DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Statutory Authority: 14 Delaware Code, Section 1220(a) (14 Del.C. §1220(a))
14 DE Admin. Code 1537
Educational Impact Analysis Pursuant To 14 Del.C. Section 122(D)
1537 Standard Certificate Bilingual Teacher (Spanish) Secondary
A. Type of Regulatory Action Requested
Amendment to Existing Regulation
B. Synopsis of Subject Matter of Regulation
The Professional Standards Board, acting in cooperation and collaboration with the Department of Education, seeks the consent of the State Board of Education to amend 14 DE Admin. Code 1537 Standard Certificate Bilingual Teacher (Spanish) Secondary. The regulation concerns the requirements for certification of educational personnel, pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1220(a). It is necessary to amend this regulation to align it with changes in statute. The passage of PRAXIS™ II, a test of content knowledge, is now required, where applicable and available, in addition to academic preparation, for the issuance of a Standard Certificate. Definitions were added to the regulation, its grade configuration was changed from Secondary to K to 12, Spanish was deleted to be inclusive of other potential languages in which bilingual programs may be offered, and to revise the course requirements to reflect current practice in the bilingual education. The regulation will be renamed Standard Certificate Bilingual Teach (K to 12).
C. Impact Criteria
1. Will the amended regulation help improve student achievement as measured against state achievement standards? The amended regulation addresses student achievement by establishing standards for the issuance of a standard certificate to educators who have acquired the prescribed knowledge, skill and/or education to practice in a particular area, to teach a particular subject or to instruct a particular category of students to help ensure that students are instructed by educators who are highly qualified.
2. Will the amended regulation help ensure that all students receive an equitable education? The amended regulation helps to ensure that all teachers employed to teach students meet high standards and have acquired the prescribed knowledge, skill and/or education to practice in a particular area, to teach a particular subject or to instruct a particular category of students.
3. Will the amended regulation help to ensure that all students' health and safety are adequately protected? The amended regulation addresses educator certification, not students’ health and safety.
4. Will the amended regulation help to ensure that all students' legal rights are respected? The amended regulation addresses educator certification, not students’ legal rights.
5. Will the amended regulation preserve the necessary authority and flexibility of decision makers at the local board and school level? The amended regulation will preserve the necessary authority and flexibility of decision makers at the local board and school level.
6. Will the amended regulation place unnecessary reporting or administrative requirements or mandates upon decision makers at the local board and school levels? The amended regulation will not place unnecessary reporting or administrative requirements or mandates upon decision makers at the local board and school levels.
7. Will decision making authority and accountability for addressing the subject to be regulated be placed in the same entity? The decision-making authority and accountability for addressing the subject to be regulated rests with the Professional Standards Board, in collaboration with the Department of Education, and with the consent of the State Board of Education.
8. Will the amended regulation be consistent with and not an impediment to the implementation of other state educational policies, in particular to state educational policies addressing achievement in the core academic subjects of mathematics, science, language arts and social studies? The amended regulation will be consistent with, and not an impediment to, the implementation of other state educational policies, in particular to state educational policies addressing achievement in the core academic subjects of mathematics, science, language arts and social studies.
9. Is there a less burdensome method for addressing the purpose of the amended regulation? 14 Del.C. requires that we promulgate this regulation.
10. What is the cost to the state and to the local school boards of compliance with the amended regulation? There is no additional cost to local school boards for compliance with the regulation.
1537 Standard Certificate Bilingual Teacher
(Spanish) Secondary (K to 12)
This regulation shall apply to the requirements for a Standard Certificate, pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1220(a), for Bilingual Teachers
(Spanish) Secondary (K to 12).
7 DE Reg. 775 (12/1/03)
2.1 The following words and terms, when used in this regulation, shall have the following meaning unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
“Certification” means the issuance of a certificate, which may occur regardless of a recipient's assignment or employment status.
“Department” means the Delaware Department of Education.
“Educator” means a person licensed and certified by the State under 14 Del.C. §1202 to engage in the practice of instruction, administration or other related professional support services in Delaware public schools, including charter schools, pursuant to rules and regulations promulgated by the Standards Board approved by the State Board. The term ‘educator’ does not include substitute teachers.
“Examination of Content Knowledge” means a standardized test which measures knowledge in a specific content area, such as PRAXIS™ II.
“Fifteen (15) Credits or Their Equivalent in Professional Development” means college credits or an equivalent number of hours, with one (1) credit equating fifteen (15) hours, taken either as part of a degree program or in addition to it, from a regionally accredited college or university of a professional development provided approved by the employing school district or charter school.
“Immorality” means conduct which is inconsistent with the rules and principles of morality expected of an educator and may reasonably be found to impair an educator’s effectiveness by reason of his or her unfitness.
“License” means a credential which authorizes the holder to engage in the practice for which the license is issued.
“Major or Its Equivalent” means a minimum of thirty (30) semester hours of course work in a particular content area.
“NASDTEC” means The National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification. The organization represents professional standards boards, commissions and departments of education in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Department of Defense Dependent Schools, the U.S. Territories, New Zealand, and British Columbia, which are responsible for the preparation, licensure, and discipline of educational personnel.
“NCATE” means The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, a national accrediting body for schools, colleges, and departments of education authorized by the U.S. Department of Education.
“Standard Certificate” means a credential issued to certify that an educator has the prescribed knowledge, skill, or education to practice in a particular area, teach a particular subject, or teach a category of students.
“Standards Board” means the Professional Standards Board established pursuant to 14 Del.C. §1201.
“State Board” means the State Board of Education of the State pursuant to 14 Del.C. §104.
“Valid and Current License or Certificate from Another State” means a current full or permanent certificate or license issued by another state. It does not include temporary, emergency or expired certificates or licenses issued from another state.
7 DE Reg. 775 (12/1/03)
3.0 Standard Certificate In accordance with 14 Del.C. §1220(a), the Department shall issue a Standard Certificate as a Bilingual Teacher (Spanish) Secondary to an applicant who holds a valid Delaware Initial, Continuing, or Advanced License; or Standard or Professional Status Certificate issued by the Department prior to August 31, 2003, and who meets the following requirements: 3.1 A Bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited college or university and completion of a teacher education program in Bilingual Education in the Language area of Spanish. 7 DE Reg. 775 (12/1/03) 8 DE Reg. 80 (7/1/04) 4.0 Alternate Requirements If the candidate does not meet the requirements in 3.0 the following shall apply: 4.1 Complete the required course work in a teacher education program at the secondary level (grades 7 to 12) in a content area such as Biology, English or Special Education plus the following: 4.1.1 Verification of language proficiency in Spanish as demonstrated by one of the two options below: 220.127.116.11 Completion of a minimum of 15 semester hours from a regionally accredited college in the language area of Spanish. This course work shall be at or above the intermediate level; and demonstration of oral proficiency in the language area of Spanish; as adopted by the Standards Board and the State Board; or 18.104.22.168 Demonstration of content knowledge and oral proficiency in the language area of Spanish by meeting the appropriate qualifying scores on the PRAXIS II Tests, as adopted by the Standards Board and the State Board 4.1.2 Demonstration of English speaking ability, when English is not the first language, by scoring 50 on the TOEFL: Test of Spoken English (TSE) and 4.1.3 In addition to 4.1.1 and 4.1.2 all candidates must meet the following requirements: 22.214.171.124 Completion of course work as indicated: 126.96.36.199.1 3 semester hours Methods of Teaching English as a Second Language; 188.8.131.52.2 3 semester hours Second Language Testing; 184.108.40.206.3 3 semester hours Corrective Reading (English); or 3 semester hours Corrective Reading (Spanish); and 220.127.116.11 Verification of knowledge of the Spanish culture as demonstrated by: 18.104.22.168.1 A three (3) semester hour course in Spanish culture; or documentation of personal interaction with the target community via study abroad, work experience, formative experience, etc. 7 DE Reg. 775 (12/1/03) 8 DE Reg. 80 (7/01/04) 5.0 Effective Date This regulation shall be effective through June 30, 2006 only. Applicants who apply for a Standard Certificate as a Bilingual Teacher (Spanish) Secondary after that date must comply with the requirements set forth in 14 Del.C. §1516. 7 DE Reg. 775 (12/1/03)
3.0 Standard Certificate
The Department shall issue a Standard Certificate as a Bilingual Teacher (k to 12) to an educator who holds a valid Delaware Initial, Continuing, or Advanced License; or a Limited Standard, Standard or Professional Status Certificate issued by the Department prior to August 31, 2003 who has met the following requirements:
3.1 Acquired the prescribed knowledge, skill or education to practice in a particular area, to teach a particular subject or to instruct a particular category of students by:
3.1.1 Obtaining National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification in the area, subject, or category for which a Standard Certificate is requested; or
3.1.2 Graduating from an NCATE specialty organization recognized educator preparation program or from a state approved educator preparation program, where the state approval body employed the appropriate NASDTEC or NCATE specialty organization standards, offered by a regionally accredited college or university, with a major or its equivalent in Bilingual Education; or
3.1.3 Satisfactorily completing the Alternative Routes for Licensure and
Certification Program, the Special Institute for Licensure and Certification, or such other alternative educator preparation programs as the Secretary may approve; or
3.1.4 Holding a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university in any content area and for applicants applying after September 11, 2006 for their first Standard Certificate, satisfactory completion of fifteen (15) credits or their equivalent in professional development related to their area of certification, of which at least six (6) credits or their equivalent must focus on pedagogy, selected by the applicant with the approval of the employing school district or charter school which is submitted to the Department; and
3.1.5 Demonstrating oral and written proficiency in English and the target language of the bilingual program, and satisfactory completion of fifteen (15) graduate or undergraduate credits in ESL or Bilingual education, as more specifically set forth in 22.214.171.124 through 126.96.36.199. With approval of a Committee comprised of the candidate’s principal or other designated school administrator, a higher education representative who teachers one of the approved courses, and a DOE representative, other verifiable professional experiences may be substituted for no more than nine (9) of the required credits.
188.8.131.52 Methods of Teaching English as a Second Language;
184.108.40.206 Second language Acquisition;
220.127.116.11 Teaching Literacy for English Language Learners;
18.104.22.168 Second Language Testing;
22.214.171.124 Structure of the English Language; and
3.2 For applicants applying after December 31, 2005, where a PRAXIS™ II examination in the area of the Standard Certificate requested is applicable and available, achieving a passing score as established by the Standards Board, in consultation with the Department and with the concurrence of the State Board, on the examination. Where no PRAXIS™ II test is available, nationally recognized equivalent tests, such as the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview and the ACTFL Writing proficient test, may be substituted. For tests of languages using a Roman alphabet, candidates are required to achieve an Advanced Low level of the oral skills and an Advanced Low level on the writing skills based on the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines. For tests of languages using a non Roman alphabet, an Advanced Low Level on the oral skills and an Intermediate High level on the writing skills based on the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines are required, or
3.3 Meeting the requirements for licensure and holding a valid and current license or certificate from another state in Bilingual Education;
3.3.1 The Department shall not act on an application for certification if the applicant is under official investigation by any state or local authority with the power to issue educator licenses or certifications, where the alleged conduct involves allegations of immorality, misconduct in office, incompetence, willful neglect of duty, disloyalty or falsification of credentials, until the applicant provides evidence of the investigation’s resolution; or
3.4 Meeting the requirements for a Meritorious New Teacher Candidate Designation adopted pursuant to 14 Del.C §1203.
4.0 Multiple Certificates
Educators may hold certificates in more than one area.
5.0 Application Requirements
An applicant for a Standard Certificate shall submit:
5.1 Official transcripts; and
5.2 Official scores on the Praxis II examination if applicable and available; or
5.3 Evidence of passage of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certificate, if applicable; or
5.4 An official copy of the out of state license or certification, if applicable.
5.5 If applied for simultaneously with application for an Initial License, the applicant shall provide all required documentation for that application in addition to the documentation cited above.
6.0 Application Procedures for License Holders
If an applicant holds a valid Initial, Continuing, or Advanced Delaware License; or a Limited Standard, Standard or Professional Status Certificate issued prior to August 31, 2003 and is requesting additional Standard Certificates, only that documentation necessary to demonstrate acquisition of the prescribed knowledge, skill or education required for the additional Standard Certificate requested is required.
7.0 Effect of Regulation
This regulation shall apply to all requests for issuance of a Standard Certificate, except as specifically addressed herein. Educators holding a Professional Status Certificate or a Standard Certificate issued on or before August 31, 2003 shall be issued a Continuing License upon the expiration of their current Professional Status Certificate or Standard Certificate. The Standard Certificate for each area in which they held a Professional Status Certificate or a Standard Certificate shall be listed on the Continuing License or the Advanced License. The Department shall also recognize a Limited Standard Certificate issued prior to August 31, 2003, provided that the educator successfully completes the requirements set forth in the prescription letter received with the Limited Standard Certificate. Requirements must be completed by the expiration date of the Limited Standard Certificate, but in no case later than December 31, 2008.
8.0 Validity of a Standard Certificate
A Standard Certificate is valid regardless of the assignment or employment status of the holder of a certificate or certificates, and is not subject to renewal. It shall be revoked in the event the educator’s Initial, Continuing, or Advanced License or Limited Standard, Standard, or Professional Status Certificate is revoked in accordance with 14 DE Admin. Code 1514. An educator whose license or certificate is revoked is entitled to a full and fair hearing before the Professional Standards Board. Hearings shall be conducted in accordance with the Standards Board’s Hearing Procedures and Rules.
9.0 Secretary of Education Review
The Secretary of Education may, upon the written request of the superintendent of a local school district or charter school administrator or other employing authority, review credentials submitted in application for a Standard Certificate on an individual basis and grant a Standard Certificate to an applicant who otherwise does not meet the requirements for a Standard Certificate, but whose effectiveness is documented by the local school district or charter school administrator or other employing authority.
10 DE Reg. 39 (07/01/06) (Prop.)