DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Statutory Authority: 14 Delaware Code, Section 122(b) (14 Del.C. §122(b))
14 DE Admin. Code 108A
Education Impact Analysis Pursuant To 14 Del.C. Section 122(D)
108A Administrator Appraisal Process Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II) Revised
A. TYPE OF REGULATORY ACTION REQUIRED
B. SYNOPSIS OF SUBJECT MATTER OF THE REGULATION
The Secretary of Education seeks the consent of the State Board of Education to adopt a new regulation 14 DE Admin. Code 108A Administrator Appraisal Process Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II) Revised. This regulation will become effective July 1, 2011 and will replace 14 DE Admin. Code 108 Administrator Appraisal Process Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II). The changes from the current administrator appraisal process include re-defining the Student Improvement component of DPAS II to require a showing of Student Growth. Changes were also made to the Summative Evaluation ratings, adding a new "Highly Effective" rating and amending the means of determining the Summative rating. The amendments also change some of the appraisal cycles and the improvement plan components.
Persons wishing to present their views regarding this matter may do so in writing by the close of business on or before January 5, 2010 to Susan Haberstroh, Education Associate, Regulation Review, Department of Education, at 401 Federal Street, Suite 2, Dover, Delaware 19901. A copy of this regulation is available from the above address or may be viewed at the Department of Education business office.
C. IMPACT CRITERIA
1. Will the amended regulation help improve student achievement as measured against state achievement standards? The new regulation supports an increase in student achievement as measured against the state achievement standards.
2. Will the amended regulation help ensure that all students receive an equitable education? The new regulation is intended to help ensure that all students receive an equitable education.
3. Will the amended regulation help to ensure that all students' health and safety are adequately protected? The new regulation does not specifically address the health and safety of students.
4. Will the amended regulation help to ensure that all students' legal rights are respected? The new regulation is intended to ensure all students' legal rights continue to be respected.
5. Will the amended regulation preserve the necessary authority and flexibility of decision making at the local board and school level? The new regulation preserves the necessary authority and flexibility of decision making at the local board and school level.
6. Will the amended regulation place unnecessary reporting or administrative requirements or mandates upon decision makers at the local board and school levels? The new regulation does not place unnecessary reporting or administrative requirements or mandates upon decision makers at the local board and school levels.
7. Will the decision making authority and accountability for addressing the subject to be regulated be placed in the same entity? The decision making authority and accountability for teacher evaluation does not change with the new regulation.
8. Will the amended regulation be consistent with and not an impediment to the implementation of other state educational policies, in particular to state educational policies addressing achievement in the core academic subjects of mathematics, science, language arts and social studies? The new regulation is consistent with other state educational policies, in particular the educational policies related to achievement in the core academic subjects.
9. Is there a less burdensome method for addressing the purpose of the regulation? There is not a less burdensome method for addressing the purpose of the regulation at this time.
10. What is the cost to the State and to the local school boards of compliance with the regulation? There are no anticipated increased costs to the State or to the local school boards for compliance with this new regulation; however, reallocation of current resources may be needed.
108A Administrator Appraisal Process Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II) Revised
1.0 Effective Date
1.1 The Administrator Appraisal Process, Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II) Revised shall be effective for all school districts and charter schools beginning July 1, 2011, and shall, at such time, replace the current 14 DE Admin. Code 108 Administrator Appraisal Process Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II).
1.1 For purposes of this regulation, an administrator shall be a professional employee authorized by a board to serve in a supervisory capacity involving the oversight of an instructional program(s).
The following definitions shall apply for purposes of this regulation:
"Board" shall mean the local board of education or charter school board of directors.
"Credentialed Evaluator" shall mean the individual, usually the supervisor of the administrator, who has successfully completed the evaluation training in accordance with 10.0. A superintendent shall be evaluated by member(s) of the local school board of education who shall also have successfully completed the evaluation training in accordance with 10.0. The Credentialed Evaluator may also be referred to as "Evaluator".
"DASA" shall mean the Delaware Association of School Administrators.
"DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators" shall mean the manual that contains the prescribed forms, detailed procedures, evaluation criteria and other relevant documents that are used to implement the appraisal process.
"DSEA" shall mean the Delaware State Education Association.
"Experienced Administrator" shall mean an administrator who has three (3) or more years of service as an administrator.
"Formative Process" shall consist of the Goal Setting Conference, self evaluation, a survey of staff that are supervised by the administrator, and formative conferences and reports as outlined in the DPAS II Guide for Administrators.
"Improvement Plan" shall be the plan that an administrator and evaluator mutually develop in accordance with 8.0.
"Inexperienced Administrator" shall mean an administrator who has less than three (3) years of service as an administrator.
"Satisfactory Component Rating" shall mean the administrator's performance demonstrates an understanding of the concepts of the component.
"Satisfactory Evaluation" shall be equivalent to the overall "Effective" or "Needs Improvement" rating on the Summative Evaluation.
"State Assessment" shall mean the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) or its successor.
"Student Achievement" shall mean
(a) For tested grades and subjects:
(1) Students scores on the DSTP or successor statewide assessment; and, as appropriate,
(2) Other measures of student learning, such as those described in paragraph (b) of this definition, provided they are rigorous and comparable across classrooms.
(b) For non-tested grades and subjects: alternative measures of student learning and performance such as student scores on pre-tests and end-of-course tests; student performance on English language proficiency assessments; and other measure of student achievement that are rigorous and comparable across classrooms.
Such alternative measures shall be approved by the Department and developed in partnership with the local collective bargaining representatives.
"Student Growth" shall mean the change in achievement data for an individual student between two points in time. Growth may also include other measures that are rigorous and comparable across classrooms.
"Summative Evaluation" shall be the final evaluation at the conclusion of the appraisal cycle.
"Unsatisfactory Component Rating" shall mean the administrator's performance does not demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of the component.
"Unsatisfactory Evaluation" shall be the equivalent to the overall "Ineffective" rating on the Summative Evaluation.
"Working Day" shall mean a day when the employee would normally be working in that district or charter school.
3.0 Appraisal Cycles
3.1 Experienced administrators who have earned a rating of "Highly Effective" on their most recent Summative Evaluation shall receive a minimum of one (1) Formative Process each year with a Summative Evaluation at least once every two (2) years. The Student Improvement component for Highly Effective administrators shall be evaluated each year, regardless of whether or not a Summative Evaluation is conducted. If a Highly Effective administrator does not achieve a Satisfactory rating on the Student Improvement Component, the administrator shall receive a Summative Evaluation the following year, regardless of whether the administrator would otherwise be due for a Summative Evaluation pursuant to this section.
3.2 Experienced administrators who have earned a rating of "Effective" and have earned Satisfactory ratings in four (4) of the Appraisal Components found in 5.0, including Student Improvement on his or her most recent Summative Evaluation shall receive a minimum of one (1) Formative Process each year with a Summative Evaluation at least once every two (2) years.
3.3 Experienced administrators who are not otherwise included in 3.1 or 3.2 shall receive a minimum of one (1) Formative Process with a Summative Evaluation at the end of the one year period. These administrators shall have an Improvement Plan which may require additional Formative Process(es) or other types of monitoring as outlined in the DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators.
3.4 Inexperienced administrators shall have a minimum of one (1) Formative Process with a Summative Evaluation every year. Inexperienced administrators who have earned a rating of "Needs Improvement" or "Ineffective" on their most recent Summative Evaluation shall have an Improvement Plan which may require additional Formative Process(es) or other types of monitoring as outlined in the DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators.
4.0 DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators
4.1 All districts and charter schools shall use the manual entitled DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators as developed and as may be amended by the Department of Education in collaboration with DSEA and DASA to implement the appraisal system.
4.1.1 The manual shall contain at a minimum the following:
22.214.171.124 Specific details about each of the five (5) Appraisal Components pursuant to 5.1.
126.96.36.199 All forms or documents needed to complete the requirements of the appraisal process.
188.8.131.52 Specific procedures to implement the appraisal system.
5.0 Appraisal Components and Appraisal Criteria
5.1 The following five (5) Appraisal Components, including any Appraisal Criteria specified for each, shall be the basis upon which the performance of an administrator shall be evaluated by a certified evaluator(s):
5.1.1 Vision and Goals
184.108.40.206 Using Data: Administrator, in collaboration with others such as the school or district improvement team or board, uses multiple sources of information and assists in analyzing data to establish rigorous and concrete school or district improvement goals in the context of student achievement and instructional programs.
220.127.116.11 Implementing Vision and Goals: Administrator provides leadership for major initiatives and change efforts relative to the school or district improvement goals. Administrator is committed to doing the work required for continuous school and district improvement.
18.104.22.168 Promoting Vision and Goals: Administrator promotes high expectations for teaching and learning. Administrator is committed to ensuring that all students have the knowledge and skills necessary to become successful in future educational activities.
22.214.171.124 Communicating the Vision and Goals: Administrator communicates effectively to appropriate stakeholders about progress towards meeting the school or district improvement plan goals. Administrator participates in a process to regularly monitor, evaluate and revise school or district improvement goals.
5.1.2 Culture of Learning
126.96.36.199 Advocating a Culture of Learning: Administrator provides leadership for assessing, developing and improving the school or district culture and instructional program that is conducive to student learning. Administrator can articulate the desired school or district instructional program and shows evidence about how he or she reinforces the instructional program and culture.
188.8.131.52 Monitoring the Culture of Learning: Administrator participates in monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the curriculum, instruction or assessment of students. Administrator evaluates staff and provides on-going coaching for improvement. Administrator uses a variety of sources of information to make decisions.
184.108.40.206 Sustaining the Culture of Learning: Administrator helps to ensure that staff have professional development opportunities that enhance their performance and improve student learning. Administrator is accessible and approachable by staff, families, and community and is visible in the school or district community. Administrator supports the use of technology as appropriate in teaching and learning.
220.127.116.11 Maintaining the Culture of Learning: Administrator systematically and fairly recognizes accomplishments of staff and students towards a positive school or district culture. Administrator uses and analyzes data to instill the importance of continually developing programs and strategies to enhance opportunities for learning.
18.104.22.168 Solving Problems or Concerns: Administrator addresses and resolves issues as they arise in a timely manner and works to prevent potential problems. Operational procedures are designed and managed to maximize opportunities for learning for all students.
22.214.171.124 Managing Resources: Administrator manages fiscal and physical resources responsibly, efficiently and effectively. Administrator protects instructional time by managing operational procedures in such a way as to maximize learning. Administrator efficiently manages his or her time so that teaching and learning are a high priority.
126.96.36.199 Complying with Policies: Administrator complies with federal, state, and board policies. School or district contractual agreements are effectively managed. Administrator maintains confidentiality and privacy of school or district records, including student or staff information.
188.8.131.52 Protecting the Welfare and Safety of Students and Staff: Administrator works to ensure a safe and secure school or district environment and a culture that is conducive to teaching and learning. Challenges that could potentially interrupt teaching and learning are addressed and resolved.
5.1.4 Professional Responsibilities
184.108.40.206 Maintaining Professional Relationships: Administrator fosters and maintains positive professional relationships with staff. Administrator is respectful of other's opinions and demonstrates an appreciation for and sensitivity to diversity in the school or district community.
220.127.116.11 Promoting Family and Community Involvement: Administrator collaboratively works to establish a culture that encourages and welcomes families and community members and seeks ways in which to engage them in student learning.
18.104.22.168 Demonstrating Fairness: Administrator is fair and consistent when dealing with students and staff. Administrator demonstrates values, beliefs and attitudes that inspire all students and staff to higher levels of performance.
22.214.171.124 Growing and Developing Professionally: Administrator chooses and participates in professional development that is aligned with his or her professional needs and aligned with the needs of the school or district.
5.1.5 Student Improvement
126.96.36.199 Measuring Student Improvement: Administrator's students have collectively demonstrate appropriate levels of Student Growth as benchmarked against standards to be set by the Secretary based on input from stakeholder groups.
6.0 Summative Evaluation Ratings
6.1 Each Appraisal Component shall be assigned a rating of Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory on the Summative Evaluation.
6.1.1 A satisfactory rating for each of the first four Appraisal Components shall mean the administrator demonstrates acceptable performance by meeting at least three (3) of the four (4) Appraisal Criteria specified in each of the components.
6.1.2 A satisfactory rating for the Student Improvement component shall mean that the administrator has demonstrated acceptable performance by meeting the standards set by the Secretary pursuant to 188.8.131.52.
6.2 The Summative Evaluation shall also include one of four overall ratings: "Highly Effective", "Effective", "Needs Improvement" or "Ineffective".
6.2.1 "Highly Effective" shall mean that the administrator has a Satisfactory Component Rating in four (4) of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0. and that the administrator's students on average achieve high rates of student growth, that is, more than one grade level improvement in an academic year.
6.2.2 "Effective" shall mean that:
184.108.40.206 The administrator has received a Satisfactory Component Rating in
at least three (3) Appraisal Components including the Student Improvement Component, and
220.127.116.11 The administrator does not meet the requirement for a "Highly Effective" rating found in 6.2.1.
6.2.3 "Needs Improvement" shall mean that:
18.104.22.168 The administrator has received one (1) or two (2) Satisfactory Component Ratings out of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0, including a Satisfactory rating in the Student Improvement Component, or
22.214.171.124 The administrator has received three (3) or four (4) Satisfactory Component Ratings out of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0 and the administrator has received an Unsatisfactory rating in the Student Improvement Component.
6.2.4 "Ineffective" shall mean that:
126.96.36.199 The administrator has received zero (0), one (1), or two (2) Satisfactory Component Ratings out of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0, and
188.8.131.52 The administrator has received an Unsatisfactory Component Rating in the Student Improvement Component.
6.2.5 If an administrator's overall Summative Evaluation rating is determined to be "Needs Improvement" for the third consecutive year, the administrator's rating shall be re-categorized as "Ineffective".
7.0 Pattern of Ineffective Administrative Performance
A pattern of ineffective administrative performance shall be based on the most recent Summative Evaluation ratings of an administrator using the DPAS II process. Two consecutive ratings of "Ineffective" shall be deemed as a pattern of ineffective administration. The following chart shows the consecutive Summative Evaluation ratings determined to be a pattern of ineffective administrative performance:
8.0 Improvement Plan
8.1 An Improvement Plan shall be developed for an administrator who receives an overall rating of "Needs Improvement" or "Ineffective" on the Summative Evaluation or a rating of Unsatisfactory on any Appraisal Component in 5.0 on the Summative Evaluation regardless of the overall rating.
8.1.1 An Improvement Plan shall also be developed if an administrator's overall performance during the Formative Process is unsatisfactory. This unsatisfactory performance shall be noted by the evaluator(s) on the Formative Feedback form by noting "PERFORMANCE IS UNSATISFACTORY" and initialing the statement.
8.2 The Improvement Plan shall contain the following:
8.2.1 Identification of the specific deficiencies and recommended area(s) for growth;
8.2.2 Measurable goals for improving the deficiencies to satisfactory levels;
8.2.3 Specific professional development or activities to accomplish the goals;
8.2.4 Specific resources necessary to implement the plan, including but not limited to, opportunities for the administrator to work with curriculum specialist(s) or others with relevant experience;
8.2.5 Procedures and evidence that must be collected to determine that the goals of the plan were met;
8.2.6 Timeline for the plan, including intermediate check points to determine progress;
8.2.7 Procedures for determining satisfactory improvement.
8.3 Any state or federally funded professional development that is completed during the time that the Improvement Plan is in effect shall be certified by the Department and shall be directly related to areas identified as needing improvement.
8.4 The Improvement Plan shall be developed cooperatively by the administrator and evaluator. If the plan cannot be cooperatively developed, the evaluator shall have the authority and responsibility to determine the plan as specified in 8.2 above.
8.5 The administrator shall be held accountable for the implementation and completion of the Improvement Plan.
8.6 Upon completion of the Improvement Plan, the administrator and evaluator(s) shall sign the documentation that determines the satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance of the plan.
9.0 Challenge Process
9.1 An administrator may challenge any rating on the Summative Evaluation, either a Component Rating or the Overall Rating, or an administrator may challenge the conclusions of the Formative Process if the statement "PERFORMANCE IS UNSATISFACTORY" has been included on the Formative Feedback form. To initiate a challenge, an administrator shall submit additional information specific to the point of disagreement in writing within fifteen (15) working days of the date of administrator's receipt of the Summative Evaluation. Such written response shall become part of the appraisal record and shall be attached to the Summative Evaluation. All challenges together with the record shall be forwarded to the supervisor of the evaluator, if any.
9.1.1 Within fifteen (15) working days of receiving the written challenge, the supervisor of the evaluator shall review the record which consists of all documents used in the appraisal and the written challenge, and issue a written decision.
9.1.2 If the challenge is denied, the written decision shall state the reasons for denial.
9.1.3 The decision of the supervisor of the evaluator shall be final.
10.0 Evaluator(s) Credentials
10.1 Evaluators shall have completed the DPAS II training as developed by the Department of Education. Evaluators shall receive a certificate of completion which is valid for five (5) years and is renewable upon completion of professional development focused on DPAS II as specified by the Department of Education.
10.2 The training shall occur no less than once every three (3) years and shall include techniques for observation and conferencing, content and relationships of ISLLC standards, and a thorough review of the DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators. Activities in which participants practice implementation of DPAS II procedures shall be included in the training.
10.3 The credentialing process shall be conducted by the Department of Education.
11.0 Evaluation of Process
The Department of Education shall conduct an annual evaluation of the teacher appraisal process. The evaluation shall, at a minimum, include a survey of teachers and evaluators and interviews with a sampling of teachers and evaluators. Data from the evaluation and proposed changes to the DPAS II Revised Guide for Administrators shall be presented to the State Board of Education for review on an annual basis.
13 DE Reg. 745 (12/01/09) (Prop.)