DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Statutory Authority: 6 Delaware Code, Section 2432A(h) (6 Del.C., §2432A(h))
Debt Management Services
The Attorney General in accordance with 6 Del.C. §2432(h) has proposed to adopt rules and regulations to implement the Delaware Uniform Debt Management Act in 6 Del.C. Chapter 24A.
A public hearing will be held at 10:00 a.m. on December 11, 2006 in the Attorney General's conference on the 6th floor of the Carvel State Office Building, 820 N. French Street, Wilmington, DE 19801, where members of the public can offer comments. Anyone wishing to receive a copy of the proposed rules and regulations may obtain a copy from the Consumer Protection Unit of the Department of Justice at Carvel State Office Building, 5th floor, 820 N. French Street, Wilmington, DE 19801. Persons wishing to submit written comments may forward these to the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit at the above address. The final date to receive written comments will be at the public hearing.
Proposed Rules and Regulations Debt Management Services
1.1 The following terms are defined in 6 Del.C. §2402A and have the same meaning when used in these rules.
"Principal amount of debt"
1.2 The following terms used herein mean:
1.2.1 "Accreditation" means certified as meeting a prescribed standard.
1.2.2 "Administrative Procedures Act" or "APA" means 29 Del.C. Chapter 101.
1.2.3 "Consumer Protection Unit" or "Consumer Protection Division" means the section of the Department of Justice established under 29 Del.C. §2517.
1.2.4 "Debt Management Services" as defined in 6 Del.C. §2402(9) include, but are not limited to, debt negotiation and settlement.
1.2.5 "Delaware Uniform Debt Management Act" or "Act" means the provisions in Chapter 24A of Title 6 of the Delaware Code.
1.2.6 "Director" means the Deputy Attorney General assigned as head of the Consumer Protection Unit.
1.2.7 "Hearing Officer" means an attorney assigned to conduct an administrative hearing.
2.1 A provider of debt management services is not required to be licensed under the Delaware Uniform Debt Management Services Act if the provider:
2.1.1 has no reason to know the individual receiving services by agreement resides in Delaware; or
2.1.2 receives no compensation from the individual receiving services or a creditor of that individual.
2.2 Debt management services do not include:
2.2.1 legal services provided by an attorney authorized to practice law in Delaware and in an attorney-client relationship or
2.2.2 accounting services provided by a certified public accountant licensed to provide accounting services in Delaware and in an accountant-client relationship.
2.2.3 services provided within the scope of the business or profession by
22.214.171.124 a judicial officer; or person acting under court or administrative order;
126.96.36.199 an assignee for the benefit of creditors;
188.8.131.52 a bank or government regulated bank affiliate;
184.108.40.206 a title insurer, an escrow company, or a person providing bill paying services if the provision of debt-management services is incidental to the bill-paying services.
3.1 The Consumer Protection Unit of the Fraud and Consumer Protection Division is designated by the Attorney General to administer the Delaware Uniform Debt-Management Services Act in Chapter 24A of Title 6 of the Delaware Code.
3.1.1 The address of the Consumer Protection Unit is 820 N. French St., Fifth Floor, Wilmington, DE 19801. The phone number is (302) 577-8600 or (800) 220-5454 (in Delaware).
3.1.2 The address for the Attorney General on the internet is http://www.state.de.us/attgen
3.1.3 Business hours are 8:30 to 5:00 p.m. Mondays through Fridays excluding legal State holidays as defined in 1 Del.C. §501.
3.2 Copies of the law and rules are available by contacting the office above or from the web site.
3.3 Applicants are required to read and comply with the law and the rules. The rules are intended to be explanatory and do not contain all of the details found in the law.
4.1 Applications for licensure shall be submitted on forms approved by the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit. Application forms will be mailed to an applicant upon request and are also available in person or through the web site at the addresses provided in Rule 3.1.
4.2 Applications must be complete before they are submitted for consideration. Incomplete applications may be denied or returned to the applicant. Applications shall include:
4.2.1 An audited review by a certified accountant of the applicant's financial statements for the two years preceding the application or the period of existence, whichever is less. 6 Del.C. §2406A (8).
4.2.2 At the applicant's expense, the results of a criminal history record check, including fingerprints, provided pursuant to the Federal Bureau of Investigation appropriation of Title II of Public Law 92-544 (28 U.S.C. §534) and 28 C.F.R. §50.12., conducted within the last 12 months for every officer of the applicant and every employee with access to the trust account.
220.127.116.11 The applicant may request sufficient fingerprint cards and authorization forms from the Consumer Protection Unit of the Delaware Attorney General's Office for the individuals needing criminal records checks. The cards can then be taken to a local law enforcement agency for fingerprinting. The completed cards and authorizations shall be returned to the Consumer Protection Unit for further processing by the Delaware Bureau of Identification.
18.104.22.168 The Delaware Bureau of Identification shall be the intermediary and the Office of the Attorney General of Delaware - Consumer Protection Unit shall be the screening point for the receipt of the federal criminal history records.
22.214.171.124 A license will not be denied based on the information contained in an FBI identification record until a person has a reasonable time to correct or complete the record, or has declined to do so. Procedures for obtaining a change, correction or updating an FBI identification record are set forth in 28 C.F.R. §50.12.
126.96.36.199 A criminal records check obtained for the purpose of doing business in any state, that was issued within the last 12 months and based on the fingerprints of the officer or person with access to the trust account, satisfies this requirement if the criminal records check is provided by the licensing state and received by that state from a central repository.
4.2.3 A corporate surety bond on the form provided in an amount of at least $50,000 from a surety company authorized to do business in Delaware (or an irrevocable letter of credit with the consent of the Attorney General) as provided in 6 Del.C. §§2405A(b)(2), 2413A, and 2414A.
188.8.131.52 The amount of the bond may be required to be increased after consideration of the value of the applicant's business in Delaware and the balance of the trust account.
184.108.40.206 The term of the bond is continuous.
220.127.116.11 The bond shall run to the State for the benefit of the Attorney General and consumers injured by any wrongful act, omission, default, fraud or misrepresentation by the applicant.
18.104.22.168 If the bond is amended, the licensee shall provide an amended copy of the original security bond to the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office.
22.214.171.124 No cancellation of a bond by the surety shall be effective unless written notice of an intent to cancel is filed with the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office at least 30 days before the effective date of cancellation.
126.96.36.199 A surety company that receives a claim against the bond shall immediately notify the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office. No payment shall be made without the approval of the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office.
4.2.4 Evidence of insurance against the risks of dishonesty, fraud, theft, and other misconduct on the part of the applicant or a director, employee, or agent of the applicant in the amount of $500,000. 6 Del.C. §2405A(b)(4).
188.8.131.52 Insurer must be authorized to do business in the State of Delaware and be rated at least A by a nationally recognized rating organization.
184.108.40.206 The deductible shall be no greater than $5,000.
220.127.116.11 The policy shall not be subject to cancellation by the applicant without the approval of the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office.
18.104.22.168 The policy shall be payable to the Applicant, the individuals having agreements with the Applicant, and the State of Delaware, as their interests may appear.
4.2.5 Identification of trust accounts and an irrevocable consent permitting the Attorney General and/or the designee(s) of the Attorney General to review and examine accounts along with an overdraft notification agreement. 6 Del.C. §§2405A(b)(3) and 2422A.
4.2.6 Evidence of accreditation by an independent accrediting organization approved by the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office that assures compliance with industry standards. The following organizations have been approved (6 Del.C. §2406A(9)):
22.214.171.124 ISO 9001:2000
126.96.36.199 BSI Management
188.8.131.52 Council on Accreditation for Children and Families.
4.2.7 Documentation of counselor certifications or a statement that a counselor will become certified within 12 months of employment. Certification shall be by a bona fide third-party provider approved by the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office such as:
184.108.40.206 the Association for Financial Counseling and Planning Education
220.127.116.11 the National Foundation for Credit Counseling
18.104.22.168 a college accredited by one of the six regional accreditation services. The requirement for certification is satisfied with a course worth at least 3 semester credits, or its equivalent, covering credit counseling or debt management.
22.214.171.124 a provider offering a training program that is approved after the curriculum is submitted to the Director of Consumer Protection for review. The program will, at a minimum, include a final examination that is administered by a proctor who verifies the identification of the person taking the test. 6 Del.C. §2406A(10).
4.2.8 A description of the three most common educational programs provided for Delaware residents and a copy of the materials. 6 Del.C. §2406A(11).
4.2.9 A description of the financial analysis and initial budget plan including any form or electronic model used to evaluate the financial conditions of individuals. 6 Del.C. §2406A(2).
4.2.10 A copy of each form of agreement used with Delaware residents. 6 Del.C. §2406A(13).
4.2.11 A schedule of all fees, including any recommended donations, used with Delaware residents. 6 Del.C. §2406A(14).
4.2.12 The application fee in the amount of $2000. 6 Del.C. §2405A(b)(1).
4.3 The Director of the Consumer Protection Unit:
4.3.1 will make a preliminary decision on a completed application within 120 days unless additional information is needed. In that case, the period is extended by 60 days.
4.3.2 may deny a license application for any of the reasons in 6 Del.C. §2409A(b) including:
126.96.36.199 the application contains information that is materially erroneous or incomplete;
188.8.131.52 an officer, director, or owner of the applicant has been convicted of a crime, or suffered a civil judgment, involving dishonesty or the violation of state or federal securities laws;
184.108.40.206 the applicant or any of its officers, directors, or owners has defaulted in the payment of money collected for others; or
220.127.116.11 the Attorney General, or designee, finds that the financial responsibility experience, character, or general fitness of the applicant or its owners, directors, employees, or agents does not warrant belief that the business will be operated in compliance with this chapter.
4.3.3 shall deny a license as provided in 6 Del.C. §2409A(c) if no fee accompanies the application or if the Board of Directors of a not-for-profit or tax exempt applicant is not independent of the applicant's employees and agents.
4.4 An applicant must be notified in writing of a preliminary decision to deny the application within 7 days of the decision along with the reasons for the intended action. The notification must advise the applicant of the right to a hearing.
4.5 An applicant may request a hearing within10 days after receipt of the preliminary decision to deny the application.
4.5.1 If an applicant does not timely request a hearing, the preliminary decision is final.
4.5.2 A hearing will be scheduled upon timely request by the applicant as provided in Subchapter IV of the Administrative Procedures Act.
4.5.3 The Director, or an attorney designated by the Director, will serve as hearing officer after a preliminary decision to deny a license is made.
5.1 Licenses shall expire one year following the date of issuance unless it is renewed as provided in 6 Del.C. §2411A.
5.2 Licensees are responsible for annual renewal whether or not a notice of renewal is received from the Consumer Protection Unit.
5.3 Renewal applications shall be on forms approved by the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit. The following shall be included with the completed renewal application form as described in the section of the Act indicated:
5.3.1 A non refundable fee of $1000.00. 6 Del.C. 2411A §(b)(2).
5.3.2 Evidence of accreditation by an independent accrediting organization. 6 Del.C. 2411A §(b)(3).
5.3.3 Evidence of certification by applicants' counselors. 6 Del.C. 2411A §(b)(3).
5.3.4 A financial statement, audited by an accountant licensed to conduct
audits, for the fiscal year immediately preceding the renewal application. 6 Del.C. §2411A(b)(3).
5.3.5 Evidence of insurance in an amount equal to the larger of $250,000 or the highest daily balance in the required trust account with terms consistent 6 Del.C. 2411A §(b)(5). [See Rule 18.104.22.168 through 22.214.171.124].
5.3.6 A statement disclosing the total amount of money received on behalf of each debtor who resides in this State to pay creditors, and the amount distributed to each creditor in the 12 months immediately preceding the renewal application, if any.
6 Del.C. §2411(a)(6).
5.3.7 The gross amount of money accumulated in the 12 months immediately preceding the renewal application pursuant to plans by or on behalf of individuals who reside in this State who are parties to agreements with the licensee. 6 Del.C. §2411A(a)(7).
5.3.8 A statement indicating the number of individuals who enrolled in debt management plans and the number of individuals who successfully completed debt management plans in the year preceding the renewal application.
5.4 Applications for renewal must be filed with the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit no fewer than 30 days or more than 60 days before the expiration.
5.5 If a timely and complete application for renewal is filed, a license remains in effect until the licensee is advised of a preliminary decision to deny the application along with the reasons.
5.6 An applicant may make a request for a hearing within 10 days after receipt of a preliminary decision to deny the renewal application pursuant to Subchapter IV of the Administrative Procedures Act. If no hearing is requested, the preliminary decision is final.
5.7 If a timely and complete application for renewal is not received in the Consumer Protection Unit by the expiration date of the license, the license is expired and the former licensee is prohibited from conducting business which requires a license for Debt Management Services in this State. The applicant may apply for a new license.
6.0 Debt Management Services
6.1 Before entering into an agreement for debt management services, a licensee must provide an itemized list of goods and services and disclose all fees as required under 6 Del.C. §2417A.
6.1.1 The list must be clear and conspicuous.
6.1.2 The list must be provided in a record the consumer may retain regardless of whether an agreement is reached for services.
6.2 No debt management services may be furnished until a certified counselor conducts the education and financial analysis required, and prepare a suitable plan if appropriate, as provided in 2417A(a) and the consumer is
6.2.1 given a copy of the financial analysis and plan.
6.2.2 informed in writing of the availability, at the consumer's option, of assistance by toll-free communication or in person to discuss the financial analysis.
6.2.3 informed that some creditors may be unwilling to negotiate with the provider.
6.2.4 given the separate disclosures required under 6 Del.C. §2417A(d).
6.3 Agreements must include the provisions required under 6 Del.C. §2419A.
6.3.1 Agreements must be accompanied by the "Notice of Right to Cancel" in bold-face type surrounded by bold black line as required under 6 Del.C. §2420A.
6.3.2 Any agreement that does not comply with the law or rules is voidable.
6.3.3 Agreements may be terminated as provided in 6 Del.C. §2426A.
7.1 Any person, including employees in the Consumer Protection Unit, may file a complaint against a licensee in writing on a form provided by the Consumer Protection Unit.
7.2 The Director may refer a completed and signed complaint to the Special Investigation Unit for investigation.
7.2.1 If, after review and/or investigation, there is insufficient evidence to support a finding the licensee is in violation of the Debt Management Services Act or the lawful rules promulgated under the Act, the Director may sua sponte dismiss the complaint.
7.2.2 If, after review and/or investigation, there is sufficient evidence to support a finding the licensee is in violation of the Debt Management Services Act or the lawful rules promulgated under the Act, the Director may
126.96.36.199 enter a preliminary order directed to a licensee to cease and desist from any violation, to correct a violation including providing restitution, and/or to pay a civil penalty as provided in 6 Del.C. §2433A;
188.8.131.52 enter a preliminary order suspending or revoking the license of licensee as provided in 6 Del.C. §2434A;
184.108.40.206 without entering a preliminary order, assign the matter to a Deputy Attorney General for preparation and prosecution of a formal complaint before a hearing officer;
220.127.116.11 impose civil penalties and/or recover costs of enforcement; or
18.104.22.168 proceed in any other manner permitted under the Act.
7.2.3 A licensee has 10 days from receipt of a preliminary order in which to request a hearing before a hearing officer.
22.214.171.124 If no hearing is requested, the preliminary order becomes final.
126.96.36.199 If a hearing is requested, the matter will be assigned to a Deputy Attorney General as provided in 188.8.131.52.
7.2.4 When a hearing is requested following issuance of a preliminary order by the Director, enforcement is stayed pending a final determination by a hearing officer except in the case of an order issued with reference to 6 Del.C. §2433A(g)(2) or 2434A(c).
7.2.5 Any requested hearing will proceed as provided under the Administrative Procedures Act.
8.1 All hearings are open to the public.
8.2 An individual may represent himself or herself in a hearing. An artificial entity shall be represented by an attorney authorized to practice law in Delaware.
8.2.1 Delaware Supreme Court Rule 72 is applicable to the admission of attorneys, who are not licensed in Delaware, pro hac vice before administrative agencies.
8.3 Testimony shall be under oath or affirmation.
8.4 The hearing officer shall preserve the record of the hearing including the pleadings and documentary evidence.
8.5 The hearing shall be recorded verbatim by a court reporter. The expense of preparing any transcript for any purpose, including an appeal, shall be borne by the person requesting it.
8.6 The Delaware Uniform Rules of Evidence will provide a reference for the hearing officer. However, the hearing officer may admit any evidence that reasonable and prudent individuals would commonly accept in the conduct of their affairs and give probative effect that evidence. Evidence may not be excluded solely on the ground that it is hearsay, but a decision may not be based solely on hearsay.
9.0 Summary suspension.
9.1 The Director of Consumer Protection, by designation of the Attorney General, may order a summary suspension of a license effective the date specified in the order as provided in 6 Del.C. §2434A (c).
10.1 Judicial review of regulations is authorized under 29 Del.C. §10141.
10.2 Judicial review of case decisions is authorized under 29 Del.C. §10142.
10.3 There is no automatic stay of enforcement of a decision when an appeal is filed from the final order of the Director or hearing officer. The requirements for a stay of enforcement are provided in 29 Del.C. §10144.
11.0 Trust Account
11.1 All money provided to a licensee pursuant to a plan for distribution to creditors shall be deposited in a trust account within two (2) business days after receipt.
11.2 The licensee shall maintain separate records for each individual.
11.3 Each trust account shall be reconciled at least once each month. The balance must at all time equal the sum of the balances of each individual's account.
11.4 If the agreement is terminated or the plan fails, the licensee shall return the funds remaining in the trust account, less fees permitted under the Act, to the individual client.
11.5 A licensee shall notify the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office before a trust account is moved and shall provide the name, address, and telephone number of the new bank along with the new account number.
11.6 A license must enter an overdraft notification agreement that requires the financial institution to notify the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit of the Attorney General's Office in the event that an instrument is presented for payment and the trust account contains insufficient funds, regardless of whether the instrument is honored.
11.7 A licensee shall comply with all provisions related to the trust account required by 6 Del.C. §2422A.
12.1 An on-site examination of assets, securities, books, accounts, papers, and records of a licensee or affiliate can be conducted by an examiner designated by the Director with or without notice during regular business hours. The records shall document the information in 6 Del.C. §2427A including at least the following:
12.1.1 A file for each consumer containing the preliminary financial analysis prepared for the consumer, the original agreement, the consumer's total income along with the debt balance, the monthly payment due each creditor, and copies of the periodic statements provided to the consumer.
12.1.2 An activity record for each consumer including the account number, name, address, date of the agreement, total indebtedness, monthly receipts including the date of receipt, any fees charged, amounts disbursed to creditors including the payment date, and the estimated term of the agreement. The record shall also include any action taken to recover unpaid fees that may be owed by a consumer who has cancelled an agreement.
12.1.3 In the case of a settlement with a creditor for less that the principal amount due, the record shall include the terms of the settlement, the amount owed at the time of an agreement, the amount of the settlement, and the calculation of a settlement fee.
12.1.4 An alphabetical index of names, addresses, account numbers, date of agreement, and total indebtedness.
12.2 Any person who is connected or associated with the licensee may be examined, under oath, as to the facts and circumstances of any matter under examination.
12.3 A licensee shall pay all reasonably incurred fees, costs, and expenses directly related to an examination including travel expenses, lodging expenses, and a per diem for examiners. Payment shall be made within 10 days after receipt of a statement from the Director.
12.4 The Director may accept the report of a responsible supervisory agency from another state in lieu of an on-site examination.
13.1 Computation of time. In computing any period of time prescribed in or allowed by these Rules, the day of the act, event or default from which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period so computed shall be included unless it is a Saturday, Sunday or State legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or State legal holiday. If service is made by mail, three days shall be added to the prescribed period for response.
13.2 A list of licensees is available upon request to the Consumer Protection Unit or online at the address in Rule 3.0.
13.3 A licensee shall notify the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit within 30 days of receipt of a notice of civil litigation filed by or on behalf of an individual who was residing in Delaware at the time an agreement for services was signed or at the time the notice was served.
13.4 A licensee shall notify the Director of the Consumer Protection Unit within 10 days after a change of information specified in 6 Del.C. §§2405A or 2406A.
10 DE Reg. 804 (11/01/06)(Prop.)