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Delaware General AssemblyDelaware RegulationsMonthly Register of RegulationsSeptember 2014

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1. to reflect the passage of amendments to the Delaware Securities Act, 6 Del.C. Ch. 73 (the “Act”) in 2013. See, An Act to Amend Title 6 of the Delaware Code Relating to the Delaware Securities Act, 79 Del. Laws. c. 182, including
(see Rules 611 and 712); and
Securities Investor Protection Unit
Rules and Regulations Pursuant to the Delaware Securities Act
The Securities Division Investor Protection Unit (hereinafter, the “Unit”) was created in 1973 with the passage of the Delaware Securities Act (hereinafter, the Act”), which is found at Chapter 73 of Title 6 of the Delaware Code. The Act is administered by the Attorney General through a Deputy Attorney General designated to act as Securities Commissioner Investor Protection Director (hereinafter, the “Director”). The Securities Commissioner Director is the principal executive officer of the Securities Division Unit and acts for the Attorney General in administering that statute the Act. The purpose of the Act is to prevent the public from being victimized by unscrupulous or over-reaching broker-dealers, investment advisers or agents in the context of selling securities or giving investment advice, as well as to remedy any harm caused by securities law violations.
A reference in these Rules and Regulations Pursuant to the Delaware Securities Act (hereinafter, the “Rules”) to a provision in the Act shall be deemed to be a reference to the same provision as re-designated under any amendment to the Act.
The Securities Division Unit provides written interpretative opinions under the Act in response to written requests. Requests for interpretative opinions should be addressed to the Commissioner Director and accompanied by a fee of $75300.00 payable to the State of Delaware. Interpretations may be requested regarding any section of the Act or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder the Rules.
Any violation of the Act, or the Rules and Regulations Pursuant to the Act, by a person acting in an agency capacity shall, in any legal proceedings brought by the Division Unit, be deemed to be a violation by both that person and the person for whom the agent is acting, provided that the agent was acting within the scope of his agency.
(a) Unless otherwise provided, these Part B of the Rules of Practice govern (Rule 200 through Rule 272) governs proceedings before administrative hearing officers Presiding Officers (as defined in paragraph (d), below) under the Act. These rules do Part B does not apply to investigations by the Securities Division Unit, which are governed by Part C of the Rules and Regulations.
(b) The Part B of the Rules of Practice shall be construed and administered to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every proceeding.
(d) For purposes of these rules: For the purposes of these Rules, the “Presiding Officer” shall mean either the Director or the individual to whom the Director has delegated his or her authority pursuant to Rule 202 in a particular administrative proceeding commenced under the Act, as the case may be.
A person shall not be represented before a hearing officer Presiding Officer except as stated in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section or as otherwise permitted by the hearing officer Presiding Officer:
(a) Representing oneself. In any proceeding, an individual may appear on his or her own behalf.
(b) Representing others. In any proceeding, a person may be represented by an attorney at law admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the State of Delaware. Attorneys who are not members of the Delaware Bar may be admitted pro hac vice pursuant to Rule 72 of the Rules of the Supreme Court of the State of Delaware as set forth in paragraph (c), below.
(c) Requirement of Delaware Counsel. Pursuant to Rule 72(a) of the Delaware Supreme Court Rules, attorneys who are not members of the Delaware Bar may be admitted pro hac vice in a proceeding in the discretion of the administrative hearing officer Presiding Officer upon written motion by a member of the Delaware Bar who maintains an office in this State for the practice of law ("Delaware Counsel"). Pursuant to Delaware Supreme Court Rule 72(c), Delaware Counsel for any party shall appear in the matter for which admission pro hac vice is filed and shall sign or receive service of all notices, orders, pleadings or other papers filed in the matter and shall attend all proceedings before the administrative hearing officer Presiding Officer, unless excused by that hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(d) Designation of address for service; notice of appearance; power of attorney; withdrawal.
(1) Representing oneself. When an individual first makes any filing or otherwise appears on his or her own behalf before a hearing officer Presiding Officer in a proceeding, he or she shall file with the Commissioner Director or otherwise state on the record, and keep current, an address at which any notice or other written communication required to be served upon him or her or furnished to him or her may be sent and a telephone number where he or she may be reached during business hours.
(2) Representing others. When a person first makes any filing or otherwise appears in a representative capacity before a hearing officer Presiding Officer in a proceeding, that person shall file with the Commissioner Director, and keep current, a written notice stating the name of the proceeding; the representative's name, business address and telephone number; and the name and address of the person or persons represented.
(3) Power of attorney. Any individual appearing or practicing before a hearing officer Presiding Officer in a representative capacity may be required to file a power of attorney with the Commissioner Director showing his or her authority to act in such capacity.
(4) Withdrawal. Withdrawal by any individual appearing in a representative capacity shall be permitted only by written order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer. A motion seeking leave to withdraw shall state with specificity the reasons for such withdrawal.
(e) Public Hearings. All hearings shall be public unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer on his or her own motion or after considering the motion of a party.
(e) Procedures for Revocation.
(1) The Director may revoke a delegation of a proceeding at any time before a ruling on a substantive issue by the Presiding Officer, or the taking of oral testimony from the first witness, whichever is earlier.
(2) The Director shall issue a written notice of revocation that states briefly the reason for the revocation and specifies whether all or part of the delegation has been revoked. If only part of the delegation has been revoked, the Director shall specify in the notice of revocation the portions of the proceeding for which the delegation has been revoked.
(4) A decision issued by the Director shall reflect the revocation of delegation, and a copy of the revocation notice shall be included as part of the record.
(f) Withdrawal of Delegation with Consent of Parties. The Director may withdraw all or part of a delegation of a case as to a respondent at any time with the consent of that respondent and the Unit.
(a) Notice of disqualification. At any time a hearing officer Presiding Officer believes himself or herself to be disqualified from considering a matter, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall issue a notice stating that he or she is withdrawing from the matter and setting forth the reasons therefor.
(b) Motion for Withdrawal. Any party who has a reasonable, good faith basis to believe that a hearing officer Presiding Officer has a personal bias, or is otherwise disqualified from hearing a case proceeding, may make a motion to the hearing officer Presiding Officer that the hearing officer Presiding Officer withdraw. The motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit setting forth in detail the facts alleged to constitute grounds for disqualification. If the hearing officer Presiding Officer finds himself or herself not disqualified, he or she shall so rule and shall continue to preside over the proceeding.
(a) No party, or counsel to or representative of a party, shall make or knowingly cause to be made an ex parte communication relevant to the merits of a proceeding to the administrative hearing officer with respect to that proceeding, nor, subsequent to the filing of a proposed decision by the administrative hearing officer, shall any party, or counsel to or representative of a party, make or knowingly cause to be made an ex parte communication relevant to the merits of the proceeding to the Commissioner Presiding Officer with respect to that proceeding.
(b) No administrative hearing officer Presiding Officer with respect to a proceeding shall make or knowingly cause to be made to a party, or counsel to or representative of a party, an ex parte communication relevant to the merits of that proceeding, nor, subsequent to the filing of a proposed decision by the administrative hearing officer, shall the Commissioner make or knowingly cause to be made to a party, or counsel to or representative of a party, an ex parte communication relevant to the merits of the proceeding.
206 Orders and Decisions of Administrative Hearing Presiding Officer
(a) Availability for inspection. Each order, decision, and proposed decision of a hearing officer Presiding Officer shall be available for inspection by the public from the date of entry, unless the order or decision is nonpublic. A nonpublic order or decision shall be available for inspection by any person entitled to inspect it from the date of entry.
(b) Date of entry of orders. The date of entry of an order shall be the date the order is signed. Such date shall be reflected in the order.
(a) Generally. Unless made during a hearing or conference, a motion shall be in writing, shall state with particularity the grounds therefor, shall set forth the relief or order sought, and shall be accompanied by a written brief of the points and authorities relied upon. All written motions shall be served in accordance with Rule 210, be filed in accordance with Rule 211, meet the requirements of Rule 212, and be signed in accordance with Rule 213. The Commissioner (or hearing officer, if the proceeding has been delegated to one) Presiding Officer may order that an oral motion be submitted in writing. Unless otherwise ordered by the Commissioner (or designated hearing officer) Presiding Officer, if a motion is properly made, the proceeding shall continue pending the determination of the motion. No oral argument shall be heard on any motion unless the Commissioner (or designated hearing officer) Presiding Officer otherwise directs.
(b) Opposing and reply briefs. Briefs in opposition to a motion shall be served and filed within ten days after service of the motion. Reply briefs shall be served and filed within three days after service of the opposition.
(c) Length limitation. A brief in support of or opposition to a motion shall not exceed ten pages, exclusive of pages containing any table of contents, table of authorities, and/or addendum. Requests for leave to file briefs in excess of ten pages are disfavored.
(d) Interim orders. The Presiding Officer shall rule on motions and make such other interim orders as are necessary and appropriate.
(a) When required. In every administrative proceeding, each paper, including each notice of appearance, written motion, brief, or other written communication, shall be served upon each party in the proceeding in accordance with the provisions of this section; provided, however, that absent an order to the contrary, no service shall be required for motions which may be heard ex parte.
(b) Upon a person represented by counsel. Whenever service is required to be made upon a person represented by counsel who has filed a notice of appearance pursuant to §201, service shall be made pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section upon counsel at the address listed on the notice of appearance filed pursuant to Rule 201, unless service upon the person represented is ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(c) How made. Service shall be made by delivering a copy of the filing. Delivery means:
(4) Transmitting the papers by e-mail or facsimile machine where the following conditions are met:
(A) The persons serving each other by e-mail or facsimile transmission have agreed to do so in a writing, signed by each party, which specifies such terms as they deem necessary with respect to facsimile machine telephone numbers to be used, hours of facsimile machine operation, the provision of non-facsimile original or copy, and any other such matters; and
(B) Receipt of each document served by e-mail or facsimile is confirmed by a manually signed receipt delivered by facsimile machine or other means agreed to by the parties.
(d) When service is complete. Personal service, service by U.S. Postal Express Mail or service by commercial courier or express delivery service is complete upon delivery. Service by mail is complete upon mailing. Service by e-mail or facsimile is complete upon confirmation of transmission by delivery of a manually signed receipt or other agreed-to method of confirmation.
(e) "Long-arm" service of process to initiate a proceeding. Any service of process that would be effective to create personal jurisdiction in the Superior Court under Section 3104 of Title 10 of the Delaware Code shall be effective to create personal jurisdiction in the Department of Justice administrative forum under these Rules.
211 Filing of Papers Wwith the Commissioner Director: Procedures
(a) When to file. All papers required to be served by a party upon any person shall be filed with the Commissioner Director at the time of service or promptly thereafter. Papers required to be filed with the Commissioner Director must be received within the time limit, if any, for such filings.
(b) Where to file. Filing of papers with the Commissioner Director shall be made by filing the original papers with the Commissioner Director and (unless the Director is the Presiding Officer) one (1) copy with the hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(c) To whom to direct the filing. All motions, objections, applications or other filings made during a proceeding shall be directed to and decided by the hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(d) Certificate of service. Papers filed with the Commissioner Director and the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall be accompanied by a certificate stating the name of the person or persons served, the date of service, the method of service and the mailing address, e-mail, or facsimile telephone number to which service was made, if not made in person.
(a) Specifications. Papers filed in connection with any administrative proceeding shall:
(2) Be typewritten or printed in either ten or twelve-point typeface or otherwise reproduced by a process that produces permanent and plainly legible copies;
(b) Signature required. All papers must be dated and signed as provided in §Rule 213.
(c) Suitability for recordkeeping. Documents which, in the opinion of the Commissioner Director, are not suitable for computer scanning or microfilming may be rejected.
(d) Form of briefs. All briefs containing more than ten pages shall include a table of contents, an alphabetized table of cases, a table of statutes, and a table of other authorities cited, with references to the pages of the brief wherein they are cited.
(e) Scandalous or impertinent matter. Any scandalous or impertinent matter contained in any brief or pleading or in connection with any oral presentation in a proceeding may be stricken on order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(a) General requirements. Every filing of a party represented by counsel shall be signed by Delaware Counsel of record in his or her name and shall state that counsel's business address, e-mail address, and telephone number. A party who acts as his or her own counsel shall sign his or her individual name and state his or her address, e-mail address, and telephone number on every filing.
(b) Effect of signature.
(2) If a filing is not signed, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall strike the filing, unless it is signed promptly after the omission is called to the attention of the person making the filing.
(a) Computation. In computing any period of time prescribed in or allowed by these Rules of Practice or by order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer, the day of the act, event or default from which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period so computed shall be included unless it is a Saturday, Sunday or State legal holiday (as defined in §7.0), in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or State legal holiday. Intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and State legal holidays shall be excluded from the computation when the period of time prescribed or allowed is seven days or less, not including any additional time allowed for service by mail in paragraph (16.2b) of this section. If on the day a filing is to be made, weather or other conditions have caused the designated filing location to close, the filing deadline shall be extended to the end of the next day that is neither a Saturday, Sunday nor State legal holiday.
(b) Additional time for service by mail. If service is made by mail, three days shall be added to the prescribed period for response.
If the Securities Division Unit believes that any person is violating or has violated any provision of the Act or any rule, order, or regulation condition lawfully imposed thereunder, it may issue a complaint as set forth in Rule 221. The complaint shall be served on each party as provided in Rule 210 and filed at the time of service with the Securities Commissioner Director pursuant to Rule 211. The service and filing of the complaint constitutes the commencement of the administrative proceeding. Upon As set forth in Rule 225A, upon the filing of a complaint, the Commissioner Director shall give notice to the Attorney General (or his or her designee) that the complaint has been filed and request that the Attorney General (or his or her designee) appoint a hearing officer to hear the matter Presiding Officer to hear the matter, unless the Director decides to act as the Presiding Officer in the proceeding or the Unit’s complaint has requested that the Director act as the Presiding Officer in the proceeding.
Each complaint shall be in writing and signed by a Deputy Attorney General. The complaint shall specify in reasonable detail the conduct alleged to constitute the violative activity and the statutory provision, rule, order or regulation other condition the respondent is alleged to be violating or to have violated. If the complaint consists of several causes of action, each cause shall be stated separately.
(ba) At any time prior to the filing of a responsive pleading or the commencement of a hearing (whichever is earlier), the Securities Division Unit may amend a complaint to include new matters of fact or law. After the filing of a responsive pleading or the commencement of a hearing, upon motion by the Unit, the Presiding Officer may permit amendment of a complaint to include new matters of fact or law.
(b) At any time prior to the filing of a responsive pleading or the commencement of a hearing (whichever is earlier), the Unit may withdraw its complaint. Such withdrawal shall be without prejudice to refiling, and the Securities Division Unit shall be permitted to file a complaint based on allegations concerning the same facts and circumstances that are set forth in the withdrawn complaint. The Securities Division Unit may withdraw its complaint after the filing of a responsive pleading or commencement of a hearing; however, upon motion of the respondent, the hearing officer Presiding Officer, after considering the facts and circumstances of the withdrawal, shall determine whether the withdrawal shall be with prejudice.
(a) Form, service, notice. Each respondent named in a complaint shall answer and serve an answer to the complaint on the Securities Division Unit all other parties, and any designated hearing officer the Presiding Officer within 25 days after service of the complaint on such respondent pursuant to Rule 210 and at the time of service file such answer with the hearing officer Director pursuant to Sections Rules 211, 212 and 213. The hearing officer (or where no hearing officer has been appointed, the Commissioner) Presiding Officer may extend such period for good cause.
(b) Content, affirmative defenses. Unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer, an answer shall specifically admit, deny, or state that the respondent does not have and is unable to obtain sufficient information to admit or deny each allegation in the complaint. When a respondent intends to deny only part of an allegation, the respondent shall specify so much of it as is admitted and deny only the remainder. A statement of lack of information shall be deemed a denial. Any allegation not denied shall be deemed admitted. Any affirmative defense shall be asserted in the answer.
(c) Amendments to Answer. Upon motion by a respondent, the hearing officer Presiding Officer may permit an answer to be amended.
(d) Extension of Time to Answer Amended Complaint. If a complaint is amended pursuant to Rule 222, the time for filing an answer or amended answer shall be extended to 10 days after service of the amended complaint. If any respondent has already filed an answer, such respondent shall have 15 days after service of the amended complaint, unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer, within which to file an amended answer.
(e) Failure to Answer, Default.
(1) If the respondent does not file an answer within the time required, the administrative hearing officer Presiding Officer shall send a second notice to such respondent requiring an answer within 10 days after service of the second notice, or within such longer period as the hearing officer Presiding Officer in his or her discretion may order. The second notice shall state that failure of the respondent to reply within the period specified shall allow the hearing officer Presiding Officer, in the exercise of his or her discretion, to:
(B) propose to the Commissioner the entry of enter a default decision against the respondent.
(2) If no answer is filed with the Commissioner within the time required by the second notice, the hearing officer may treat as admitted by the respondent the allegations in the complaint and propose to the Commissioner the entry of a default decision against the respondent.
(3) If no answer is filed with the Commissioner and the Commissioner receives a proposal from the hearing officer pursuant to subsection (e)(2) above, the Commissioner Presiding Officer may treat as admitted by the respondent the allegations in the complaint and enter a default decision against the respondent.
(a) Securities Division Investor Protection Unit Request for Hearing. With the filing of its complaint or at any time later, the Securities Division Unit may request a hearing. The Securities Division Unit may request that the hearing be convened within a specified time after the filing of the complaint, but in no event shall that hearing be required to be held earlier than 30 days after service and filing of the complaint other than in summary proceedings under the Act.
(b) Respondent Request for Hearing. With the filing of respondent's answer such respondent may request a hearing. If a respondent requests a hearing, a hearing shall be granted. A respondent who fails to request a hearing with the filing of his or her answer waives the right to a hearing unless the hearing officer Presiding Officer grants, for good cause shown, a later filed motion by such respondent requesting a hearing.
(c) Hearing Presiding Officer Order Requiring Hearing. Any complaint may be set down for a hearing upon order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer. The hearing officer Presiding Officer may set a complaint for hearing in the absence of a request for hearing by any party.
(d) Notice of Hearing. The hearing officer Presiding Officer shall issue a notice stating the date, time and place of the hearing, and shall serve such notice on the parties at least 28 days before the hearing, unless (1) in the discretion of the hearing officer Presiding Officer, he or she determines that extraordinary circumstances require a shorter notice period;, or (2) the parties waive the notice period.
(a) Purpose of conferences. The purpose of prehearing conferences include, but are not limited to:
(b) Procedure. On his or her own motion or at the request of a party, the hearing officer Presiding Officer may, in his or her discretion, direct counsel or any party to meet for an initial, final or other prehearing conference. Such conferences may be held with or without the hearing officer Presiding Officer present as the hearing officer Presiding Officer deems appropriate. Where such a conference is held outside the presence of the hearing officer Presiding Officer, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall be advised promptly by the parties of any agreements reached. Such conferences also may be held with one or more persons participating by telephone or other remote means.
(c) Subjects to be discussed. At a prehearing conference consideration may be given and action taken with respect to any and all of the following:
(11) disclosure of anticipated evidence by the parties as set forth in Rule 228 and production of witness statements as set forth in Rule 229 at the hearing; and
(d) Prehearing orders. At or following the conclusion of any conference held pursuant to this section, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall enter a ruling or order which recites the agreements reached and any procedural determinations made by the hearing officer Presiding Officer.
(e) Failure to appear: default. Any person who is named as a respondent in a complaint and who fails to appear, in person or through a representative, at a prehearing conference of which he or she has been duly notified may be deemed in default pursuant to Rule 2352(a). A party may make a motion to set aside a default pursuant to Rule 2352(b).
(f) Pre-hearing submissions. In connection with the pre-hearing conference, the Presiding Officer, on his or her own motion or at the request of a party, may order any party to furnish such information as deemed appropriate.
(a) After a respondent's answer has been filed and documents have been made available to that respondent for inspection and copying pursuant to Rule 228, the respondent or the Division Unit may make a motion for summary disposition of any or all allegations of the complaint with respect to that respondent. Any motion for summary disposition on the pleadings shall be filed within 30 days after the filing of the respondent's answer unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer. Notwithstanding the provisions of Rule 207, unless otherwise ordered by the Presiding Officer, any opposition or response to a motion for summary disposition shall be filed within 14 days after service of the motion. Reply Unless otherwise ordered by the Presiding Officer, reply briefs shall be filed within five days after service of the opposition or response.
(c) Unless the hearing officer Presiding Officer decides to defer decision on the motion, he or she shall promptly file with the Commissioner and serve on the parties a proposed opinion and order (with supporting rationale) regarding the motion for summary disposition. Upon receipt of the hearing officers proposed opinion and order, the Commissioner may grant the motion for summary disposition if, considering the facts in a light most favorable to the nonmoving party, there is no material issue of fact and the moving party is entitled to a summary disposition as a matter of law. Otherwise, the Commissioner Presiding Officer shall deny or defer the motion.
Hearings for the purpose of taking evidence shall be held upon order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer. All hearings shall be conducted in a fair, impartial, expeditious and orderly manner.
All hearings, except hearings on ex parte applications for a summary order under the Act, shall be public unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer on his or her own motion or the motion of a party. No hearing shall be nonpublic where all respondents request that the hearing be made public.
(a) Unless otherwise ordered by the hearing officer Presiding Officer, no later than three 20 days prior to the date of the hearing each party the Unit shall submit to all other parties each respondent and to the hearing officer Presiding Officer copies of all documentary evidence and the names of the witnesses each party the Unit intends to present in its case-in-chief at the hearing. Unless otherwise ordered, no later than 10 days prior to the date of the hearing each respondent shall submit to the Unit and to the Presiding Officer all documentary evidence and the names of the witnesses the respondent intends to present at the hearing. If a party intends to use the testimony of an expert witness, that party shall include as part of its documentary production a curriculum vitae or statement of the expert's qualifications and a written summary of the expert’s opinions on the topic of the intended testimony.
The hearing officer Presiding Officer shall receive relevant evidence and may exclude all evidence that is irrelevant, immaterial or unduly repetitious.
(a) Objections. Objections to the admission or exclusion of evidence must be made on the record and shall be in short form, stating the grounds relied upon. Exceptions to any ruling thereon by the hearing officer Presiding Officer need not be noted at the time of the ruling. Such exceptions will be deemed waived on appeal to the Court of Chancery, however, unless raised in a proposed finding or conclusion filed pursuant to Rule 248.
(b) Offers of proof. Whenever evidence is excluded from the record, the party offering such evidence may make an offer of proof, which shall be included in the record. Excluded material shall be retained pursuant to Rule 249.
The hearing officer Presiding Officer may make reference to and be guided by the Delaware Uniform Rules of Evidence in receiving relevant evidence under Rule 245 and ruling on objections under Rule 246. Notwithstanding those rules, the hearing officer Presiding Officer may admit any evidence that reasonable and prudent individuals would commonly accept in the conduct of their affairs, and give probative effect to that evidence. Evidence may not be excluded solely on the ground that it is hearsay.
(a) At the discretion of the hearing officer Presiding Officer, the parties may be ordered to file proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law, or post-hearing briefs, or both. The hearing officer Presiding Officer may order that such proposed findings and conclusions be filed together with, or as part of, post-hearing briefs.
(c) In any case in which the hearing officer Presiding Officer has ordered the filing of proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law, or post-hearing briefs, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall, after consultation with the parties, prescribe the period within which proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law or post-hearing briefs are to be filed. Such period shall be reasonable under all the circumstances but the total period allowed for the filing of post-hearing submissions shall not exceed 60 days after the conclusion of the hearing unless the hearing officer Presiding Officer, for good cause shown, permits a different period and sets forth in an order the reasons why a longer period is necessary.
(d) Unless the hearing officer Presiding Officer orders otherwise, each post-hearing submission shall not exceed 25 pages, exclusive of cover sheets, tables of contents and tables of authorities.
(a) Contents of the record. The record shall consist of:
(4) With respect to a request to disqualify a hearing officer Presiding Officer or to allow the hearing officer’s Presiding Officer’s withdrawal under Rule 204, each affidavit or transcript of testimony taken and the decision made in connection with the request;
(6) Each written order issued by the hearing officer Presiding Officer; and
(b) Retention of documents not admitted. Any document offered in evidence but excluded, and any document marked for identification but not offered as an exhibit, shall not be considered a part of the record but shall be retained until the later of the date upon which an order ending the proceeding becomes final, or the conclusion of any judicial review of the Commissioner's Director’s or Presiding Officer’s order.
(c) Substitution of copies. A true copy of a document may be substituted for any document in the record or any document retained pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section.
Upon motion filed within ten days of the conclusion of the hearing, any party may seek leave from the hearing officer Presiding Officer to supplement the record with additional relevant material evidence. Where the party shows to the satisfaction of the hearing officer Presiding Officer that there were reasonable grounds for failure to adduce the evidence in the hearing, the hearing officer Presiding Officer may allow the evidence to be heard in such manner and upon such conditions as the hearing officer Presiding Officer considers proper.
251 Final Decision After a Hearing
(a) The hearing officer may file with the Commissioner a proposed decision (and the Commissioner, upon the receipt of such a filing, Presiding Officer may issue an order) deeming a party to be in default and determining the proceeding against that party upon consideration of the record, including the complaint, the allegations of which may be deemed to be true, without the requirement of findings of fact and law, if that party fails:
(b) A motion to set aside a default may be filed with the Commissioner Director within a reasonable time and shall state the reasons for the failure to appear or defend, and shall specify the nature of the proposed defense in the proceeding. In order to prevent injustice and on such conditions as may be appropriate, the Commissioner Director may for good cause shown set aside a default.
If a party, counsel to a party or witness engages in conduct in violation of an order of the hearing officer Presiding Officer, or other contemptuous conduct during an administrative proceeding, the hearing officer Presiding Officer may impose sanctions therefor, including the issuance of an order: (i) excluding the party and/or his or her counsel from any further participation in the proceeding; (ii) striking pleadings or evidence from the record; (iii) providing that certain facts shall be taken to be established for purposes of the proceeding; or (iv) providing for such other relief as is just and equitable under the circumstances.
Except as provided in subsection (i) of this Rule, the Securities Division may make application for, and the Commissioner may issue, a summary order postponing or suspending the effectiveness of any registration statement, if may be issued, either on the initiative of the Director or upon application of the Unit, whenever such an order is in the public interest and any of the following criteria are met:
(g) The applicant or registrant has failed to pay the proper filing fee; but the hearing officer Director or Presiding Officer shall vacate any such order when the deficiency has been corrected;
The Securities Division A summary order may make be issued, either on the initiative of the Director or upon application for, and the Commissioner may issue, a summary order of the Unit, denying or revoking any exemption claimed under Sections 73-207(a)(9), (a)(11), or (b)(1)-(13) of the Act, whenever it appears that such exemption is inapplicable, either generally or with respect to a specific security or transaction.
The Securities Division A summary order may make be issued, either on the initiative of the Director or upon application for, and the Commissioner may issue, a summary order of the Unit, postponing or suspending the registration of a broker-dealer, broker-dealer agent, investment adviser or investment adviser representative if such an order is in the public interest and the applicant or registrant or, in the case of a broker-dealer or investment adviser, any partner, officer, director, or any person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or any person directly or indirectly controlling the broker-dealer or investment adviser:
(f) is the subject of an order entered within the past ten years by the securities administrator of any other state or by the Securities and Exchange Commission, a state authority that supervises or examines banks, saving associations, or credit unions, a state insurance commission (or any agency or office performing like functions), the Securities and Exchange Commission, FINRA (or any agency or office performing like function), an appropriate Federal banking agency (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(q))), or the National Credit Union Administration, either ordering the person to cease and desist from engaging in or continuing any conduct or practice involving any aspect of the securities business, or suspending, denying or revoking registration (or similar punitive action) as a broker-dealer, broker-dealer agent, investment adviser or investment adviser representative, or the substantial equivalent of those terms as defined in the Act and these Rules; or is suspended or expelled from or found to have violated a rule of a national securities exchange or national securities association registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. §78a, et seq.) either by action of a national securities exchange or national securities association, the effect of which action has not been stayed by administrative or judicial order; or is the subject of a United States post office fraud order; or is subject to a final order based on violations of any laws or regulations that prohibit fraudulent, manipulative, or deceptive conduct; or
(h) is insolvent, either in the sense that his the person’s liabilities exceed his the person’s assets or in the sense that he the person cannot meet his the person’s obligations as they mature; or
(j) has failed reasonably to supervise (1) his the person’s agents or employees, if he the person is a broker-dealer or broker-dealer agent with supervisory responsibilities, or (2) his the person’s adviser representatives or employees if he the person is an investment adviser or investment adviser representative with supervisory responsibilities, and such failure may be inferred from an agent's, investment adviser representative's, or employee's violations;
(k) has failed to pay the proper filing fee, but the hearing officer Presiding Officer or Director shall vacate any denial or suspension order when the deficiency has been corrected; or
(l) has violated or failed to comply with any lawful order issued by the Commissioner Director or by a hearing officer Presiding Officer acting pursuant to delegated authority under Rules 202 and/or 225A; or
Whenever it appears that a person has violated the Act by failing to register or engaging in fraud or other prohibited conduct, the Commissioner Director may summarily issue a cease and desist order against that person under Section 73-601(c) of the Act.
(a) Procedure. A summary order may be issued sua sponte by either on the Commissioner or by request initiative of the Division. A request for entry of a summary order shall be made by Director or upon application of the Unit to the Commissioner Director in the form of an administrative complaint filed by the Division Unit.
(b) Information required with application. Where the Unit has requested the issuance of a summary order upon application to the Director, Tthe administrative complaint shall: set forth a statement of the facts upon which the application is based, together with supporting documentation; cite to the relevant statutory provision or rule that each respondent is alleged to have violated; and state the summary relief sought against each respondent. The application shall include a proposed order imposing the summary relief sought and notifying respondent of his the right to a hearing as provided in Rule 265.
(c) Record of proceedings. A record from which a verbatim transcript can be prepared shall be made of all hearings, including ex parte presentations made by the Division Unit.
(a) Notice. Any person who is the subject of a summary order shall promptly be given notice of that order and of the reasons therefor. Notice shall be given by means reasonably calculated to give actual notice of issuance of the order, including telephone notification and service of the order pursuant to Rule 210. Such notice shall include notification that the subject of the order may request a hearing and that if such a request is made in writing the hearing shall be scheduled within 15 days from the date the written request is received.
(b) Request for hearing. Any person who is the subject of a summary order may request a hearing before an administrative hearing officer a Presiding Officer on an application to set aside, limit or suspend the summary order. The request for hearing is to be filed with the Commissioner Director and served on the Division Unit within 25 days of service of the notice of the order. If a hearing is requested, the Commissioner shall forthwith provide notice of the request to the Attorney General (or his or her designee). Upon receipt of a notice from the Commissioner that a party has requested a hearing, the Attorney General (or his or her designee) shall issue an Order delegating the responsibility for conducting the hearing to a hearing officer selected by the Attorney General (or his or her designee) from the Register of Administrative Hearing Officers. The Order shall grant to the hearing officer all powers that are reasonably necessary to adjudicate the matter before him or her, provided, however, that the hearing officers powers shall not include any power that these rules and regulations specifically limit to the Attorney General or the Commissioner a Presiding Officer will be selected in accordance with the procedures set forth in Rule 225A.
(c) Procedure at hearing. The procedure at a hearing on a summary order shall be determined by the hearing officer Presiding Officer, with the understanding that each party shall be entitled to be heard in person or through counsel. The hearing officer Presiding Officer shall rule on the admissibility of evidence and other matters, including, but not limited to: whether oral testimony will be heard; the time allowed each party for the submission of evidence or argument; and whether post-hearing submission of briefs and/or proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law will be permitted and if so, the procedures for submissions.
(d) Final Decision After Hearing - Delegated Powers. In any hearing on a summary order in which the delegation to the Presiding Officer to issue an order under Rule 202(a) has not been revoked:
(1) After hearing evidence pursuant to subsection (c) of this Rule, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall, within fifteen (15) days of the hearing, issue a final written decision, which shall be filed with the Director and served upon the parties, containing:
(e) Final Decision After Hearing – Revoked Powers. In any hearing on a summary order in which the delegation to the Presiding Officer to issue an order under Rule 202(a) has been revoked:
(1) After hearing evidence pursuant to subsection (c) of this Rule, the Presiding Officer shall, within fifteen days of the hearing, file with the Commissioner Director and serve upon the parties a proposed decision containing the following matter arranged in the following order:
(2) Upon the filing of his or her proposed decision, the hearing officer Presiding Officer shall certify the administrative record and submit the record to the Commissioner Director, who shall, at that time, have exclusive jurisdiction over the proceeding.
(3) Upon receipt of the record and the hearing officer’s Presiding Officer’s proposed decision, the Commissioner Director shall forthwith give notice to the parties of receipt of the record and proposed decision and afford the parties, including the Securities Division Unit, the opportunity to submit, within ten (10) days of the Commissioner’s Director’s receipt of the record and proposed decision, exceptions to the proposed decision.
(4) After review of the record, the hearing officer’s Presiding Officer’s proposed decision, and the parties’ exceptions (if any), the Commissioner Director shall, no later than forty five (45) days from the end of the hearing, issue a final decision in the matter.
(ef) Duration. Unless set aside, limited or suspended, either by the Commissioner Director or a court of competent jurisdiction, a summary order shall remain in effect until the completion of the proceedings on whether a permanent order shall be entered or, if no such proceedings occur, until otherwise modified or vacated by the Commissioner Director.
If any person who is the subject of a cease and desist order, or any agent or employee of such person, subsequent to the issuance of the order engages in the prohibited conduct, the Commissioner Director may certify the facts and apply for a contempt order to any Judge of the Superior Court, who shall upon such application hear the evidence as to the acts complained of. If the evidence warrants, the Judge shall punish such person, in the same manner and to the same extent as for a contempt committed before the Superior Court, or shall commit such person upon the same conditions as if the doing of the forbidden act had occurred with reference to the process of, or in the presence of, the Superior Court.
Any person aggrieved by an order of the Commissioner Director or the Presiding Officer, as the case may be, may obtain a review of the order in the Court of Chancery. Upon review, the Court of Chancery has the authority to determine questions of law de novo. The factual findings of the Commissioner Director or the Presiding Officer, as the case may be, if supported by material and substantial evidence, shall be conclusive on the Court of Chancery. The filing of a complaint seeking review does not operate as a stay of the Commissioner’s order Director’s or the Presiding Officer’s order, as the case may be, unless specifically ordered by the Court.
A party seeking review must file a written complaint with the Court of Chancery within 60 days of entry of the Commissioner’s Director’s or the Presiding Officer’s order, as the case may be. The complaint shall be served forthwith served on the Commissioner Director (unless it is filed by the Director) and the other parties to the administrative proceeding. The party seeking review must pay the costs of transcribing the record. Upon completion of the record transcription, the Commissioner Director shall certify and file with the Court of Chancery: a copy of the record transcription; all evidence upon which the order was entered; and any documents or other proffered evidence retained pursuant to Rule 249(b) relevant to the complaint (together, the “Administrative Record”). If the Administrative Record is not filed with the Chancery Court within 20 days of the filing of the complaint, the Commissioner Director shall notify the Court and receive additional time in which to file and certify the record. A continued failure by the party seeking review to pay the costs of transcription shall result in dismissal of the complaint without any need for the Commissioner Director to file the record in Court.
The Rules of this part Part C (Rule 300 through Rule 307) apply only to investigations conducted by the Securities Division Unit. They do not apply to administrative proceedings under the Act.
(a) The Commissioner Director may in his or her discretion make such public or private investigations within or outside the State as he or she deems necessary to determine whether any person has violated, is violating, or is about to violate any provision of the Act or the Rules or regulations thereunder or otherwise to aid in the enforcement of the Act. Where, from complaints received from members of the public, communications from Federal or State agencies, examination of filings made with the Division Unit, or otherwise, it appears that there may be violations of the Act or the Rules or regulations thereunder, a preliminary investigation is generally made. Unless otherwise ordered by the Division Unit, all investigations are non-public and the reports thereon are for Division the Unit’s use only.
(b) After investigation or otherwise, the Division Unit may in its discretion take one or more of the following actions: Institution initiation of administrative proceedings looking to the imposition of remedial sanctions, initiation of injunctive proceedings in the courts, and, in the case of a willful violation, criminal prosecution. The Division Unit may also, in an appropriate case, refer the matter to, or grant requests for access to its files made by, domestic and foreign governmental authorities or foreign securities authorities, self-regulatory organizations (such as stock exchanges or the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc.), and other persons or entities.
(a) Information or documents obtained by the Division Unit in the course of any investigation or examination, unless made a matter of public record, shall be deemed non-public.
(b) The Commissioner Director may in his or her discretion and upon a showing that such information is needed, provide nonpublic information in his the Unit’s possession to any of the following persons if the person receiving such nonpublic information provides such assurances of confidentiality as the Commissioner Director deems appropriate:
(2) A self-regulatory organization as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. §78, et seq.) (the "Exchange Act"), or any similar organization empowered with self-regulatory responsibilities under the federal securities laws (as defined in Section 3(a)(47) of the Exchange Act), the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1, et seq.) or any substantially equivalent foreign statute or regulation;
(c) Nothing contained in this section Rule shall affect:
(1) The Commissioner's Director’s authority or discretion to provide or refuse to provide access to, or copies of, nonpublic information in the Division's Unit’s possession in accordance with such other authority or discretion as the Commissioner Director possesses by statute, or rule or regulation; or
(2) The Commissioner's Director’s responsibilities under the Freedom of Information Act, 29 Del.C. §10001 et seq.
(a) Any person compelled to appear, or who appears by request or permission of the Division Unit, in person in any investigative proceeding may be accompanied, represented and advised by counsel, provided, however, that all witnesses shall be sequestered, and unless permitted in the discretion of the Division Unit, no witness or counsel accompanying any such witness shall be permitted to be present during the examination of any other witness called in such proceeding.
(b) The right to be accompanied, represented and advised by counsel shall mean the right of a person testifying to have an attorney present with him during any investigative proceeding and to have this attorney (1) advise such person before, during and after the conclusion of such examination, (2) question such person briefly at the conclusion of the examination to clarify any of the answers such person has given, and (3) make summary notes during such examination solely for the use of such person.
(a) For the purpose of any investigation or proceeding under the Act, the Commissioner Director, any Deputy Attorney General in the Unit, or any officer designated by him the Director may administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of any books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, agreements, or other documents or records which the Commissioner Director deems relevant or material to the inquiry. The Commissioner’s Director’s authority to subpoena witnesses and documents outside the State shall exist to the maximum extent permissible under federal constitutional law.
(b) Subpoenas may be issued to any person (provided, however, that no subpoena shall issue, except upon request by the Division Unit, to any complaining witness) and may require that person, among other things, to:
(c) Content of subpoena. A subpoena shall:
(7) Identify a member of the Securities Division Unit who may be contacted in reference to the subpoena.
(d) Subpoenas to corporations and other entities.
(e) Service of subpoena.
(f) Effect of other proceedings. The pendency or beginning of administrative or judicial proceedings against a person by the Commissioner Unit does not relieve the person of his or her obligation to respond to a subpoena issued under this regulation Rule.
(g) Refusal to testify or produce documents.
(1) No person is excused from attending and testifying or from producing any document or record before the Commissioner Director, or in obedience to the subpoena of the Commissioner Director or any officer designated by him the Director or in any proceeding instituted by the Commissioner Director, on the ground that the testimony or evidence (documentary or otherwise) required of him may tend to incriminate him the person or subject him the person to penalty or forfeiture; but no individual may be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which he or she is compelled, after claiming his or her privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or produce evidence (documentary or otherwise), except that the individual testifying is not exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury or contempt committed in testifying.
(2) In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any person registered under Section 73-3042 the Act, the Commissioner Director may suspend or revoke that registrant's license pursuant to the provisions of Section 731673-304 of the Act.
(h) Petition to modify or quash subpoena.
(1) A person served with a subpoena under this regulation Rule may request that the subpoena be modified or quashed.
(2) A petition to modify or quash a subpoena issued under this regulation Rule shall be filed with the administrative hearing officer Director or, if one has been appointed, the Presiding Officer, within ten days of service of the subpoena or by the date specified for compliance with the subpoena, whichever is earlier. The petition shall set forth good cause why the subpoena should be modified or quashed.
(i) Application to Court of Chancery upon refusal to obey subpoena. In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any person, the Court of Chancery, upon application by the Commissioner Director, may issue to the person an order requiring him such person to appear before the Court of Chancery or the officer designated by him the Director, there to produce documentary evidence if so ordered or to give evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. Failure to obey the order of the Court may be punished by the Court as a contempt of court.
(c) Obligation to supplement responses.If a person has responded to a subpoena under this regulation Rule and later discovers or obtains additional documents or things responsive to the subpoena, the person shall supplement the response as soon as reasonably possible.
(a) Persons who become involved in an investigation may, on their own initiative, submit a written statement to the Commissioner Director setting forth their interests and position in regard to the subject matter of the investigation. Upon request, the Division Unit, in its discretion, may advise such persons of the general nature of the investigation, including the indicated violations as they pertain to them, and the amount of time that may be available for preparing and submitting a statement prior to the presentation of a Division Unit recommendation to the Commissioner Director for the commencement of an administrative or injunction proceeding. Submissions by interested persons should be forwarded to the Securities Commissioner Director with a copy to the Unit’s staff members conducting the investigation and should be clearly referenced to the specific investigation to which they relate. In the event a recommendation for the commencement of an enforcement proceeding is presented by the Division Unit, any submissions by interested persons will be considered prior to commencement of any proceeding.
(b) Regardless of any voluntary written submission provided under Rule 307(a), the Commissioner Director may require any person to file a statement in writing, under oath or otherwise as the Commissioner Director determines, as to any or all of the facts and circumstances concerning the matter under investigation.
(2) An irrevocable consent appointing the Securities Commissioner Investor Protection Director agent for service of process, executed by the issuer on Form U-2, Uniform Consent to Service of Process;
(1) All documents and information required by (db) above have been filed with the Division Unit;
(3) The registration statement has been on file with the Division Unit for at least ten days; and
(2) An irrevocable consent appointing the Securities Commissioner Investor Protection Director agent for the service of process, executed by the issuer on Form U-2, Uniform Consent to Service of Process;
(b) Unless otherwise ordered by the Commissioner Director, the prospectus which is sent or given to each person to whom an offer is made shall contain all the information contained in the registration statement filed with the Division Unit under subsection (a) of this Rule. The prospectus shall be written in plain English and presented in a format that is clear and easy to understand, with appropriate headings and subheadings.
(c) An application for registration by qualification shall become effective in Delaware when so ordered by the Securities Commissioner Director provided no order has been issued pursuant to Section 73-206 of the Act.
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) hereof, no investment company that is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or that has currently filed a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933 is required to file with the Commissioner Director, either prior to the initial offer or after the initial offer in this state of a security which is a covered security under Section 18(b)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, a copy of any document which is part of a federal registration statement filed with the SEC or is part of an amendment to such federal registration statement; provided, however, that if an investment company does not file with the Commissioner Director a copy of its federal registration statement and any amendments thereto, together with a consent to service of process and the fees provided herein, such investment company shall, prior to the initial offer of such a covered security, file with the Commissioner Director a Form NF for such security, together with a consent to service of process signed by the issuer and a filing fee equal to one half of one percent of the maximum aggregate offering price of securities to be offered in Delaware in the initial offering, but not less than $200.00 or more than $1,000.00. An issuer that indicates on the Form NF that it is offering an "indefinite" amount of shares in Delaware shall pay a filing fee of $1,000.00.
(b) An investment company that is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or that has filed a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933 shall file, upon written request of the Commissioner Director and within the time period set forth in the request, a copy of any document identified in the request that is part of the federal registration statement filed with the SEC or part of an amendment of such federal registration statement.
(d) The initial filing of a Form NF by an investment company pursuant to paragraph (a) hereof is effective for one year commencing upon the later of receipt by the Commissioner Director of the Form NF and fees or the effectiveness of the offering with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The investment company must renew its notice filing (or notice filings, where multiple filings were made for multiple series or portfolios) annually by filing with the Commissioner Director prior to the expiration of a current notice filing, either a copy of the issuer's registration statement or a Form NF and a filing fee in accordance with paragraph (a) hereof. A notice filing renewed pursuant to this subsection shall take effect upon the expiration of the notice filing being renewed.
(c) The fee for notice filings for covered securities under Section 18(b)(4)(E) of the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Section 73-208(b) of the Act and Rule 406 shall be one half of one percent of the maximum aggregate offering price of securities to be offered in Delaware during the initial registration period, but not less than $200.00 or more than $1,000.00.
(d) All filing fees are due at the time of the initial application. No application fee is refundable even though an application may be withdrawn or denied.
Any prospectus, pamphlet, circular, form letter, advertisement, or other sales literature or advertising communication addressed or intended for distribution to prospective investors, including clients or prospective clients of an investment adviser, must be filed with the Securities Commissioner Director unless the security or transaction is exempted by Section 73-207 of the Act or the security is a federal covered security under Section 73-208 of the Act.
(a) An issuer offering a security that is a covered security under Section 18(b)(4)(DE) of the Securities Act of 1933 (or as such section may be renumbered), including a security that is being offered under SEC Rule 506, 17 C.F.R. §230.506, shall file with the Commissioner Director a notice on SEC Form D no later than 15 days after the first sale of such covered security in this state, or if an earlier filing is required by the SEC, at such earlier date, if a sale is contemplated in Delaware.
(b) For purposes of this section these Rules, "SEC Form D" is defined as the document adopted by the SEC and in effect on September 1, 1996 (and as may be amended by the SEC from time to time), entitled "FORM D; Notice of Sale of Securities pursuant to Regulation D, Section 4(6), and/or Uniform Limited Offering Exemption", including Part E and the Appendix.
(b) Except as provided otherwise in these Rules and Regulations Pursuant to the Delaware Securities Act, an offer of securities in the State of Delaware that qualifies for exemption under any limited or private offering exemption in or promulgated pursuant to the U.S. Securities Act of 1933 or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, including Rules 504 and 505 of SEC Regulation D (17 C.F.R. secs. §§230.504 and 230.505), shall be exempt from the requirements of 6 Del.C. secs. Sections 73-202, 73-208 and 73-211 of the Act, so long as the issuer has filed with the Commissioner Director a notice on Form LOE (“Notice of Limited Offering Exemption”) no later than 15 days after the first sale of such security in this state.
(d) Disqualification.
(e) General Announcement.
(i) The issuer must file or cause to be filed with the Commissioner Director a notice of exemption in the form prescribed by the Commissioner Director and a copy of any general announcement, within 15 days after the first sale in this state.
(2) Units consisting of equity securities permitted under subparagraph 73.1.1(1) and warrants to purchase the same equity security being offered in the unit;
(3) Non-convertible debt securities rated in one of the four highest rating categories of Standard and Poor's, Moody's, Dominion Bond Rating Services of Canadian Bond Rating Services or such other a nationally recognized statistical rating organization registered with the Commissioner SEC under Section 15E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. § 78o-7) or such other statistical rating organization the Director by rule or order may designate. For purpose of this subparagraph 73.1.2, the term "non-convertible debt securities" means securities that cannot be converted for at least one year from the date of issuance and then, only into equity shares of the issuer or its parent; or
(a) A communication that is placed on the internet by or on behalf of an issuer that is designed to raise capital and/or to distribute information on securities, products or services and that is directed generally to anyone having access to the internet, whether through postings on "Bulletin Boards," displays on "Home Pages," webpages, the placement of internet advertisements, postings on or through application or social media websites, or otherwise (an "Internet Communication"), shall not constitute an offer within the meaning of Section 73-103(a)(17) of the Act, and shall therefore not be required to be registered under the Act, provided that:
(5) Standard & Poor's S&P Capital IQ Standard Corporation Records Descriptions
(b) The term "manual" for purposes of this rule includes all commonly recognized formats of publications, including CD-ROM electronically stored media and electronic dissemination over the internet.
(b) For purposes of determining a purchaser's total assets or net worth under this section Rule, the issuer and the seller may rely upon the entity's most recent annual balance sheet or other financial statement which shall have been audited by an independent accountant or which shall have been verified by a principal of the purchaser.
(c) The offer or sale of securities is not exempt under Section 73-207(b)(8) of the Act or this Rule if the institutional buyer is in fact acting only as an agent for another purchaser that is not an institutional buyer or financial institution listed in Section 73-207(b)(8) of the Act.
No oral communication with the Securities Division Unit may be relied upon as proving the availability of any exemption or any exclusion from a definition. Such confirmation may only be obtained by a written opinion from the Securities Division Unit. A written opinion may be obtained by submitting the fee set forth in Rule 102 along with a full description of the subject matter, copies of any relevant documents and the identity of the section or sections of the Act or the Rules on which the exemption or exclusion is based.
(b) An applicant shall file its application, together with the fee required by Section 7314 73-302 of the Act, and shall file with the Commissioner Director such other information as the Commissioner Director may reasonably require.
(c) Registration expires at the end of the calendar year. Any broker-dealer may renew its registration by filing with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority's (hereinafter, “FINRA”) Central Registration Depository (herineafter, “CRD”) such information as is required by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA, together with the fee required by the Act.
(d) Except for a broker-dealer that is a sole proprietorship or the substantial equivalent, a broker-dealer registered with the Commissioner Director shall register with the Commissioner Director at least one broker-dealer agent.
(b) An applicant for registration as a broker-dealer agent shall file his or her application, together with the fee required by of the Act, with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority’s FINRA’s CRD and shall file with the Commissioner Director such other information as the Commissioner Director may reasonably require.
(c) Registration expires at the end of the calendar year. Any broker‑dealer may renew its registration by filing with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA, such information as is required by the NASD FINRA, together with the fee required by the Act.
(b) An applicant for registration as an issuer agent shall file his or her application and the fee required by the Act with the Commissioner Director, together with such further information as the Commissioner Director may reasonably require.
(a) Persons registering or registered as broker-dealers, broker-dealer agents or issuer agents are required to keep reasonably current the information set forth in their applications for registration and to notify the Commissioner Director of any material change to any information reported in their application for registration. An applicant or registrant may notify the Commissioner Director of such material change by filing an amendment through the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority’s FINRA’s CRD. All other persons shall notify the Commissioner Director directly.
(b) Failure to keep current the information set forth in an application or to notify the Commissioner Director of any material change to any information reported in the application shall constitute a waiver of any objection to or claim regarding any action taken by the Commissioner Director in reliance on information currently on file with the Commissioner Director.
(b) Each broker-dealer registered or to be registered under the Act shall comply with SEC Rule 17a-11 (17 C.F.R. §240.17a-11) and shall file with the Commissioner Director, upon request, copies of notices and reports required under SEC Rules 17a-5 (17 C.F.R. §240.17a-5), 17a-10 (17 C.F.R. §240.17a-10), and 17a-11 (17 C.F.R. §240.17a-11).
(c) To the extent that the SEC promulgates changes to the above-referenced rules, broker-dealers in compliance with such rules as amended shall not be subject to enforcement action by the Securities Division Unit for violation of this section Rule to the extent that the violation results solely from the broker-dealer's compliance with the amended SEC rule.
(b) To the extent that the SEC promulgates changes to the above-referenced rules, broker-dealers in compliance with such Rules as amended shall not be subject to enforcement action by the Securities Division Unit for violation of this section Rule to the extent that the violation results solely from the broker-dealer's compliance with the amended SEC rule.
(a) Broker-dealers and broker-dealer agents who use the internet to distribute information on securities, products or services through communications made on the internet directed generally to anyone having access to the internet, and transmitted through postings on Bulletin Boards, displays on "Home Pages" webpages, the placement of internet advertisements, postings on or through applications or social media websites, or otherwise (an "Internet Communication") shall not be deemed to be "transacting business" in Delaware for purposes of Section 73-301 of the Act based solely on the Internet Communication if the following conditions are met:
(C) the broker-dealer or investment adviser with whom the agent is associated first authorizes the distribution of information on the securities, products or services through the Internet Communication; and
(c) Nothing in this Rule shall be construed to affect the activities of any broker-dealer and agent engaged in business in this state Delaware that is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner Director as a result of the National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996, as amended.
(3) Files with the Securities Commissioner Director a notice in the form of the current application required by the jurisdiction in which its head office is located;
(4) Files with the Securities Commissioner Director a consent to service of process in a form which complies with the requirements of Section 73-702 of the Act.
(c) Exempt transactions. Offers or sales of any security effected by a broker-dealer who is exempt from registration under this Regulation Rule are exempt from the registration requirements of Section 73-202 of the Act and the filing requirements of Section 73-211 of the Act.
(d) Agent exemption. An agent who represents a Canadian broker-dealer who that is exempt from registration under this Regulation Rule is also exempt from the registration requirement of Section 73-301 of the Act, provided such agent maintains his or her provincial or territorial registration in good standing.
(e) Denial, Suspension or Revocation. The Commissioner Director may by order deny, suspend, or revoke the exemption of a particular Canadian broker-dealer provided pursuant to Rule 608 if he or she finds that the order is in the public interest and that the Canadian broker-dealer (or any partner, officer, director, or any person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or any person directly or indirectly, controlling the broker-dealer) has done anything prohibited by Section 73-304(a)(1) to (8),(12) or (13) of the Act.
(b) Broker-Dealers. For the purposes of 6 Del.C. §Section 73-304(a)(7) of the Act, dishonest or unethical practices by a broker-dealer shall include, but not be limited to, the following conduct:
(3) Recommending a transaction or investment strategy involving a security or securities without reasonable grounds to believe that such transaction or investment strategy is suitable for the customer, in light of the customer's investment objective, level of sophistication in profile, including but not limited to, age, other investments, financial situation and needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity needs, risk tolerance, and any other information material to the investment, based on the information obtained through the reasonable diligence of the broker-dealer or agent to ascertain the customer’s investment profile along with such other information about the customer’s investment profile known to the broker-dealer or agent;
(4) Failing to reasonably supervise such broker-dealer’s agents or employees. Reasonable supervision shall include, but not be limited to:
(5) Executing a transaction on behalf of a customer without prior authorization to do so;
(56) Exercising any discretionary power in effecting a transaction for a customer's account without first obtaining written discretionary authority from the customer, unless the discretionary power relates solely to the time and/or price for the execution of orders;
(67) Executing any transaction in a margin account without securing from the customer a properly executed written margin agreement promptly after the initial transaction in the account;
(78) Failing to segregate and identify customer's free securities or securities held in safekeeping;
(89) Hypothecating a customer's securities without having a lien thereon unless the broker-dealer secures from the customer a properly executed written consent promptly after the initial transaction, except as permitted by SEC regulations;
(910) Entering into a transaction with or for a customer at a price not reasonably related to the current market price of the security or receiving an unreasonable commission or profit (commissions or profits equal to 10% or more of the price of a security are presumed to be unreasonable);
(101) Failing to furnish to a customer purchasing securities in an offering, no later than the date of confirmation of the transaction, either a final prospectus or a preliminary prospectus and an additional document, which, together with the preliminary prospectus, includes all information set forth in the final prospectus;
(112) Charging unreasonable and inequitable fees for services performed, including miscellaneous services such as collection of monies due for principal, dividends or interest, exchange or transfer of securities, appraisals, safekeeping, or custody of securities and other services related to its securities business;
(123) Charging any fee for which no notice is given to the customer, and consent obtained, prior to the event incurring the fee;
(134) Offering to buy from or sell to any person any security at a stated price, unless such broker-dealer is prepared to purchase or sell, as the case may be, at such price and under such conditions as are stated at the time of such offer to buy or sell;
(145) Representing that a security is being offered to a customer “at the market” or a price relevant to the market price, unless such broker-dealer knows or has reasonable grounds to believe that a market for such security exists other than that made, created or controlled by such broker-dealer, or by any person for whom he is acting or with whom he is associated in such distribution, or any person controlled by, controlling or under common control with such broker-dealer;
(156) Effecting any transaction in, or inducing the purchase or sale of, any security by means of any manipulative or deceptive device, practice, plan, program, design or contrivance, that may include but not be limited to:
(C) effecting, alone or with one or more other persons, a series of transactions in any security creating actual or apparent active trading in such security or raising or depressing the price of such security for the purpose of inducing the purchase or sale of such security by others;
(167) Guaranteeing a customer against loss in any securities account of such customer carried by the broker-dealer or in any securities transaction effected by the broker-dealer with or for such customer;
(178) Publishing or circulating or causing to be published or circulated, any notice, circular, advertisement, newspaper article, investment service, or communication of any kind that purports to report any transaction as a purchase or sale of any security, unless such broker-dealer believes that such transaction was a bona fide purchase or sale of such security; or that purports to quote the bid price or asked price for any security, unless such broker-dealer believes that such quotation represents a bona-fide bid for, or offer of, such security;
(189) Using any advertising or sales presentation in such a fashion as to be deceptive or misleading. An example of such practice would be a distribution of any nonfactual data, material, or presentation based on conjecture, unfounded or unrealistic claims or assertions in a brochure, flyer, or display by words, pictures, graphs or otherwise designed to supplement, detract from, supersede or defeat the purpose or effect of any prospectus or disclosure;
(1920) Failing to disclose that the broker-dealer is controlled by, controlling, affiliated with or under common control with the issuer of any security before entering into any contract with or for a customer for the purchase or sale of such security, and, if such disclosure is not made in writing, it shall be supplemented by the giving or sending of written disclosure at or before the completion of the transaction;
(201) Failing to make a bona fide public offering of all the securities allotted to a broker-dealer for distribution, whether acquired as an underwriter or a selling group member, or from a member participating in the distribution as an underwriter or selling group member;
(212) Failing or refusing to furnish a customer, upon reasonable request, information to which he is entitled, including:
(223) Making a recommendation that one customer buy a particular security and that another customer sell that security, where the broker-dealer acts as a principal and such recommendations are made within a reasonably contemporaneous time period, unless individual suitability considerations or preferences justify the different recommendations;
(234) Where the broker-dealer holds itself out as a market maker in a particular security, or publicly quotes bid prices in a particular security, failing to buy that security from a customer promptly upon the customer's request to sell;
(245) Recommending a security to its customers without conducting a reasonable inquiry into the risks of that investment or communicating those risks to its agents and its customers in a reasonably detailed manner and with such emphasis as is necessary to make the disclosure meaningful;
(256) Representing itself as a financial or investment planner, consultant, or adviser, when the representation does not fairly describe the nature of the services offered, the qualifications of the person offering the services, and the method of compensation for the services;
(267 Falsifying any record or document or failing to create or maintain any required record or documents;
(278) Violating any ethical standard in rule governing the conduct rules of a firm or individual promulgated by the National Association of Securities Dealers FINRA or its predecessor entities; or
(289) Aiding or abetting any of the conduct listed above.
(c) Broker-Dealer Agents and Issuer Agents. For the purposes of §Section 73-304(a)(7) of the Act, dishonest or unethical practices by a broker-dealer agent or an issuer agent shall include, but not be limited to, the following conduct:
(6) Where a recommendation is made that an unsophisticated customer purchase an over-the-counter security that (A) trades sporadically or in small volume, and (B) is not traded on any United States securities exchange (excluding the Spokane Exchange) or on the NASDAQ National Market System, failing to inform the customer that he or she may not be able to find a buyer if the customer would subsequently want to sell the security;
(9) Conducting or facilitating securities transactions outside the scope of the agent's relationship with his or her broker-dealer employer unless he or she has provided prompt written notice to his or her employer;
(11) Holding himself or herself out as an objective investment adviser or financial consultant without fully disclosing his or her financial interest in a recommended securities transaction at the time the recommendation is made;
(d) Prohibited practices in connection with investment company shares. For purposes of §Section 73-304(a)(7) of the Act, unethical practices by a broker-dealer, broker-dealer agent or issuer agent shall include, but not be limited to, the following conduct:
(2) In connection with the offer or sale of investment company shares, stating or implying to a customer, either orally or in writing, that the shares are sold without a commission, are "no load" or have "no sales charge" if there is associated with the purchase of the shares a front-end loan load, a contingent deferred sales load, a SEC Rule 12 b-1 fee or a service fee which exceeds .25 percent of average net fund assets per year, or in the case of closed-end investment company shares, underwriting fees, commissions or other offering expenses;
(4) In connection with the offer or sale of investment company shares, recommending to a customer the purchase of a transaction or investment strategy involving a specific class of investment company shares in connection with a multi-class sales charge or fee arrangement without reasonable grounds to believe that the sales charge or fee arrangement associated with such class of shares transaction or investment strategy is suitable and appropriate based on for the customer, in light of the customer's investment objectives, profile, including but not limited to, age, other investments, financial situation and other securities holdings, and needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity needs, risk tolerance, the associated transaction or other fees, and any other information material to the charge or fee arrangement;
(5) In connection with the offer or sale of investment company shares, recommending to a customer a transaction or investment strategy involving the purchase of investment company shares which results in the customer simultaneously holding shares in different investment company portfolios having similar investment objectives and policies without reasonable grounds to believe that such recommendation transaction or investment strategy is suitable and appropriate based on, in light of the customer's investment objectives, profile, including but not limited to, age, other investments, financial situation and other securities holdings, and any needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity needs, risk tolerance, any associated transaction charges or other fees, and any other information material to the investment;
(6) In connection with the offer or sale of investment company shares, recommending to a customer a transaction or investment strategy involving the liquidation or redemption of investment company shares for the purpose of purchasing shares in a different investment company portfolio having similar investment objectives and policies without reasonable grounds to believe that such recommendation is suitable and appropriate based on, in light of the customer's investment objectives, profile, including but not limited to, age, other investments, financial situation and other securities holdings and any needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity needs, risk tolerance, any associated transaction charges or other fees, and any other information material to the investment;
(13) In connection with the offer or sale of investment company shares, the delivery of a prospectus shall not be dissipative dispositive that the broker-dealer or agent has fulfilled the duties set forth in the subparagraphs of this Rule.
An individual applying to be registered as a broker-dealer or a broker-dealer agent under the Act must successfully complete the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) Uniform Securities Agent State Law Examination (NASAA Series 63 or 66), administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA.
(b) An applicant shall file its application, together with the fee required by the Act, with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority's Investment Adviser Registration Depository ("IARD") and shall file with the Commissioner Director such other information as the Commissioner Director may reasonably require.
(d) Except for an investment advisor adviser that is a sole proprietorship or the substantial equivalent, an investment adviser registered with the Commissioner Director shall register with the Commissioner Director at least one investment advisor adviser representative.
(b) An applicant for registration as an investment adviser representative shall file his or her application, together with the fee required by the Act, with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority's IARD FINRA’s CRD and shall file with the Commissioner Director such other information as the Commissioner Director may reasonably require.
(c) Registration expires at the end of the calendar year. Any investment adviser representative may renew his or her registration by filing with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority's IARD FINRA’s CRD such information as is required by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA, together with the fee required by the Act.
(b) A federal covered adviser who has made a notice filing under the Act shall file with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority’s IARD a copy of any amendment to its Form ADV or any schedule thereto as and when such amendment is filed with the SEC.
(c) Failure to keep current the information set forth in an application shall constitute a waiver of any objection to or claim regarding any action taken by the Commissioner Director in reliance on information currently on file.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (c) of this Rule, unless an investment adviser posts a bond pursuant to Rule 705, an investment adviser registered or required to be registered under the Act who has custody of client funds or securities shall maintain at all times a minimum net worth of $35,000, every and an investment adviser registered or required to be registered under the Act who has discretionary authority over client funds or securities but does not have custody of client funds or securities, shall maintain at all times a minimum net worth of $10,000.
(b) Unless otherwise exempted, as a condition of the right to continue to transact business in this state, every investment adviser registered or required to be registered under the Act whose total net worth falls below the minimum required shall notify the Commissioner Director by the close of business on the next day of such net worth deficiency. After transmitting such notice, each investment adviser shall, by the close of business on the next business day, file a report with the Commissioner Director of its financial condition, including the following:
(c) For purposes of this Regulation Rule, the term "net worth" shall mean the excess of assets over liabilities, as determined by generally accepted accounting principles, but shall not include as assets: prepaid expenses (except as to items properly classified as current assets under generally accepted accounting principles), deferred charges, goodwill, franchise rights, organizational expenses, patents, copyrights, marketing rights, unamortized debt discount and expense, any asset of intangible nature, home, home furnishings, automobile(s), any personal item not readily marketable (in the case of an individual), advances or loans to stockholders and officers (in the case of a corporation), and advances or loans to partners (in the case of a partnership). For purposes of this Rule, the term “net capital” in Section 222(c) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 shall have the same meaning as “net worth” as defined in this subsection.
(d) The Commissioner Director may require that a current appraisal be submitted in order to establish the worth of any asset.
(a) Any bond required by this Rule shall be issued by a company qualified to do business in this state in the form determined by the Commissioner Director and shall be subject to the claims of all clients of the investment adviser regardless of the client's state of residence. "Assets under management" for purposes of this rule shall mean the assets under management as disclosed on the adviser's current Form ADV or any schedule or supplement thereto filed with the Commissioner.
(c) An investment adviser that has its principal place of business in a state other than Delaware shall be exempt from the requirements of subsection (a) of this section Rule, provided that the investment adviser is registered as an investment adviser in the state where it has its principal place of business and is in compliance with such state's requirements relating to bonding.
(a) Every investment adviser registered or required to be registered under this the Act shall make and keep true, accurate and current the following books, ledgers and records:
(B) For purposes of this subdivision paragraph (a)(12) the term "advisory representative" shall mean: any partner, officer or director of the investment adviser; any employee who makes any recommendation, who participates in the determination of which recommendation shall be made, or whose functions or duties relate to the determination of which recommendation shall be made; any employee who, in connection with his or her duties, obtains any information concerning which securities are being recommended prior to the effective dissemination of such recommendations or of the information concerning such recommendations; and any of the following persons who obtain information concerning securities recommendations being made by such investment adviser prior to the effective dissemination of such recommendations or of the information concerning such recommendations:
(C) An investment adviser shall not be deemed to have violated the provisions of this subparagraph (a)(12) because of his or her failure to record securities transactions of any investment adviser representative if he or she establishes that he or she instituted adequate procedures and used reasonable diligence to obtain promptly reports of all transactions required to be recorded.
(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a)(12) above, where the investment adviser is primarily engaged in a business or businesses other than advising registered investment companies or other advisory clients, a record must be maintained of every transaction in a security in which the investment adviser or any advisory representative of such investment adviser has, or by reason of such transaction requires, any direct or indirect beneficial ownership, except:
Such record shall state: the title and amount of the security involved; the date and nature of the transaction (i.e., purchase, sale or other acquisition or disposition); the price at which it was effected; and the name of the broker-dealer or bank with or through whom the transaction was effected. Such record may also contain a statement declaring that the reporting or recording of any such transaction shall not be construed as an admission that the investment adviser or advisory representative has any direct or indirect beneficial ownership in the security. A transaction shall be recorded not later than 10 days after the end of the calendar quarter in which the transaction was effected.
(C) For purposes of this paragraph (a)(13) the term "advisory representative", when used in connection with a company primarily engaged in a business or businesses other than advising registered investment companies or other advisory clients, shall mean: any partner, officer, director or employee of the investment adviser who makes any recommendation, who participates in the determination of which recommendation shall be made, or who, in connection with his or her duties, obtains any information concerning which securities are being recommended prior to the effective dissemination of such recommendations or of the information concerning such recommendations; and any of the following persons who obtain information concerning securities recommendations being made by such investment adviser prior to the effective dissemination of such recommendations or of the information concerning such recommendations:
(D) An investment adviser shall not be deemed to have violated the provisions of this subdivision 98.1. paragraph (a)(13) because of his or her failure to record securities transactions of any advisory representative if he or she establishes that he or she instituted adequate procedures and used reasonable diligence to obtain promptly reports of all transactions required to be recorded.
(14) A copy of each written statement and each amendment or revision thereof, given or sent to any client or prospective client of such investment adviser in accordance with the provisions of Rule 709(a)(167), and a record of the dates that each written statement, and each amendment or revision thereof, was given, or offered to be given, to any client or prospective client who subsequently becomes a client.
(b) If an investment adviser subject to subsection (a) of this Regulation Rule has custody or possession of securities or funds on any client, the records required to be made and kept under subsection (a) above shall also include:
(f) An investment adviser subject to subsection (a) of this Regulation Rule, before ceasing to conduct or discontinuing business as an investment adviser shall arrange for and be responsible for the preservation of the books and records required to be maintained and preserved under this Regulation Rule, and shall notify the Commissioner Director in writing of the exact address where such books and records will be maintained during such period.
(B) be ready at all times to provide, and promptly provide, any facsimile enlargement of film or computer printout or copy of the computer storage medium the Commissioner Director by its examiners or other representatives may request;
(E) with respect to records stored on photographic film, at all times have available for the Commissioner's Director’s examination of its records pursuant to Section 73-303(e) of the Act, facilities for immediate, easily readable projection of the film and for producing easily readable facsimile enlargements.
(2) Pursuant to this paragraph 98.7 (g) an adviser may maintain and preserve on computer tape or disk or other computer storage medium records which, in the ordinary course of the adviser's business, are created by the adviser on electronic media or are received by the adviser solely on electronic media or by electronic data transmission.
(a) Investment advisers and investment adviser representatives who use the internet to distribute information on available products and services through communications made on the internet directed generally to anyone having access to the internet, and transmitted through postings on "Bulletin Boards", displays on "Home Pages" webpages, the placement of internet advertisements, postings on or through applications or social media websites or otherwise (an "Internet Communication") shall not be deemed to be "transacting business" in Delaware for purposes of Section 73-301 of the Act based solely on the Internet Communication if the following conditions are met:
(a) Safekeeping required. It is unlawful and deemed to be a fraudulent, deceptive, or manipulative act, practice, or course of business for an investment adviser to take or, registered or required to be registered, to have custody of any client funds or securities or funds of any client unless:
(a1) Notice to Director. The investment adviser notifies the Commissioner Director promptly in writing that the investment adviser has or may have custody. Such notification is required to be given on Form ADV;
(2) Qualified Custodian. A qualified custodian maintains those funds and securities:
(A) in a separate account for each client under that client’s name; or
(B) in accounts containing that contain only clients’ the investment adviser’s clients’ funds
(2) The account or accounts are maintained in the name of and securities, under the investment adviser’s name as agent or trustee for the clients; and, or, in the case of a pooled investment vehicle that the investment adviser manages, in the name of the pooled investment vehicle.
(3) The Notice to clients. If an investment adviser maintains a separate record for each opens an account showing with a qualified custodian on its client’s behalf, under the client’s name and address, under the name of the bank where the account is maintained, the dates and amounts of deposits in and withdrawals from the account, and the exact amount of each client’s beneficial interest in the account;
(d) Immediately after accepting custody or possession of funds or securities from any client, the investment adviser notifies as agent, or under the name of a pooled investment vehicle, the investment adviser must notify the client in writing of the place and manner in which the funds and securities will be maintained and subsequently, if or when there is a change in the place or qualified custodian’s name, address, and the manner in which the funds or securities are maintained, the investment adviser gives written notice to the client;
(e) At least once every 3 months, promptly when the account is opened and following any changes to this information. If the investment adviser sends to each client an itemized account statements to a client to which the investment adviser is required to provide this notice, the investment adviser must include in the notification provided to that client and in any subsequent account statement showing the client's funds and securities in the investment adviser sends that client a statement urging the client to compare the account statements from the custodian with those from the investment adviser's custody adviser.
(4) Account Statements. The investment adviser has a reasonable basis, after due inquiry, for believing that the qualified custodian sends an account statement, at least quarterly, to each client for which it maintains funds or securities, identifying the amount of funds and of each security in the account at the end of the period and setting forth all debits, credits and transactions in the client’s account during that period; and.
(f) At least once every calendar year, (5) Special rule for limited partnerships and limited liability companies. If the investment adviser or a related person is a general partner of a limited partnership (or managing member of a limited liability company, or holds a comparable position for another type of pooled investment vehicle), the account statements required under paragraph (a)(4) of this Rule must be sent to each limited partner (or member or other beneficial owner).
(6) Independent Verification. The client funds and securities of which the investment adviser has custody are verified by actual examination at least once during each calendar year, by an independent certified public accountant or, pursuant to a written agreement between the investment adviser and the independent certified public accountant verifies all client funds and securities by an actual examination, which shall be made, at a time that is chosen by the independent certified public accountant without prior notice or announcement to the investment adviser. A report stating and that is irregular from year to year. The written agreement must provide for the accountant has made an first examination of the client funds and securities in the custody of the investment adviser, to occur within six months of becoming subject to this paragraph, except that, if the investment adviser maintains client funds or securities pursuant to this rule as a qualified custodian, the agreement must provide for the first examination to occur no later than six months after obtaining the internal control report. The written agreement must require the independent certified public accountant to:
(7) Investment advisers acting as qualified custodians. If the investment adviser maintains, or if the investment adviser has custody because a related person maintains, client funds or securities pursuant to this Rule as a qualified custodian in connection with advisory services the investment adviser provides to clients:
(8) Independent representatives. A client may designate an independent representative to receive, on his behalf, notices and account statements as required under paragraphs (a)(3) and (a)(4) of this rule.
(b) Exceptions.
(1) Shares of mutual funds. With respect to shares of an open-end company as defined in Section 5(a)(1) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“mutual fund”), the investment adviser may use the mutual fund’s transfer agent in lieu of a qualified custodian for purposes of complying with paragraph (a) of this Rule;
(2) Certain privately offered securities.
(i) acquired from the issuer in a transaction or chain of transactions not involving any public offering;
(ii) uncertificated and ownership thereof is recorded only on the books of the issuer or its transfer agent in the name of the client; and
(iii) transferable only with prior consent of the issuer or holders of the outstanding securities of the issuer.
(3) Fee Deduction. Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(6) of this Rule, an investment adviser is not required to obtain an independent verification of client funds and securities maintained by a qualified custodian if all of the following are met:
(4) Limited partnerships subject to annual audit. An investment adviser is not required to comply with paragraphs (a)(3) and (a)(4) and shall be deemed to have complied with paragraph (a)(6) of this Rule with respect to the account of a limited partnership (or limited liability company, or another type of pooled investment vehicle) if each of the following conditions are met:
(A) the adviser sends to all limited partners (or members or other beneficial owners) at least quarterly, a statement showing:
(i) the total amount of all additions to and withdrawals from the fund as a whole as well as the opening and closing value of the fund at the end of the quarter based on the custodian’s records,
(ii) a listing of all long and short positions on the closing date of the statement in accordance with FASB Rule ASC 946-210-50, and
(iii) the total amount of additions to and withdrawals from the fund by the investor as well as the total value of the investor’s interest in the fund at the end of the quarter; and
(B) at least annually the fund is subject to an audit and distributes its audited financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles to all limited partners (or members or other beneficial owners) within 120 days of the end of its fiscal year;
(C) the audit is performed by an independent certified public accountant that is registered with, and subject to regular inspection as of the commencement of the professional engagement period, and as of each calendar year-end, by, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board in accordance with its rules;
(i) the date of such resignation, dismissal, removal, or other termination, and the name, address, and contact information of the independent certified public accountant, and
(F) the investment adviser notifies the Director in writing that the investment adviser intends to employ the use of the statement delivery and audit safeguards described above. Such notification is required to be given on Form ADV.
(5) Registered Investment Companies. The investment adviser is not required to comply with this Rule with respect to the account of an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940.
(c) Delivery to Related Persons. Sending an account statement under paragraph (a)(5) of this Rule or distributing audited financial statements under paragraph (b)(4) of this Rule shall not satisfy the requirements of this Rule if such account statements or financial statements are sent solely to limited partners (or members or other beneficial owners) that themselves are limited partnerships (or limited liability companies, or another type of pooled investment vehicle) and are related persons of the investment adviser.
(d) Definitions. For purposes of Part G of these Rules (Rule 700 through Rule 712):
(1) “Control” means the power, directly or indirectly, to direct the management or policies of a person whether through ownership of securities, by contract, or otherwise. Control includes, but is not limited to:
(A) Each of the investment adviser’s officers, partners, or directors exercising executive responsibility (or persons having similar status or functions) is presumed to control the investment adviser;
(i) directly or indirectly has the right to vote 25 percent or more of a class of the corporation’s voting securities; or
(C) A person is presumed to control a partnership if the person has the right to receive upon dissolution, or has contributed, 25 percent or more of the capital of the partnership;
(D) A person is presumed to control a limited liability company if the person:
(E) A person is presumed to control a trust if the person is a trustee or managing agent of the trust.
(2) “Custody” means holding directly or indirectly, client funds or securities, or having any authority to obtain possession of them (or has the ability to appropriate them). The investment adviser has custody if a related person holds, directly or indirectly, client funds or securities, or has any authority to obtain possession of them, in connection with advisory services the investment adviser provides to clients.
(A) Custody includes, but is not limited to:
(i) possession of client funds or securities unless the investment adviser receives them inadvertently and returns them to the sender promptly but in any case within three business days of receiving them;
(ii) any arrangement (including a general partner of attorney) under which the investment adviser is authorized or permitted to withdraw client funds or securities maintained with a custodian upon the investment adviser’s instruction to the custodian; and
(iii) any capacity (such as general partner of a limited partnership, managing member of a limited liability company or a comparable position for another type of pooled investment vehicle, or trustee of a trust) that gives the investment adviser or its supervised person legal ownership of or access to client funds or securities.
(B) Receipt of checks drawn by clients and made payable to third parties will not meet the definition of custody if forwarded to the third party within 3 business days of receipt and the investment adviser maintains the records required under these rules.
(3) “Independent certified public accountant” means a certified public accountant that meets the standards of independence described in rule 2-01(b) and (c) of Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.2-01(b) and (c)).
(4) “Independent representative” means a person who:
(A) acts as agent for an advisory client, including in the case of a pooled investment vehicle, for limited partners or a limited partnership, members of a limited liability company, or other beneficial owners of another type of pooled investment vehicle and by law or contract is obliged to act in the best interest of the advisory client or the limited partners, members, or other beneficial owners;
(B) does not control, is not controlled by, and is not under common control with investment adviser; and
(C) does not have, and has not had within the past two years, a material business relationship with the investment adviser.
(5) “Qualified custodian” means the following:
(A) a bank or savings association that has deposits insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act;
(B) a broker-dealer registered in Delaware and with the SEC holding the client assets in customer accounts;
(C) a registered futures commission merchant registered under Section 4f(a) of the Commodity Exchange Act, holding the client assets in customer accounts, but only with respect to clients’ funds and security futures, or other securities incidental to transactions in contracts for the purchase or sale of a commodity for future delivery and options thereon; and
(D A foreign financial institution that customarily holds financial assets for its customers, provided that the foreign financial institution keeps the advisory clients’ assets in customer accounts segregated from its proprietary assets.
(6) “Related person” means any person, directly or indirectly, controlling or controlled by the investment adviser, and any person that is under common control with the investment adviser.
(1) Recommending to a client, to whom investment supervisory, management or consulting services are provided, the purchase, sale, or exchange of any security, or other investment strategy, without reasonable grounds to believe that the recommendation is suitable for the client on the basis, in light of information furnished by the client after reasonable inquiry concerning the client’s investment objectives, profile, including but not limited to, age, other investments, financial situation and needs, tax status, investment objectives, investment experience, investment time horizon, liquidity needs, risk tolerance, and any other information known by material to the investment, based on the information obtained through the reasonable diligence of the investment adviser or investment adviser representative to ascertain the client’s investment profile along with such other information about the client’s investment profile known to such investment adviser or investment adviser representative.
(45) Placing an order to purchase or sell a security for the account of a client without authority to do so.
(56) Placing an order to purchase or sell a security for the account of a client upon instruction of a third party without first having obtained a written third party trading authorization from the client.
(67) Borrowing money or securities from a client, unless the client is a broker-dealer, an affiliate of the investment adviser, or a financial institution engaged in the business of loaning funds.
(78) Extending arranging for, or participating in arranging for credit to a customer in violation of the provisions of Regulation T promulgated by the Federal Reserve Board, 12 C.F.R. §§220.1-220.131.
(89) To mMisrepresenting to any advisory client, or prospective advisory client, the qualifications of the investment adviser or any employee of the investment adviser, or to misrepresenting the nature of the advisory services being offered or fees to be charged for such service, or to omitting to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made regarding qualifications, services, or fees, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading.
(910) Providing a report or recommendation prepared by someone other than the adviser to any advisory client prepared by someone other than the adviser without disclosing the fact; provided, however, that this prohibition does not apply to a situation where the adviser uses published research reports or statistical analyses to render advice or where an adviser orders such a report in the normal course of providing service.
(101) Charging a client an advisory fee that is unreasonable in light of the type of services to be provided, the experience and expertise of the adviser, the sophistication and bargaining power of the client, and whether the adviser has disclosed that lower fees for comparable services may be available from other sources.
(112) Failing to disclose to clients, in writing, before any advice is rendered, any material conflict of interest relating to the adviser or any of its employees which could reasonably be expected to impair the rendering of unbiased and objective advice, including:
(123) Guaranteeing a client that a specific result will be achieved (gain or no loss) with advice to be rendered.
(134) Publishing, circulating, or distributing any advertisement which does not comply with Rule 206(4)-1 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
(145) Disclosing the identity, affairs, or investments of any client, unless required by law to do so, or unless consented to by the client.
(156) Violating Rule 206(4)-2 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, irrespective of whether such investment adviser is registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
(167) Entering into, extending, or renewing any investment advisory contract, unless such contract is in writing and discloses, in substance, the information required by Part II of Form ADV, the services to be provided, the term of the contract, the advisory fee, the formula for computing the fee, the amount of prepaid fee to be returned in the event of contract termination or non-performance, whether the contract grants discretionary power to the adviser, and that no assignment of such contract shall be made by the investment adviser without the consent of the other party to the contract. The information required by Part II of form ADV may be disclosed in a document advisory contract, so long as it is disclosed at the time the contract is entered into, extended or renewed.
(178) Failing to establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent the misuse of material nonpublic information in violation of Section 204A of the Investment Advisors Advisers Act of 1940.
(189) Entering into, extending, or renewing any advisory contract which would violate Section 205 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. This provision shall apply to all advisers registered or required to be registered under the Act.
(1920) To include Including in an advisory contract any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any applicable provision of the Act, any rule promulgated thereunder, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, or any rule promulgated thereunder, or to engage engaging in any other practice that would violate Section 215 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
(201) Engaging in any act, practice, or course of business which is fraudulent, deceptive, or manipulative in contravention of Section 206(4) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, notwithstanding the fact that such investment adviser is not registered or required to be registered under Section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
(212) Engaging in any conduct, indirectly or through or by any other person, which would be unlawful for such person to do directly under the provisions of the Act or any Rule thereunder.
(223) Aiding or abetting any of the conduct listed above.
(b) The conduct set forth in subparagraph (a) of this Regulation Rule is not exclusive. Engaging in other conduct such as forgery, embezzlement, theft, exploitation, non-disclosure, incomplete disclosure or misstatement of material facts, manipulative or deceptive practices, or aiding or abetting any unethical practice, shall be deemed an unethical business practice and shall also be grounds for denial, suspension or revocation of registration. The federal statutory and regulatory provisions referenced herein shall apply to all investment advisers, federal covered advisers and investment adviser representatives only to the extent permitted by the National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996 (Pub. L. No. 104-290).
(a) Examination Requirements. An individual applying to be registered as an investment adviser or investment adviser representative under the Act shall provide the Commissioner Director with proof of obtaining a passing score on one of the following examinations:
(b) Grandfathering.
(c) Waivers. The examination shall not apply to an individual who currently holds one of the following professional designations:
(6) Such other professional designation as the Commissioner Director may by rule or order recognize.
(a) Definitions. For purposes of the exemption set forth in this Rule:
(b) Exemption for Private Fund Advisers. A Private Fund Adviser shall be exempt from the registration requirements of Section 73-301 of the Act if the adviser satisfies each of the following conditions:
(d) Federal covered investment advisers. If a Private Fund Adviser is registered with the SEC, the adviser shall not be eligible for this exemption and shall comply with the state notice filing requirements applicable to federal covered adviser in Sections 73-301(f) and 73-302(g) through (k) of the Act.
(e) Investment adviser representatives. A person is exempt from the investment adviser representative registration requirements of Section 73-301 of the Act if he or she is employed by or associated with an investment adviser that is exempt from registration in Delaware pursuant to this Rule and he or she does not otherwise act as an investment adviser representative.
(e) Nothing in this Rule shall limit the Commissioner’s Director’s authority to enforce existing provisions of law.
Last Updated: December 31 1969 19:00:00.
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