Skip to Page Content
Delaware.gov  |  Text OnlyGovernor | General Assembly | Courts | Elected Officials | State Agencies
 Photo: Featured Delaware Photo
 
 
 Phone Numbers Mobile Help Size Print Email

Delaware General AssemblyDelaware RegulationsMonthly Register of RegulationsMarch 2013

Table of Contents Previous Next

Authenticated PDF Version

7 DE Admin. Code 1147
1147 CO2 Budget Trading Program
The Department published the proposed amendment to Regulation 1147, 7 DE Admin. Code 1147, on January 1, 2013 in the Delaware Register of Regulations, and held a public hearing on January 23, 2013. The proposed amendment would allow any Delaware petroleum refinery to participate in the carbon dioxide trading program offered by the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative similar to the participation otherwise available to other electric generators in Delaware.
2. The Department shall have this Order published in the Delaware Register of Regulations and in newspapers in the same manner as the notice of the proposed regulation.
1147 CO2 Budget Trading Program
11/11/08 03/11/2013
1.0 CO2 Budget Trading Program General Provisions
This Regulation establishes the State of Delaware component of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, which is designed to stabilize and then reduce anthropogenic emissions of CO2, a greenhouse gas, from CO2 budget sources in an economically efficient manner.
1.2.1 Units. Any unit that, at any time on or after January 1, 2005, serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe shall be a CO2 budget unit and any source that includes one or more such units shall be a CO2 budget source, subject to the requirements of this regulation.
1.2.2 Limited exemption for units with electrical output to the electric grid restricted by permit conditions.
1.2.2.1 Applicability. Notwithstanding 1.2.1 of this regulation, a unit under 1.2.1 of this regulation that is covered by a permit issued pursuant to 7 DE Admin. Code 1102 or 1130 containing a practically enforceable condition restricting the supply of the unit’s annual electrical output to the electric grid to less than or equal to 10 percent of the annual gross generation of the unit, and which complies with the provisions in 1.2.2.3 of this regulation, shall be exempt from the requirements of Regulation 1147, except for the provisions 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 of this regulation and, if applicable because of the allocation of CO2 allowances during the pre-exemption time period, 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0 of this regulation.
1.2.2.2 Effective date. The exemption under 1.2.2.1 of this regulation shall become effective as of the January 1 that is on or after the date on which the restriction on the percentage of annual gross generation that may be supplied to the electric grid and the provisions in the permit required under 1.2.2.1 of this regulation become final.
1.2.2.3 Compliance.
1.2.2.3.4 The owners and operators and, to the extent applicable, the CO2 authorized account representative of a unit exempt under 1.2.2.1 of this regulation shall comply with all the requirements of this Regulation concerning all time periods for which the exemption is not in effect, even if such requirements arise, or must be complied with, after the exemption takes effect.
1.2.3.1 Applicability. Notwithstanding 1.2.1 of this regulation, a CO2 budget source under 1.2.1 of this regulation that is a petroleum refinery may elect to participate in the CO2 budget trading program by securing a permit issued pursuant to 7 DE Admin. Code 1102 or 1130 that contains practically enforceable conditions that require compliance with all of the provisions of this regulation, except "CO2 budget emissions limitation" shall mean for a CO2 budget source, the tonnage equivalent, in CO2 emissions associated with the [annual] gross electrical generation output to the electric grid in a control period from all CO2 Budget Units at the CO2 Budget Source, of the CO2 allowances available for compliance deduction for the source for a control period[; and the amount of CO2 allowances required to be held pursuant to 1.5.3.1, and deducted pursuant to 6.5.2.1 of this regulation shall include only the number of tons of total CO2 emissions associated with gross generation output to the electric grid].
1.2.2.4 Deduction of tons from State of Delaware CO2 Budget Trading Program limited industrial exemption set-aside account. In the event that the Department grants an exemption under 1.2.2 or approval to comply under 1.2.3 of this regulation to a CO2 source, with one or more units that on January 1, 2005, serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe, the Department shall retire the number of CO2 allowances from the set-aside established for such purpose under 5.3 of this regulation.
Account number” means the identification number given by the Department or its agent to each CO2 Allowance Tracking System account.
Acid rain emissions limitation” means as defined in 40 CFR 72.2, a limitation on emissions of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides under the Acid Rain Program under title IV of the Clean Air Act.
Acid Rain Program” means a multi-state sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides air pollution control and emission reduction program established by the Administrator under title IV of the CAA and 40 CFR 72 through 78.
Administrator” means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the Administrator’s authorized representative.
Allocate or allocation” means the determination by the Department of the number of CO2 allowances to be recorded in the compliance account of a CO2 budget unit, an allocation set-aside account, the consumer benefit or strategic energy purpose account, or the general account of the sponsor of an approved CO2 emissions offset project.
Allocation year” means a calendar year for which the Department allocates or awards CO2 allowances pursuant to 5.0 and 10.0 of this regulation. The allocation year of each CO2 allowance is reflected in the unique identification number given to the allowance pursuant to 6.4.5 of this regulation.
Alternate CO2 authorized account representative” means for a CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source, the natural person who is authorized by the owners and operators of the source and all CO2 budget units at the source, in accordance with 2.0 of this regulation, to represent and legally bind each owner and operator in matters pertaining to the CO2 Budget Trading Program or, for a general account, the natural person who is authorized, under 6.0 of this regulation, to transfer or otherwise dispose of CO2 allowances held in the general account.
If the CO2 budget source is also subject to the Acid Rain Program, then for a CO2 Budget Trading Program compliance account, this natural person shall be the same person as the alternate designated representative under the Acid Rain Program.
Anaerobic digester” means a device that promotes the decomposition of organic material to simple organics and gaseous biogas products, usually accomplished by means of controlling temperature and volume, and including a methane recovery system.
Anaerobic digestion” means the degradation of organic material including manure brought about through the action of microorganisms in the absence of elemental oxygen.
“Anaerobic storage” means storage of organic material in an oxygen-free environment, or under oxygen-free conditions, including but not limited to, holding tanks, ponds, and lagoons.
Ascending Price, Multiple Round Auction” means a multiple round auction starting with an opening price with increases each round by predetermined increments. In each round, bidders offer the quantity they are willing to purchase at the posted price. Rounds continue so long as demand exceeds the quantity offered for sale. At the completion of the final round, allowances may be allocated, subject to Section 11.5 of this regulation:
“Attribute” means a characteristic associated with electricity generated using a particular renewable fuel, such as its generation date, facility geographic location, unit vintage, emissions output, fuel, state program eligibility, or other characteristic that can be identified, accounted for, and tracked.
Attribute credit” means an attribute credit represents the attributes related to one megawatt-hour of electricity generation.
Automated data acquisition and handling system or DAHS” means that component of the continuous emissions monitoring system, or other emissions monitoring system approved for use under 8.0 of this regulation, designed to interpret and convert individual output signals from pollutant concentration monitors, flow monitors, diluent gas monitors, and other component parts of the monitoring system to produce a continuous record of the measured parameters in the measurement units required by 8.0 of this regulation.
Award” means the determination by the Department of the number of CO2 allowances to be recorded in the compliance account of a CO2 budget unit for Early Reduction CO2 Allowances pursuant to 5.3.3.5 of this regulation or the determination by the Department of the number of CO2 offset allowances to be recorded in the general account of a project sponsor pursuant to 10.7 of this regulation. Award is a type of allocation.
Billing meter” means to qualify as a billing meter, the measurement device must be used to measure electric or thermal output for commercial billing under a contract. The facility selling the electric or thermal output must have different owners from the owners of the party purchasing the electric or thermal output.
Biogas” means a gas resulting from the decomposition of organic matter under anaerobic conditions. The principle constituents are methane and carbon dioxide.
Boiler” means an enclosed fossil or other fuel-fired combustion device used to produce heat and to transfer heat to recirculating water, steam, or other medium.
Building envelope” means the elements of a building that separate conditioned space from unconditioned space, or that enclose semi-heated space, through which thermal energy may be transferred to or from the exterior, unconditioned space, or conditioned space. Includes all elements that separate the interior of a building from the outdoor environment, including walls, windows, foundation, basement slab, ceiling, roof, and insulation.
CO2 allowance” means a limited authorization by the Department or a participating state under the CO2 Budget Trading Program to emit up to one ton of CO2, subject to all applicable limitations contained in this regulation.
CO2 Allowance Auction Website” means the website containing information regarding the auctions to be conducted pursuant to this Regulation. The website shall be available through a link from the Department’s main website at http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/.
CO2 allowance deduction or deduct CO2 allowances” means the permanent withdrawal of CO2 allowances by the Department or its agent from a CO2 Allowance Tracking System compliance account to account for the number of tons of CO2 emitted from a CO2 budget source for a control period, determined in accordance with 8.0 of this regulation, or for the forfeit or retirement of CO2 allowances as provided by this regulation.
CO2 allowance price” means the price for CO2 allowances in the CO2 Budget Trading Program for a particular time period as determined by the Department or its agent, calculated based on a volume-weighted average of transaction prices reported to the Department or its agent, and taking into account prices as reported publicly through reputable sources.
“CO2 allowances held or hold CO2 allowances” means the CO2 allowances recorded by the Department or its agent, or submitted to the Department or its agent for recordation, in accordance with 6.0 and 7.0 of this regulation, in a CO2 Allowance Tracking System account.
CO2 Allowance Tracking System” means the system by which the Department or its agent records allocations, deductions, and transfers of CO2 allowances under the CO2 Budget Trading Program. The tracking system may also be used to track CO2 emissions offset projects, CO2 allowance prices and emissions from affected sources.
CO2 Allowance Tracking System account” means an account in the CO2 Allowance Tracking System established by the Department or its agent for purposes of recording the allocation, holding, transferring, or deducting of CO2 allowances.
CO2 allowance transfer deadline” means midnight of the March 1 occurring after the end of the relevant control period or, if that March 1 is not a business day, midnight of the first business day thereafter and is the deadline by which CO2 allowances must be submitted for recordation in a CO2 budget source’s compliance account in order for the source to meet the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation for the control period immediately preceding such deadline.
CO2 authorized account representative” means for a CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source, the natural person who is authorized by the owners and operators of the source and all CO2 budget units at the source, in accordance with 2.0 of this regulation, to represent and legally bind each owner and operator in matters pertaining to the CO2 Budget Trading Program or, for a general account, the natural person who is authorized, under 6.0 of this regulation, to transfer or otherwise dispose of CO2 allowances held in the general account.
If the CO2 budget source is also subject to the Acid Rain Program, then for a CO2 Budget Trading Program compliance account, this natural person shall be the same person as the authorized account representative under the Acid Rain Program.
CO2 budget emissions limitation” means for a CO2 budget source, the tonnage equivalent, in CO2 emissions in a control period, of the CO2 allowances available for compliance deduction for the source for a control period.
CO2 budget permit” means the portion of the legally binding permit issued by the Department pursuant to Regulation 1102, 1130 and 1147 to a CO2 budget source or CO2 budget unit which specifies the CO2 Budget Trading Program requirements applicable to the CO2 budget source, to each CO2 budget unit at the CO2 budget source, and to the owners and operators and the CO2 authorized account representative of the CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit.
“CO2 budget source” means a source that includes one or more CO2 budget units.
CO2 Budget Trading Program” means a multi-state CO2 air pollution control and emissions reduction program established pursuant to this regulation and corresponding regulations in other states as a means of reducing emissions of CO2 from CO2 budget sources.
CO2 budget unit” means a unit that is subject to the CO2 Budget Trading Program requirements under 1.2 of this regulation.
CO2 equivalent” means the quantity of a given greenhouse gas multiplied by its global warming potential (GWP).
CO2 offset allowance” means a CO2 allowance that is awarded to the sponsor of a CO2 emissions offset project pursuant to 10.7 of this regulation and is subject to the relevant compliance deduction limitations of 6.5.1.3 of this regulation.
Combined cycle system” means a system comprised of one or more combustion turbines, heat recovery steam generators, and steam turbines configured to improve overall efficiency of electricity generation or steam production.
Combustion turbine” means an enclosed fossil or other fuel-fired device that is comprised of a compressor (if applicable), a combustor, and a turbine, and in which the flue gas resulting from the combustion of fuel in the combustor passes through the turbine, rotating the turbine.
Commence commercial operation” means with regard to a unit that serves a generator, to have begun to produce steam, gas, or other heated medium used to generate electricity for sale or use, including test generation. For a unit that is a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation on the date the unit commences commercial operation, such date shall remain the unit's date of commencement of commercial operation even if the unit is subsequently modified, reconstructed, or repowered. For a unit that is not a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation on the date the unit commences commercial operation, the date the unit becomes a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation shall be the unit's date of commencement of commercial operation.
Commence operation” means to begin any mechanical, chemical, or electronic process, including, with regard to a unit, start-up of a unit's combustion chamber. For a unit that is a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation on the date of commencement of operation, such date shall remain the unit's date of commencement of operation even if the unit is subsequently modified, reconstructed, or repowered. For a unit that is not a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation on the date of commencement of operation, the date the unit becomes a CO2 budget unit under 1.2 of this regulation shall be the unit's date of commencement of operation.
Commercial building” means a building to which the provisions of ANSI/ASHRAE/ IESNA Standard 90.1-2004: “Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings” apply, which includes buildings except low-rise residential buildings. Low-rise residential buildings include single family homes, multifamily structures of three stories or fewer above grade, and manufactured homes (modular and mobile).
Compliance account” means a CO2 Allowance Tracking System account, established by the Department or its agent for a CO2 budget source under 6.0 of this regulation, in which the CO2 allowance allocations for the source are initially recorded and in which are held CO2 allowances available for use by the source for a control period for the purpose of meeting the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation.
Condensing mode” means the design and operation of furnaces or boilers in a mode that leads to the production of condensate in flue gases.
Conflict of interest” means a situation that may arise with respect to an individual in relation to any specific project sponsor, CO2 emissions offset project or category of offset projects, such that the individual’s other activities or relationships with other persons or organizations render or may render the individual incapable of providing an impartial certification opinion, or otherwise compromise the individual’s objectivity in performing certification functions.
Continuous emissions monitoring system or CEMS” means the equipment required under 8.0 of this regulation to sample, analyze, measure, and provide, by means of readings recorded at least once every 15 minutes (using an automated DAHS), a permanent record of stack gas volumetric flow rate, stack gas moisture content, and oxygen or carbon dioxide concentration (as applicable), in a manner consistent with 40 CFR 75 and 8.0 of this regulation. The following systems are types of continuous emissions monitoring systems required under 8.0 of this regulation.
(2) A nitrogen oxides emissions rate (or NOX-diluent) monitoring system, consisting of a NOX pollutant concentration monitor, a diluent gas (CO2 or O2) monitor, and an automated data acquisition and handling system and providing a permanent, continuous record of NOX concentration, in parts per million (ppm), diluent gas concentration, in percent CO2 or O2; and NOX emissions rate, in pounds per million British thermal units (lb/MMBtu);
A carbon dioxide monitoring system, consisting of a CO2 pollutant concentration monitor (or an oxygen monitor plus suitable mathematical equations from which the CO2 concentration is derived) and an automated data acquisition and handling system and providing a permanent, continuous record of CO2 emissions, in percent CO2; and
An oxygen monitoring system, consisting of an O2 concentration monitor and an automated data acquisition and handling system and providing a permanent, continuous record of O2, in percent O2.
Control period” means a three-calendar-year time period, unless extended to four years upon occurrence of a stage two trigger event. The first control period is from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011, inclusive, provided if a stage two trigger event occurs during the first control period, then the first control period will be extended one-year to December 31, 2012, inclusive. Each subsequent sequential three-calendar-year period is a separate control period that is subject to one one-year extension upon occurrence of a stage two trigger event during the control period. In no event may a control period be longer than four calendar years.
Cooperating Regulatory Agency” means a regulatory agency in a state or United States jurisdiction that is not a participating state that has entered into a memorandum of understanding with the appropriate regulatory agencies of all participating states to carry out certain obligations relative to CO2 emissions offset projects in that state or United States jurisdiction, including but not limited to the obligation to perform audits of offset project sites, and report violations of this regulation.
Delaware Auction Account” means an account administered by the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control or its agent for purposes of auctioning CO2 allowances.
Department” means the State of Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.
Eligible biomass” means eligible biomass includes sustainably harvested woody and herbaceous fuel sources that are available on a renewable or recurring basis (excluding old-growth timber), including dedicated energy crops and trees, agricultural food and feed crop residues, aquatic plants, unadulterated wood and wood residues, animal wastes, other clean organic wastes not mixed with other solid wastes, biogas, and other neat liquid biofuels derived from such fuel sources. Sustainably harvested will be determined by the Department.
Energy conservation measure (ECM) or energy efficiency measure (EEM)” means a set of activities designed to increase the energy efficiency of a building or improve the management of energy demand. An ECM/EEM may involve one or more of the following: physical changes to facility equipment, modifications to a building, revisions to operating and maintenance procedures, software changes, or new means of training or managing users of the building or operations and maintenance staff.
Energy performance” means a measure of the relative energy efficiency of a building, building equipment, or building components, as measured by the amount of energy required to provide building services. For building equipment and components, a relative measure of the impact of equipment or components on building energy usage.
Energy services” means a provision of useful services to building occupants, such as heating and hot water, cooling, and lighting.
Excess emissions” means any tonnage of CO2 emitted by a CO2 budget source during a control period that exceeds the CO2 budget emissions limitation for the source.
Forested condition” means a land shall be deemed to be in a forested condition if it is:
Fossil fuel” means natural gas, petroleum, coal, or any form of solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel derived from such material.
Fossil fuel-fired” means:
Furnace” means a self-contained, indirect-fired appliance that supplies heated air to a residential building through ducts to conditioned spaces and that has a heat input rate of less than 225,000 Btu/hr. May apply to a furnace that meets the above heat input rate criteria and is installed in a building.
General account” means a CO2 Allowance Tracking System account, established under 6.0, that is not a compliance account.
Global warming potential (GWP)” means a measure of the radiative efficiency (heat-absorbing ability) of a particular gas relative to that of carbon dioxide (CO2) after taking into account the decay rate of each gas (the amount removed from the atmosphere over a given number of years) relative to that of CO2. Global warming potentials used in this Regulation are consistent with the values used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Third Assessment Report.
Gross generation” means the electrical output (in MWe) at the terminals of the generator.
HVAC system” means the system or systems that provide, either collectively or individually, heating, ventilation, or air conditioning to a building, including the equipment, distribution network, and terminals.
Independent verifier” means an individual that has been approved by the Department or its agent to conduct verification activities.
Life-of-the-unit contractual arrangement” means a unit participation power sales agreement under which a customer reserves, or is entitled to receive, a specified amount or percentage of nameplate capacity and/or associated energy from any specified unit pursuant to a contract:
Market settling period” means the first fourteen months of any control period.
Market penetration rate” means a measure of the diffusion of a technology, product, or practice in a defined market, as represented by the percentage of annual sales for a product or practice, or as a percentage of the existing installed stock for a product or category of products, or as the percentage of existing installed stock that utilizes a practice. The Department may determine an appropriate market definition and market penetration metric for a category of technology, product or practice, and may issue guidance specifying the technologies, products or practices that meet a specified market penetration rate.
Maximum design heat input” means the ability of a unit to combust a stated maximum amount of fuel per hour on a steady state basis, as determined by the physical design and physical characteristics of the unit.
Maximum potential hourly heat input” means an hourly heat input used for reporting purposes when a unit lacks certified monitors to report heat input. If the unit intends to use appendix D of 40 CFR 75 to report heat input, this value should be calculated, in accordance with 40 CFR 75, using the maximum fuel flow rate and the maximum gross calorific value. If the unit intends to use a flow monitor and a diluent gas monitor, this value should be reported, in accordance with 40 CFR 75, using the maximum potential flow rate and either the maximum carbon dioxide concentration (in percent CO2) or the minimum oxygen concentration (in percent O2).
Monitoring system” means any monitoring system that meets the requirements of 8.0 of this regulation, including continuous emissions monitoring system, an accepted monitoring system, or an alternative monitoring system.
Nameplate capacity” means the maximum electrical output (in MWe) that a generator can sustain over a specified period of time when not restricted by seasonal or other de-ratings as measured in accordance with the United States Department of Energy standards.
Non-CO2 budget unit” means a unit that does not meet the applicability criteria of 1.2 of this regulation.
Non-census water” means streams, sloughs, estuaries, and canals more than 120 feet and less than 1/8 of a mile wide. Lakes, reservoirs, and ponds one (1) to 40 acres in size.
Non-forested condition” means land that does not meet the definition of ”forested condition”. Non-forested land includes areas used for crops, improved pasture, residential areas, city parks, improved roads of any width and adjoining rights-of-way, power line clearings of any width, and non-census water. If intermingled in forest areas, unimproved roads and non-forest strips must be more than 120.0 feet wide, and clearings more than one acre in size, to qualify as non-forest land.
"Offset project" means an offset project includes all equipment, materials, items, or actions directly related to the reduction of CO2 equivalent emissions or the sequestration of carbon specified in a consistency application submitted pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation. Equipment, materials, items, or actions unrelated to an offset project reduction of CO2 equivalent emissions or the sequestration of carbon, but occurring at a location where an offset project occurs, shall not be considered part of an offset project, unless specified at 10.5 of this regulation.
On-site combustion” means the combustion of fossil fuel at a building to provide building services, such as heating, hot water, or electricity.
Operator” means any person who operates, controls, or supervises a CO2 budget unit or a CO2 budget source and shall include, but not be limited to, any holding company, utility system, or plant manager of such a unit or source.
Owner” means any of the following persons:
(2) Any holder of a leasehold interest in a CO2 budget unit, other than a passive lessor, or a person who has an equitable interest through such lessor, whose rental payments are not based, either directly or indirectly, upon the revenues or income from the CO2 budget unit; or
(3) Any purchaser of power from a CO2 budget unit under a life-of-the-unit contractual arrangement in which the purchaser controls the dispatch of the unit; or
(4) With respect to any general account, any person who has an ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances held in the general account and who is subject to the binding agreement for the CO2 authorized account representative to represent that person's ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances.
“Participating state” means a state that has established a corresponding regulation as part of the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
Passive solar” means a combination of building design features and building components that utilize solar energy to reduce or eliminate the need for mechanical heating and cooling and daytime artificial lighting.
Permanently retired” means a CO2 allowance has been “permanently retired” if it has been placed in a retirement account controlled by the jurisdiction that generated the allowance or credit, or has been placed in an allowance retirement account controlled by the Department, or is otherwise determined by the Department to have been rendered unusable.
Project commencement” means for an offset project involving physical construction, other work at an offset project site, or installation of equipment or materials, the date of the beginning of such activity. For an offset project that involves the implementation of a management activity or protocol, the date on which such activity is first implemented or such protocol first utilized.
Public Benefit Purpose” shall mean purposes including the promotion of energy efficiency, the mitigation of electricity ratepayer impacts attributable to RGGI, the promotion of distributed renewable or non-carbon-emitting energy technologies, the stimulation and reward of investment in the development of innovative carbon emissions abatement technologies with significant carbon reduction potential, and funding of the administration of the Program established by Title 7, Chapter 60.
Receive or receipt of” means when referring to the Department or its agent, to come into possession of a document, information, or correspondence (whether sent in writing or by authorized electronic transmission), as indicated in an official correspondence log, or by a notation made on the document, information, or correspondence, by the Department or its agent in the regular course of business.
Recordation, record, or recorded” means with regard to CO2 allowances, the movement of CO2 allowances by the Department or its agent from one CO2 Allowance Tracking System account to another, for purposes of allocation, transfer, or deduction.
“Regional-type anaerobic digester” means an anaerobic digester using feedstock from more than one agricultural operation, or importing feedstock from more than one agricultural operation.Also commonly referred to as a “community digester” or “centralized digester.”
Renewable portfolio standard” means a statutory or regulatory requirement that a load-serving entity provide a certain portion of the electricity it supplies to its customers from renewable energy sources, or any other statutory or regulatory requirement that a certain portion of electricity supplied to the electricity grid be generated from renewable energy sources.
Residential building” means a low-rise residential building to which the provisions of ANSI/ASHRAE/ IESNA Standard 90.1-2004: “Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings” and American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Addenda a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u, v, x, and ak, Supplement to ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004:”Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, 2006” do not apply. Includes single family homes, multifamily structures of three stories or fewer above grade, and manufactured homes (modular and mobile).
Serial number” means when referring to CO2 allowances, the unique identification number assigned to each CO2 allowance by the Department or its agent under 6.4.5 of this regulation.
Single Round Sealed-Bid Uniform Price Auction” means a single round sealed-bid uniform price auction format, under which bidders may submit multiple bids at different prices; the price paid by all awarded bidders will be uniform and equal to the highest rejected bid price.
Source” means any governmental, institutional, commercial, or industrial structure, installation, plant, building, or facility that emits or has the potential to emit any air pollutant. A “source,” including a “source” with multiple units, shall be considered a single “facility.”
Stage one threshold price” means the monetary amount, established as of the first day of each calendar year, derived annually from use of the following formula:
S1TP” is the stage one threshold price;
"S1TP(2005)" is $7;
"n" is the number of years since 2005; and
CPI” means, for purposes of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers for the U.S. city average, for All Items on the latest reference base, or if such index is no longer published, such other index as the Department determines is appropriate. The CPI for any calendar year is the twelve-month average of the CPI published by the United States Department of Labor, as of the close of the twelve-month period ending on August thirty-first of each calendar year.
Stage one trigger event” means the occurrence of any twelve month period that completely transpires following the market settling period and is characterized by an average CO2 allowance price that is equal to or greater than the stage one threshold price.
Stage two threshold price” means the monetary amount, established as of the first day of each calendar year, derived annually from use of the following formula:
S2TP” is the stage two threshold price;
"S2TP(2005)" is $10; and
"n" is the number of years since 2005.
CPI” means, for purposes of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers for the U.S. city average, for All Items on the latest reference base, or if such index is no longer published, such other index as the Department determines is appropriate. The CPI for any calendar year is the twelve-month average of the CPI published by the United States Department of Labor, as of the close of the twelve-month period ending on August thirty-first of each calendar year.
“Stage two trigger event” means the occurrence of any twelve month period that completely transpires following the market settling period and is characterized by an average CO2 allowance price that is equal to or greater than the stage two threshold price.
State” means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa and includes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
State of Delaware CO2 Budget Trading Program Base Budget” means the annual amount of CO2 tons available in the State of Delaware for allocation in a given allocation year, in accordance with the CO2 Budget Trading Program. CO2 offset and early reduction allowances allocated to project sponsors are separate from and additional to CO2 allowances allocated from the State of Delaware CO2 Budget Trading Program Base Budget.
Submit or serve” means to send or transmit a document, information, or correspondence to the person specified in accordance with the applicable regulation:
SF6-containing operating equipment” means any equipment used for the transmission and distribution of electricity that contains SF6.
System benefit fund” means any fund collected directly from retail electricity or natural gas ratepayers.
Ton or tonnage” means any “short ton”, or 2,000 pounds. For the purpose of determining compliance with the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation, total tons for a control period shall be calculated as the sum of all recorded hourly emissions (or the tonnage equivalent of the recorded hourly emissions rates) in accordance with 8.0 of this regulation, with any remaining fraction of a ton equal to or greater than 0.50 ton deemed to equal one ton and any fraction of a ton less than 0.50 ton deemed to equal zero tons. A short ton is equal to 0.9072 metric tons.
Total solids” means total solids are the total of all solids in a sample. They include the total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, and volatile suspended solids.
Transmission and/or distribution entity” means the assets and equipment used to transmit and distribute electricity from an electric generator to the electrical load of a customer. Includes all related assets and equipment located within the service territory of the entity, defined as the service territory of a load-serving entity specified by the applicable state regulatory agency.
Twelve month period” means a period of twelve consecutive months determined on a rolling basis where a new twelve month period begins on the first day of each calendar month.
“Unit” means a fossil fuel-fired stationary boiler, combustion turbine, or combined cycle system.
Unit operating day” means a calendar day in which a unit combusts any fuel.
Verification” means the verification by an independent verifier that certain parts of a CO2 emissions offset project consistency application and/or measurement, monitoring or verification report conforms to the requirements of this regulation.
Volatile solids” means the fraction of total solids that is comprised primarily of organic matter.
Whole-building energy performance” means the overall energy performance of a building, taking into account the integrated impact on energy usage of all building components and systems.
Whole-building retrofit” means any building project that involves the replacement of more than one building system, or set of building components, and also requires a building permit.
Zero net energy building” means a building designed to produce as much energy, using renewable energy sources, as the building is projected to use, as measured on an annual basis.
1.4.1 ANSI - American National Standards Institute.
1.4.3 CO2-carbon dioxide.
1.4.4 ”CO2e” - CO2e means carbon dioxide equivalent.
1.5.1 Permit requirements.
1.5.1.1 The CO2 authorized account representative of each CO2 budget source required to have an operating permit pursuant to Regulation 1102, 1130 and 1147 of this Title and each CO2 budget unit required to have an operating permit pursuant to Regulation 1102, 1130 and 1147 of this Title shall:
1.5.1.1.1 submit to the Department a complete CO2 budget permit application under 3.3 of this regulation in accordance with the deadlines specified in 3.2 of this regulation; and
1.5.1.2 The owners and operators of each CO2 budget source required to have an operating permit pursuant to DE Regulations 1102, 1130 and 1147 of this Title and each CO2 budget unit required to have an operating permit pursuant DE Regulations 1102, 1130 and 1147 of this Title for the source shall have a CO2 budget permit and operate the CO2 budget source and the CO2 budget unit at the source in compliance with such CO2 budget permit.
1.5.2 Monitoring requirements.
1.5.2.1 The owners and operators and, to the extent applicable, the CO2 authorized account representative of each CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source shall comply with the monitoring requirements of 8.0 of this regulation.
1.5.3 CO2 requirements.
1.5.3.1 The owners and operators of each CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source shall hold CO2 allowances available for compliance deductions under 6.5 of this regulation, as of the CO2 allowance transfer deadline, in the source’s compliance account in an amount not less than the total CO2 emissions for the control period from all CO2 budget units at the source, as determined in accordance with 6.0 and 8.0 of this regulation.
1.5.3.2 Each ton of CO2 emitted in excess of the CO2 budget emissions limitation shall constitute a separate violation of this Regulation and applicable state law.
1.5.3.3 A CO2 budget unit shall be subject to the requirements under 1.5.3.1 of this regulation starting on the later, of January 1, 2009 or the date on which the unit commences operation.
1.5.3.4 CO2 allowances shall be held in, deducted from, or transferred among CO2 Allowance Tracking System accounts in accordance with 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0, and 10.7 of this regulation.
1.5.3.5 A CO2 allowance shall not be deducted, in order to comply with the requirements under 1.5.3.1 of this regulation, for a control period that ends prior to the year for which the CO2 allowance was allocated. A CO2 offset allowance shall not be deducted, in order to comply with the requirements under 1.5.3.1 of this regulation, beyond the applicable percent limitations set out in 6.5.1.3 of this regulation.
1.5.3.6 A CO2 allowance under the CO2 Budget Trading Program is a limited authorization by the Department or a participating state to emit one ton of CO2 in accordance with the CO2 Budget Trading Program. No provision of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, the CO2 budget permit application, or the CO2 budget permit or any provision of law shall be construed to limit the authority of the Department or a participating state to terminate or limit such authorization.
1.5.3.7 A CO2 allowance under the CO2 Budget Trading Program does not constitute a property right.
1.5.4 Excess emissions requirements. The owners and operators of a CO2 budget source that has excess emissions in any control period shall:
1.5.4.1 Forfeit the CO2 allowances required for deduction under 6.5.4.1 of this regulation, provided CO2 offset allowances may not be used to cover any part of such excess emissions; and
1.5.5 Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
1.5.5.1 Unless otherwise provided, the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source shall keep on site at the source each of the following documents for a period of 10 years from the date the document is created. This period may be extended for cause, at any time prior to the end of 10 years, in writing by the Department.
1.5.5.1.1 The account certificate of representation for the CO2 authorized account representative for the source and each CO2 budget unit at the source and all documents that demonstrate the truth of the statements in the account certificate of representation, in accordance with 2.4 of this regulation, provided that the certificate and documents shall be retained on site at the source beyond such 10-year period until such documents are superseded because of the submission of a new account certificate of representation changing the CO2 authorized account representative.
1.5.5.1.4 Copies of all documents used to complete a CO2 budget permit application and any other submission under the CO2 Budget Trading Program or to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
1.5.5.2 The CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source shall submit the reports and compliance certifications required under the CO2 Budget Trading Program, including those under 4.0 of this regulation.
1.5.6 Liability.
1.5.6.1 No permit revision shall excuse any violation of the requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program that occurs prior to the date that the revision takes effect.
1.5.6.2 Any provision of the CO2 Budget Trading Program that applies to a CO2 budget source (including a provision applicable to the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget source) shall also apply to the owners and operators of such source and of the CO2 budget units at the source.
1.5.6.3 Any provision of the CO2 Budget Trading Program that applies to a CO2 budget unit (including a provision applicable to the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit) shall also apply to the owners and operators of such unit.
1.5.7 Effect on other authorities
No provision of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, a CO2 budget permit application, or a CO2 budget permit, shall be construed as exempting or excluding the owners and operators and, to the extent applicable, the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget source or CO2 budget unit from compliance with any other provisions of applicable State and federal law and regulations.
1.6.1 Unless otherwise stated, any time period scheduled, under the CO2 Budget Trading Program, to begin on the occurrence of an act or event shall begin on the day the act or event occurs.
1.6.2 Unless otherwise stated, any time period scheduled, under the CO2 Budget Trading Program, to begin before the occurrence of an act or event shall be computed so that the period ends the day before the act or event occurs.
1.6.3 Unless otherwise stated, if the final day of any time period, under the CO2 Budget Trading Program, falls on a weekend or a State of Delaware or Federal holiday, the time period shall be extended to the next business day.
2.0 CO2 Authorized Account Representative for CO2 Budget Sources
2.1 Authorization and responsibilities of the CO2 authorized account representative.
2.1.1 Except as provided under 2.2 of this regulation, each CO2 budget source, including all CO2 budget units at the source, shall have one and only one CO2 authorized account representative, with regard to all matters under the CO2 Budget Trading Program concerning the source or any CO2 budget unit at the source.
2.1.2 The CO2 authorized account representative of the CO2 budget source shall be selected by an agreement binding on the owners and operators of the source and all CO2 budget units at the source.
2.1.3 Upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative of the source shall represent and, by his or her representations, actions, inactions, or submissions, legally bind each owner and operator of the CO2 budget source represented and each CO2 budget unit at the source in all matters pertaining to the CO2 Budget Trading Program, notwithstanding any agreement between the CO2 authorized account representative and such owners and operators. The owners and operators shall be bound by any decision or order issued to the CO2 authorized account representative by the Department or a court regarding the source or unit.
2.1.4 No CO2 budget permit shall be issued, and no CO2 Allowance Tracking System account shall be established for a CO2 budget source, until the Department or its agent has received a complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation for a CO2 authorized account representative of the source and the CO2 budget units at the source.
2.1.5 Each submission under the CO2 Budget Trading Program shall be submitted, signed, and certified by the CO2 authorized account representative for each CO2 budget source on behalf of which the submission is made. Each such submission shall include the following certification statement by the CO2 authorized account representative:
I am authorized to make this submission on behalf of the owners and operators of the CO2 budget sources or CO2 budget units for which the submission is made. I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined, and am familiar with, the statements and information submitted in this document and all its attachments. Based on my inquiry of those individuals with primary responsibility for obtaining the information, I certify that the statements and information are to the best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false statements and information or omitting required statements and information, including the possibility of fine or imprisonment.”
2.1.6 The Department or its agent will accept or act on a submission made on behalf of owners or operators of a CO2 budget source or a CO2 budget unit only if the submission has been made, signed, and certified in accordance with 2.1.5 of this regulation.
2.2 Alternate CO2 authorized account representative.
2.2.1 An account certificate of representation may designate one and only one alternate CO2 authorized account representative who may act on behalf of the CO2 authorized account representative. The agreement by which the alternate CO2 authorized account representative is selected shall include a procedure for authorizing the alternate CO2 authorized account representative to act in lieu of the CO2 authorized account representative.
2.2.2 Upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation, any representation, action, inaction, or submission by the alternate CO2 authorized account representative shall be deemed to be a representation, action, inaction, or submission by the CO2 authorized account representative.
2.2.3 Except in 2.1.1, 2.3, 2.4, and 6.2 of this regulation, whenever the term “CO2 authorized account representative” is used in this regulation, the term shall be construed to include the alternate CO2 authorized account representative.
2.3 Changing the CO2 authorized account representative and the alternate CO2 authorized account representative; changes in the owners and operators.
2.3.1 Changing the CO2 authorized account representative. The CO2 authorized account representative may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative prior to the time and date when the Department or its agent receives the superseding account certificate of representation shall be binding on the new CO2 authorized account representative and the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and the CO2 budget units at the source.
2.3.2 Changing the alternate CO2 authorized account representative. The alternate CO2 authorized account representative may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous or alternate CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative prior to the time and date when the Department or its agent receives the superseding account certificate of representation shall be binding on the new alternate CO2 authorized account representative and the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and the CO2 budget units at the source.
2.3.3 Changes in the owners and operators.
2.3.3.1 In the event a new owner or operator of a CO2 budget source or a CO2 budget unit is not included in the list of owners and operators submitted in the account certificate of representation, such new owner or operator shall be deemed to be subject to and bound by the account certificate of representation, the representations, actions, inactions, and submissions of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative of the source or unit, and the decisions, orders, actions, and inactions of the Department, as if the new owner or operator were included in such list.
2.3.3.2 Within 30 days following any change in the owners and operators of a CO2 budget source or a CO2 budget unit, including the addition of a new owner or operator, the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative shall submit a revision to the account certificate of representation amending the list of owners and operators to include the change.
2.4.1 A complete account certificate of representation for a CO2 authorized account representative or an alternate CO2 authorized account representative shall include the following elements in a format prescribed by the Department or its agent:
2.4.1.1 Identification of the CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source for which the account certificate of representation is submitted;
2.4.1.2 the name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, and facsimile transmission number of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative;
2.4.1.3 A list of the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and of each CO2 budget unit at the source;
2.4.1.4 The following certification statement by the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative:
“I certify that I was selected as the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative, as applicable, by an agreement binding on the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and each CO2 budget unit at the source. I certify that I have all the necessary authority to carry out my duties and responsibilities under the CO2 Budget Trading Program on behalf of the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source and of each CO2 budget unit at the source and that each such owner and operator shall be fully bound by my representations, actions, inactions, or submissions and by any decision or order issued to me by the Department or a court regarding the source or unit.”; and
2.4.1.5 The signature of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative and the dates signed.
2.5 Objections concerning the CO2 authorized account representative.
2.5.2 Except as provided in 2.3.1 or 2.3.2 of this regulation, no objection or other communication submitted to the Department or its agent concerning the authorization, or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the CO2 authorized account representative shall affect any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the CO2 authorized account representative or the finality of any decision or order by the Department or its agent under the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
2.5.3 Neither the Department nor its agent will adjudicate any private legal dispute concerning the authorization or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of any CO2 authorized account representative, including private legal disputes concerning the proceeds of CO2 allowance transfers.
2.6 Delegation by CO2 authorized account representative and alternate CO2 authorized account representative
2.6.1 A CO2 authorized account representative may delegate, to one or more natural persons, his or her authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent under this regulation.
2.6.2 An alternate CO2 authorized account representative may delegate, to one or more natural persons, his or her authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent under this regulation.
2.6.3 In order to delegate authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent in accordance with 2.6.1 and 2.6.2 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative, as appropriate, must submit to the Department or its agent a notice of delegation, in a format prescribed by the Department that includes the following elements:
2.6.3.1 The name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, and facsimile transmission number of such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative;
2.6.3.4 The following certification statements by such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative:
2.6.3.4.1 “I agree that any electronic submission to the Department or its agent that is by a natural person identified in this notice of delegation and of a type listed for such electronic submission agent in this notice of delegation and that is made when I am a CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative, as appropriate, and before this notice of delegation is superseded by another notice of delegation under CO2 Budget Trading Program shall be deemed to be an electronic submission by me.”
2.6.3.4.2 “Until this notice of delegation is superseded by another notice of delegation under the CO2 Budget Trading Program, I agree to maintain an e-mail account and to notify the Department or its agent immediately of any change in my e-mail address unless all delegation authority by me under the CO2 Budget Trading Program is terminated.”
2.6.4 A notice of delegation submitted under 2.6.3 of this regulation shall be effective, with regard to the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative identified in such notice, upon receipt of such notice by the Department or its agent and until receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding notice of delegation by such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative as appropriate. The superseding notice of delegation may replace any previously identified electronic submission agent, add a new electronic submission agent, or eliminate entirely any delegation of authority.
3.1 General CO2 budget permit requirements.
3.1.1 Each CO2 budget source must have a permit issued by the Department pursuant to Regulations 1102, 1130 and 1147.
3.1.2 Each CO2 budget permit shall contain all applicable CO2 Budget Trading Program requirements and shall be a complete and distinguishable portion of the permit under 3.1.1 of this regulation.
3.2 Submission of CO2 budget permit applications.
For any CO2 budget source, the CO2 authorized account representative shall submit a complete CO2 budget permit application under 3.3 of this regulation covering such CO2 budget source to the Department by the later of January 1, 2009 or 12 months before the date on which the CO2 budget source, or a new unit at the source, commences operation.
3.3 Information requirements for CO2 budget permit applications.
3.3.1 A complete CO2 budget permit application shall include the following elements concerning the CO2 budget source for which the application is submitted, in a format prescribed by the Department:
3.3.1.1 Identification of the CO2 budget source, including plant name and the ORIS (Office of Regulatory Information Systems) or facility code assigned to the source by the Energy Information Administration of the United States Department of Energy, if applicable;
3.3.1.2 identification of each CO2 budget unit at the CO2 budget source; and
4.1.1 Applicability and deadline. For each control period in which a CO2 budget source is subject to the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative of the source shall submit to the Department by the March 1 following the relevant control period, a compliance certification report.
4.1.2 Contents of report. The CO2 authorized account representative shall include in the compliance certification report under 4.1.1 of this regulation the following elements, in a format prescribed by the Department:
4.1.2.2 at the CO2 authorized account representative's option, the serial numbers of the CO2 allowances that are to be deducted from the source’s compliance account under 6.5 of this regulation for the control period, including the serial numbers of any CO2 offset allowances that are to be deducted subject to the limitations of 6.5.1.3 of this regulation; and
4.1.3 Compliance certification. In the compliance certification report under 4.1 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative shall certify, based on reasonable inquiry of those persons with primary responsibility for operating the source and the CO2 budget units at the source in compliance with the CO2 Budget Trading Program, whether the source and each CO2 budget unit at the source for which the compliance certification is submitted was operated during the calendar years covered by the report in compliance with the requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program, including:
4.1.3.3 whether all the CO2 emissions from the units at the source were monitored or accounted for through the missing data procedures and reported in the quarterly monitoring reports, including whether conditional data were reported in the quarterly reports in accordance with 8.0 of this regulation. If conditional data were reported, the owner or operator shall indicate whether the status of all conditional data has been resolved and all necessary quarterly report resubmissions have been made;
4.2.1 The Department or its agent may review and conduct independent audits concerning any compliance certification or any other submission under the CO2 Budget Trading Program and make appropriate adjustments of the information in the compliance certifications or other submissions.
4.2.2 The Department or its agent may deduct CO2 allowances from or transfer CO2 allowances to a source’s compliance account based on the information in the compliance certifications or other submissions, as adjusted under 4.2.1 of this regulation.
5.0 CO2 Allowance Allocations
5.1 State of Delaware CO2 Trading Program base budget.
5.1.1 For the 2009 through 2014 allocation years, the State of Delaware CO2 Trading Program annual base budget is 7,559,787 tons.
5.1.2 For the 2015 allocation year, the State of Delaware CO2 Trading Program annual base budget is 7,370,792 tons.
5.1.3 For the 2016 allocation year, the State of Delaware CO2 Trading Program annual base budget is 7,181,798 tons.
5.1.4 For the 2017 allocation year, the State of Delaware CO2 Trading Program annual base budget is 6,992,803 tons.
5.2 Timing requirements for CO2 allowance allocations.
5.2.1 By January 1, 2009, the Department will allocate the CO2 allowance allocations under 5.3 of this regulation for the 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 allocation years.
5.2.2 By January 1, 2010 and January 1 of each year thereafter, the Department will allocate CO2 allowances under 5.3 of this regulation for the allocation year that commences in the year that is three years after the applicable deadline for allocation under this provision.
5.3 CO2 allowance allocations.
5.3.1 General allocations.
5.3.2 Delaware Auction Allowances. The Department shall direct allowances in accordance with Title 7, Chapter 60 to the Delaware Auction Account. Except for as provided by 5.3.4 of this regulation, the Department shall make available for auction 100 percent of the allowances annually as described by 5.3.1 of this regulation for public benefit purposes and as described by Title 7, Chapter 60.
5.3.3 Early reduction CO2 allowances. The Department may award early reduction CO2 allowances (ERAs) to a CO2 budget source for reductions in the CO2 budget source’s CO2 emissions (inclusive of all emissions from CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source) that are achieved by the source during the early reduction period (2006, 2007, and 2008), subject to the requirements of this regulation. Total facility shutdowns shall not be eligible for ERAs.
5.3.3.1 The CO2 budget source must submit its application for the award of ERAs by May 1, 2009.
5.3.3.2 The CO2 budget source must demonstrate that all CO2 budget units that existed at the source during the baseline period (2003, 2004, and 2005) are included as CO2 budget units for the early reduction period. New CO2 budget units added at the CO2 budget source must also be accounted for during the early reduction period.
5.3.3.3 The Department will calculate the number of ERAs to be awarded to a particular CO2 budget source for the early reduction period pursuant to the following methodology:
5.3.3.3.1 If total heat input to all CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period is less than or equal to the total heat input to all the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the baseline period, then:
ERAs = ((AEERBASELINE - AEERERP) x (EOERP +(TOERP /3.413))/2000
“AEERBASELINE” is the average CO2 emissions rate resulting from electric energy output and thermal energy output for all of the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the baseline period (in pounds of CO2/MWhth+e);
“AEERERP” is the average CO2 emissions rate resulting from electric energy output and thermal energy output for all of the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period (in pounds of CO2/ MWhth+e);
“EOERP” is the total electric energy output from all CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period (in MWhe);
“TOERP” is the total useful thermal energy output from all CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period (in MMBtu);
5.3.3.3.2 If total heat input to all CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period is greater than or equal to the total heat input to all the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the baseline period, then:
ERAs = EBASELINE - EERP
“EBASELINE” are total CO2 emissions from the all of the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the baseline period (in tons); and
“EERP” are total CO2 emissions from the all of the CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source during the early reduction period (in tons).
5.3.3.4 The CO2 budget source must demonstrate that the data submitted in support of the early reduction application was recorded in compliance with the requirements of 8.0 of this regulation for all of the baseline years and the early reduction years for which the CO2 budget source was required to report CO2 data pursuant to 40 CFR 75. A CO2 budget source that was not required to submit CO2 data pursuant to 40 CFR 75 for any of the years contained in the baseline period or early reduction period may petition the Department as part of its application under this regulation for the use of an alternative data source or sources for the calculation of early reduction allowances.
5.3.3.5 Once the Department confirms a CO2 budget source’s early reductions of CO2 emissions, it will award the ERAs to the CO2 budget source’s compliance account by December 31, 2009.
5.3.4 Limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation. The limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation will consist of 1,207,544 tons from the State of Delaware CO2 Budget Trading Program base budget set forth in 5.1 of this regulation. For each control period, the Department will determine CO2 allowance allocations in accordance with the following procedures.
5.3.4.2 As of the January 1 that is after the date that an exemption under 1.2.2 or approval to comply under 1.2.3 has been granted, for each allocation year the Department will retire CO2 allowances in the limited industrial exemption set-aside general account.
5.3.4.3 After retirement of allowances pursuant to 5.3.4.2 of this regulation, the Department will determine whether any CO2 allowances remain in the limited industrial exemption set-aside general account for the control period. The Department will transfer any such remaining CO2 allowances from the limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation general account to the compliance account of each CO2 budget source that was allocated allowances pursuant to 5.3.4.1 of this regulation using the following methodology:
Existing CO2 budget unit’s share of the CO2 allowances remaining in the limited industrial exemption set-aside general account = Total CO2 allowances remaining in the limited industrial exemption set-aside general account x (The individual CO2 budget unit’s CO2 allowance allocation determined in accordance with 5.3.1 of this regulation ÷ the State of Delaware CO2 Budget Trading Program annual base budget, as applicable)
“Total CO2 allowances remaining in the limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation general account” is the total number of CO2 allowances remaining in the limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation general account (established under 5.3.4.1 of this section) for the particular control period to which the limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation applies; and
“The individual CO2 budget unit’s CO2 allowance allocation” is the number of CO2 allowances allocated under 5.3.1 this section to the individual CO2 budget unit for the control period to which the limited industrial exemption set-aside allocation applies.
The Department will only transfer CO2 allowances in whole ton increments. The Department will continue to hold any fractional shares of CO2 allowances in the name of the CO2 budget unit as banked CO2 allowances until they may be combined with other fractional shares of CO2 allowances in future years and then transferred as whole ton increments.
Table 5-2. CO2 Budget Unit Allocation (2009-2014)
Table 5-3 CO2 Budget Unit Allocation without Valero Refinery CO2 Budget Units (2009-2014)
6.0 CO2 Allowance Tracking System
6.1 CO2 Allowance Tracking System accounts.
6.1.1 Nature and function of compliance accounts. Consistent with 6.2.1 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will establish one compliance account for each CO2 budget source. Allocations of CO2 allowances pursuant to 5.0 of this regulation and deductions or transfers of CO2 allowances pursuant to 4.2, 6.5, 6.7, or 7.0 of this regulation will be recorded in the compliance accounts in accordance with this regulation.
6.1.2 Nature and function of general accounts. Consistent with 6.2.2 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will establish, upon request, a general account for any person. Transfers of CO2 allowances pursuant to 7.0 of this regulation will be recorded in the general account in accordance with this regulation.
6.2.1 Compliance accounts. Upon receipt of a complete account certificate of representation under 2.4 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will establish a compliance account for each CO2 budget source for which the account certificate of representation was submitted.
6.2.2 General accounts.
6.2.2.1 Application for general account. Any person may apply to open a general account for the purpose of holding and transferring CO2 allowances. An application for a general account may designate one and only one CO2 authorized account representative and one and only one alternate CO2 authorized account representative who may act on behalf of the CO2 authorized account representative. The agreement by which the alternate CO2 authorized account representative is selected shall include a procedure for authorizing the alternate CO2 authorized account representative to act in lieu of the CO2 authorized account representative. A complete application for a general account shall be submitted to the Department or its agent and shall include the following elements in a format prescribed by the Department or its agent:
6.2.2.1.1 name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, and facsimile transmission number of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative;
6.2.2.1.2 at the option of the CO2 authorized account representative, organization name and type of organization;
6.2.2.1.3 a list of all persons subject to a binding agreement for the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative to represent their ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances held in the general account;
6.2.2.1.4 The following certification statement by the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative:
“I certify that I was selected as the CO2 authorized account representative or the CO2 alternate authorized account representative, as applicable, by an agreement that is binding on all persons who have an ownership interest with respect to CO2 allowances held in the general account. I certify that I have all the necessary authority to carry out my duties and responsibilities under the CO2 Budget Trading Program on behalf of such persons and that each such person shall be fully bound by my representations, actions, inactions, or submissions and by any order or decision issued to me by the Department or its agent or a court regarding the general account.”;
6.2.2.1.5 The signature of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative and the dates signed; and
6.2.2.2 Authorization of CO2 authorized account representative.
6.2.2.2.1.2 The CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative for the general account shall represent and, by his or her representations, actions, inactions, or submissions, legally bind each person who has an ownership interest with respect to CO2 allowances held in the general account in all matters pertaining to the CO2 Budget Trading Program, notwithstanding any agreement between the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative and such person. Any such person shall be bound by any order or decision issued to the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative by the Department or its agent or a court regarding the general account.
6.2.2.2.1.3 Any representation, action, inaction, or submission by any alternate CO2 authorized account representative shall be deemed to be a representation, action, inaction, or submission by the CO2 authorized account representative.
6.2.2.2.2 Each submission concerning the general account shall be submitted, signed, and certified by the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative for the persons having an ownership interest with respect to CO2 allowances held in the general account. Each such submission shall include the following certification statement by the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative:
“I am authorized to make this submission on behalf of the persons having an ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances held in the general account. I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined, and am familiar with, the statements and information submitted in this document and all its attachments. Based on my inquiry of those individuals with primary responsibility for obtaining the information, I certify that the statements and information are to the best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false statements and information or omitting required statements and information, including the possibility of fine or imprisonment.”
6.2.2.3 Changing CO2 authorized account representative and alternate CO2 authorized account representative; changes in persons with ownership interest.
6.2.2.3.1 The CO2 authorized account representative for a general account may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding complete application for a general account under 6.2.2.1 of this regulation. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous CO2 authorized account representative, or the previous alternate CO2 authorized account representative, prior to the time and date when the Department or its agent receives the superseding application for a general account shall be binding on the new CO2 authorized account representative and the persons with an ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances in the general account.
6.2.2.3.2 The alternate CO2 authorized account representative for a general account may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding complete application for a general account under 6.2.2.1 of this regulation. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous CO2 authorized account representative, or the previous alternate CO2 authorized account representative, prior to the time and date when the Department or its agent receives the superseding application for a general account shall be binding on the new alternate CO2 authorized account representative and the persons with an ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances in the general account.
6.2.2.3.3 In the event a new person having an ownership interest with respect to CO2 allowances in the general account is not included in the list of such persons in the application for a general account, such new person shall be deemed to be subject to and bound by the application for a general account, the representations, actions, inactions, and submissions of the CO2 authorized account representative and any alternate CO2 authorized account representative, and the decisions, orders, actions, and inactions of the Department or its agent, as if the new person were included in such list.
6.2.2.3.4 Within 30 days following any change in the persons having an ownership interest with respect to CO2 allowances in the general account, including the addition or deletion of persons, the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative shall submit a revision to the application for a general account amending the list of persons having an ownership interest with respect to the CO2 allowances in the general account to include the change.
6.2.2.4 Objections concerning CO2 authorized account representative.
6.2.2.4.2 Except as provided in 6.2.2.3.1 and 6.2.2.3.2 of this regulation, no objection or other communication submitted to the Department or its agent concerning the authorization, or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative for a general account shall affect any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative or the finality of any decision or order by the Department or its agent under the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
6.2.2.4.3 Neither the Department nor its agent will adjudicate any private legal dispute concerning the authorization or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the CO2 authorized account representative or any alternate CO2 authorized account representative for a general account, including private legal disputes concerning the proceeds of CO2 allowance transfers.
6.2.2.5 Delegation by CO2 authorized account representative and alternate CO2 authorized account representative.
6.2.2.5.1 A CO2 authorized account representative may delegate, to one or more natural persons, his or her authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent provided for under 6.0 and 7.0 of this regulation.
6.2.2.5.2 An alternate CO2 authorized account representative may delegate, to one or more natural persons, his or her authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent provided for under 6.0 and 7.0 of this regulation.
6.2.2.5.3 In order to delegate authority to make an electronic submission to the Department or its agent in accordance with 6.2.2.5.1 and 6.2.2.5.2 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative, as appropriate, must submit to the Department or its agent a notice of delegation, in a format prescribed by the Department that includes the following elements:
6.2.2.5.3.1 The name, address, e-mail address, telephone number, and facsimile transmission number of such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative;
6.2.2.5.3.4 The following certification statements by such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative:
6.2.2.5.3.4.1 “I agree that any electronic submission to the Department or its agent that is by a natural person identified in this notice of delegation and of a type listed for such electronic submission agent in this notice of delegation and that is made when I am a CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative, as appropriate, and before this notice of delegation is superseded by another notice of delegation under the CO2 Budget Trading Program shall be deemed to be an electronic submission by me.”
6.2.2.5.3.4.2 “Until this notice of delegation is superseded by another notice of delegation under CO2 Budget Trading Program, I agree to maintain an e-mail account and to notify the Department or its agent immediately of any change in my e-mail address unless all delegation authority by me under CO2 Budget Trading Program is terminated.”
6.2.2.5.4 A notice of delegation submitted under 6.2.2.5.3 of this regulation shall be effective, with regard to the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative identified in such notice, upon receipt of such notice by the Department or its agent and until receipt by the Department or its agent of a superseding notice of delegation by such CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative as appropriate. The superseding notice of delegation may replace any previously identified electronic submission agent, add a new electronic submission agent, or eliminate entirely any delegation of authority.
6.2.2.5.5 Any electronic submission covered by the certification in 6.2.2.5.3.4.1 of this regulation and made in accordance with a notice of delegation effective under 6.2.2.5.4 of this regulation shall be deemed to be an electronic submission by the CO2 authorized account representative or alternate CO2 authorized account representative submitting such notice of delegation.
6.2.3 Account identification. The Department or its agent will assign a unique identifying number to each account established under 6.2.1 or 6.2.2 of this regulation.
6.3 CO2 Allowance Tracking System responsibilities of CO2 authorized account representative.
Following the establishment of a CO2 Allowance Tracking System account, all submissions to the Department or its agent pertaining to the account, including, but not limited to, submissions concerning the deduction or transfer of CO2 allowances in the account, shall be made only by the CO2 authorized account representative for the account.
6.4 Recordation of CO2 allowance allocations.
6.4.5 Serial numbers for allocated CO2 allowances. When allocating CO2 allowances to and recording them in an account, the Department or its agent will assign each CO2 allowance a unique identification number that will include digits identifying the year for which the CO2 allowance is allocated.
6.4.7 By January 1, 2009, the Department or its agent will record in the CO2 budget source’s compliance account the CO2 allowances for allocation years of 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 pursuant to the amounts established by 5.3 of the regulation.
6.5.1 Allowances available for compliance deduction. CO2 allowances that meet the following criteria are available to be deducted in order for a CO2 budget source to comply with the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation for a control period.
6.5.1.1 The CO2 allowances, other than CO2 offset allowances, are of allocation years that fall within a prior control period or the same control period for which the allowances will be deducted.
6.5.1.2 The CO2 allowances are held in the CO2 budget source’s compliance account as of the CO2 allowance transfer deadline for that control period or are transferred into the compliance account by a CO2 allowance transfer correctly submitted for recordation under 7.1 of this regulation by the CO2 allowance transfer deadline for that control period.
6.5.1.3 For CO2 offset allowances, the number of CO2 offset allowances that are available to be deducted in order for a CO2 budget source to comply with the CO2 requirements of 1.5.3 of this regulation for a control period may not exceed the number of tons representing the following percentages of the CO2 budget source’s CO2 emissions for that control period, as determined in accordance with 6.0 and 8.0 of this regulation:
6.5.1.4 The CO2 allowances are not necessary for deductions for excess emissions for a prior control period under 6.5.4 of this regulation.
6.5.2 Deductions for compliance. Following the recordation, in accordance with 7.2 of this regulation, of CO2 allowance transfers submitted for recordation in the CO2 budget source’s compliance account by the CO2 allowance transfer deadline for a control period, the Department or its agent will deduct CO2 allowances available under 6.1 of this regulation to cover the source’s CO2 emissions (as determined in accordance with 8.0 of this regulation for the control period, as follows:
6.5.2.1 until the amount of CO2 allowances deducted equals the number of tons of total CO2 emissions, less any CO2 emissions attributable to the burning of eligible biomass, determined in accordance with 8.0 of this regulation, from all CO2 budget units at the CO2 budget source for the control period; or
6.5.2.2 If there are insufficient CO2 allowances to complete the deductions 6.2.1 of this regulation, until no more CO2 allowances available under 6.5.1 of this regulation remain in the compliance account.
6.5.3 Identification of available CO2 allowances by serial number; default compliance deductions.
6.5.3.1 The CO2 authorized account representative for a source’s compliance account may request that specific CO2 allowances, identified by serial number, in the compliance account be deducted for emissions or excess emissions for a control period in accordance with 6.5.2 or 6.5.4 of this regulation. Such identification shall be made in the compliance certification report submitted in accordance with 4.1 of this regulation.
6.5.3.2 The Department or its agent will deduct CO2 allowances for a control period from the CO2 budget source’s compliance account, in the absence of identification or in the case of a partial identification of available CO2 allowances by serial number under 6.5.3.1 of this regulation, in the following order:
6.5.3.2.1 First, subject to the relevant compliance deduction limitations under 6.5.1.3 and 6.5.4.1 of this regulation, CO2 offset allowances. CO2 offset allowances shall be deducted in chronological order (i.e., CO2 offset allowances from earlier allocation years shall be deducted before CO2 offset allowances from later allocation years). In the event that some, but not all, CO2 offset allowances from a particular allocation year are to be deducted, CO2 offset allowances shall be deducted by serial number, with lower serial number allowances deducted before higher serial number allowances.
6.5.3.2.2 Second, any CO2 allowances, other than CO2 offset allowances, which are available for deduction under 6.5.1 of this regulation. CO2 allowances shall be deducted in chronological order (i.e., CO2 allowances from earlier allocation years shall be deducted before CO2 allowances from later allocation years). In the event that some, but not all, CO2 allowances from a particular allocation year are to be deducted, CO2 allowances shall be deducted by serial number, with lower serial number allowances deducted before higher serial number allowances.
6.5.4 Deductions for excess emissions.
6.5.4.1 After making the deductions for compliance under 6.5.2 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will deduct from the CO2 budget source’s compliance account a number of CO2 allowances, from allocation years that occur after the control period in which the source has excess emissions, equal to three times the number of the source’s excess emissions. In the event that a source has insufficient CO2 allowances to cover three times the number of the source’s excess emissions, the source shall be required to immediately transfer sufficient allowances into its compliance account. No CO2 offset allowances may be deducted to account for the source’s excess emissions.
6.5.4.2 Any CO2 allowance deduction required under 6.5.4.1 of this regulation shall not affect the liability of the owners and operators of the CO2 budget source or the CO2 units at the source for any fine, penalty, or assessment, or their obligation to comply with any other remedy, for the same violation, as ordered under applicable State law. The following guidelines will be followed in assessing fines, penalties or other obligations.
6.5.4.2.1 For purposes of determining the number of days of violation, if a CO2 budget source has excess emissions for a control period, each day in the control period constitutes a day in violation unless the owners and operators of the unit demonstrate that a lesser number of days should be considered.
6.5.4.3 The propriety of the Department’s determination that a CO2 budget source had excess emissions and the concomitant deduction of CO2 allowances from that CO2 budget source’s account may be later challenged in the context of the initial administrative enforcement, or any civil or criminal judicial action arising from or encompassing that excess emissions violation. The commencement or pendency of any administrative enforcement, or civil or criminal judicial action arising from or encompassing that excess emissions violation will not act to prevent the Department or its agent from initially deducting the CO2 allowances resulting from the Department’s original determination that the relevant CO2 budget source has had excess emissions. Should the Department’s determination of the existence or extent of the CO2 budget source’s excess emissions be revised either by a settlement or final conclusion of any administrative or judicial action, the Department will act as follows.
6.5.4.3.2 In any instance where the Department’s determination of the extent of excess emissions was too high, the Department will distribute to the relevant CO2 budget source a number of CO2 allowances equaling the number of CO2 allowances deducted which are attributable to the difference between the original and final quantity of excess emissions. Should such CO2 budget source’s compliance account no longer exist, the CO2 allowances will be provided to a general account selected by the owner or operator of the CO2 budget source from which they were originally deducted.
6.5.6 Action by the Department on submissions.
6.5.6.1 The Department may review and conduct independent audits concerning any submission under the CO2 Budget Trading Program and make appropriate adjustments of the information in the submissions.
6.5.6.2 The Department may deduct CO2 allowances from or transfer CO2 allowances to a source’s compliance account based on information in the submissions, as adjusted under 6.5.6.1 of this regulation.
Each CO2 allowance that is held in a compliance account or a general account will remain in such account unless and until the CO2 allowance is deducted or transferred under 4.2, 6.5, 6.7, or 7.0 of this regulation.
The Department or its agent may, at its sole discretion and on his or her own motion, correct any error in any CO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making such correction, the Department or its agent will notify the CO2 authorized account representative for the account.
6.8.1 A CO2 authorized account representative of a general account may instruct the Department or its agent to close the account by submitting a statement requesting deletion of the account from the CO2 Allowance Tracking System and by correctly submitting for recordation under 7.1 of this regulation a CO2 allowance transfer of all CO2 allowances in the account to one or more other CO2 Allowance Tracking System accounts.
6.8.2 If a general account shows no activity for a period of six years or more and does not contain any CO2 allowances, the Department or its agent may notify the CO2 authorized account representative for the account that the account will be closed in the CO2 Allowance Tracking System 20 business days after the notice is sent. The account will be closed after the 20-day period unless before the end of the 20-day period the Department or its agent receives a correctly submitted transfer of CO2 allowances into the account under 7.1 of this regulation or a statement submitted by the CO2 authorized account representative demonstrating to the satisfaction of the Department or its agent good cause as to why the account should not be closed. The Department or its agent will have sole discretion to determine if the owner or operator of the unit demonstrated that the account should not be closed.
7.0 CO2 Allowance Transfers
7.1 Submission of CO2 allowance transfers.
The CO2 authorized account representatives seeking recordation of a CO2 allowance transfer shall submit the transfer to the Department or its agent. To be considered correctly submitted, the CO2 allowance transfer shall include the following elements in a format specified by the Department or its agent:
7.1.3 The printed name and signature of the CO2 authorized account representative of the transferor account and the date signed;
7.2.1 Within 5 business days of receiving a CO2 allowance transfer, except as provided in 7.2.2 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will record a CO2 allowance transfer by moving each CO2 allowance from the transferor account to the transferee account as specified by the request, provided that:
7.2.1.2 The transferor account includes each CO2 allowance identified by serial number in the transfer.
7.2.2 A CO2 allowance transfer into or out of a compliance account that is submitted for recordation following the CO2 allowance transfer deadline and that includes any CO2 allowances that are of allocation years that fall within a control period prior to or the same as the control period to which the CO2 allowance transfer deadline applies will not be recorded until after completion of the process pursuant to 6.5.2 of this regulation.
7.2.3 Where a CO2 allowance transfer submitted for recordation fails to meet the requirements of 7.2.1 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will not record such transfer.
7.3.1 Notification of recordation. Within 5 business days of recordation of a CO2 allowance transfer under 7.2 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will notify each party to the transfer. Notice will be given to the CO2 authorized account representatives of both the transferor and transferee accounts.
7.3.2 Notification of non-recordation. Within 10 business days of receipt of a CO2 allowance transfer that fails to meet the requirements of 7.2.1 of this regulation, the Department or its agent will notify the CO2 authorized account representatives of both accounts subject to the transfer of:
7.3.3 Nothing in this regulation shall preclude the submission of a CO2 allowance transfer for recordation following notification of non-recordation.
The owners and operators, and to the extent applicable, the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit, shall comply with the monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting requirements as provided in this regulation and all applicable sections of 40 CFR 75. Where referenced in 8.0 of this regulation, the monitoring requirements of 40 CFR 75 shall be adhered to in a manner consistent with the purpose of monitoring and reporting CO2 mass emissions pursuant to these regulations. For purposes of complying with such requirements, the definitions in 1.3 of this regulation and in 40 CFR 72.2 shall apply, and the terms ‘‘affected unit,’’ ‘‘designated representative,’’ and ‘‘continuous emissions monitoring system’’ (or ‘‘CEMS’’) in 40 CFR 75 shall be replaced by the terms ‘‘CO2 budget unit,’’ ‘‘CO2 authorized account representative,’’ and ‘‘continuous emissions monitoring system’’ (or ‘‘CEMS’’), respectively, as defined in 1.3 of this regulation.
For units not subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation, the term “Administrator” in 40 CFR 75 shall be replaced with “the Department or its agent.” Owners or operators of a CO2 budget unit who monitor a non-CO2 budget unit pursuant to the common, multiple, or bypass stack procedures in 40 CFR 75.72(b)(2)(ii), or 40 CFR 75.16 (b)(2)(ii)(B) as pursuant to 40 CFR 75.13, for purposes of complying with [these regulations], shall monitor and report CO2 mass emissions from such non-CO2 budget unit according to the procedures for CO2 budget units established in 8.1 through 8.7 of this regulation.
8.1.1 Requirements for installation, certification, and data accounting. The owner or operator of each CO2 budget unit must meet the following requirements.
8.1.1.1 Install all monitoring systems necessary to monitor CO2 mass emissions in accordance with 40 CFR 75, except for equation G-1. Equation G-1 in Appendix G shall not be used to determine CO2 emissions under this Regulation for determining CO2 mass emissions from coal-fired units. This may require systems to monitor CO2 concentration, stack gas flow rate, O2 concentration, heat input, and fuel flow rate.
8.1.2 Compliance dates. The owner or operator shall meet the monitoring system certification and other requirements of 8.1.1 through 8.1.3 of this regulation on or before the following dates. The owner or operator shall record, report and quality-assure the data from the monitoring systems under 8.1.1 of this regulation on and after the following dates.
8.1.2.1 The owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit, except for a CO2 budget unit under 8.1.2.2 of this regulation, that commences commercial operation before July 1, 2008, must comply with the requirements of this regulation by January 1, 2009.
8.1.2.2 The owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit that commences commercial operation on or after July 1, 2008 must comply with the requirements of this regulation by the later of the following dates:
8.1.2.3 For the owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit for which construction of a new stack or flue installation is completed after the applicable deadline under 8.1.2.1 or 8.1.2.2 of this regulation by the earlier of:
8.1.3 Reporting data.
8.1.3.1 Except as provided in 8.1.3.2 of this regulation, the owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit that does not meet the applicable compliance date set forth in 8.1.2.1, 8.1.2.2 and 8.1.2.3 of this regulation for any monitoring system under 8.1.1 of this regulation shall, for each such monitoring system, determine, record, and report maximum potential (or as appropriate minimum potential) values for CO2 concentration, CO2 emissions rate, stack gas moisture content, fuel flow rate, heat input, and any other parameter required to determine CO2 mass emissions in accordance with 40 CFR 75.31(b)(2) or (c)(3), or section 2.4 of Appendix D of 40 CFR 75 as applicable.
8.1.3.2 The owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit that does not meet the applicable compliance date set forth in 8.2.3 of this regulation for any monitoring system under 8.1.1 of this regulation shall, for each such monitoring system, determine, record, and report substitute data using the applicable missing data procedures in Subpart D, or Appendix D of 40 CFR 75, in lieu of the maximum potential (or as appropriate minimum potential) values for a parameter if the owner or operator demonstrates that there is continuity between the data streams for that parameter before and after the construction or installation under 8.2.3 of this regulation.
8.1.3.3.1 CO2 budget units subject to an acid rain emissions limitation (Regulation 1136) or the NOx Budget Trading Program (Regulation 1139) that qualify for the optional SO2, NOX, and CO2 (for acid rain) or NOx (for NOx Budget) emissions calculations for low mass emissions (LME) units under 40 CFR 75.19 and report emissions for such programs using the calculations under 40 CFR 75.19, shall also use the CO2 emissions calculations for LME units under 40 CFR 75.19 for purposes of compliance with these regulations (Regulation 1136 and 1139).
8.1.3.3.2 CO2 budget units subject to an acid rain emissions limitation (Regulation 1136) or NOx Budget Trading program (Regulation 1139) that do not qualify for the optional SO2, NOX, and CO2 (for acid rain) or NOx (NOx Budget) emissions calculations for LME units under 40 CFR 75.19, shall not use the CO2 emissions calculations for LME units under 40 CFR 75.19 for purposes of compliance with these regulations.
8.1.3.3.3 CO2 budget units not subject to an acid rain emissions limitation (Regulation 1136) or NOx Budget Trading program (Regulation 1139) shall qualify for the optional CO2 emissions calculation for LME units under 40 CFR 75.19, provided that they emit less than 100 tons of NOX annually and no more than 25 tons of SO2 annually.
8.1.4 Prohibitions.
8.1.4.1 No owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall use any alternative monitoring system, alternative reference method, or any other alternative for the required continuous emissions monitoring system without having obtained prior written approval in accordance with 8.6 of this regulation.
8.1.4.2 No owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall operate the unit so as to discharge, or allow to be discharged, CO2 emissions to the atmosphere without accounting for all such emissions in accordance with the applicable provisions of this regulation and 40 CFR 75.
8.1.4.3 No owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall disrupt the continuous emissions monitoring system, any portion thereof, or any other approved emissions monitoring method, and thereby avoid monitoring and recording CO2 mass emissions discharged into the atmosphere, except for periods of recertification or periods when calibration, quality assurance testing, or maintenance is performed in accordance with the applicable provisions of this regulation and 40 CFR 75.
8.1.4.4 No owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall retire or permanently discontinue use of the continuous emissions monitoring system, any component thereof, or any other approved emissions monitoring system under this regulation, except under any one of the following circumstances:
8.1.4.4.2 The CO2 authorized account representative submits notification of the date of certification testing of a replacement monitoring system in accordance with 8.2.4.3.1 of this regulation.
8.2.1 The owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall be exempt from the initial certification requirements of this regulation for a monitoring system under 8.1.1.1 of this regulation if the following conditions are met:
8.2.3 Not withstanding 8.2.1 of this regulation, if the Administrator has previously approved a petition under 40 CFR 75.72(b)(2)(ii), or 40 CFR 75.16(b)(2)(ii)(B) as pursuant to 40 CFR 75.13 for apportioning the CO2 emissions rate measured in a common stack or a petition under 40 CFR 75.66 of this chapter for an alternative requirement in 40 CFR 75, the CO2 authorized account representative shall submit the petition to the Department under 8.6.1 of this regulation to determine whether the approval applies under this program.
8.2.4 Except as provided in 8.2.1 of this regulation, the owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall comply with the following initial certification and recertification procedures for a continuous emissions monitoring system and an excepted monitoring system under appendix D of 40 CFR 75 and under 8.1.1.1 of this regulation. The owner or operator of a unit that qualifies to use the low mass emissions excepted monitoring methodology in 40 CFR 75.19 or that qualifies to use an alternative monitoring system under Subpart E of 40 CFR 75 shall comply with the procedures in 8.5 and 8.6 of this regulation, respectively.
8.2.4.1 Requirements for initial certification. The owner or operator shall ensure that each continuous emissions monitoring system required under 8.1.1.1 of this regulation (which includes the automated data acquisition and handling system) successfully completes all of the initial certification testing required under 40 CFR 75.20 by the applicable deadlines specified in 8.1.2 of this regulation. In addition, whenever the owner or operator installs a monitoring system in order to meet the requirements of this regulation in a location where no such monitoring system was previously installed, initial certification in accordance with 40 CFR 75.20 is required.
8.2.4.2 Requirements for recertification.
8.2.4.2.1 Whenever the owner or operator makes a replacement, modification, or change in a certified continuous emissions monitoring system under 8.1.1.1 of this regulation that the Administrator or the Department determines significantly affects the ability of the system to accurately measure or record CO2 mass emissions or to meet the quality-assurance and quality-control requirements of 40 CFR 75.21 or appendix B to 40 CFR 75, the owner or operator shall recertify the monitoring system according to 40 CFR 75.20(b).
8.2.4.2.2 For systems using stack measurements such as stack flow, stack moisture content, CO2 or O2 monitors, whenever the owner or operator makes a replacement, modification, or change to the flue gas handling system or the unit’s operation that the Administrator or the Department determines to significantly change the flow or concentration profile, the owner or operator shall recertify the continuous emissions monitoring system according to 40 CFR 75.20(b). Examples of changes which require recertification include: replacement of the analyzer, change in location or orientation of the sampling probe or site, or changing of flow rate monitor polynomial coefficients.
8.2.4.3 Approval process for initial certifications and recertification. 8.2.4.3.1 Through 8.2.4.3.4 of this regulation apply to both initial certification and recertification of a monitoring system under 8.1.1.1 of this regulation. For recertifications, replace the words “certification” and “initial certification” with the word “recertification,” replace the word “certified” with “recertified,” and proceed in the manner prescribed in 40 CFR 75.20(b)(5) and (g)(7) in lieu of 8.2.4.3.5 of this regulation.
8.2.4.3.1 Notification of certification. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit to the Department or its agent, the appropriate EPA Regional Office and the Administrator a written notice of the dates of certification in accordance with 8.4 of this regulation.
8.2.4.3.2 Certification application. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit to the Department or its agent a certification application for each monitoring system. A complete certification application shall include the information specified in 40 CFR 75.63.
8.2.4.3.3 Provisional certification data. The provisional certification date for a monitor shall be determined in accordance with 40 CFR 75.20(a)(3). A provisionally certified monitor may be used under the CO2 budget Trading Program for a period not to exceed 120 days after receipt by the Department of the complete certification application for the monitoring system or component thereof under 8.2.4.3.2 of this regulation. Data measured and recorded by the provisionally certified monitoring system or component thereof, in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR 75, will be considered valid quality-assured data (retroactive to the date and time of provisional certification), provided that the Department does not invalidate the provisional certification by issuing a notice of disapproval within 120 days of receipt of the complete certification application by the Department.
8.2.4.3.4 Certification application approval process. The Department will issue a written notice of approval or disapproval of the certification application to the owner or operator within 120 days of receipt of the complete certification application under 8.2.4.3.2 of this regulation. In the event the Department does not issue such a notice within such 120-day period, each monitoring system which meets the applicable performance requirements of 40 CFR 75 and is included in the certification application will be deemed certified for use under the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
8.2.4.3.4.1 Approval notice. If the certification application is complete and shows that each monitoring system meets the applicable performance requirements of 40 CFR 75, then the Department will issue a written notice of approval of the certification application within 120 days of receipt.
8.2.4.3.4.2 Incomplete application notice. If the certification application is not complete, then the Department will issue a written notice of incompleteness that sets a reasonable date by which the CO2 authorized account representative must submit the additional information required to complete the certification application. If the CO2 authorized account representative does not comply with the notice of incompleteness by the specified date, then the Department may issue a notice of disapproval under 8.2.4.3.4.3 of this regulation. The 120 day review period shall not begin before receipt of a complete certification application
8.2.4.3.4.3 Disapproval notice. If the certification application shows that any monitoring system or component thereof does not meet the performance requirements of 40 CFR 75, or if the certification application is incomplete and the requirement for disapproval under 8.2.4.3.4.2 of this regulation is met, then the Department will issue a written notice of disapproval of the certification application. Upon issuance of such notice of disapproval, the provisional certification is invalidated by the Department and the data measured and recorded by each uncertified monitoring system or component thereof shall not be considered valid quality assured data beginning with the date and hour of provisional certification. The owner or operator shall follow the procedures for loss of certification in 8.2.4.3.5 of this regulation for each monitoring system or component thereof, which is disapproved for initial certification.
8.2.4.3.4.4 Audit decertification. The Department may issue a notice of disapproval of the certification status of a monitor in accordance with 8.3.2 of this regulation.
8.2.4.3.5 Procedures for loss of certification. If the Department issues a notice of disapproval of a certification application under 8.2.4.3.4.3 of this regulation or a notice of disapproval of certification status under 8.2.4.3.4.4 of this regulation, then:
8.2.4.3.5.1.1 For units using or intending to monitor for CO2 mass emissions using heat input or for units using the low mass emissions excepted methodology under 40 CFR 75.19, the maximum potential hourly heat input of the unit; or
8.2.4.3.5.1.2 For units intending to monitor for CO2 mass emissions using a CO2 pollutant concentration monitor and a flow monitor, the maximum potential concentration of CO2 and the maximum potential flow rate of the unit under section 2.1 of Appendix A of 40 CFR 75.
8.2.4.3.5.2 The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit a notification of certification retest dates and a new certification application in accordance with 8.2.4.3.1 and 8.2.4.3.2 of this regulation; and
8.2.5 Initial certification and recertification procedures for low mass emissions units using the excepted methodologies under 8.1.3.3 of this regulation. The owner or operator of a unit qualified to use the low mass emissions excepted methodology under 8.1.3.3 of this regulation shall meet the applicable certification and recertification requirements of 40 CFR 75.19(a)(2), 40 CFR 75.20(h) and 8.2 of this regulation. If the owner or operator of such a unit elects to certify a fuel flow meter system for heat input determinations, the owner or operator shall also meet the certification and recertification requirements in 40 CFR 75.20(g).
8.2.6 Certification/recertification procedures for alternative monitoring systems. The CO2 authorized account of each unit for which the owner or operator intends to use an alternative monitoring system approved by the Administrator and, if applicable, the Department under Subpart E of 40 CFR 75 shall comply with the applicable notification and application procedures of 40 CFR 75.20(f).
8.3.2 Audit decertification. Whenever both an audit of a monitoring system and a review of the initial certification or recertification application reveal that any monitoring system should not have been certified or recertified because it did not meet a particular performance specification or other requirement under 8.2 of this regulation or the applicable provisions of 40 CFR 75, both at the time of the initial certification or recertification application submission and at the time of the audit, the Department or Administrator will issue a notice of disapproval of the certification status of such monitoring system. For the purposes of this paragraph, an audit shall be either a field audit or an audit of any information submitted to the Department or the Administrator. By issuing the notice of disapproval, the Department or Administrator revokes prospectively the certification status of the monitoring system. The data measured and recorded by the monitoring system shall not be considered valid quality-assured data from the date of issuance of the notification of the revoked certification status until the date and time that the owner or operator completes subsequently approved initial certification or recertification tests for the monitoring system. The owner or operator shall follow the initial certification or recertification procedures in 8.2 of this regulation for each disapproved monitoring system.
The CO2 authorized account representative for a CO2 budget unit shall submit written notice to the Department and the Administrator in accordance with 40 CFR 75.61.
8.5.1 General provisions. The CO2 authorized account representative shall comply with all recordkeeping and reporting requirements in this regulation, the applicable record keeping and reporting requirements under 40 CFR 75.73 and with the requirements of 2.1.5 of this regulation.
8.5.2 Monitoring plans. The owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall submit a monitoring plan in the manner prescribed in 40 CFR 75.62.
8.5.3 Certification applications. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit an application to the Department within 45 days after completing all CO2 monitoring system initial certification or recertification tests required under 8.2 of this regulation including the information required under 40 CFR 75.63 and 40 CFR 75.53(e) and (f).
8.5.4 Quarterly reports. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit quarterly reports, as follows:
8.5.4.1 The CO2 authorized account representative shall report the CO2 mass emissions data for the CO2 budget unit, in an electronic format prescribed by the Administrator unless otherwise prescribed by the Department for each calendar quarter beginning with:
8.5.4.2 The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit each quarterly report to the Department or its agent within 30 days following the end of the calendar quarter covered by the report. Quarterly reports shall be submitted in the manner specified in Subpart H of 40 CFR 75 and 40 CFR 75.64. Quarterly reports shall be submitted for each CO2 budget unit (or group of units using a common stack), and shall include all of the data and information required in Subpart G of 40 CFR 75, except for opacity, NOx, and SO2 provisions.
8.5.4.3 Compliance certification. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit to the Department or its agent a compliance certification in support of each quarterly report based on reasonable inquiry of those persons with primary responsibility for ensuring that all of the unit’s emissions are correctly and fully monitored. The certification shall state that:
8.5.4.3.2 for a unit with add-on CO2 emissions controls and for all hours where data are substituted in accordance with 40 CFR 75.34(a)(1), the add-on emissions controls were operating within the range of parameters listed in the quality assurance/quality control program under appendix B of 40 CFR 75 and the substitute values do not systematically underestimate CO2 emissions; and
8.5.4.3.3 The CO2 concentration values substituted for missing data under Subpart D of 40 CFR 75 do not systematically underestimate CO2 emissions.
8.6.1 Except as provided in 8.6.3 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit that is subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation may submit a petition to the Administrator under 40 CFR 75.66 and to the Department requesting approval to apply an alternative to any requirement of 40 CFR 75. Application of an alternative to any requirement of 40 CFR 75 is in accordance with this regulation only to the extent that the petition is approved in writing by the Administrator, and subsequently approved in writing by the Department.
8.6.2 Petitions for a CO2 budget unit that is not subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation.
8.6.2.1 The CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit that is not subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation may submit a petition to the Administrator under 40 CFR 75.66 and to the Department requesting approval to apply an alternative to any requirement of 40 CFR 75. Application of an alternative to any requirement of 40 CFR 75 is in accordance with this regulation only to the extent that the petition is approved in writing by the Administrator and subsequently approved in writing by the Department.
8.6.2.2 In the event that the Administrator declines to review a petition under 8.6.2.1 of this regulation, the CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit that is not subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation may submit a petition to the Department requesting approval to apply an alternative to any requirement of 8.0 of this regulation. That petition shall contain all of the relevant information specified in 40 CFR 75.66. Application of an alternative to any requirement of 8.0 of this regulation is in accordance with 8 only to the extent that the petition is approved in writing by the Department.
8.6.3 The CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit that is subject to an Acid Rain emissions limitation may submit a petition to the Administrator under 40 CFR 75.66 and to the Department requesting approval to apply an alternative to a requirement concerning any additional CEMS required under the common stack provisions of 40 CFR 75.72 or a CO2 concentration CEMS used under 40 CFR 75.71(a)(2). Application of an alternative to any such requirement is in accordance with this regulation only to the extent the petition is approved in writing by the Administrator and subsequently approved in writing by the Department.
8.7 CO2 budget units that co-fire eligible biomass.
8.7.1 The CO2 authorized account representative of a CO2 budget unit that co-fires eligible biomass as a compliance mechanism under this regulation shall report the following information to the Department or its agent for each calendar quarter:
8.7.1.1 For each shipment of solid eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the total eligible biomass fuel input, on an as-fired basis, in pounds.
8.7.1.2 For each shipment of solid eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the moisture content, on an as-fired basis, as a fraction by weight.
8.7.1.3 For each distinct type of gaseous eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the density of the biogas, on an as-fired basis, in pounds per standard cubic foot.
8.7.1.4 For each distinct type of gaseous eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the moisture content of the biogas, as a fraction by total weight.
8.7.1.5 For each distinct type of gaseous eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the total eligible biomass fuel input, in standard cubic feet.
8.7.1.6 For each distinct type of eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the dry basis carbon content of the fuel type, as a fraction by dry weight.
8.7.1.7 For each distinct type of eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the dry basis higher heating value, in MMBtu per dry pound.
8.7.1.8 For each distinct type of eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the total dry basis eligible biomass fuel input, in pounds, calculated in accordance with 8.7.2 of this regulation.
8.7.1.9 The total amount of CO2 emitted from the CO2 budget unit due to firing eligible biomass fuel, in tons, calculated in accordance with 8.7.3 of this regulation.
8.7.1.10 For each distinct type of eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, the total eligible biomass fuel heat input, in MMBtu, calculated in accordance with 8.7.4.1 of this regulation.
8.7.1.11 The total amount of heat input to the CO2 budget unit due to firing eligible biomass fuel, in MMBtu, calculated in accordance with 8.7.4.2 of this regulation.
8.7.1.13 For each distinct type of eligible biomass fuel fired at the CO2 budget unit, chemical analysis, including heating value and carbon content.
8.7.2 An owner or operator of a CO2 budget unit shall calculate and submit to the Department or its agent on a quarterly basis the total dry weight for each distinct type of eligible biomass fired by the CO2 budget unit during the reporting quarter. The total dry weight shall be determined for each fuel type as follows:
Fj = Ε (1 – M i) x Fi
Fj = Total eligible biomass dry basis fuel input (lbs) for fuel type j;
Fi = Eligible biomass as fired fuel input (lbs) for fired shipment i;
Mi = Moisture content (fraction) for fired shipment i;
Fj = Dj x Vj x (1 – Mj)
Fj = Total eligible biomass dry basis fuel input (lbs) for fuel type j;
Dj = Density of biogas (lbs/scf) for fuel type j;
Vj = Total volume (scf) for fuel type j;
Mj = Moisture content (fraction) for fuel type j,
8.7.3 CO2 emissions due to firing of eligible biomass shall be determined as follows:
8.7.3.1 For any full calendar quarter during which no fuel other than eligible biomass is combusted at the CO2 budget unit, as measured and recorded in accordance with 8.1 through 8.6 of this regulation; or
CO2 tons = Ε Fj x Cj x Oj x 44/12 x 0.0005
CO2 tons = CO2 emissions due to firing of eligible biomass for the reporting quarter;
Fj = Total eligible biomass dry basis fuel input (lbs) for fuel type j, as calculated in 8.7.2 of this regulation;
Cj = carbon fraction (dry basis) for fuel type j;
Oj = Oxidation factor for eligible biomass fuel type j, derived for solid fuels based on the ash content of the eligible biomass fired and the carbon content of this ash, as determined pursuant to 8.7.1.12 of this regulation; for gaseous eligible biomass fuels, a default oxidation factor of 0.995 may be used;
Hj = Fj x HHVj x 0.0005
Hj = Heat input (MMBtu) for fuel type j;
Fj = Total eligible biomass dry basis fuel input (lbs) for fuel type j, as calculated in 8.7(b);
HHVj = Higher heating value (MMBtu/lb), dry basis, for fuel type j, as determined through chemical analysis;
Hj = Heat input (MMBtu) for fuel type j;
8.8.1 A CO2 budget unit applying for early reduction allowances pursuant to 5.3.3 of this regulation shall submit to the department or its agent information in accordance with 8.8.3.1 of this regulation. A CO2 budget source whose electrical output is not used in ISO energy market settlement determinations shall propose to the department a method for quantification of net electrical output.
8.8.2 CO2 budget sources selling steam should use billing meters to determine net steam output. A CO2 budget source whose steam output is not measured by billing meters or whose steam output is combined with output from a non-CO2 budget unit prior to measurement by the billing meter shall propose to the Department an alternative method for quantification of net steam output. If data for steam output is not available, the CO2 budget source may report heat input providing useful steam output as a surrogate for steam output.
8.8.3 Monitoring. The owner or operator of each CO2 budget unit, in a state that requires the CO2 budget unit’s net output, must meet the following requirements. Each CO2 budget source must submit an output monitoring plan. The output monitoring plan must include a description and diagram as stated below.
8.8.3.1.1 If the CO2 budget unit monitors net electric output, the diagram should contain all CO2 budget units and all generators served by each CO2 budget unit and the relationship between CO2 budget units and generators. If a generator served by a CO2 budget unit is also served by a non-affected unit, the non-affected unit and its relationship to each generator should be indicated on the diagram as well. The diagram should indicate where the net electric output is measured and should include all electrical inputs and outputs to and from the plant. If net electric output is determined using a billing meter, the diagram should show each billing meter used to determine net sales of electricity and should show that all electricity measured at the point of sale is generated by the CO2 budget units.
8.8.3.1.2 If the CO2 budget unit monitors net thermal output, the diagram should include all steam or hot water coming into the net steam system, including steam from CO2 budget units and non-affected units, and all exit points of steam or hot water from the net steam system. In addition, each input and output stream will have an estimated temperature, pressure and phase indicator, and an enthalpy in Btu/lb. The diagram of the net steam system should identify all useful loads, house loads, parasitic loads, any other steam loads and all boiler feedwater returns. The diagram will represent all energy losses in the system as either usable or unusable losses. The diagram will also indicate all flow meters, temperature or pressure sensors or other equipment used to calculate gross thermal output. If a sales agreement is used to determine net thermal output, the diagram should show the monitoring equipment used to determine the sales of steam.
8.8.4 Initial certification. A certification statement must be submitted by the CO2 authorized account representative stating that either the output monitoring system consists entirely of billing meters or that the output monitoring system meets one of the accuracy requirements for non-billing meters at 8.8.4.2 of this regulation. This statement may be submitted with the certification application required under 8.5.3 of this regulation.
8.8.4.1 Billing meters. The billing meter must record the electric or thermal output. Any electric or thermal output values that the facility reports must be the same as the values used in billing for the output. Any output measurement equipment used as a billing meter in commercial transactions requires no additional certification or testing.
8.8.4.2 Non-billing meters. For non-billing meters, the output monitoring system must either meet an accuracy of within 10% of the reference value, or each component monitor for the output system must meet an accuracy of within 3% of the full scale value, whichever is less stringent.
8.8.4.2.1 System approach to accuracy. The system approach to accuracy must include a determination of how the system accuracy of 10% is achieved using the individual components in the system and should include data loggers and any watt-meters used to calculate the final net electric output data and/or any flow meters for steam or condensate, temperature measurement devices, absolute pressure measurement devices, and differential pressure devices used for measuring thermal energy.
8.8.4.2.2 Component approach to accuracy. If testing a piece of output measurement equipment shows that the output readings are not accurate to within 3.0 percent of the full scale value, then the equipment should be repaired or replaced to meet that requirement. Data shall remain invalid until the output measurement equipment passes an accuracy test or is replaced with another piece of equipment that passes the accuracy test.
8.8.5 Ongoing QA/QC. Ongoing quality assurance/quality control activities must be performed in order to maintain the output system.
8.8.5.1 Billing meters. In the case where billing meters are used to determine output, no QA/QC activities beyond what are already performed are required.
8.8.5.2 Non-billing meters. Certain types of equipment such as potential transformers, current transformers, nozzle and venture type meters, and the primary element of an orifice plate only require an initial certification of calibration and do not require periodic recalibration unless the equipment is physically changed. However, the pressure and temperature transmitters accompanying an orifice plate will require periodic retesting. For other types of equipment, either recalibrate or re-verify the meter accuracy at least once every two years (i.e., every eight calendar quarters), unless a consensus standard allows for less frequent calibrations or accuracy tests. For non-billing meters, the output monitoring system must either meet an accuracy of within 10% of the reference value, or each component monitor for the output system must meet an accuracy of within 3% of the full scale value, whichever is less stringent. If testing a piece of output measurement equipment shows that the output readings are not accurate to within 3.0 percent of the full scale value, then the equipment should be repaired or replaced to meet that requirement.
8.8.5.3 Out-of-control periods. If testing a piece of output measurement equipment shows that the output readings are not accurate to the certification value, data remain invalid until the output measurement equipment passes an accuracy test or is replaced with another piece of equipment that passes the accuracy test. All invalid data shall be replaced by either zero or an output value that is likely to be lower than a measured value and that is approved as part of the monitoring plan required under 8.8.5 of this regulation.
8.8.6 Recordkeeping and reporting.
8.8.6.1 General provisions. The CO2 authorized account representative shall comply with all recordkeeping and reporting requirements in this regulation and with the requirements of 1.5.5 and 2.1.5 of this regulation.
8.8.6.2 Recordkeeping. Facilities shall retain data used to monitor, determine, or calculate net generation for ten years.
8.8.6.3 Annual reports. The CO2 authorized account representative shall submit annual output reports, as follows. The data must be sent both electronically and in hardcopy by March 1 for the immediately preceding calendar year to the Department or its agent. The annual report shall include unit level MWh, all useful steam output and a certification statement from the CO2 authorized account representative stating the following,
“I am authorized to make this submission on behalf of the owners and operators of the CO2 budget sources or CO2 budget units for which the submission is made. I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined, and am familiar with, the statements and information submitted in this document and all its attachments. Based on my inquiry of those individuals with primary responsibility for obtaining the information, I certify that the statements and information are to the best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false statements and information or omitting required statements and information, including the possibility of fine or imprisonment.”
10.0 CO2 Emissions Offset Projects
The Department will provide for the award of CO2 offset allowances to sponsors of CO2 emissions offset projects or CO2 emissions credit retirements that have reduced or avoided atmospheric loading of CO2, CO2 equivalent or sequestered carbon as demonstrated in accordance with the applicable provisions of this regulation. The requirements of this regulation seek to ensure that CO2 offset allowances awarded represent CO2 equivalent emission reductions or carbon sequestration that are real, additional, verifiable, enforceable, and permanent within the framework of a standards-based approach. Subject to the relevant compliance deduction limitations of 6.5.1.3 of this regulation, CO2 offset allowances may be used by any CO2 budget source for compliance purposes.
10.3.1 Eligible CO2 emissions offset projects. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances, offset projects shall satisfy all the applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.3.1.1 Offset project types. The following types of offset projects are eligible for the award of CO2 offset allowances.
10.3.1.1.4 Reduction or avoidance of CO2 emissions from natural gas, oil, or propane end-use combustion due to end-use energy efficiency; and
10.3.1.2 Offset project locations. To qualify for the award of CO2 allowances under 10.0 of this regulation, eligible offset projects may be located in any of the following locations:
10.3.1.2.1.1 Partly in the State of Delaware and partly in one or more other participating states, provided that the larger part of the CO2 equivalent emissions reduction or carbon sequestration due to the offset project is projected to occur in the State of Delaware.
10.3.2 Eligible CO2 emissions credit retirements. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances, CO2 emissions credit retirement shall satisfy all the applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.3.2.1 CO2 emissions credit retirements include the permanent retirement of greenhouse gas allowances or credits issued pursuant to any governmental mandatory carbon constraining program outside the United States that places a specific tonnage limit on greenhouse gas emissions, provided the allowances or credits are acceptable and valid for use in that program at the time of the filing of the consistency application under 10.4 of this regulation, or certified greenhouse gas emissions reduction credits issued pursuant to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) or protocols adopted through the UNFCCC process.
10.3.2.2 The Department may award CO2 offset allowances for CO2 emissions credit retirements only after the occurrence of a stage two trigger event.
10.3.3 Project sponsor. Any person may act as the sponsor of an eligible CO2 emissions offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement, provided that person meets the requirements at 10.4 of this regulation.
10.3.4 General additionality requirements. Except as provided with respect to specific offset project standards in 10.5 of this regulation, the following general requirements shall apply.
10.3.4.1 CO2 offset allowances shall not be awarded to an offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement that is required pursuant to any local, state or federal law, regulation, or administrative or judicial order. If an offset project receives a consistency determination under 10.4 of this regulation and is later required by local, state or federal law, regulation, or administrative or judicial order, then the offset project shall remain eligible for the award of CO2 offset allowances until the end of its current allocation period but its eligibility shall not be extended for an additional allocation period.
10.3.4.2 CO2 offset allowances shall not be awarded to an offset project that includes an electric generation component, unless the project sponsor transfers legal rights to any and all attribute credits (other than the CO2 offset allowances awarded under 10.7 of this regulation) generated from the operation of the offset project that may be used for compliance with a renewable portfolio standard or other regulatory requirement, to the Department or its agent.
10.3.4.3 CO2 offset allowances shall not be awarded to an offset project that receives funding or other incentives from any system benefit fund, or funds or other incentives provided through the consumer benefit or strategic energy purpose allocation required pursuant to 5.3.2 of this regulation.
10.3.4.4 CO2 offset allowances shall not be awarded to an offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement that is awarded credits or allowances under any other mandatory or voluntary greenhouse gas program.
10.3.5 Maximum allocation periods for CO2 emissions offset projects.
10.3.5.1 Maximum allocation periods. Except as provided in 10.3.5.2 of this regulation, the Department may award CO2 offset allowances under 10.7 of this regulation for an initial 10-year allocation period. At the end of the initial 10-year allocation period, the Department may award CO2 offset allowances for a second 10-year allocation period, provided the offset sponsor has submitted a consistency application pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation prior to the expiration of the initial allocation period, and the Department has issued a consistency determination pursuant to 10.4.5.2 of this regulation.
10.3.5.2 Maximum afforestation allocation period. The Department may award CO2 offset allowances under 10.7 of this regulation for any afforestation offset project for an initial 20-year allocation period. At the end of the initial 20-year allocation period, the Department may award CO2 offset allowances for a second 20-year allocation period, provided the offset sponsor has submitted a consistency application for the afforestation offset project pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation prior to the expiration of the initial allocation period, and the Department has issued a consistency determination pursuant to 10.4.5.2 of this regulation. At the end of the second 20-year allocation period, the Department may award CO2 offset allowances for a third 20-year allocation period, provided the offset sponsor has submitted a consistency application for the afforestation offset project pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation prior to the expiration of the second allocation period, and the Department has issued a consistency determination pursuant 10.4.5.2 of this regulation. In no event may an afforestation offset project be awarded CO2 offset allowances for more than a total of 60 allocation years.
10.3.6 Timing of offset projects. The Department may award CO2 offset allowances under 10.7 of this regulation only for offset projects that are initially commenced on or after December 20, 2005.
10.3.7 Offset project audit. Project sponsors shall provide, in writing, an access agreement to the Department granting the Department or its agent access to the physical location of the offset project to inspect for compliance with this regulation. For offset projects located in any state or other U.S. jurisdiction that is not a participating state, project sponsors shall also provide, in writing, an access agreement to the Department granting the cooperating regulatory agency with access to the physical location of the offset project to inspect for compliance with this regulation.
10.3.8 Ineligibility due to noncompliance. If at any time the Department determines that a project sponsor has not complied with the requirements of this regulation, then the Department may revoke and retire any and all CO2 offset allowances in the project sponsor’s account. If at any time the Department determines that an offset project does not comply with the requirements of this regulation, then the Department may revoke any approvals it has issued relative to an offset project.
10.4.1 Establishment of general account. The sponsor of an offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement must establish a general account under 6.2.2 of this regulation. All submissions to the Department required for the award of CO2 offset allowances under this regulation must be from the CO2 authorized account representative for the general account of the sponsor of the relevant offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement, herein referred to as “project sponsor.”
10.4.2 Consistency application deadlines.
10.4.3 Consistency application contents.
10.4.3.1.5 An explanation of how the projected reduction or avoidance of atmospheric loading of CO2 or CO2 equivalent or the sequestration of carbon is to be quantified, monitored, and verified as required by the relevant provisions of 10.5 of this regulation.
“The undersigned project sponsor recognizes and accepts that the application for, and the receipt of, CO2 offset allowances under the CO2 Budget Trading Program is predicated on the project sponsor following all the requirements of 10.0 of this regulation. The undersigned project sponsor holds the legal rights to the offset project, or has been granted the right to act on behalf of a party that holds the legal rights to the offset project. I understand that eligibility for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10.0 of this regulation is contingent on meeting the requirements of 10.0 of this regulation. I authorize the Department or its agent to audit this offset project for purposes of verifying that the offset project, including the monitoring and verification plan, has been implemented as described in this application. I understand that this right to audit shall include the right to enter the physical location of the offset project. I submit to the legal jurisdiction of the State of Delaware.”
10.4.3.1.7 A statement and certification report signed by the offset project sponsor certifying that all offset projects for which the sponsor has received CO2 offset allowances under this regulation (or similar provisions in the rules of other participating states), under the sponsor’s ownership or control (or under the ownership or control of any entity which controls, is controlled by, or has common control with the sponsor) are in compliance with all applicable requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program in all participating states.
10.4.3.1.8.3 The adequacy of the monitoring and verification plan submitted pursuant to the applicable requirements at 10.5 of this regulation.
10.4.3.1.8.4 Such other evaluations and statements as may be required by the Department.
10.4.3.1.9 Disclosure of any voluntary or mandatory programs, other than the CO2 Budget Trading Program, to which greenhouse gas emissions data related to the offset project has been, or will be reported.
10.4.3.2 For a CO2 emissions credit retirement, the consistency application must include sufficient information to demonstrate that the CO2 emissions credit is eligible pursuant to 10.3.2 of this regulation, was lawfully held by the project sponsor, and has been permanently and irrevocably retired.
10.4.5 Department action on consistency applications.
10.4.5.1 Completeness determination. Within 30 days following receipt of the consistency application filed pursuant to 10.4.2 of this regulation, the Department will notify the project sponsor whether the consistency application is complete. A complete consistency application is one that is in an approved form and is determined by the Department to be complete for the purpose of commencing review of the consistency application. In no event shall a completeness determination prevent the Department from requesting additional information in order to enable the Department to make a consistency determination under 10.4.5.2 of this regulation.
10.4.5.2 Consistency determination. Within 90 days of making the completeness determination under 10.4.5.1 of this regulation, the Department will issue a determination as to whether the offset project is consistent with the requirements of 10.3 and 10.4 of this regulation and the requirements of the applicable offset project standard of 10.5 of this regulation. For any offset project found to lack consistency with these requirements, the Department will inform the project sponsor of the offset project’s deficiencies.
10.5 CO2 emissions offset project standards
10.5.1 Landfill methane capture and destruction. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10.0 of this regulation, offset projects that capture and destroy methane from landfills shall meet the requirements of 10.5.1 of this regulation and all other applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.5.1.1 Eligibility. Eligible offset projects shall occur at landfills that are not subject to the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for municipal solid waste landfills, 40 CFR 60, Section Cc and Section WWW.
10.5.1.2 Offset project description. The offset project sponsor shall provide a detailed narrative of the offset project actions to be taken, including documentation that the offset project meets the eligibility requirements of 10.5.1.1 of this regulation. The project narrative shall include the following information.
10.5.1.3 Emissions baseline determination. The emissions baseline shall represent the potential fugitive landfill emissions of CH4 (in tons of CO2e), as represented by the CH4 collected and metered for thermal destruction as part of the offset project, and calculated in accordance with this paragraph.
Emissions (tons CO2e) = (V x M x (1-OX) x GWP)/2000
V = Volume of CH4 collected (ft3)
M = Mass of CH4 per cubic foot (0.04246 lbs/ft3 default value at 1 atmosphere and 20o C)
OX = Oxidation factor (0.10), representing estimated portion of collected CH4 that would have eventually oxidized to CO2 if not collected
GWP = CO2e global warming potential of CH4 (23)
10.5.1.4 Calculating emissions reductions. Emissions reductions shall be determined based on potential fugitive CH4 emissions that would have occurred at the landfill if metered CH4 collected from the landfill for thermal destruction as part of the offset project was not collected and destroyed. CO2e emissions reductions shall be calculated as follows:
Emissions Reductions (tons CO2e) = (V x M x (1 - OX) x Cef x GWP)/2000
V = Volume of CH4 collected (ft3)
M = Mass of CH4 per cubic foot (0.04246 lbs/ft3 default value at 1 atmosphere and 20o C)
OX = Oxidation factor (0.10), representing estimated portion of collected CH4 that would have eventually oxidized to CO2 if not collected
Cef = Combustion efficiency of methane control technology (0.98)
GWP = CO2e global warming potential of CH4 (23)
10.5.1.5 Monitoring and verification requirements. Offset projects shall employ a landfill gas collection system that provides continuous metering and data computation of landfill gas volumetric flow rate and CH4 concentration. Annual monitoring and verification reports shall include monthly volumetric flow rate and CH4 concentration data, including documentation that the CH4 was actually supplied to the combustion source. Monitoring and verification is also subject to the following requirements.
10.5.1.5.1 The project sponsor shall submit a monitoring and verification plan as part of the consistency application that includes a quality assurance and quality control program associated with equipment used to determine landfill gas volumetric flow rate and CH4 composition. The monitoring and verification plan shall also include provisions for ensuring that measuring and monitoring equipment is maintained, operated, and calibrated based on manufacturer recommendations, as well as provisions for the retention of maintenance records for audit purposes. The monitoring and verification plan shall be certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation.
10.5.1.5.2 The project sponsor shall annually verify landfill gas CH4 composition through landfill gas sampling and independent laboratory analysis using applicable U.S. Environmental Protection Agency laboratory test methods.
10.5.2 Reduction in emissions of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10.0 of this regulation, offset projects that prevent emissions of sulfur hexafluoride to the atmosphere from equipment in the electricity transmission and distribution sector, through capture and storage, recycling, or destruction, shall meet the requirements of 10.5.2 of this regulation and all other applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.5.2.1 Eligibility.
10.5.2.1.1 Eligible offset projects shall consist of incremental actions beyond those taken during the baseline year to achieve a reduction in SF6 emissions relative to the baseline year. Eligible actions may include an expansion of existing actions. The identified actions to be taken shall be consistent with the guidance provided in International Electrotechnical Commission (CEI/IEC), IEC TR 61634: High-voltage switchgear and control gear—Use and handling of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) in high-voltage switchgear and controlgear, 1st ed., 1995.
10.5.2.1.2 Except as provided in 10.5.2.1.3 of this regulation, eligible offset projects shall have an SF6 entity-wide emissions rate for the baseline year that is less than the applicable emissions rate in Table 10-1. The entity-wide SF6 emissions rate shall be calculated as follows:
SF6 Emissions Rate (%) = (Total SF6 Emissions for Reporting Year)/ (Total SF6 Nameplate Capacity at End of Reporting Year)
SF6 Nameplate Capacity refers to all SF6-containing equipment owned and/or operated by the entity, at full and proper SF6 charge of the equipment rather than the actual charge of the equipment (which may reflect leakage).
Table 10-1. SF6 Emissions Rate Performance Standards
a Based on weighted average 2004 emissions rates for U.S. EPA SF6 Partnership utilities in each region. If the weighted average emissions rate in a region is higher than the national weighted average, the default performance standard is the national weighted average emissions rate.
10.5.2.1.3 An SF6 offset project shall be eligible even if the SF6 entity-wide emissions rate in the baseline year exceeds the applicable rate in 10.5.2.1.2 of this regulation, provided that the project sponsor demonstrates and the Department determines that the project is being implemented at a transmission and/or distribution entity serving a predominantly urban service territory and that at least two of the following factors prevent optimal management of SF6.
10.5.2.1.3.3 The inability to take a substantial portion of equipment out of service, as such activity would impair system reliability.
10.5.2.1.3.4 Required equipment purpose or design for a substantial portion of entity transmission and distribution equipment results in inherently leak-prone equipment.
10.5.2.2 Offset project description. The offset project sponsor shall provide a detailed narrative of the offset project actions to be taken, including documentation that the offset project meets the eligibility requirements of 10.5.2.1 of this regulation. The offset project narrative shall include the following information.
10.5.2.3 Emissions baseline determination. If the consistency application is filed on or after January 1, 2009, baseline SF6 emissions shall be determined based on annual entity-wide reporting of SF6 emissions for the calendar year immediately preceding the calendar year in which the consistency application is filed (designated the baseline year). If the consistency application is filed prior to 2009, the baseline year may be 2005, but no earlier. The reporting entity shall systematically track and account for all entity-wide uses of SF6 in order to determine entity-wide emissions of SF6. The scope of such tracking and accounting shall include all electric transmission and distribution assets and all SF6-containing and SF6-handling equipment owned and/or operated by the reporting entity.
SF6 Emissions (lbs.) = (SF6 Change in Inventory) + (SF6 Purchases and Acquisitions) – (SF6 Sales and Disbursements) – (Change in Total SF6 Nameplate Capacity of Equipment)
Change in Inventory is the difference between the quantity of SF6 gas in storage at the beginning of the reporting year and the quantity in storage at the end of the reporting year. The term “quantity in storage” includes all SF6 gas contained in cylinders (such as 115-pound storage cylinders), gas carts, and other storage containers. It does not refer to SF6 gas held in SF6-using operating equipment. The change in inventory will be negative if the quantity of SF6 gas in storage increases over the course of the year.
Purchases and Acquisitions of SF6 is the sum of all the SF6 gas acquired from other parties during the reporting year, as contained in storage containers or SF6-using operating equipment.
Sales and disbursements of SF6 is the sum of all the SF6 gas sold or otherwise disbursed to other parties during the reporting year, as contained in storage containers and SF6-using operating equipment.
Change in Total SF6 Nameplate Capacity of Equipment is the net change in the total volume of SF6-containing operating equipment during the reporting year. The net change in nameplate capacity is equal to new equipment nameplate capacity, minus retired equipment nameplate capacity. This quantity will be negative if the retired equipment has a total nameplate capacity larger than the total nameplate capacity of the new equipment. “Total nameplate capacity” refers to the full and proper SF6 charge of the equipment rather than to the actual charge, which may reflect leakage.
Emissions (tons CO2e) = [(Viby – Viey) + (PApsd + PAe + PArre) – (SDop + SDrs + SDdf + SDsor) – (CNPne – CNPrse)] x GWP/2000
Where (all SF6 values in lbs.):
Viby = SF6 inventory in cylinders, gas carts, and other storage containers (not SF6-containing operating equipment) at the beginning of the reporting year
Viey = SF6 inventory in cylinders, gas carts, and other storage containers (not SF6-containing operating equipment) at the end of the reporting year
PApsd = SF6 purchased from suppliers or distributors in cylinders
PAe = SF6 provided by equipment manufacturers with or inside SF6-containing operating equipment
PArre = SF6 returned to the reporting entity after off-site recycling
SDop = Sales of SF6 to other parties, including gas left in SF6-containing operating equipment that is sold
SDrs = Returns of SF6 to supplier (producer or distributor)
SDdf = SF6 sent to destruction facilities
SDsor = SF6 sent off-site for recycling
CNPne = Total SF6 nameplate capacity of new SF6-containing operating equipment at proper full charge
CNPrse = Total SF6 nameplate capacity of retired or sold SF6-containing operating equipment at proper full charge
GWP = CO2e global warming potential of SF6 (22,200)
10.5.2.4 Calculating emissions reductions. Emissions reductions shall represent the annual entity-wide emissions reductions of SF6 for the reporting entity, relative to emissions in the baseline year. Emissions reductions shall be determined as follows, using the quantification method outlined in 10.5.2.3.2 of this regulation to determine emissions in both the baseline year and reporting year(s):
Emissions Reduction (tons CO2e) = (Total Pounds of SF6 Emissions in Baseline Reporting Year) – (Total Pounds of SF6 Emissions in Reporting Year) x GWP/2000
GWP = CO2e global warming potential of SF6 (22,200)
10.5.2.5 Monitoring and verification requirements. The annual monitoring and verification report shall include supporting material detailing the calculations and data used to determine SF6 emissions reductions, and shall also provide the following documentation.
10.5.2.5.1 The project sponsor shall identify a facility(ies) managed by the entity from which all SF6 gas is procured and disbursed and maintain an entity-wide log of all SF6 gas procurements and disbursals. The entity-wide log shall include the weight of each cylinder transported before shipment from the facility(ies) and the weight of each cylinder after return to the facility(ies). A specific cylinder log shall also be maintained for each cylinder that is used to fill equipment with SF6 or reclaim SF6 from equipment. The cylinder log shall be retained with the cylinder and indicate the location and specific identifying information of the equipment being filled, or from which SF6 is reclaimed, and the weight of the cylinder before and after this activity. The cylinder log shall be returned with the cylinder to the facility when the activity is complete or the cylinder is empty.
10.5.2.5.2 A current entity-wide inventory of all SF6-containing operating equipment and all other SF6-related items, including cylinders, gas carts, and other storage containers used by the entity. The inventory shall be certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation.
10.5.2.5.3 The project sponsor shall provide a monitoring and verification plan as part of the consistency application, which shall include an SF6 inventory management and auditing protocol and a process for quality assurance and quality control of inventory data. The monitoring and verification plan shall be certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation.
10.5.3 Sequestration of carbon due to afforestation. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10, offset projects that sequester carbon through the conversion of land from a non-forested to forested condition shall meet the requirements of 10.5.3 of this regulation and all other applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.5.3.1 Eligibility.
10.5.3.2 Offset project description. The offset project sponsor shall provide a detailed narrative of the offset project actions to be taken, including documentation that the offset project meets the eligibility requirements of 10.5.3.1 of this regulation. The offset project narrative shall include the following information.
10.5.3.3 Carbon sequestration baseline determination. The existing sequestered carbon within the offset project boundary shall be calculated prior to commencement of the offset project. The carbon sequestration baseline shall be determined based on a sum of measurements, made no more than 12 months prior to offset project commencement, of the carbon content of the following carbon pools.
10.5.3.3.1.1 Live above-ground tree biomass;
10.5.3.3.2.2 Dead organic matter, forest floor.
CO2 tons = [(A x C/ha)(44/12)] / 0.9072
10.5.3.3.6 Total carbon contained within the offset project boundary (represented in CO2 tons, calculated pursuant to 10.5.3.3.5 of this regulation) shall be calculated as follows:
TCpb = TClatb + TClbtb + TCs [+ TClantb + TCdoff +
TCdocwd]
TCpb = Total carbon content within the offset project boundary (sum of carbon content of all carbon pools in all reporting sub-populations)
TClatb = Sum of carbon content of live above-ground tree biomass in all reporting sub-populations
TClbtb = Sum of carbon content of live below-ground tree biomass in all reporting sub-populations
TCs = Sum of carbon content of soil carbon in all reporting sub-populations
TClantb [option] = Sum of carbon content of live above-ground non-tree biomass in all reporting sub-populations
TCdoff [option] = Sum of carbon content of dead organic matter, forest floor in all reporting sub-populations
TCdocwd [mandatory/option, as applicable pursuant to 10.5.3.3.1.4 of this regulation] = Sum of carbon content of dead organic matter, coarse woody debris in all reporting sub-populations
10.5.3.4 Calculating carbon sequestered. Carbon sequestration shall be determined using a base year approach, where the amount of carbon sequestered is measured as a net increase in carbon relative to the base year measurement. Carbon sequestration shall be the amount of net additional carbon sequestered during each reporting period, based upon aggregate carbon uptake and carbon emissions for the sum of carbon pools, relative to the baseline carbon content or the carbon content as of the previous reporting period (if above the baseline carbon content), as applicable. CO2 offset allowances shall be issued based on the amount of net additional carbon sequestered within the offset project boundary during each reporting period, as represented in tons of CO2. Sequestered carbon shall be calculated using a stock-change approach as follows:
NCSt = It – It-1
NCSt = Net carbon sequestered in reporting period t
It = Inventory of carbon stock for all carbon pools in all reporting sub-populations within the offset project boundary in reporting period t
It-1 = Inventory of carbon stock for all carbon pools in all reporting sub-populations within the offset project boundary in the reporting period immediately preceding reporting period t
10.5.3.5 Monitoring and verification requirements. Total carbon stock within the offset project boundary shall be calculated not less than every five years. Monitoring and verification is subject to the following requirements.
10.5.3.5.2.3 If commercial timber harvest activities have occurred or will occur, an assessment of management practices to ensure that the offset project has been or will be managed in accordance with environmentally sustainable forestry practices consistent with the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Sustainable Forestry Institute (SFI), American Tree Farm System (ATFS), or such other similar organizations as may be approved by the Department.
10.5.3.6 Carbon sequestration permanence. The offset project shall meet the following requirements to address permanence of sequestered carbon.
10.5.4 Reduction or avoidance of CO2 emissions from natural gas, oil, or propane end-use combustion due to end-use energy efficiency. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10.0 of this regulation, offset projects that reduce CO2 emissions by reducing on-site combustion of natural gas, oil, or propane for end-use in an existing or new commercial or residential building by improving the energy efficiency of fuel usage and/or the energy-efficient delivery of energy services shall meet the requirements of 10.5.4 of this regulation and all other applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation. Eligible new buildings are limited to new buildings that are designed to replace an existing building on the offset project site, or new buildings designed to be zero net energy buildings.
10.5.4.1 Eligibility.
10.5.4.1.1 Eligible offset projects shall reduce CO2 emissions through one or more of the following energy conservation measures (ECMs):
10.5.4.1.2 Performance standards.
10.5.4.1.2.1 All end-use energy efficiency offset projects. All offset projects under this regulation shall meet the applicable performance criteria set forth in this regulation.
10.5.4.1.2.1.1 Installation best practice. Any combustion equipment and related air handling equipment (HVAC systems) installed as part of an offset project shall be sized and installed in accordance with the applicable requirements and specifications outlined in this regulation.
10.5.4.1.2.1.2 Whole-building energy performance. Eligible new buildings or whole-building retrofits that are part of an offset project shall meet the requirements of this regulation.
10.5.4.1.2.2 Offset projects commenced before January 1, 2009. Energy conservation measures implemented as part of an offset project commenced before January 1, 2009 shall meet the performance and prescriptive criteria set forth in this regulation.
10.5.4.1.2.2.1 Combustion equipment. Combustion equipment installed as part of an offset project commenced before January 1, 2009 shall meet the energy efficiency performance standards contained in this regulation.
10.5.4.1.2.2.1.1 Commercial boilers. Commercial boilers shall meet or exceed the energy efficiency criteria in Table 10-2 below.
>88.0%
>90.0%
>88.0%
a Gas-fired boilers shall be installed with controls that allow the boiler to operate in condensing mode and installed with vents designed for positive vent static pressure and vent gas temperature that leads to condensate production in the vent.
b Thermal Efficiency is defined as useful energy output (Btu) divided by energy input (Btu), and presented as a percentage. This shall be measured under steady state conditions, at full rated useful thermal output, 140oF supply from, and 120oF return water temperature to, the boiler.
10.5.4.1.2.2.1.2 Residential combustion equipment. Residential combustion equipment, including furnaces, boilers, and water heaters, shall meet or exceed the energy efficiency criteria in Table 10-3 below.
>94%
>92%
>90%
>0.62
a For furnaces, defined as equipment with a heat input rate of less than 225,000 Btu/hr; for boilers, defined as equipment with a heat input rate of less than 300,000 Btu/hr; for water heaters, defined as equipment subject to 10 CFR 430.
10.5.4.1.2.2.2 Other energy conservation measures. All other energy conservation measures implemented as part of an offset project shall meet the prescriptive requirements, as applicable, in Energy Benchmark for High Performance Buildings, Version 1.1, New Buildings Institute, 2005 (herein referred to as EBHPB), or state building energy codes, whichever result in better energy performance. Energy conservation measures without specified performance criteria in the referenced EBHPB shall meet the requirements of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Product Energy Efficiency Recommendations, issued pursuant to Executive Orders 13123 and 13221, or Energy Star criteria issued jointly by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy, whichever result in better energy performance.
10.5.4.1.2.3 Maximum market penetration rate for offset projects commenced on or after January 1, 2009. For offset projects initiated on or after January 1, 2009, the project sponsor shall demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Department, that the energy conservation measures implemented as part of the offset project have a market penetration rate of less than 5%.
10.5.4.2 Offset project description. The offset project sponsor shall provide a detailed narrative of the offset project actions to be taken, including documentation that the offset project meets the eligibility requirements of 10.5.4.1 of this regulation. The offset project narrative shall include the following information.
10.5.4.3 Emissions baseline determination. The emissions baseline shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of this paragraph, based on energy usage (MMBtu) by fuel type for each energy conservation measure, derived using historic fuel use data from the most recent calendar year for which data is available, and multiplied by an emissions factor and oxidation factor for each respective fuel in Table 10-4 below.
(lbs. CO2/MMBtu)
10.5.4.3.1 Isolation of applicable energy conservation measure baseline. The baseline energy usage of the application to be targeted by the energy conservation measure shall be isolated in a manner consistent with the guidance at 10.5.4.5 of this regulation.
BEUAECM = Annual pre-installation baseline energy use by fuel type (MMBtu) attributable to the application(s) to be targeted by the energy conservation measure(s). If applicable building codes or equipment standards require that equipment or materials installed as part of the offset project meet certain minimum energy performance requirements, baseline energy usage for the application shall assume that equipment or materials are installed that meet such minimum requirements. For offset projects that replace existing combustion equipment, the assumed minimum energy performance required by applicable building codes or equipment standards shall be that which applies to new equipment that uses the same fuel type as the equipment being replaced. Baseline energy usage shall be determined in accordance with the applicable requirements at 10.5.4.5 of this regulation.
Emissions (lbs. CO2) = E BEUi x EFi x OFi
i = 1
BEUi = Annual baseline energy usage for fuel type i (MMBtu) demonstrated pursuant to the requirements at 10.5.4.5.1 through 10.5.4.5.4 of this regulation.
EFi = Emissions factor (lbs. CO2/MMBtu) for fuel type i listed at 10.5.4.3 of this regulation, Table 3 of this regulation.
OFi = Oxidation factor for fuel type i listed at 10.5.4.3 of this regulation, Table 10-4 of this regulation.
10.5.4.4 Calculating emissions reductions. Emissions reductions shall be determined based upon annual energy savings by fuel type (MMBtu) for each energy conservation measure, multiplied by the emissions factor and oxidation factor for the respective fuel type at 10.5.4.3 of this regulation, Table 3 of this regulation.
Energy Savings (MMBtu) = (BEUAECM x A) – (PIEUECM x A)
BEUAECM = Annual pre-installation baseline energy use by fuel type (MMBtu) calculated pursuant to 10.5.4.5.1 through 10.5.4.5.4 of this regulation.
PIEUECM = Annual post-installation energy use by fuel type (MMBtu) attributable to the energy conservation measure. Post-installation energy usage shall be determined in accordance with the applicable requirements at 10.5.4.5.1 through 10.5.4.5.4 of this regulation.
Emissions Reduction (lbs. CO2) = E ESi x EFi x OFi
i = 1
ESi = Energy savings for fuel type i (MMBtu) demonstrated pursuant to the requirements at 10.5.4.5 of this regulation.
EFi = Emissions factor (lbs. CO2/MMBtu) for fuel type i listed at 10.5.4.3 of this regulation, Table 3 of this regulation.
OFi = Oxidation factor for fuel type i listed at 10.5.4.3 of this regulation, Table 10-4 of this regulation.
10.5.4.5 Monitoring and verification requirements. As part of the consistency application, the project sponsor shall provide a monitoring and verification plan certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation. Annual monitoring and verification reports shall be certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation. Independent verifiers must conduct a site audit when reviewing the first monitoring and verification report submitted by the project sponsor, except for offset projects that save less than 1,500 MMBtu per year. For offset projects that save less than 1,500 MMBtu per year, the project sponsor must provide the independent verifier with equipment specifications and copies of equipment invoices and other relevant offset project-related invoices. All offset project documentation, including the consistency application and monitoring and verification reports, shall be signed by a Professional Engineer, identified by license number. Monitoring and verification shall also meet the following requirements.
10.5.4.5.1 General energy measurement and verification requirements. Monitoring and verification of energy usage shall be demonstrated through a documented process consistent with the following protocols and procedures, as applicable.
10.5.4.5.1.1 For existing commercial buildings, determination of baseline energy usage shall be consistent with the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol, Volume I: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings (IPMVP), “Option B. Retrofit Isolation” and “Option D. Calibrated Simulation.” If a building project involves only energy conservation measures implemented as part of a CO2 emissions offset project, a process consistent with IPMVP “Option C. Whole Building” may be used, as applicable. Application of the IPMVP general guidance shall be consistent with the applicable detailed specifications in ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings.
10.5.4.5.2 Isolation of applicable energy conservation measure. In calculating both baseline energy usage and energy savings, the applicant shall isolate the impact of each eligible energy conservation measure (ECM), either through direct metering or energy simulation modeling. For offset projects with multiple ECMs, and where individual ECMs can affect the performance of others, the sum of energy savings due to individual ECMs shall be adjusted to account for the interaction of ECMs. For commercial buildings, this process shall be consistent with the requirements of ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings, and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004: Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. For residential buildings, this process shall be consistent with the requirements of RESNET National Home Energy Rating Technical Guidelines, 2006 (Chapter 3 and Appendix A of 2006 Mortgage Industry National Home Energy Rating System Standards).
10.5.4.5.3 Calculation of energy savings. Annual energy savings are to be determined based on the following:
Energy Savings (MMBtu) = (BEUAECM x A) – (PIEUECM x A)
BEUAECM = Annual pre-installation baseline energy use by fuel type (MMBtu) attributable to the application(s) to be targeted by the energy conservation measure(s), based upon annual fuel usage data for the most recent calendar year for which data is available. For new buildings, baseline energy use for a reference building equivalent in basic configuration, orientation, and location to the building in which the eligible energy conservation measure(s) is implemented shall be determined according to ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Section 11 and Appendix G. Where energy simulation modeling is used to evaluate an existing building, modeling shall be conducted in accordance with ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings, and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Section 11 and Appendix G. For existing and new residential buildings, energy simulation modeling shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of RESNET National Home Energy Rating Technical Guidelines, 2006 (Chapter 3 and Appendix A of 2006 Mortgage Industry National Home Energy Rating System Standards).
PIEUECM = Annual post-installation energy use by fuel type (MMBtu) attributable to the energy conservation measure, to be verified based on annual energy usage after installation of the energy conservation measure(s), consistent with the requirements of ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings. Where energy simulation modeling is used to evaluate a new or existing building, modeling shall be conducted in accordance with ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002, Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings, and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Section 11 and Appendix G. For existing and new residential buildings, energy simulation modeling shall be consistent with the requirements of RESNET National Home Energy Rating Technical Guidelines, 2006 (Chapter 3 and Appendix A of 2006 Mortgage Industry National Home Energy Rating System Standards).
10.5.4.5.4 Provision for sampling of multiple like offset projects in residential buildings. Offset projects that implement similar measures in multiple residential buildings may employ representative sampling of buildings to determine aggregate baseline energy usage and energy savings. Sampling protocols shall employ sound statistical methods such that there is 95% confidence that the reported value is within 10% of the true mean. Any sampling plan shall be certified by an independent verifier, accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation.
10.5.5 Avoided methane emissions from agricultural manure management operations. To qualify for the award of CO2 offset allowances under 10.0 of this regulation, offset projects that capture and destroy methane from animal manure and organic food waste using anaerobic digesters shall meet the requirements of 10.5.5 of this regulation and all other applicable requirements of 10.0 of this regulation.
10.5.5.1 Eligibility.
10.5.5.1.3.1 The offset project is located in a state that has a market penetration rate for anaerobic digester projects of 5% or less. The market penetration determination shall utilize the most recent market data available at the time of submission of the consistency application pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation and shall be determined as follows:
MP (%) = MGAD / MGSTATE
MGAD = Average annual manure generation for the number of dairy cows and swine serving all anaerobic digester projects in the applicable state at the time of submission of a consistency application pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation.
MGSTATE = average annual manure production of all dairy cows and swine in the state at the time of submission of a consistency application pursuant to 10.4 of this regulation.
10.5.5.1.3.2 The offset project is located at a farm with 4,000 or less head of dairy cows, or a farm with equivalent animal units, assuming an average live weight for dairy cows (lbs./cow) of 1,400 lbs., or, if the project is a regional-type digester, total annual manure input to the digester is designed to be less than the average annual manure produced by a farm with 4,000 or less head of dairy cows, or a farm with equivalent animal units, assuming an average live weight for dairy cows (lbs./cow) of 1,400 lbs.
10.5.5.2 Offset project description. The offset project sponsor shall provide a detailed narrative of the offset project actions to be taken, including documentation that the offset project meets the eligibility requirements of 10.5.5.1 of this regulation. The offset project narrative shall include the following information.
10.5.5.3 Emissions baseline determination. The emissions baseline shall represent the potential emissions of the CH4 that would have been produced in a baseline scenario under uncontrolled anaerobic storage conditions and released directly to the atmosphere in the absence of the offset project.
10.5.5.3.1 Baseline CH4 emissions shall be calculated as follows:
CO2e (tons) = (Vm x M)/2000 x GWP
CO2e = Potential CO2e emissions due to calculated CH4 production under site-specific anaerobic storage and weather conditions
Vm = Volume of CH4 produced each month from degradation of volatile solids in a baseline uncontrolled anaerobic storage scenario under site-specific storage and weather conditions for the facility at which the manure or organic food waste is generated (ft3)
M = Mass of CH4 per cubic foot (0.04246 lb/ft³ default value at one atmosphere and 20°C)
VSdeg = VSavail x f
VS = Mm x TS% x VS%
Mm = mass of manure or organic food waste produced per month (kg)
TS% = concentration (percent) of total solids in manure or organic food waste as determined through I-3750, “Solids, residue on evaporation at 105 degrees C, total, gravimetric,” Methods for the Determination of Inorganic Substances in Water and Fluvial Sediments, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey, Book 5, Chapter A1. Edited by Marvin J. Fishman and Linda C. Friedman.
VS% = concentration (percent) of volatile solids in total solids as determined through EPA 160.4 testing method (U.S.EPA Method Number 160.4, Methods for the Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes (MCAWW) (EPA/600/4-79/020))
VSavail = volatile solids available for degradation in manure or organic food waste storage each month as determined from the equation:
VSavail = VSp + ½ VSin – VSout
VSp = volatile solids present in manure or organic food waste storage at beginning of month (left over from previous month) (kg)
VSin = volatile solids added to manure or organic food waste storage during the course of the month (kg). The factor of ½ is multiplied by this number to represent the average mass of volatile solids available for degradation for the entire duration of the month.
VSout = volatile solids removed from the manure or organic food waste storage for land application or export (assumed value based on standard farm practice)
f = exp{[E(T2 – T1)]/[(GC x T1 x T2)]}
T2 = average monthly ambient temperature for facility where manure or organic food waste is generated (converted from o Celsius to o Kelvin) as determined from the nearest National Weather Service certified weather station (if reported temperature o C > 5o C; if reported temperature oC < 5o C, then F = 0.104)
T1 = 303.15 (30o C converted to oK)
10.5.5.3.3 The volume of CH4 produced (ft3) from degradation of volatile solids shall be calculated as follows:
Vm = (VSdeg x Bo) x 35.3147
Vm = volume of CH4 (ft3)
VSdeg = volatile solids degraded (kg)
Bo = manure or organic food waste type-specific maximum methane generation constant (m3 CH4/kg VS degraded). For dairy cow manure, Bo = 0.24 m3 CH4/kg VS degraded. The methane generation constant for other types of manure shall be those cited at U.S. EPA, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2005, Annex 3.10, Table A-162 (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, April 2007), unless the project sponsor proposes an alternate methane generation constant. If the project sponsor proposes to use a methane generation constant other than the ones found in the above-cited reference, the project sponsor must provide justification and documentation to the Department.
10.5.5.4 Calculating emissions reductions. Emissions reductions shall be determined based on the potential emissions (in tons of CO2e) of the CH4 that would have been produced in the absence of the offset project under a baseline scenario that represents uncontrolled anaerobic storage conditions, as calculated pursuant to 10.5.5.3.1 through 10.5.5.3.3 of this regulation, and released directly to the atmosphere. Emissions reductions may not exceed the potential emissions of the anaerobic digester, as represented by the annual volume of CH4 produced by the anaerobic digester, as monitored pursuant to 10.5.5.5 of this regulation. If the project is a regional-type digester, CO2 emissions due to transportation of manure and organic food waste from the site where the manure and organic food waste was generated to the anaerobic digester shall be subtracted from the emissions reduction calculated pursuant to 10.5.5.3.1 through 10.5.5.3.3 of this regulation. Transport CO2 emissions shall be determined through one of the following methods.
10.5.5.4.1 Documentation of transport fuel use for all shipments of manure and organic food waste from off-site to the anaerobic digester during each reporting year and a log of transport miles for each shipment. CO2 emissions shall be determined through the application of an emissions factor for the fuel type used. If this option is chosen, the following emissions factors shall be applied as appropriate.
10.5.5.4.1.1 Diesel fuel: 22.912 lbs. CO2/gallon.
10.5.5.4.1.2 Gasoline: 19.878 lbs. CO2/gallon.
10.5.5.4.2 Documentation of total tons of manure and organic food waste transported from off-site for input into the anaerobic digester during each reporting year, as monitored pursuant to 10.5.5.5.1 of this regulation, and a log of transport miles and fuel type used for each shipment. CO2 emissions shall be determined through the application of a ton-mile transport emission factor for the fuel type used. If this option is chosen, the following emissions factors shall be applied as appropriate for each ton of manure delivered, and multiplied by the number of miles transported.
10.5.5.4.2.3 Other fuel: submitted emissions factor approved by the Department.
10.5.5.5 Monitoring and verification requirements. Offset projects shall employ a system that provides metering of biogas volumetric flow rate and determination of CH4 concentration. Annual monitoring and verification reports shall include monthly biogas volumetric flow rate and CH4 concentration determination. Monitoring and verification shall also meet the following requirements.
10.5.5.5.3 The project sponsor shall submit a monitoring and verification plan as part of the consistency application that includes a quality assurance and quality control program associated with equipment used to determine biogas volumetric flow rate and CH4 composition. The monitoring and verification plan shall be specified in accordance with the applicable monitoring requirements listed in Table 10-5. The monitoring and verification plan shall also include provisions for ensuring that measuring and monitoring equipment is maintained, operated, and calibrated based on manufacturer’s recommendations, as well as provisions for the retention of maintenance records for audit purposes. The monitoring and verification plan shall be certified by an independent verifier accredited pursuant to 10.6 of this regulation.
10.5.5.5.4 The project sponsor shall verify biogas CH4 composition quarterly through gas sampling and third party laboratory analysis using applicable U.S. EPA test methods.
I-3750, “Solids, residue on evaporation at 105 degrees C, total, gravimetric,” Methods for the Determination of Inorganic Substances in Water and Fluvial Sediments, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey, Book 5, Chapter A1. Edited by Marvin J. Fishman and Linda C. Friedman.
10.6.1 Standards for accreditation. Independent verifiers may be accredited by the Department to provide verification services as required of project sponsors under this Regulation, provided that independent verifiers meet all of the requirements of this regulation.
10.6.1.1 Verifier minimum requirements. Each accredited independent verifier shall demonstrate knowledge of the following topics:
10.6.1.2 Organizational qualifications. Accredited independent verifiers shall demonstrate that they meet the following requirements:
10.6.1.3 Pre-qualification of verifiers. The Department may require prospective verifiers to successfully complete a training course, workshop, or test developed by the Department or its agent, prior to submitting an application for accreditation.
10.6.2 Application for accreditation. An application for accreditation shall not contain any proprietary information, and shall include the following:
10.6.2.1.1 Documentation that the applicant has at least two years of experience in each of the knowledge areas specified at 10.6.1.1.1 through 10.6.1.1.5 of this regulation, and as may be required pursuant to 10.6.1.1.7 of this regulation;
10.6.3 Department action on applications for accreditation. The Department shall approve or deny a complete application for accreditation within 45 days after submission. Upon approval of an application for accreditation, the independent verifier shall be accredited for a period of three years from the date of application approval.
10.6.4 Reciprocity. Independent verifiers accredited in other participating states may be deemed to be accredited in the State of Delaware, at the discretion of the Department.
10.6.5 Conduct of accredited verifiers.
10.7.1 Quantities of CO2 offset allowances awarded, and subsequently recorded.
10.7.1.1 Award of CO2 offset allowances.
10.7.1.1.1 CO2 emissions offset projects. Following the issuance of a consistency determination under 10.4.5.2 of this regulation and the approval of a monitoring and verification report under the provisions of 10.7.5 of this regulation, the Department will award one CO2 offset allowance for each ton of demonstrated reduction in CO2 or CO2 equivalent emissions or sequestration of CO2.
10.7.1.1.2 CO2 emissions credit retirement. If a project sponsor received a consistency determination pursuant to 10.4.5.2 of this regulation, one CO2 offset allowance will be awarded for each ton of reduction of CO2 or CO2 equivalent or sequestration of CO2, represented by the relevant credits or allowances retired. If a credit or allowance is represented in metric tons, 1.1023 tons will be awarded for every metric ton, provided that total CO2 offset allowances awarded shall be rounded down to the nearest whole ton.
10.7.1.2 Recordation of CO2 offset allowances. After CO2 offset allowances are awarded under 10.7.1.1 of this regulation, the Department shall record such CO2 offset allowances in the project sponsor’s general account.
10.7.2 Deadlines for submittal of monitoring and verification reports.
10.7.2.1 For CO2 emissions offset projects undertaken prior to January 1, 2009, the project sponsor must submit the monitoring and verification report covering the pre-2009 period by June 30, 2009.
10.7.2.2 For CO2 emissions offset projects undertaken on or after January 1, 2009, the monitoring and verification report must be submitted within 6 months following the completion of the last calendar year during which the offset project achieved CO2 equivalent reductions or sequestration of CO2 for which the project sponsor seeks the award of CO2 offset allowances.
10.7.3 Contents of monitoring and verification reports. For an offset project, the monitoring and verification report must include the following information.
10.7.3.2 The CO2 emissions reduction or CO2 sequestration determination as required by the relevant provisions of 10.5 of this regulation, including a demonstration that the project sponsor complied with the required quantification, monitoring, and verification procedures under 10.5 of this regulation, as well as those outlined in the consistency application approved pursuant to 10.4.5.2 of this regulation.
“The undersigned project sponsor hereby confirms and attests that the offset project upon which this monitoring and verification report is based is in full compliance with all of the requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program. The project sponsor holds the legal rights to the offset project, or has been granted the right to act on behalf of a party that holds the legal rights to the offset project.
I understand that eligibility for the award of CO2 offset allowances under the CO2 Budget Trading Program is contingent on meeting the requirements of the CO2 Budget Trading Program. I authorize the Department or its agent to audit this offset project for purposes of verifying that the offset project, including the monitoring and verification plan, has been implemented as described in the consistency application that was the subject of a consistency determination by the Department.
10.7.3.5.1 The adequacy and validity of information supplied by the project sponsor to determine CO2 emissions reductions or CO2 sequestration pursuant to the applicable requirements at 10.5 of this regulation.
10.7.3.5.2 The adequacy and consistency of methods used to quantify, monitor, and verify CO2 emissions reductions and CO2 sequestration in accordance with the applicable requirements at 10.5 of this regulation and as outlined in the consistency application approved pursuant to 10.4.5.2 of this regulation.
10.7.3.6 Disclosure of any voluntary or mandatory programs, other than the CO2 Budget Trading Program, to which greenhouse gas emissions data related to the offset project has been, or will be reported.
10.7.5 Department action on monitoring and verification reports. The Department will approve or deny a complete monitoring and verification report, in a format approved by the Department, filed with the Department pursuant to 10.7.4 of this regulation, within 45 days following receipt of a complete report. A complete monitoring and verification report is one that is in an approved form and is determined by the Department to be complete for the purpose of commencing review of the monitoring and verification report. In no event shall a completeness determination prevent the Department from requesting additional information in order to enable the Department to approve or deny a monitoring and verification report submitted in a format approved by the Department, and filed under 10.7 of this regulation.
11.0 CO2 Emissions Auction
The purpose of this section is to provide for the administration and implementation by the Department of CO2 Allowance Auctions and programs to promote the purposes of the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
11.3.1 The Department shall participate in a multi-state CO2 Allowance Auction or Auctions if the Department determines, in consultation the Delaware Public Service Commission that:
11.3.3 Proceeds associated with the sale of all of State of Delaware’s CO2 Allowances, whether sold in a multi-state or a Delaware State CO2 Allowance Auction shall be generated and appropriated as provided for in 7 Del C Chapter IIA Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and CO2 Emission Trading Program.
11.4 Implementation of CO2 Allowance Auctions
11.4.1 The Department may design, implement and administer CO2 Allowance Auctions in the event a regional auction is not held or does not meet the needs of the Department or this regulation. The Department shall make every effort to participate in a regional auction if at all possible.
11.5.1 Commencement: The Department or its agent shall participate in or conduct CO2 Allowance Auctions to sell such allowances pursuant to this regulation. The initial auction shall be conducted at such time and manner as determined by the Department in consultation with the Delaware Public Service Commission.
11.5.2 Frequency: CO2 Allowance Auctions will be held quarterly, or as often as practical and necessary to effectuate the objectives of the CO2 Program.
11.5.3 Calendar: The Department or its agent shall maintain a calendar of anticipated auction dates on its Website. The calendar shall indicate the auction format and the number of allowances and allocation years of allowances to be auctioned at each auction. The Department or its agent may periodically revise the calendar, provided that the information relevant to the next scheduled CO2 Allowance Auction shall be fixed no later than 45 calendar days prior to such auction. The calendar shall include the dates of at least the next four (4) CO2 Allowance Auctions and may also include the anticipated number of allowances to be auctioned at each Auction. The Department or its agent may periodically modify the anticipated dates of Auctions listed on such calendar.
11.5.4 Quantity: Prior to the end of each Control Period, CO2 Allowances for such Control Period will be made available for sale. CO2 Allowances will be made available for sale by allocation year. Up to 50% of the allowances from an allocation year may be made available for sale in advance of the respective allocation year; such allowances may be made available for sale up to four (4) years in advance of such allocation year. Specific quantities of CO2 Allowances that will be offered for sale will be included in each Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction.
11.5.5 Lot Sizes: The Department shall make CO2 Allowances available for sale in lot sizes of 1,000 allowances, except where available supply requires a smaller lot size.
11.5.6 Reserve Price: In administering Auctions, the Department may employ the use of a Reserve Price and the Department shall publish or announce such reserve price prior to each CO2 Allowance Auction.
11.5.7 Unsold Allowances: Unsold CO2 Allowances may be made available for sale in subsequent auctions or after consultation with the Public Service Commission.
11.7.1 The owners or operators of CO2 Budget Units located in the State of Delaware shall be eligible to participate in all auctions.
11.7.2.1 Owners or operators of CO2 Budget Units within a Participating State
11.7.4 Any party wishing to participate in a CO2 Allowance Auction will be required to open and maintain a compliance or general account pursuant to the provisions in 6.0 of this regulation.
11.8.1 Qualification: Any party wishing to participate in a CO2 Allowance Auction or Auctions shall submit an application for qualification in the form and manner provided in the Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction to the Department or its agent on or before the application deadline date specified in the Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction. As a part of their application, applicants will be required to provide information and documentation relating to their ability and authority to execute bids and honor contractual obligations. Such documentation may include but may not be limited to:
11.8.2 The Department or its agent will review each application for qualification and make determinations as to qualification to participate or otherwise submit bids in CO2 Allowance Auctions. Failure to provide any information required by the Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction may result in the application being declared incomplete or otherwise deficient. If an application for qualification is determined to be incomplete or otherwise deficient, the Department or its agent shall notify the Applicant and state the reason therefore. The Department may offer an opportunity for the applicant to remedy their application by the deadline pursuant to the Auction Notice. Qualified applicants will be notified by the Department or its agent pursuant to the Auction Notice.
11.8.3 Parties found qualified for participation under 11.8.2 of this regulation will be qualified for subsequent CO2 Allowance Auctions, and will be qualified to participate in such auctions within the financial security limitations of 11.8.8 of this regulation; provided that there has been no material change to the information provided in the application, that the party is within one of the categories of eligible bidders described in the Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction for such auction, and such party meets all other requirements for participation. Any party found qualified shall notify the Department of any material change in the information provided in the application for qualification by the date on which qualification applications for the next auction are due. Such notification shall state the date the change occurred and describe the change in sufficient detail to enable the Department or its agent to determine if a change in the qualification status to participate in future auctions is warranted.
11.8.6 Bid Submittal Instructions. All bids shall be in a form prescribed by the Department, which shall be made available electronically on the CO2 Allowance Auction Website, as appropriate. All bids submitted will be considered binding offers for the purchase of allowances under the rules of the auction, and this regulation.
11.8.8.1 Parties who have posted financial security may request return of their financial security at any time prior to or following any CO2 Allowance Auction, and the Department shall return said financial security provided that the Department has no current or pending claim to such security as a result of a failure of the party to comply with these regulations or to pay the full amount of its accepted bid when due.
11.9.1 A Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction (“Notice”) shall be published on the CO2 Allowance Auction Website no later than 45 days prior to the date upon which each auction may be conducted. Such Notices may be transmitted electronically to parties requesting such notification provided they have submitted an electronic-mail address to the Department or its agent.
11.9.2 Each Notice will provide a specific description of all auction participation requirements, and shall include but not be limited to information including the date, time and location of the CO2 Allowance Auction, the categories of bidders who will be eligible to bid, the quantity of CO2 Allowances to be auctioned, the auction format, amount and type of security required, any participation limitations, information regarding settling and clearing of allowance payments, instructions as to qualification applications, a standard allowance purchase and sale contract, other pertinent rules of the auction, and provide a point of contact for further information.
An independent monitor such as a certified public accounting firm or similar entity shall observe the conduct and outcome of each auction and issue a report to the Department or its agent in accordance with professional auditing standards addressing whether the auction was conducted in accordance with the rules and procedures in the respective Notice of CO2 Allowance Auction. Upon receipt and approval by the Department of the report and upon payment in full by successful bidders, the Department shall transfer or have transferred the corresponding CO2 Allowances to each successful bidder’s applicable compliance or general account.
11.11.1 In advising the Department or its agent, the professional independent auction monitor will monitor each CO2 Allowance Auction and develop and apply data collection methods, metrics, and analytic techniques, and thresholds for identifying any bidding behavior or activity that may have a significant impact on the efficiency and performance of such auctions, including, but not limited to:
11.11.2 The independent auction monitor shall also monitor allowance market data and information known to the Department including allowance transactions and associated pricing reported in the CO2 Allowance Tracking System, and other relevant data and information to ensure fair competition, efficient pricing, and protection against collusive or manipulative behavior in the CO2 Allowance Auctions and the CO2 Budget Trading Program.
Within 10 days of the Transfer of CO2 Allowances provided for under 11.10 of this regulation, the Department shall publish on its website the auction clearing price and the total amount of Allowances sold in such Auction.
Last Updated: December 31 1969 19:00:00.
site map   |   about this site   |    contact us   |    translate   |    delaware.gov