Skip to Page Content
Delaware.gov  |  Text OnlyGovernor | General Assembly | Courts | Elected Officials | State Agencies
 Photo: Featured Delaware Photo
 
 
 Phone Numbers Mobile Help Size Print Email

Delaware General AssemblyDelaware RegulationsMonthly Register of RegulationsOctober 2015

Table of Contents Previous Next

Authenticated PDF Version

Section 1905(a)(8) of the Social Security Act, includes private duty nursing services in the definition of medical assistance
42 CFR §440.80, defines Private Duty Nursing Services
42 CFR §447.205, Public notice of changes in statewide methods and standards for setting payment rates
Private Duty Nursing (PDN) is an optional Title XIX Medicaid service authorized by Section 1905(a)(8) of the Social Security Act and 42 CFR §440.80. PDN services means nursing services for beneficiaries who require more individual and continuous care than is available from a visiting nurse or routinely provided by the nursing staff of the hospital or skilled nursing facility. These services are provided—
In accordance with the federal public notice requirements established at Section 1902(a)(13)(A) of the Social Security Act and 42 CFR 447.205 and the state public notice requirements of Title 29, Chapter 101 of the Delaware Code, Delaware Health and Social Services (DHSS)/Division of Medicaid and Medical Assistance (DMMA) gives public notice and provides an open comment period for thirty (30) days to allow all stakeholders an opportunity to provide input to the requirements and reimbursement provisions governing private duty nursing services. Comments must be received by 4:30 p.m. on October 30, 2015.
Private duty nursing (PDN) services provided to eligible Delaware Medical Assistance Program (DMAP) clients individuals are reimbursed using prospectively determined rates. The unit of service for agency providers is one (1) hour. and for self-employed nurses is 15 minutes. A weekly maximum limit is established for each client individual by the DMAP based on the authorized services.
The baseline PDN reimbursement rate will normally represent services provided by one nurse to one client individual. An adjusted reimbursement rate per client individual will be established for medically appropriate necessary PDN services provided by a single nurse for up to three (3) clients. Maximum rates are established according to the following table:
One client individual: Rate for One = 100% of established baseline rate
Two clients individuals: Rate for Each = 50% of 143% of baseline rate
Three clients individuals: Rate for Each = 33% of 214% of baseline rate
Providers shall refer to the Managed Care section of the General Policy Manual for the required forms and procedures related to Diamond State Partners (DSP) additional information related to PDN services.
Medicaid clients individuals who are exempt from managed care coverage (see list of those exempt from managed care coverage in the Managed Care section of the General Policy Manual).
Medicaid clients individuals whose medical need requires private duty nursing services in a non-institutional setting.
1.1 Service Definition
1.1.1 PDN services are available through the DMAP for clients individuals who require more individual and continuous skilled care than as defined in 42 CFR 440.70, Home Health Services.
1.1.2 PDN services may be provided by a single nurse to an individual or to multiple clients individuals in a non-institutional group setting as described above. The nurse-client ratio will not exceed 3 three (3) clients individuals per nurse unless authorized by the Medical Review Team.
1.1.3 Arrangements for multiple clients individuals in non-institutional settings may be considered if such arrangements are medically appropriate and advantageous to both the client individual and to DMAP.
1.1.4 PDN services are provided to Medicaid clients individuals in their home or other DMAP approved community setting as an alternative to more expensive institutional care. Generally, the total cost of PDN services shall not exceed the cost of care provided in an institutional setting.
1.2 Technology Dependent Definition
1.2.1 Technology Dependent means an individual who has a chronic disability which requires the routine use of a specific medical device to compensate for the loss of a life-sustaining body function and requires daily, ongoing care or monitoring by trained personnel.
2.1.2 Home health agencies that employ and provide qualified nursing staff as described above or self-employed qualified nursing staff are considered qualified providers and may enroll as PDN providers.
2.1.2.1 Individual nurses, either employed by an agency or self-employed may provide no more than 16 hours of PDN services in a 24-hour period except in an emergency situation which will be reviewed by the Medical Review Team. The maximum number of hours provided by an individual nurse will be restricted to a level that can safely and reasonably be provided. No individual nurse will be authorized to work more than a sixteen (16) hour shift per day except in an emergency situation which will be reviewed and then approved or denied by the Medical Review Team.
3.1 Provider Requirements
3.1.1.3 Orders renewed, signed and dated at least once every 60 sixty (60) days or sooner as the severity of the client’s individual’s conditions requires.
4.1 Methodology
4.1.1 Private duty nursing services provided to eligible DMAP clients individuals are reimbursed using prospectively determined rates. The unit of service for agency providers is one (1) hour, and for self-employed nurses is 15 minutes. A weekly maximum limit is established for each client by the DMAP based on the authorized services. The number of weekly hours of PDN services authorized for each individual will be based on the individual’s needs and documented in the plan of care.
4.1.3 Rates for self-employed nurses will be individually negotiated, but will not exceed a predetermined percentage of the agency rate. Rates may not be renegotiated more than once annually except in extenuating circumstances. Increases will be limited to the normal medical inflation used by DMAP. Self-employed nurses will be reimbursed the lower of their usual and customary charges or the maximum rate.
4.1.4 4.1.3 Providers are not required to submit cost reports to the DMAP. There are no retrospective settlements on claims paid.
4.1.5 4.1.4 The baseline PDN reimbursement rate will normally represent services provided by one nurse to one client individual. An adjusted reimbursement rate per client individual will be established for medically appropriate PDN services provided by a single nurse for up to three (3) clients individuals. Maximum rates are established according to the following table:
One client individual: Rate for One = 100% of established baseline rate
Two clients individuals: Rate for Each = 50% of 143% of baseline rate
Three clients individuals: Rate for Each = 33% of 214% of baseline rate
5.1.2 Private duty nursing services for clients who are eligible for the Elderly and Disabled HCBS Waiver program, the Assisted Living Medicaid Waiver program, or the Acquired Brain Injury Medicaid Waiver, must be prior authorized by the nursing staff of the Division of Services for Aging and Adults with Physical Disabilities (DSAAPD). See the Index in back of General Policy for the appropriate address and telephone number.
5.1.3 All other requests for prior authorization should be directed to the Medical Prior Authorization Units. The New Castle County unit is located in the Robscott Building and the Kent/Sussex County unit is located in Georgetown (see the Index section in the back of General Policy for the address and telephone number of each Prior Authorization Unit).
5.1.2 For individuals not enrolled in an MCO, prior authorization requests for PDN services should be directed to the appropriate Medicaid office (Robscott Building in Newark for New Castle County and Thurman Adams State Service Center in Georgetown for Kent and Sussex Counties). Contact information for these offices may be found in the Index of the General Policy Manual.
5.1.4 The maximum number of hours provided by an individual nurse will be restricted to a level that can safely and reasonably be provided. No individual nurse will be authorized to work more than a 16 hour shift per day except in an emergency situation which will be reviewed by the Medical Review Team.
5.1.5 5.1.3 PDN hours must be used for the period of time in which they are authorized. If the authorized hours are not used they the unused hours cannot be carried over into another time period.
5.1.4 Prior approval of services does not guarantee that individuals are eligible for Medicaid. Providers must verify that individuals are eligible for Medicaid at the time services are furnished and must determine if Medicaid beneficiaries have other health insurance.
5.2 General Guidelines for Private Duty Nursing Services Authorization
5.2.1 Initially, a Division of Medicaid and Medical Assistance (DMMA) Medical Services Nurse completes a face-to-face medical assessment. The client individual will receive a written notice of approval or non-approval for PDN services.
5.2.2 The on-going need for PDN care is routinely/periodically re-evaluated. DMMA may determine that because of parent/caregiver work schedule, stability of the patient, and other factors, that PDN hours may be reduced or increased. DMMA may determine that PDN hours may be increased based on medical necessity or reduced based on medical necessity accompanied by a change in circumstances or other good causes.
5.2.3 PDN will only be authorized when there is at least one caregiver willing and able to accept responsibility for the client’s care when the nurse is not available. DMMA expects that parents/caregivers be willing and capable to accept responsibility for their relative/child’s care. If the parent/caregiver cannot or will not accept responsibility for the client’s care when PDN is not authorized or available, the client is deemed not to be in a safe environment and PDN will not be authorized.
PDN services will only be authorized when there is at least one caregiver willing and able to accept responsibility for the individual’s care when the nurse is not available. DMAP expects that caregivers be willing and capable to accept responsibility for their individual’s care. If the caregiver cannot or will not accept responsibility for the individual’s care when PDN services are not authorized or available, the individual is deemed not to be in a safe environment and PDN services will not be authorized.
5.2.4 DMMA DMAP cannot guarantee that PDN services will be available from a specific provider.
5.2.5 DMMA DMAP reimburses for medically necessary transportation through a Medicaid transportation broker. DMMA expects the parent/caregiver to accompany the client in transport. If, because of employment or school, the parent/caregiver cannot accompany the client, the prior authorized PDN may accompany the client. If the client is transported to a medical appointment or the hospital with the PDN, as soon as the parent/caregiver arrives, the PDN service is no longer required. PDN will not be authorized for a nurse to accompany a client to a medical appointment or hospital stay when the parent/caregiver is available. PDN services will be authorized for transportation when medically necessary, as determined on an individualized basis.
5.2.6 PDN may be approved to accompany school-age children with a compromised airway or other DMAP approved high risk condition in transport to school and to provide medically necessary care during school hours. PDN services may be authorized during the school day with parental consent, as indicated by the agreement with the child’s Individual Education Plan (IEP), if DMAP determines that a school is unable to meet the medical needs of school age children who are technology dependent or for whom DMAP has determined these services to be otherwise medically necessary. This may include accompanying the children during the transport to and from school and providing medically necessary care during school hours.
5.2.7 DMMA may approve PDN services may be approved when a child is home sick with a cold, virus or normal childhood disease or there are unplanned school closures or inclement weather days. However, additional hours must be prior authorized. Home health agencies may not be able to provide “on demand or same day service.” Families Parents/caregivers should contact DMMA or their MCO as soon as they know about an unplanned school closure, etc. and find a willing and available provider.
5.2.8 DMMA may approve PDN services may be approved to cover summer vacation as well as scheduled school year holiday vacations for school age children if the parent/caregiver requests coverage timely it is determined that services are medically necessary Absence of parents/guardian from the home for employment or work-related education reasons must be documented.
5.2.9 DMMA projects a sufficient amount of hours per day. If the hours authorized are not used on a particular day, the hours do not carry over to the next day or weekend nor can the hours be “banked” to be used at a later time.
5.3 Determination of Hours Needed
5.3.1 DMMA does not approve 24 hour on-going PDN services. DMMA may approve 24 hours PDN for 3-4 days (trach and vent child/adult) to help parents/caregivers adjust and ensure all equipment is functioning. PDN reduces to 20 hours for 1-2 days. PDN then reduces to 18 hours then reduces to 16 hours, the maximum number of hours a day authorized for children (8 hours for adults). PDN services may be approved for up to twenty-four (24) hours per day for up to three to four (3-4) days when medically necessary to help caregivers adjust and ensure all equipment is functioning following a transition or discharge from hospital or other facility to the community. Once the transition is successfully accomplished, PDN services will be gradually reduced based upon individually assessed medical necessity.
5.3.2 PDN may be reduced further by school enrollment or attendance at a Prescribed Pediatric Extended Care (PPEC) facility. A home health aid or Certified Nursing Assistant (CAN) may be approved for some clients in lieu of PDN when appropriate and cost effective.
5.3.32 An increase in hours may be approved if additional hours will avoid hospitalization or institutional placement as a cost effective measure. This will depend on the medical necessity, the amount of additional hours needed and the letter of medical necessity from the admitting individual’s primary care physician (PCP).
5.3.43 If a parent/caregiver needs hours for sleep and skilled care is required for a client with a compromised airway (trach/vent) or other DMAP approved high-risk condition during this sleep time, PDN is approved for a maximum of up to eight hours, generally eight hours within the range of 10pm through 8am. During those hours when a parent/caregiver needs to sleep, and a high risk or technology dependent individual continues to require skilled care, PDN services may be approved for a maximum of eight (8) additional hours.
5.3.54 PDN services is may be adjusted to cover work and travel time of the parent/caregiver or to cover education (class schedule) and travel time of the parent, if there is not another parent/caregiver in the home. PDN is authorized for up to 40 hours per week plus an additional five hours for travel to and from work or school. Parent/guardian work hours/schedule must be verified. PDN for education is for employment related classes, vo-tech, GED, high school, college, etc. and must be documented. based on the availability of the parent/caregiver as determined by DMAP. “Availability” is individually determined based on a totality of circumstances. DMAP requires that documentation of parent/caregiver unavailability be provided annually, or when/if changes occur.
5.3.6 If medical care is needed, but it is less than skilled care, DMMA may authorize a CAN or home health aid to provide medically necessary care if it is deemed to be the most appropriate and cost effective.
5.3.5 PDN services may be reduced by the introduction of a Home Health Aide (HHA), Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) or Personal Attendant and may be approved for some individuals in lieu of PDN services when appropriate and cost effective.
Codes Description
T1000 Private duty/independent nursing service(s) licensed, up to 15 minutes
Last Updated: December 31 1969 19:00:00.
site map   |   about this site   |    contact us   |    translate   |    delaware.gov