DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE
18 Delaware Code, Sections 311 and 2503 (18 Del.C. §§311 and 2503) 18 DE Admin. Code 1214
1214 Senior Protection In Annuity Transactions
A public hearing was held on November 29, 2005 to receive comments on proposed Regulation 1214 relating to protections for senior citizens who may engage in annuity transactions under the Delaware Insurance Code. By my order, Deputy Insurance Commissioner Michael L. Vild was appointed hearing officer to receive comments and testimony on the proposed regulation. Public notice of the hearings and publication of proposed Regulation 1214 in the Register of Regulations and two newspapers of general circulation was in conformity with Delaware law. Nine persons attended the public hearing. The American Council of Life Insurers (“ACLI”) filed the only written comments with respect to the proposed regulation.
Summary of the Evidence and Information Submitted
The oral testimony relating to the proposed regulation was as follows: Two individuals representing Common Cause of Delaware spoke in favor of the regulation and expressed appreciation that the Commissioner was adopting this regulation in the form recommended by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (“NAIC”). They felt it was desirable to promote public protection for seniors and to provide a regulatory standard for producers.
Three licensed producers felt that the regulation was unnecessary because it merely reflects what producers are already required to do with respect to the suitability of the product for the consumer. They also felt that the companies that they sell for already require them to keep the kinds of records and make the kinds of disclosures to consumers that are proposed in the regulation.
The ACLI stated that it “strongly supports adoption of the model in its entirety, especially those provisions on duties of insurers and duties of insurance producers and certification.” The ACLI believes that uniform adoption by all states is in the industry’s and consumers’ best interests. The ACLI recommended that the Department make several semantic changes to conform the regulation to the latest model from the NAIC. The ACLI was concerned that the portions of the proposed regulation dealing with mitigation and causes of action were not taken word for word from the NAIC model. In response to the ACLI’s comments relating to mitigation and private causes of action, the Department’s counsel explained that existing Delaware statutory provisions give the Commissioner the ability to take mitigating factors into account in the imposition of penalties for statutory or regulatory violations. Counsel also noted that the causes of action language in section 9 was consistent with similar language in other departmental regulations and that the difference in language between the model and the proposed regulations does not substantively affect the purpose and effect of the regulation.
The record was held open until December 2, 2005.
Findings of Fact
Based on Delaware law and the record in this docket, I make the following findings of fact:
1. Although producers may have internal compliance standards that requires specific conduct or disclosure requirements with respect to the sale of annuity products to seniors and other clients, current regulatory standards are not sufficiently explicit to protect senior consumers from potentially unethical or illegal trade practices in the sale of annuity products.
2. The NAIC has worked on the model regulation for over two years and has recommended the adoption of this regulation by its members.
3. Subsequent to the public hearing, it was determined that certain semantic and style changes be made to the regulation to more closely track the wording of the model regulation as adopted by NAIC. The recommended changes do not change the meaning or substance of the regulation and are not such as to require republication under 29 Del.C. §10113. The recommended changes are:
a. Re-word section 6 to reflect the NAIC model and to move section 6.4.5 to a new section 7.
b. Re-word section 7 to reflect the NAIC model with the inclusion of specific references to enforcement under applicable provisions of Delaware law. While this is new compared to the regulation issued for publication and comment, there is no substantive change to the proposed regulation by making this change to the form of the regulation. Sections 7.1.1-7.1.3 were formerly part of section 6.4.5. Section 7.1.4 relating to the applicable statutory enforcement provisions is new but merely reflects the applicable provisions of Delaware law that were in existence at the time the regulation was issued for publication and comment.
c. In section 188.8.131.52 the words “distribution methods” should be changed to the word “records” in accordance with the change in the NAIC model. In light of the requirements of that section of the proposed regulation, the change is merely technical and is more appropriately descriptive of the general goal in section 6 to assure that the producers’ records reflect compliance with the applicable laws and regulations that apply to annuity sales.
Decision and Effective Date
Based on the provisions of 18 Del.C. §§311(a) and 2312 and 29 Del.C. §§10113-10118 and the record in this docket, I hereby adopt Regulation 1214 with the changes recommended by the hearing officer and as the may more fully and at large appear in the version attached hereto to be effective on July 1, 2006.
Text and Citation
The text of the proposed amendments to Regulation 1214 last appeared in the Register of Regulations Vol. 9, Issue 5, pages 693-96.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 15th day of December, 2005
Matthew Denn, Insurance Commissioner
1214 Senior Protection In Annuity Transactions
The purpose of this regulation is to set forth standards and procedures for recommendations to senior consumers that result in a transaction involving annuity products so that the insurance needs and financial objectives of senior consumers at the time of the transaction are appropriately addressed.
This regulation shall apply to any recommendation to purchase or exchange an annuity made to a senior consumer by an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, that results in the purchase or exchange recommended.
This regulation is adopted by the Commissioner pursuant to 18 Del.C. §§311, 2304 and 2312. It is promulgated in accordance with 29 Del.C. Chapter 101.
Unless otherwise specifically included, this regulation shall not apply to recommendations involving:
4.1 Direct response solicitations where there is no recommendation based on information collected from the senior consumer pursuant to this regulation;
4.2 Contracts used to fund:
4.2.1 An employee pension or welfare benefit plan that is covered by the Employee Retirement and Income Security Act (ERISA);
4.2.2 A plan described by Sections 401(a), 401(k), 403(b), 408(k) or 408(p) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), as amended, if established or maintained by an employer;
4.2.3 A government or church plan defined in Section 414 of the IRC, a government or church welfare benefit plan, or a deferred compensation plan of a state or local government or tax exempt organization under Section 457 of the IRC;
4.2.4 A nonqualified deferred compensation arrangement established or maintained by an employer or plan sponsor;
4.2.5 Settlements of or assumptions of liabilities associated with personal injury litigation or any dispute or claim resolution process; or
4.2.6 Formal prepaid funeral contracts.
“Annuity” means a fixed annuity or variable annuity that is individually solicited, whether the product is classified as an individual or group annuity.
“Insurer” means a company required to be licensed under the laws of this state to provide insurance products, including annuities.
“Insurance producer” means a person required to be licensed under the laws of this state to sell, solicit or negotiate insurance, including annuities.
“Recommendation” means advice provided by an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, to an individual senior consumer that results in an annuity transaction in accordance with that advice.
“Senior consumer” means a person sixty-five (65) years of age or older. In the event of a joint purchase by more than one party, the purchaser will be considered to be a senior consumer if any of the parties is age sixty-five (65) or older.
6.0 Duties of Insurers and Insurance Producers
6.1 In recommending to a senior consumer the purchase or exchange of an annuity that results in another insurance transaction or series of insurance transactions, the insurance producer, or the insurer where no producer is involved, shall have reasonable grounds for believing that the recommendation is suitable for the senior consumer on the basis of the facts disclosed by the senior consumer as to his or her investments and other insurance products and as to his or her financial situation and needs.
6.2 Prior to the execution of an annuity transaction resulting from a recommendation, an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, shall make reasonable efforts to obtain information concerning:
6.2.1 the senior consumer’s financial status;
6.2.2 the senior consumer’s tax status;
6.2.3 the senior consumer’s investment objectives; and
6.2.4 such other information used or considered to be reasonable by the insurance producer, or the insurer where no producer is involved, in making recommendations to the senior consumer.
6.3 The following conditions shall apply to transactions contemplated by this regulation:
6.3.1 Except as provided in section 6.3.2, neither an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, shall have any obligation to a senior consumer under section 6.1 related to any annuity transaction if a consumer:
184.108.40.206 refuses to provide relevant information requested by the insurer or insurance producer;
220.127.116.11 decides to enter into an insurance transaction that is not based on a recommendation of the insurer or insurance producer; or
18.104.22.168 fails to provide complete or accurate information.
6.3.2 An insurer or insurance producer’s recommendation subject to section 6.3.1 shall be reasonable under all the circumstances actually known to the insurer or insurance producer at the time of the recommendation.
6.4 The following procedures shall apply to transactions contemplated by this regulation:
6.4.1 Except as provided in sections 6.4.2 and 6.4.3, an insurer shall establish and maintain a system to supervise the insurer’s, and the insurer’s insurance producers’, recommendations to senior consumers that is reasonably designed to achieve compliance by the insurer and its insurance producers with this regulation, including, but not limited to:
22.214.171.124 written procedures; and
126.96.36.199 periodic reviews of its distribution methods that are reasonably designed to assist in detecting and preventing violations of this regulation.
6.4.2 The following conditions shall apply to the delegation of an insurer’s obligations:
188.8.131.52 An insurer may, by contract, delegate to a third party the obligation to perform the functions required by section 6.4.1 with respect to insurance producers under contract with or employed by the third party.
184.108.40.206 An insurer shall make reasonable inquiry to assure that the third party contracting under section 220.127.116.11 is performing the functions required under section 6.4.1 and shall take such action as is reasonable under the circumstances to enforce the contractual obligation to perform the functions. An insurer may comply with its obligation to make reasonable inquiry by doing all of the following:
18.104.22.168.1 The insurer annually obtains a certification from a third party senior manager who has responsibility for the delegated functions that the manager has a reasonable basis to represent, and does represent, that the third party is performing the required functions; and
22.214.171.124.2 The insurer, based on reasonable selection criteria, periodically selects third parties contracting under section 126.96.36.199 for a review to determine whether the third parties are performing the required functions. The insurer shall perform those procedures to conduct the review that are reasonable under the circumstances.
6.4.3 An insurer is not required by section 6.4.1 to:
188.8.131.52 review, or provide for review of, all insurance producer solicited transactions; or
184.108.40.206 include in its supervisory system an insurance producer’s recommendations to senior consumers of products other than the insurer’s annuities.
6.4.4 Section 7 does not apply to this subsection.
6.4.5 The commissioner may order:
220.127.116.11 an insurer to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurer’s, or by the insurer’s insurance producer’s, violation of this regulation;
18.104.22.168 an insurance producer to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurance producer’s violation of this regulation; and
22.214.171.124 a general agency or independent agency that employs or contracts with an insurance producer to sell, or solicit the sale of, annuities to senior consumers, to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurance producer’s violation of this regulation.
6.5 Compliance with the National Association of Securities Dealers Conduct Rules pertaining to suitability shall satisfy the requirements under this section for the recommendation of variable annuities. However, nothing in this subsection shall limit the insurance commissioner’s ability to enforce the provisions of this regulation.
7.1 The commissioner may:
7.1.1 Order an insurer to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurer’s, or by its insurance producer’s (who is not an agent of the senior consumer), violation of this regulation.
7.1.2 Order an insurance producer to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurance producer’s violation of this regulation.
7.1.3 Order a general agency or independent agency that employs or contracts with an insurance producer to sell, or solicit the sale, of annuities to senior consumers, to take reasonably appropriate corrective action for any senior consumer harmed by the insurance producer’s violation of this regulation.
7.1.4 Impose such penalties or sanctions as may be appropriate in accordance with the provisions of 18 Del.C. Chapters 3, 17 and/or 23.]
7.0 ] Recordkeeping
7.1] Insurers and insurance producers shall maintain or be able to make available to the commissioner records of the information collected from the senior consumer and other information used in making the recommendations that were the basis for insurance transactions for five years after the insurance transaction is completed by the insurer. An insurer is permitted, but shall not be required, to maintain documentation on behalf of an insurance producer.
7.2] Records required to be maintained by this regulation may be maintained in paper, photographic, microprocess, magnetic, mechanical or electronic media or by any process that accurately reproduces the actual document.
8.0 ] Severability
If any provision of this Regulation or the application of any such provision to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid the remainder of such provisions, and the application of such provision to any person or circumstance other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected.
9.0 ] Causes of Action and Defenses
This regulation shall not create a cause of action for any person or entity, other than the Delaware Insurance Commissioner, against an insurer or its representative based upon a violation of 18 Del.C. §2304. In the same manner, nothing in this regulation shall establish a defense for any party to any cause of action based upon a violation of 18 Del.C. §2304.
0.0 ] Effective Date
This regulation shall become effective on July
January 1, 2006.
9 DE Reg. 1081 (01/01/06) (Final)