603 Delaware Motorists Protection Act

Statutory Authority: 18 Delaware Code, Sections 311 and 2712 and 21 Delaware Code, Section 2118; (18 Del.C. §§311, 2712; 21 Del.C. §2118); 18 DE Admin. Code 603



Regulation 603 (formerly Regulation 9) first became effective on December 1, 1983. It was last amended effective May 16, 1987. Effective July 22, 2004, the Delaware General Assembly amended 21 Del.C. §2118(a)(2)f to require certain consumer notifications and acknowledgements for policies issued on or after October 1, 2004. Those new statutory provisions required all automobile insurers to: (a) provide each consumer/policyholder with a separate document that fully explains all of the PIP deductible options offered by the insurer, (b) obtain a written acknowledgment from the consumer/policyholder that such explanation has in fact been received, and (c) obtain from the consumer/policyholder a signed separate acknowledgment of the specific PIP deductible selected by the consumer/policyholder which shall include an acknowledgment of the policy costs relating to such PIP deductible.

Prior to that amendment, 21 Del.C. §2118 and 18 Del.C. §2712 required similar but different notifications and acknowledgements from consumers. The statutory provisions that took effect on July 22, 2004 require that Regulation 603 and Form A attached thereto be amended to conform to the new legal requirements imposed by amended 21 Del. C. § 2118(a)(2)f. Since the date the regulation was last amended, there have been statutory changes to 21 Del.C. §2118 that affect other provisions of the regulation.

Under the authority of 29 Del.C. §10113(b)(4) and (5) I hereby order that Regulation 603 be amended without the necessity of meeting the procedural requirements of 29 Del.C. §§10115-10118 as follows:

1. Revise Section 1.0 of the regulation to reflect the scope and authority of the regulation in conformity with the requirements of the Register of Regulations.

2. Move the definition of “Loss of Use” from Section 8.3 to the definitions in Section 4.0.

3. Amend Section 11.1 by deleting the reference to prior iterations of the regulation.

4. Amend Section 11.0 by adding a new Section 11.2 to reflect 21 Del. C. § 2118 as amended by 74 Del Laws c. 400.

5. Revise Section 15.0 to reflect the effective dates of the regulation’s adoption and amendment.

6. Revise Form A to reflect the changes required by 74 Del Laws c. 400.

7. Revise the statutory reference to the Wilmington Auto Accident Reparations Arbitration Committee or its Successors in Section 4.0.

I order that the proposed change shall become effective on February 11, 2005.

IT IS SO ORDERED this 18th day of January, 2005.

Matthew Denn

Insurance Commissioner

600 Automobile Insurance

603 Delaware Motorists Protection Act [Formerly Regulation 9]

1.0 Rules and Regulations Scope and Authority

1.1 18 Del.C. §314 of the Delaware Insurance Laws authorizes the Insurance Commissioner to "make reasonable rules and regulations necessary for or as an aid to the administration or effectuation of any provision of this Title." 18 Del.C. §2712 provides that no policy providing automobile liability insurance shall be delivered or issued for delivery in this State, unless the form has been filed with the Commissioner. It also allows the Commissioner to disapprove any such form within 30 days after the date of filing. This Regulation is adopted by the Commissioner pursuant to 18 Del.C. §§311 and 2712, 21 Del.C. §2118 and promulgated in accordance with the Delaware Administrative Procedures Act, Title 29 Del.C. Chapter 101.

1.2 21 Del.C. §2118 provides that policies purporting to meet the requirements of the Section must provide coverage and policyholder notifications required by theat Section.

1.3 In order to enable insurers to satisfy this requirement, the following guidelines are promulgated to advise insurers of the standards which will be used by the Insurance Department in reviewing forms filed by insurers.

2.0 Coverage

2.1 Policies shall contain at least the following required coverages:

2.1.1 Bodily injury and property damage liability with limits of at least those prescribed by the Financial Responsibility Laws of Delaware.

2.1.2 Personal Injury Protection, and

2.1.3 Compensation for damage to property other than motor vehicles.

2.2 The following additional coverages must be offered to the insured:

2.2.1 Compensation for damage to the insured motor vehicle, including loss of use of the motor vehicle.

2.2.2 Uninsured/Underinsured vehicle coverage.

3.0 Minimum Coverage Required

3.1 The provisions herein required need not be stated in the language or form of these regulations, but the coverage afforded shall be equal or of greater benefit to the insured with the exception of the requirement stated in section 11.1.

4.0 Definitions

4.1 Whenever used:

"Bodily Injury" means bodily injury to a person and sickness, disease or death which results from it.

"Funeral Expenses" means reasonable, customary and necessary expenses incurred within two years of the accident for professional funeral services. These expenses include the cost of a burial plot for one person.

"Injured Person" is as defined in 21 Del.C. §2118(a)(5).

"Innocent Third Parties" means claimants who at the time of the event leading to the claim (1) were not in violation of any Rules of the Road as promulgated under Title 21, Delaware Code and (2) whose activities did not contribute in any way to the accident. This presumption may be rebutted by clear and convincing evidence.

"Loss of Earnings" means loss of salary or its equivalent, net of taxes which were lost by reason of inability to work. This covers loss of wages, salary or lost earnings of a self-employed person. Payment of lost earnings is to be at the time they are actually lost.

“Loss of Use” means expenses necessarily and actually incurred by the named insured as a result of damage to the insured motor vehicle.

"Medical Expenses" means reasonable charges for necessary medical, hospital, dental, surgical, x-ray, ambulance, professional nursing services and prosthetic devices.

"Motor Vehicle" means a land motor vehicle, including a trailer or semi-trailer as used therewith, required to be registered, licensed and required to carry insurance under the Financial Responsibility Laws.

"Nonstandard" means an insured policyholder who is unable to procure insurance through the standard market and whose premium charge is in excess of the premium charged by the Delaware Automobile Insurance Plan ("DAIP") for similar (though not identical) coverage.

"Substitute Service Expenses" means reasonable and necessary extra-incurred expense for personal services which would have been performed by the injured person had he or she not been injured.

"Wilmington Auto Accident Reparations Arbitration Committee or Its Successors" as described at 21 Del.C. §2118(a)(4) (f)(3) (g)(3) is deemed to include the insurance industry forums including the nationwide intercompany arbitration agreement, special arbitration agreement forum, automobile accident reparations arbitration agreement.

5.0 Bodily Injury Liability and Property Damage Liability

5.1 The insurer shall undertake to pay on behalf of the insured all sums which the insured shall become legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily injury or property damage caused by accident and arising out of ownership, maintenance or use of a motor vehicle. The policy shall designate by explicit description or by appropriate reference the motor vehicle to which this coverage applies. Indemnity from such legal liability shall be to a limit of at least the Financial Responsibility Laws of the State of Delaware and, if a single limit for such bodily injury and property damage liability is provided, such single limit shall be not less than the sum of the bodily injury and property damage limits stated in the Financial Responsibility Laws for any one accident.

6.0 Personal Injury Protection

6.1 The policy shall provide compensation to an injured person for medical expenses, funeral expenses, loss of earnings and for substitute services incurred as a result of bodily injury, caused by accident, involving the insured vehicle.

6.2 The policy must have minimum limits for this coverage as stated in 21 Del.C. §2118. The policy may provide for higher limits of compensation but the compensation for funeral expenses included in the foregoing shall not exceed the sum of $3000 per person. Personal injury protection benefits shall be payable within 30 days of the demand thereof by the claimants provided that reasonable proof of loss for which the benefits as demanded has been submitted to the PIP carrier.

6.3 Any insurer, in accordance with filings made with the Insurance Department, may provide for certain deductibles, waiting periods, sublimits, percentage reductions, excess provisions or similar reductions at the election of the owner of a motor vehicle to apply only to loss and expense incurred as a result of injury to the owner of the vehicle or members of his household. All deductibles offered must be per accident and not per person. For the purpose of this coverage members of the owner's household shall be members of the named insured's immediate family not having a separate household, and persons actually residing with and economically dependent upon him/her. The owner's election of any reduced benefits described in this section must be made in writing and signed by that owner. The requirement of an election in writing may be satisfied by a statement on the application for insurance, or other form which shall clearly convey the effect of his/her option selected. In order to assure that this election is made, insurers, agents or brokers must offer for the consideration of the owner the deductibles or similar reductions required to be filed in accordance with this section.

7.0 Compensation for Damage to Property Other than Motor Vehicles

7.1 Compensation for damage to property arising as a result of an accident involving the motor vehicle, other than damage to a motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, self-propelled mobile equipment and any property in or upon any of the aforementioned, with the minimum limits of $10,000 for any one accident. Payments under this section shall be excess over other valid and collectible insurance.

8.0 Compensation for Damage to Motor Vehicles

8.1 Every insurer shall offer compensation for damage to the insured motor vehicle identified in the policy including the loss of use of the motor vehicle up to but not exceeding the actual cash value of the vehicle at the time of the loss, The coverage for loss of use shall not be less than $10 per day.

8.2 The owner of the motor vehicle so covered may elect to have such coverage excluded in whole or in part by use of certain deductibles and exclusions in accordance with filings made by the insurer with the Commissioner.

8.3 "Loss of Use" means expenses necessarily and actually incurred by the named insured as a result of damage to the insured motor vehicle.

9.0 General Conditions

9.1 The coverages provided in an insurance policy as described herein may be subject to conditions and exclusions customary to the field of liability, casualty and property insurance and not inconsistent with the requirements of this section.

9.2 Personal Injury Protection benefits shall be considered excess to any other similar insurance for passengers, other than Delaware residents, when the accident occurs outside this State.

9.3 To enable owners of motor vehicles to properly exercise the coverage elections, insurers are required to offer deductibles, waiting periods, sublimits, percentage reductions and excess provisions as designated in 21 Del.C. §2118(a)(2)(f).

9.4 To enable owners of motor vehicles who are unable to procure insurance through the standard market to properly exercise their coverage elections, insurers and insurance agents are required to

(1)9.4.1 notify policyholders if they are considered nonstandard by the insurer and

(2)9.4.2 to inform the policyholders of the availability of the Delaware Assigned Insurance Risk Plan ("DAIP"). Notwithstanding the above, no agent is required to write a DAIP policy.

9.5 Insurers are required to notify injured persons covered under this section that the coverage is for two years from the date of the accident, and that it only extends beyond two years in cases involving surgical or dental procedures related to the accident and that were impossible or impractical to perform within the two year period. Such surgical or dental procedures must be verified in writing within two years of the accident, by a qualified medical or dental practitioner. The insurer must give prompt and timely notice after the written application for benefits has been made. This notice can be included on the APPLICATION FOR BENEFITS form.

10.0 Mandatory Intercompany Arbitration

10.1 All insurers authorized to write auto insurance in this State shall be deemed signatory companies of the insurance industry forums arbitration agreements for accidents, insured events, or losses occurring within the limits of the State of Delaware regarding first and third party claims and to first party claims in other states or territories of the United States or foreign countries.

10.2 The requirement to participate in intercompany arbitration for Delaware disputed claims shall not imply that non-signatory companies are obligated to become "signatory companies" to the intercompany arbitration agreements or to affect these companies' position with respect to intercompany arbitration outside the jurisdiction of this State.

10.3 Non-signatory companies shall be subject to all duties and obligations of signatory companies with respect to Delaware claims, or the claims of Delaware policyholders. This includes payment of dues and fees and compliance with the various arbitration forum rules.

10.4 In all disputed Delaware claims involving damage to vehicular or non-vehicular property of "innocent third parties", where the dispute involves a liability determination, the insurer providing liability and/or non-vehicular no-fault property damage coverage for the vehicle which actually strikes or first strikes the "innocent third party's" property shall promptly pay the "innocent third party's" property damage claim. The total payment shall not exceed the lowest of the applicable available coverage of the involved insurance carriers. The insurers shall submit the case to the appropriate arbitration forum after diligent efforts to resolve the claims of the contesting insurers fail.

11.0 Delaware Form a "Coverage Election"

11.1 The coverage election form (Delaware Form A), attachment to Regulation 603 (Formerly Regulation No. 9), shall be properly presented by the insurer, broker, or agent to the policyholder, and acknowledged by the policyholder's signature. Proper presentation by the insurer, where possible, should be in person at the time application is made. If personal presentation is not possible, or if there is further need for clarification, insurers may present Form A by mail. The language or context of this form Form A shall be as shown unless, in accordance with filings made with this office, the insurer offers options, deductibles, etc., other than those described on the approved form. Any amended Form A shall clearly describe all additional options of coverage and must be filed with this Department prior to use. Any version of the coverage election form which deviates from Delaware Form A as shown (Appendix 1), must be filed with the Department prior to its use except that (Exception companies may overprint the form with company name, address and logo without filing it with the Department, providing the text remains unchanged.

Amendments to 11(a): Prior to May 16, 1987, the first sentence of § 11(a) read as follows:

"(a) The coverage election form (Delaware Form A), attachment to Regulation 9, shall be properly presented to the new policyholder by the insurer, broker, or agent, and shall be completed for each policyholder and vehicle."

Amendment No. 1 effective May 16, 1987 inserted the word "new" between the words "the" and "policyholder" in the second line of the sentence.

A second amendment to § 11(a), first sentence, ordered effective December 31, 1987, deleted at the end of the first sentence of § 11(a) the words "and shall be completed for each policyholder and vehicle. "The sentence now reads as shown § 11(a). (4/l/88)

The notice of amendment to § 11(a) effective December 31, 1987, follows:


"WHEREAS, on April 16, 1987, the Department adopted an amended Regulation 9 which became effective May 16, 1987;

WHEREAS, under the Administrative Procedures Act, 29 Del. C., Section 10113(b) (4) duly adopted regulations may be amended to reflect non substantive changes or to alter style or form or to correct technical errors; and

WHEREAS, it has come to the attention of the Department that a certain provision of Section 11 of Regulation 9 may be interpreted more broadly than was intended,."

NOW, THEREFORE, the Commissioner finds that Regulation 9, Section 11 requires clarification in the form of a non substantive change in form.

IT IS ORDERED AS FOLLOWS: Section 11 of Regulation 9 is hereby amended to delete the words at the end of the first sentence "and shall be completed for each policyholder and vehicle." The first sentence of Regulation 11 shall therefore read:

"(a) The coverage election form (Delaware Form A), attachment to Regulation 9 shall be properly presented by the insurer, broker, or agent to the policyholder, and acknowledged by the policyholder's signature."

This amendment shall be effective immediately upon signature by the Commissioner as no substantive change is contemplated by this amendment.


11.2 The policyholder shall receive a full explanation of all deductible options avilable to the policyholder in writing as a separate document from the insurer and the insurer shall obtain from the policyholder a written acknowledgment of the policyholder’s receipt of such explanation as a separately includable item on the Form A. Additionally, the Form A acknowledgment signed by the policyholder shall include the related cost for each deductible offered by the insurer.

12.0 Notices to Policyholders

12.1 Insurers not less than once annually shall inform their policyholders of the coverage in force for each auto policy. The form of this notice may be in any form reasonably calculated to inform policyholders of their existing coverage.

12.2 Upon renewal of any policy in effect, on the date of the adoption of this regulation each insurer shall send a notice to their nonstandard policyholders in substantially the following form:


My agent has informed me that I am considered a nonstandard driver and has notified me of the availability of the Delaware Automobile ("Assigned Risk") Insurance Plan, which provides less expensive automobile insurance for some drivers."

12.3 The failure of a policyholder to sign and return this statement shall not create any legal rights nor shall the insurer be responsible for the policyholder's failure to return the signed statement."

13.0 Claimant's Duty

13.1 An injured party shall submit to reasonable treatment recommended by competent physicians, and must act reasonably to minimize the disability and mitigate damages.

14.0 Separability

14.1 If any provision of this Regulation shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Regulation shall not be affected thereby.

15.0 Effective Date

15.1 The above amendments to existing Regulation 603 (Formerly Regulation No. 9) shall become effective May 16, 1987. This regulation became effective on December 1, 1983 and was amended effective May 16, 1987. The effective date of the second amenment, including revisions to Form A, is February 11, 2005. The use of revised Form A shall be required for all policies issued on or after march 1, 2005.


The Coverage Election form (Delaware Form A) attachment to Regulation 9 shall be properly presented to the new policyholder by the insurer or broker or agent.



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8 DE Reg 1158 (2/1/05)