimed.
8.5.4 The trainer is responsible for:
188.8.131.52 maintaining the assigned stable area in a clean, neat and sanitary condition at all times;
184.108.40.206 using the services of those veterinarians licensed by the Commission to attend horses that are on association grounds;
8.5.5 Additionally, with respect to horses in his/her care or custody, the trainer is responsible for:
220.127.116.11 the proper identity, custody, care, health, condition and safety of horses;
18.104.22.168 ensuring that at the time of arrival at locations under the jurisdiction of the Commission a valid health certificate and a valid negative Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test certificate accompany each horse and which, where applicable, shall be filed with the racing secretary;
22.214.171.124 having each horse in his/her care that is racing, or is stabled on association grounds, tested for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) in accordance with state law and for filing evidence of such negative test results with the racing secretary;
126.96.36.199 using the services of those veterinarians licensed by the Commission to attend horses that are on association grounds;
188.8.131.52 immediately reporting the alteration of the sex of a horse to the clerk of the course, the United States Trotting Association and the racing secretary;
184.108.40.206 promptly reporting to the racing secretary and the Commission Veterinarian when a posterior digital neurectomy (heel nerving) has been performed and ensuring that such fact is designated on its certificate of registration;
220.127.116.11 promptly notifying the Commission Veterinarian of any reportable disease and any unusual incidence of a communicable illness in any horse in his/her charge;
18.104.22.168 promptly reporting the serious injury and/or death of any horse at locations under the jurisdiction of the Commission to the State Stewards and judges, the Commission Veterinarian, and the United States Trotting Association;
22.214.171.124 maintaining a knowledge of the medication record and status;
126.96.36.199 immediately reporting to the State Steward, judges and the Commission Veterinarian knowledge or reason to believe, that there has been any administration of a prohibited medication, drug or substance;
188.8.131.52 ensuring the fitness to perform creditably at the distance entered;
184.108.40.206 ensuring that every horse he/she has entered to race is present at its assigned stall for a pre‑race soundness inspection as prescribed in this chapter;
220.127.116.11 ensuring proper bandages, equipment and shoes;
18.104.22.168 presence in the paddock at least one hour before post time or at a time otherwise appointed before the race in which the horse is entered;
22.214.171.124 personally attending in the paddock and supervising the harnessing thereof, unless excused by the Paddock Judge;
126.96.36.199 attending the collection of a urine or blood sample or delegating a licensed employee or the owner to do so; and
188.8.131.52 immediately reporting to the State Steward or other Commission designee, or to the State Veterinarian or Commission Veterinarian if the State Steward or other Commission designee is unavailable, the death of any horse drawn in to start in a race in this jurisdiction provided that the death occurred within 60 days of the date of the draw.
8.6 Physical Inspection of Horses
8.6.1 Veterinarian's List
184.108.40.206 The Commission Veterinarian shall maintain a list of all horses which are determined to be unfit to compete in a race due to physical distress, unsoundness, infirmity or medical condition.
220.127.116.11 A horse may be removed from the Veterinarian's List when, in the opinion of the Commission Veterinarian, the horse has satisfactorily recovered the capability of competing in a race.
8.6.2 Postmortem Examination
18.104.22.168 The Commission may conduct a postmortem examination of any horse that is injured in this jurisdiction while in training or in competition and that subsequently expires or is destroyed. In proceeding with a postmortem examination the Commission or its designee shall coordinate with the trainer and/or owner to determine and address any insurance requirements.
22.214.171.124 The Commission may conduct a postmortem examination of any horse that expires while housed on association grounds or at recognized training facilities within this jurisdiction. Trainers and owners shall be required to comply with such action as a condition of licensure.
126.96.36.199 The Commission may take possession of the horse upon death for postmortem examination. The Commission may submit blood, urine, other bodily fluid specimens or other tissue specimens collected during a postmortem examination for testing by the Commission‑selected laboratory or its designee. Upon completion of the postmortem examination, the carcass may be returned to the owner or disposed of at the owner's option.
188.8.131.52 The presence of a prohibited substance in a horse, found by the official laboratory or its designee in a bodily fluid specimen collected during the postmortem examination of a horse, which breaks down during a race constitutes a violation of these rules.
184.108.40.206 The cost of Commission‑ordered postmortem examinations, testing and disposal shall be borne by the Commission.
8.7 Prohibited Practices
8.7.1 The following conduct shall be prohibited for all licensees:
220.127.116.11 The possession and/or use of a drug, substance, or medication, specified below for which a recognized analytical method has not been developed to detect and confirm the administration of such substance including but not limited to erythropoietin, darbepoietin, and perfluorcarbon emulsions; or the use of which may endanger the health and welfare of the horse or endanger the safety of the driver; or the use of which may adversely affect the integrity of racing.
18.104.22.168 The possession and/or use of a drug, substance, or medication that has not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States.
22.214.171.124 The possession and/or use of Blood Doping Agents including but not limited to: EPO, DPO, Oxyglobin, Hemopure or any other substance that abnormally enhances the oxygenation of equine body tissue is considered a prohibited practice that endangers the health and welfare of a horse and/or the safety and welfare of a driver.
126.96.36.199 Horses may be tested for EPO, DPO, Oxyglobin, Hemopure or any other substance that abnormally enhances the oxygenation of equine body tissue as follows:
188.8.131.52.1 Once a horse is entered to race
184.108.40.206.2 Any horse that was entered or raced within sixty (60) days of entry and/or race
220.127.116.11.3 Any horse showing the presence of EPO, DPO and/or like antibodies
18.104.22.168.4 Any horse in the care, custody and control of a trainer having a horse that has tested positive for EPO, DPO and like substances through a screening test
22.214.171.124.5 Any horse that expires; consistent with DHRC Rules 126.96.36.199-188.8.131.52.
184.108.40.206 Two blood samples shall be collected in DHRC approved sample receptacles; one is the primary sample; and the other is the secondary sample.
220.127.116.11 In the event that the presence of EPO, DPO and/or any EPO analogues is determined to be present in a primary sample, the primary sample shall be sent to a DHRC approved laboratory for a confirmation test.
18.104.22.168 The trainer and/or owner of any horse that tests positive for the confirmed presence of EPO, DPO, Oxyglobin, Hemopure or any other substance that abnormally enhances the oxygenation of equine body tissue has the right to request a testing of the secondary sample consistent with DHRC Rule 22.214.171.124.10 through and inclusive of DHRC Rule 126.96.36.199.13.
188.8.131.52 Upon positive notification from the confirmatory laboratory of the primary sample, if uncontested by the trainer; or notification of confirmation in the secondary sample, the trainer shall be summarily suspended and any/all horses entered, by the trainer, to race shall be scratched. Notice of a hearing shall be delivered to the trainer within twenty-four (24) hours
184.108.40.206 The following penalties and disciplinary measures may be imposed for the confirmed presence of EPO, DPO, Oxyglobin, Hemopure or any other substance that abnormally enhances the oxygenation of equine body tissue:
In the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a minimum penalty of $10,000 and/or a 10 year suspension, forfeiture of the purse money and assessment for cost of the drug testing. Additionally, the Board of Judges may consider possible violations including, but not limited to: DHRC Rule 5.1.7 and DHRC Rule 220.127.116.11.10.
8.8 Prohibited Substances Protests; Testing
8.8.1 Protest-Request for Super Test
18.104.22.168 If a licensed owner, trainer, driver, or claimant has a reasonable belief that a competing or claimed horse has, or may have an unfair competitive advantage due to a violation of the Commission Rules, that owner, trainer, driver, or claimant may file a "Prohibited Substances Protest" with the Commission.
22.214.171.124 A "Prohibited Substances Protest" empowers the owner, trainer, driver, or claimant to request that any horse or horses he or she competes against or claims in a specified race have a blood and urine sample collected and then tested at an official Association of Racing Commissioners International (ARCI) approved laboratory of his or her choice. The designated laboratory shall employ state-of-the-art testing methods when testing these protested samples, which shall include, but not be limited to, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCM-S), Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (LCMSMS), and Total Carbon Dioxide (TCO2) tests.
126.96.36.199 The owner, trainer, driver, or claimant must file a verbal protest with either the starter or paddock judge before the race has been made official. The starter or paddock judge must notify the Presiding Judge immediately, who shall order a veterinary assistant to escort and remain with the horse in accordance with established policy for obtaining a blood and urine sample. Within fifteen (15) minutes after the official sign has been posted for the race in which the protested horse competed, the protesting party shall file a written protest with the paddock judge and post a deposit of $1,000 which shall be used to offset the following costs:
188.8.131.52.1 The collection of sufficient blood and urine samples, including the costs of the State veterinary assistant and State veterinarian and all necessary collection apparatus;
184.108.40.206.2 The packing of and transportation of these samples by bonded courier to the selected laboratory; and
220.127.116.11.3 All costs incurred by the state-of-the-art testing methods employed by the ARCI laboratory.
18.104.22.168 In the event the costs exceed the $1,000 deposit, the protesting party shall be required to post additional monies to cover such costs.
22.214.171.124 The owner and/or trainer of the protested horse shall have the right to be present during the collection, packaging and shipping of these test samples.
126.96.36.199 Upon completion of all testing, the laboratory shall notify the Commission of the results. The Commission shall immediately notify the trainer of the protested horse as well as the protesting party of these test results.
188.8.131.52 If the test results substantiate a violation of the Commission rules in effect on the date of the race, the trainer of the tested horse shall be afforded the same rights every trainer receives when charged with any rules violation. This shall include the right to request a split sample test at a designated ARCI laboratory that has agreed to accept split samples from the Commission.
184.108.40.206 Penalties shall be assessed in accordance with the Commission penalty recommendations for a violation of the rules in effect on the date of the race. In no case, however, shall the penalty imposed for a medication violation be less than a $500 fine. If the test results substantiate the presence of antibodies to erythropoietin (EPO), darbepoietin, or any EPO analogues, in addition to any DHRC penalties, the horse shall immediately be placed on the Steward's List and shall not be permitted to enter a race until the horse tests negative for the presence of EPO, darbepoietin, or any EPO analogue antibody(ies) previously detected. All testing must be performed by the DHRC official lab.
220.127.116.11 If the test results substantiate a violation of the Commission rules in effect on the date of the race, a successful claimant may void the claim in accordance with Commission Rules.
18.104.22.168 Any monies remaining from the protest deposit after costs shall be returned to the protesting party even if a violation of the Commission Rules is not detected. If a violation is detected, costs shall be assessed against the trainer of the protested horse and the Commission shall reimburse the protesting party upon receipt thereof.
22.214.171.124 The owner, trainer, driver, or claimant who files a Prohibited Substances Protest pursuant to this Section shall be immune from civil liability for filing the protest.
8.8.2 Routine Post Race Testing
126.96.36.199 Routine Post Race Testing shall include but not be limited to screening for antibodies to erythropoietin (EPO), darbepoietin, or any EPO analogues.
188.8.131.52 Any claimed horse not otherwise selected for testing by the racing officials shall be tested if requested by the claimant at the time the claim form is submitted in accordance with the Commission Rules.
184.108.40.206 The successful claimant shall have the right to void the claim should the forensic analysis be positive for any prohibited substance, illegal level of a permitted medication, or presence of antibodies to erythropoietin (EPO), darbepoietin, or any EPO analogues.
220.127.116.11 If the test results substantiate the presence of antibodies to erythropoietin (EPO), darbepoietin, or any EPO analogues, in addition to assessing penalties in accordance with the DHRC rules, the horse shall immediately be placed on the steward's list and shall not be permitted to enter a race until the horse tests negative for the presence of EPO, darbepoietin, or any EPO analogue antibody(ies) previously detected and said horse is removed from the Steward's List. All testing must be performed by the DHRC official lab.
8.8.3 This Rule enacts the provisions of 74 Del. Laws c. 236 (2004) which amended 28 Del.C. §706 in its entirety, and this Rule shall apply in the event these provisions conflict with or are otherwise inconsistent with any other Commission Rule.
8.9 Prerace Testing by Blood Gas Analyzer or Similar Equipment
8.9.1 Notwithstanding any other provisions of these Rules to the contrary, the Commission may conduct prerace and postrace testing with the use of any accepted, reliable testing instrument, including but not limited to a blood gas analyzer for measuring excess carbon dioxide in blood samples.
8.9.2 The Presiding Judge shall announce the selected races or horses for testing and the appropriate time and location.
8.9.3 All horses shall be brought to the paddock or other secure, designated area for the prerace testing before its first warm up, based on the Commission published paddock times.
8.9.4 Each horse entered to compete in the racing program shall be present in his or her designated paddock stall with a groom for the purpose of having a blood sample drawn by the Commission Veterinarian.
8.9.5 The order and number of horses which shall have blood drawn for prerace testing shall be at the discretion of the Commission and the presiding judge.
8.9.6 The Commission Veterinarian will be responsible to verify with the testing machine technician that the blood gas analyzer test is completed for the specific horse in question. The Commission Veterinarian or his designee will inform the trainer or groom if their horse will be retested or can be given permission to leave the paddock.
8.9.7 Refusal-Failure or refusal by a licensee to present a selected horse under his care, custody, or control for blood gas analyzer testing, or who refuses in any other way, shall result in an automatic scratch of the horse from the racing program, and any other appropriate disciplinary action in the discretion of the judges. The Commission Veterinarian shall document the name of the trainer or person who refuses to have blood drawn from the horse, and shall file a report with the Commission.
8.9.8 Exercise Prior to Testing-In the event that the horse has exercised prior to testing and the horse tests below the Commission standard for a high blood gas test, the horse can be retested upon the discretion of the Commission Veterinarian or presiding judge, or tested post race.
8.9.9 Post Race Testing-The blood gas analyzer machine or similar testing equipment may be used for the post-race blood gas testing on selected horses. The collection of samples will be pursuant to Rule 8.4.3 and testing of split samples will be pursuant to Rule 18.104.22.168.10.
8.9.10 The Commission Veterinarian will provide documentation reflecting the tattoo or name of the horse from which the blood was drawn, the date and time the blood was drawn, and any other identifying information.
8.9.11 Trainer Observation of Testing-The trainer or other designated representative is permitted to observe the testing procedure, but not to question the technician or otherwise disrupt the testing.
8.9.12 The Presiding Judge, Commission Veterinarian, and blood gas technician will ensure that the blood gas analyzer or other testing equipment is calibrated in compliance with the recommended calibration and maintenance procedures for the machine, and that the testing machine is in proper working order.
8.9.13 In addition to the provisions of Rule 8.3 and unless otherwise permitted by these Rules, no foreign substance shall be carried in the body of a horse when the horse is on the grounds of the licensed racetrack; it shall be a violation of this rule for a horse to test positive in a pre-race test result using a blood gas analyzer or other testing equipment.
8.9.14 The penalties for post-race positive tests contained in Rule 8.3.2, may apply to pre-race test samples that are positive for a prohibited substance.
22.214.171.124 A positive test result from a pre-race sample tested on the blood gas analyzer machine is subject to the recommended penalty in Rules 8.3.2 and 126.96.36.199. For pre-race testing the Commission may use a testing machine that uses the Commission standard in Rule 188.8.131.52--substances present in a horse in excess of levels at which such substances could occur naturally and such prohibited substances shall include a total carbon dioxide level of 37 mmol/L or serum in a submitted blood sample from a horse or 39 mmol/L if serum from a horse which has been administered furosemide in compliance with these rules.
184.108.40.206 The Commission may alternatively use a testing machine that measures carbon dioxide levels in pre-race samples using a Base Excess testing protocol.
220.127.116.11.1 Under this alternative protocol, the prohibitive Base Excess concentrations are as follows: Base Excess level of 10.0 mmol/l (mEq/l) or higher for non-furosemide (Lasix) treated horses and Base Excess (BE) level of 12.0 mmol/l (mEq/l) or higher for furosemide (Lasix) treated horse. The level of uncertainty will be included before it is considered a violation of these Rules. The level of uncertainty is 0.4 mmol/l (mEq/l) and a positive test report must include this level of uncertainty. A horse must show a Base Excess (BE) level of 10.4 mmol/l (mEq/l) or higher for non-furosemide (Lasix) treated horse and Base Excess (BE) level of 12.4 mmol/l (mEq/l) or higher for furosemide (Lasix) treated horse, in order for a violation to be reported under this Rule.
A commission representative will notify the trainer or licensed designee and the primary blood sample of the horse in question shall be immediately retested. In the event that a second blood gas analyzer test is necessary, the Commission Veterinarian or his designee will take a rectal temperature of said horse. The horse's temperature will be recorded on the veterinarian's control sheet.
8.9.15 With respect to a finding of a prohibited level of carbon dioxide in a blood sample obtained from a prerace blood gas analyzer test result, there shall be no right to testing of the "secondary sample" by the licensee, provided that a "secondary sample" shall be transported to the designated Commission laboratory on an anonymous basis for confirmatory testing. In the event that the initial blood gas analyzer test result is confirmed by the test result of the official Commission laboratory, such test results shall be prima facie evidence that the prohibited drug was present in the horse at the time it was scheduled to participate in a race and is prima facie evidence.
8.10 Quarantine Procedure For Carbon Dioxide Positive Tests (Prerace Or Postrace)
8.10.1 Detention/Quarantine of Horses: The owner or trainer must request use of the quarantine procedure by sending written notice to the presiding judge within forty-eight (48) hours of notification of the positive carbon dioxide test report. The owner or trainer will then be permitted, totally at his/her own expense, to make the necessary scheduling arrangements with the Judges and the Commission Veterinarian. The horse in question will be quarantined on the grounds for periodic blood gas testing by the DHRC (up to three days) at the trainer's expense. All caretaker activities for the horse in question will be the responsibility of the horse's trainer.
8.10.2 Procedure: The owner or trainer will be responsible for providing the DHRC with a minimum check for $1,500.00 to cover the costs for the quarantine. A professionally trained Track Security Officer must be with the horse at all times, and the Security Officer must be knowledgeable about the importance of monitoring all activity pertaining to the quarantined horse.
8.10.3 The quarantine of a horse is subject to the following mandatory requirements:
18.104.22.168 The owner or trainer will be required to deposit sufficient funds with the DHRC Presiding Judge to cover the costs of the quarantine of the horse. The minimum quarantine cost will be $1,500, and this figure may be higher if additional special circumstances are required for a particular horse. None of these procedures will be initiated until the Commission has in its possession a certified check or other method of payment acceptable to the Commission. The owner or trainer is responsible for all costs for the quarantine, including but not limited to, the costs of: stall bedding, daily cleaning of the stall, feed and hay, stall rent, hourly guard salary, portable toilet rental, veterinary charge, courier or shipping charges to the laboratory, laboratory analysis costs. Unused funds will be returned to the trainer.
22.214.171.124 The expected period of the quarantine will be seventy-two hours.
126.96.36.199 The owner or trainer is required to execute a reasonable liability waiver form if requested to do so by the track for the quarantine of the horse on track grounds.
188.8.131.52 The owner or trainer is obligated to reimburse the track if the racing association is required to purchase additional insurance to cover risks from the quarantine of the trainer's horse. The owner or trainer is also responsible for any additional costs required by the track to pad or otherwise specially equip the quarantine stall.
184.108.40.206 All activity of the quarantined horse is observed, documented, and recorded by security officers for the track and the DHRC.
220.127.116.11 The Commission will be responsible for arranging for and providing for bedding, feed, water, and daily cleaning of the stall, all of which are at the owner's expense. Feed for the horse will be purchased by DHRC officials as specified by the owner or trainer. Samples of the feed will be retained by the DHRC designated official.
18.104.22.168 Each bale of hay/straw will be intact and uncut for inspection of contraband. Four small samples of hay are to be taken from the bale of hay used to feed the animal (one from each end of the bale of hay and two from the middle of the bale of hay). These samples with the ingredient tags from the bag of feed used by the horse will be retained by the DHRC designated official.
22.214.171.124 Every trainer, groom, or caretaker is subject to continuous observation and may be searched when with the horse for contraband.
126.96.36.199 Horses may be trained, but if leg paints or salves are used, they must be new and in unopened containers, and the track Security Officer must monitor the preparation of the horse.
188.8.131.52 A Security Officer must observe the horse during training and ensure that it does not leave the track except to return to the quarantine stall.
184.108.40.206 A sick horse must only be determined ill by the Commission Veterinarian and the quarantine of the horse will be terminated. Any bills incurred for the quarantine of the horse prior to the illness and termination of the detention will be prorated.
220.127.116.11 Stalls for the quarantine of horses are designated by the Presiding Judge of the DHRC, in cooperation with the racetrack.
18.104.22.168 Trainers can restrict water based on previous pre-race preparation schedules.
22.214.171.124 Trainers are expected to train their horse in the same manner as the horse was trained on previous racing events. The horse will be equipped with all the items that it would normally carry, taken to the paddock, and handled in a manner similar to previous racing events.
126.96.36.199 Blood samples will be taken from the quarantined horse by the Commission Veterinarian, as he or she deems appropriate and necessary during the quarantine period. A blood sample should be taken when the horse first enters the quarantine stall and again at the pre-arranged time between sixty (60) and seventy-two (72) hours. At the discretion of the Commission, another sample may be taken between the initial sample and the sample taken at the cessation of the quarantine period. Blood samples will only be taken from the horse that is at rest for a period of time approved by the Commission Veterinarian. The owner or trainer or his/her representative must be present and witness the collection of the blood samples. Blood samples will be shipped promptly to the Commission's designated testing laboratory, pursuant to the Commission's standard chain-of-custody procedures.
188.8.131.52 At the conclusion of the quarantine period, the party requesting the quarantine will be provided timely notice of the test results from the DHRC. The trainer may present such evidence at a hearing before the Judges if he or she attempts to prove that the horse has a naturally high carbon dioxide level.
1 DE Reg. 505 (11/01/97)
1 DE Reg. 923 (01/01/98)
3 DE Reg. 1520 (05/01/00)
4 DE Reg. 6 (07/01/00)
4 DE Reg. 336 (08/01/00)
5 DE Reg. 832 (10/01/01)
5 DE Reg. 1691 (03/01/02)
6 DE Reg. 862 (01/01/03)
7 DE Reg. 1512 (05/01/04)
8 DE Reg. 329 (08/01/04)
8 DE Reg. 698 (11/01/04)
8 DE Reg. 1108 (02/01/05)
9 DE Reg. 1066 (01/01/06)
9 DE Reg. 1367 (03/01/06)
9 DE Reg. 1951 (06/01/06)
*Please Note: As the rest of the sections were not amended, they are not being published. A complete set of the rules and regulations for the Harness Racing Commission is available at: http://www.state.de.us/research/AdminCode/title3/500/index.shtml#TopOfPage