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Delaware General AssemblyDelaware RegulationsMonthly Register of RegulationsNovember 2018

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(29 Del.C. §8503(7) & 19 Del.C. §105(a)(8))
19 DE Admin. Code 1322
Pursuant to its authority under 29 Del.C. §8503(7) and 19 Del.C. §105(a)(8), the State of Delaware, Department of Labor's Division of Industrial Affairs (herein '"the Department") proposed to amend its regulations enforcing the Prevailing Wage Law, 29 Del.C. §6960. The Department's purpose in proposing these amendments was to formally limit the number of fringe benefits deductions the Department will recognize; expand the scope of the circumstances under which the Department shall hold administrative hearings; and make minor changes to the conduct of those hearings themselves. The proposed amendments are also intended to add a Diver Classification and include that Classification in the Classification booklet. Minor amendments and changes were also inserted regarding other portions of the regulations, including a change to the statutory thresholds for prevailing wage projects to make them consistent with the Prevailing Wage Law itself.
AND NOW this 1st day of November, 2018, it is hereby ordered that:
3. The effective date of this Order is ten days from the date of its publication in the Delaware Register of Regulations in accordance with 29 Del.C. §10118(e); and
Pursuant to 29 Del.C. §8503(7), the Department of Labor, State of Delaware, hereby promulgates the following rules and regulations to implement the provisions of 29 Del.C. §6960, "Wage provisions in public construction contracts." These regulations supersede Regulations PW101, entitled "Regulations Concerning Apprentices and Supportive Service Program Trainees Employed on State Projects" (adopted April 11, 1978 and repealed April 5, 1992) and "Delaware Prevailing Wage Regulations" (adopted April 5, 1992 as amended September 15, 1993).
3.1.1 Activity Covered. 29 Del.C. §6960 The prevailing wage law applies to every contract or aggregate of contracts relating to a public works project in excess of $500,000 for now construction (including painting or decorating) or $45,000 for alteration, repair, renovation, rehabilitation, demolition or reconstruction (including painting and decorating of building or works) to which this State or any subdivision thereof is a party and for which the State appropriated any part of the funds and which requires or involves the employment of mechanics and/or laborers.
3.1.2 "Building" or "Work". The terms "building" or "work" generally include construction activity as distinguished from manufacturing, furnishing of materials, or servicing and maintenance work. The terms include without limitation, buildings, structures, and improvements of all types, such as bridges, dams, plants, highways, parkways, streets, tunnels, sewers, mains, power lines, pumping stations, heavy generators, railways, airports, terminals, docks, piers, wharves, buoys, jetties, breakwaters, levees, canals, dredging, shoring, rehabilitation and reactivation of plants, scaffolding, drilling, blasting, excavating, clearing, and landscaping. The manufacture or furnishing of materials, articles, supplies or equipment is not a "building" or "work" within the meaning of the regulations unless conducted at the site of such a building or work.
3.1.3 Laborers and Mechanics. The terms "laborer" and "mechanic" includes at least those workers whose duties are manual or physical in nature (including those workers who use tools or who are performing the work of a trade), as distinguished from mental or managerial. The term "laborer" or "mechanic" includes apprentices and Supportive Service Program (SSP) trainees. The term does not apply to workers whose duties are primarily administrative, executive, or clerical, rather than manual. Persons employed in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity are not deemed to be laborers or mechanics. Working foremen who devote more than twenty (20) percent of their time during a workweek to mechanic or laborer duties are deemed to be laborers and mechanics for the time so spent.
The terms "laborers" and "mechanics" do not apply to watchmen, guards, dispatchers, or weighmasters. The following classifications of workers are recognized by the Department: The term "apprentice" means persons who are indentured and employed in a bona fide apprenticeship program and individually registered by the program sponsor with the Delaware Department of Labor. The term "apprenticeship agreement" means a written agreement between an apprentice and either his/her employer or a joint apprenticeship committee which contains the terms and conditions of the employment and training of the apprentice. The term "apprenticeship program" means a complete plan of terms and conditions for the employment and training of apprentices. The term "Joint apprenticeship committee" means a local committee equally representative of employers and employees which has been established by a group of employers with a bona fide bargaining agent or agents to direct the training of apprentices with whom it has made agreements. The term "registration" means the approval by the Department of Labor of an apprenticeship program or agreement as meeting the basic standards adopted by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, United States Department of Labor. The term "registration" for SSP Trainees means the individual registration of a participant in a program which has received prior approval, evidenced by formal certification by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The term "SSP Trainee" or "trainee" means a participant in the "Supportive Service Program" mandated by the Federal Highway Administration for federally aided state highway projects. Apprentices and SSP Trainees will be permitted to work as such on State contracts in excess of $100,000 $500,000 for new construction or $15,000 $45,000 for alteration, repair, renovation, rehabilitation, demolition or reconstruction only when they are registered with the Department of Labor or an approved SSP Training Program. The ratio of apprentices to mechanics on the site of any work covered by 29 Del.C. §6960 in any craft classification may not be greater than the ratio permitted to the contractor for the entire workforce under the registered apprenticeship program. Any apprentice performing work on the job site in excess of the ratio permitted under the registered program must be paid not less than the wage rate that the applicable wage determination specifies for the work (s)he actually performs. Entitlement to mechanic's wages shall be based upon seniority in the apprenticeship program or (in the case of equal seniority) seniority on the job site. Every employer who employs an apprentice or SSP trainee under this part must keep the records required by 19 Del.C. Chs. 9 and 11, including designation of apprentices or trainees on the payroll. In addition, every employer who employs apprentices or SSP trainees shall preserve the agreements under which the individuals were employed.
3.1.5 Working Foremen. 29 Del.C. §6960 does not apply to (and therefore survey data are not collected for) workers whose duties are primarily administrative, executive or clerical, rather than manual. However, working foremen who devote more than twenty (20) percent of their time during a workweek to mechanic or laborer duties are laborers and mechanics for the time so spent and data will be collected for the hours spent as laborers or mechanics. Character Similar. 29 Del.C. §6960 requires the predetermination of wage rates which are prevailing on projects of a "character similar to the construction work." As a general rule, the Department identifies projects by end use type and classifies then into three major categories: Site of Work. A basic characteristic of the construction industry is the continual shift in the site of employment. 29 Del.C. §6960 provides that prevailing wages are to be paid to "...all mechanics and laborers employed directly upon the site of the work..." (emphasis added). The site of the work is limited to the physical place or places where the construction called for in the contract will remain when work on it has been completed.
3.1.9 Wages. The term "wages" means the basic hourly rate of pay plus fringe benefits as defined below. Fringe benefits may be considered in determining whether an employer has met his/her prevailing wage obligations. As a general rule, any fringe benefit may be considered as long as the employer is not legally required to provide it. Therefore, benefits such as health, welfare or retirement benefits, vacation, holiday pay or sick leave pay could be considered fringe benefits. Employer payments for unemployment insurance, workers' compensation, FICA, etc. (which are required by law) would not be considered fringe benefits. To be considered a "bona fide" fringe benefit for purposes of the Act, a fringe benefit plan, fund, or program must constitute a legally enforceable obligation which meets the following criteria:
In order to be considered a valid fringe benefit, payments must be made either in cash, or contributed to an irrevocable escrow account at least once each month.
"Irrevocable" means that the benefit may not be forfeited. However, a benefit plan can be considered by the Department provided that payments to the plan are made irrevocably by the employer, even though certain employees may forfeit their individual rights to the benefits under certain prescribed conditions. Thus, if payments are made by the employer, and no return of those payments is possible, the plan would be acceptable, even though individual employees might not receive the benefits under certain situations. Benefits forfeited by such employees remain in an escrow account for the use of the other employees. The actual cost of the benefit to the employer is the basis for evaluating the value of the fringe benefit. Administration costs are not considered fringe benefits. The cost of the benefits must be apportioned between employment on both public and private projects. Thus, the total value of the benefit would be divided by the total amount of time worked. This will result in benefit per unit of time which would be equally applicable to public and private employment projects. Example: an employee works two weeks (80 hours) on a public project and two weeks (80 hours) on a private project. The employer pays $160 for the employee's health insurance for the month. The value of the benefit is $1.00 per hour. The employer is not permitted to apply the entire premium to the public project alone.
3.1.12 Wage Determinations. A "wage determination" is the listing of wages (including fringe benefits) for each classification of laborers and mechanics, which the Administrator has determined to be prevailing in a given county and type of construction. Wage determinations are issued annually.
3.1.13 Maintenance Work. To "maintain" means to preserve or keep in an existing state or condition to prevent a decline, lapse, or cessation from that state or condition. Wages paid to workers performing maintenance work shall not be used in determining prevailing wage rates.
3.1.14 Area. The term "area" in determining wage rates under 29 Del.C. §6960 shall mean the county of the State in which the work is to be performed. The term "area" in determining classifications of workers under 29 Del.C. §6960 shall mean the State of Delaware.
3.1.15 Secretary. "Secretary" means the Secretary of Labor for the State of Delaware.
3.1.16 Administrator. "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Office of Labor Law Enforcement for the Delaware Department of Labor, Division of Industrial Affairs.
3.1.17 Department. "Department" means the Delaware Department of Labor. Geographic Scope. A prime objective of the prevailing wage law is to protect local rates of pay and 29 Del.C. §6960 stipulates that the "area" for the determination of wage rates is to be the county in which the work is performed.
Public agencies (covered by the provisions of 29 Del.C. §6960) are required to use the rates which are in effect on the date of the publication of specifications for a given project. "Date of publication" means the date on which the specifications are made available to interested persons (as specified in the published bid notice). In the event that a contract is not executed within one hundred and twenty (120) days from the earliest date the specifications were published, the rates in effect at the time of the execution of the contract shall be the applicable rates for the project.
7.1 The authority to enforce the prevailing wage rates derives from 29 Del.C. §6960(b) which states: "The Department of Labor shall investigate all claims that the prevailing wage rates as provided for under this section are not being or have not been paid.” The Department shall notify the employer by certified and First Class mail that a complaint has been filed and/or that an investigation has been initiated. The Department may request (or subpoena, if necessary) records, documents, or testimony necessary to make a determination as to the validity of the complaint or the employer's compliance with the law. Upon finding that an employer has not paid or is not paying the correct prevailing wage rates, If the Department of Labor shall notify the employer of the violations by certified mail and make an effort to obtain compliance is unable to obtain voluntary compliance, the Department shall notify the employer by certified and First Class mail that it has made a final determination that the employer is in violation and that the employer has the right to appeal the final determination to the Secretary (the "Final Notice"). All appeals of a Final Notice to the Secretary shall be in writing and must be received by the Secretary within fifteen (15) days from the receipt of the Final Notice. For purposes of determining "receipt," the failure to accept certified mail, combined with the lack of return of First Class mail, shall be deemed to be sufficient notice. Receipt shall be construed upon the date at which the certified mail was rejected. Failure to make a return of service shall not affect the validity of service. The Secretary shall acknowledge receipt of appeals within twenty (20) days and propose a schedule to determine the appeal. The Secretary may designate a neutral third party to preside over an appeal. Final Determinations shall be reviewable for an abuse of discretion or clear error of law. Upon failure to obtain compliance within fifteen (15) days of receipt of said certified mail, Consistent with the prevailing wage law, the Department may direct the contracting agency and/or the prime contractor to withhold payments to the employer (in an amount equal to the prevailing wage deficiencies, as determined by the Department) which are to be remitted to the Department for distribution upon resolution of the matter. The determination of when a matter shall be resolved shall be at the sole discretion of the Department. In addition, the Secretary may terminate all rights of the employer to proceed with the work under the contract and the employer shall be responsible for all damages resulting therefrom. If the dispute between the Department and the employer pertains to the classification of workers as determined by the Office of Labor Law Enforcement, the determination shall be reviewable by the Secretary or his/her designee and shall be reversed only upon a finding of abuse of discretion. Such appeals from the Office of Labor Law Enforcement's decision must be made in writing and must be received by the Secretary within fifteen (15) days from receipt of the Department's certified letter. Employers may request, in writing, expedited treatment of an investigation and/or an appeal to the Office of the Secretary. In such cases, the employers shall state with particularity the reason for the request and provide all information requested by the Department. The Department shall respond to requests for expedition within seven (7) days. If expedited relief is granted, the Department shall make every effort to expedite the investigation and/or appeal to the Secretary or his/her designee. The Department shall have sole discretion to grant or deny requests for expedition and such decisions are not reviewable.
7.1.3 Hearings. A hearing shall be held only in cases involving the termination of rights to proceed with the work under the public construction contract. A hearing shall also be held in cases involving classification disputes. However, any such party's appeal request must be received by the Department of Labor within fifteen (15) days of said party's receipt of the final decision of the Office of Labor Law Enforcement. For purposes of determining "receipt," the failure to accept certified mail, combined with the lack of return of First Class mail, shall be deemed to be sufficient notice. Receipt shall be construed upon the date at which the certified mail was rejected. Failure to make a return of service shall not affect the validity of service. A hearing otherwise required by this subsection may be voluntarily waived at the request of the employer. Scope of Rules. These rules shall govern the conduct of prevailing wage hearings initiated held by the Department of Labor pursuant to 29 Del.C. §6960(d) to terminate all rights of the contractor or subcontractor to proceed with work under a public construction contract for failure to pay prevailing wage rates. Initiation of Hearing. The Secretary of Labor may shall initiate a hearing by notifying the contractor or subcontractor by registered mail that said contractor or subcontractor is alleged to have violated 29 Del.C. §6960 the prevailing wage law. The notice shall give 20 days prior notice from receipt to all parties as follows:
For purposes of determining "receipt," the failure to accept certified mail, or the lack of return of First Class mail, shall be deemed to be sufficient notice. Receipt shall be construed upon the date at which the certified mail was rejected. Failure to make a return of service shall not affect the validity of service. The hearing may shall be conducted-by the Secretary of Labor or by a hearing officer designated for that purpose by the Secretary. Hold preheating prehearing conferences for the settlement or simplification of issues by consent, for the disposal of procedural requests or disputes and to regulate and to expedite the course of the hearing. The conduct of hearing shall not be bound by technical rules of evidence pursuant to 19 Del.C. 105(8) The rules of evidence applied in civil cases by the courts of the State of Delaware shall not be strictly followed. The Secretary or hearing officer may allow evidence not admissible under these rules of evidence where, in his or her judgment, application of the exclusionary rule would result in unnecessary hardship and the evidence offered is of a kind commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the conduct of their affairs. Hearsay may be admissible in administrative hearings, but may not constitute the sole basis for the Secretary or hearing officer's determination upon the factual issue addressed by the hearsay evidence.
Last Updated: December 31 1969 19:00:00.
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