DEPARTMENT OF STATE
2700 Board of Professional Land Surveyors
Statutory Authority: 24 Delaware Code, Section 2706 (24 Del.C. §2706(a))
24 DE Admin. Code 2700
After due notice in the Register of Regulations and two Delaware Newspapers, a public hearing was held on March 15, 2007 at a scheduled meeting of the Delaware Board of Professional Land Surveyors to receive comments regarding proposed Regulation 2700. The proposed regulation enables licensees to renew their license online, attest that they have completed the required continuing education and change the period for late renewal of licenses. The proposed regulation was published in the Register of Regulations, Vol. 10, Issue 9, February 1, 2007.
Under Title 24, Chapter 27, one of the qualifications for licensure is that the applicant shall submit evidence that the applicant during each renewal period "shall be required to submit on a board approved form his/her professional development hours obtained in the period defined in Section 10.1 of these rules." Recent improvements in computer services at the Department of State make the online renewal process a viable option. Nonetheless, the current regulations also call for sending in paper records concerning continuing education. The proposed regulation would permit online license renewals, and as part of that improvement would keep the paper filing alternative in place. However, the new regulation would also permit licensees to note in their online filings that they met the continuing education requirement, while also being responsible to maintaining adequate records to confirm their compliance with that requirement during the periodic random audit process. The Board's authority to promulgate rules and regulations implementing or clarifying specific sections of Chapter 27 is set forth in 24 Del. C. §2702(a)(1). The specific mandate for this rule is set forth in 24 Del. C. §2706(b). The proposed regulation specifically identifies changes related to the practice of professional land surveyors.
SUMMARY OF THE EVIDENCE AND INFORMATION SUBMITTED
No written comments were received. No public comment was received at the March 15, 2007 hearing.
Findings of Fact with Respect to the Evidence and Information Submitted
The Board carefully reviewed and considered the proposed regulation. It provides for an improved optional method for licensees to meet their reporting and renewal obligations to the Board, while preserving the Board's ability to audit the licensees appropriately for their actual compliance with the continuing education requirements.
In summary, the Board finds that adopting these regulation changes as proposed is in the best interest of the citizens of the State of Delaware and is necessary to protect the health and safety of the general public.
Decision and Effective Date
The Board hereby adopts the changes to Regulation 2700 to be effective 10 days following publication of this order in the Register of Regulations.
Text and Citation
The text of the revised rule remains as published in Register of Regulations, Vol. 10, Issue 9, March 1, 2007.
SO ORDERED this 15th day of March, 2007.
BOARD OF PROFESSIONAL LAND SURVEYORS
Michael T. Szymanski, Chairman
Laurence R. McBride, Vice-Chairman
Roy B. Kemp III, Secretary
Elton M. Murray, PLS
Victor Kennedy, Public Member
Frank Szcucka, Public Member
2700 Board of Professional Land Surveyors
1.0 General Provisions
1.1 Pursuant to 24 Del.C. Ch. 27, the Delaware Board of Professional Land Surveyors ("the Board") is authorized to, and has adopted, these Rules and Regulations. The Rules and Regulations are applicable to all Professional Land Surveyors and applicants to the Board.
1.2 Information about the Board, including its meeting dates, may be obtained by contacting the Board's Administrative Assistant at the Division of Professional Regulation. Requests to the Board may be directed to the same office or visit our web site at
1.3 The Board's President shall preside at all meetings of the Board and shall sign all official documents of the Board. In the President's absence, the Board's Secretary shall preside at meetings and perform the duties usually performed by the President.
1.4 The Board may seek counsel, advice and information from other governmental agencies and such other groups as it deems appropriate.
1.5 The Board may establish such subcommittees as it determines appropriate for the fair and efficient processing of the Board's duties.
1.6 The Board reserves the right to grant exceptions to the requirements of the Rules and Regulations upon a showing of good cause by the party requesting such exception, provided that the exception is not inconsistent with the requirements of 24 Del.C. Ch. 27.
1.7 Board members are subject to the provisions applying to "honorary state officials" in the "State Employees', Officers' and Officials' Code of Conduct," found at 29 Del.C. Ch. 58.
Definitions under Section 2 will be listed in the current "Definitions of Surveying and Associated Terms," published by the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, except as otherwise provided by Delaware law.
“Combined Office and Field Experience” - is defined as being multi-faceted experience in responsible charge of land surveying projects, performed under the direct supervision of a professional land surveyor in the active practice of land surveying. The office aspect of this experience shall include the technology relevant to civil drafting, mathematical calculations necessary for subdivision, boundary and right-of-way determinations, road, design, stormwater, sediment and erosion control, and sewer design as well as the interpolation of field-run topographical data and the like. Office experience should also include applied familiarity with land development submittal and approval processes.
The subject field experience shall include time spent in responsible charge relevant to all aspects of on-site inspection, evaluation and field-gathered information as well as the supervision of crew personnel and communication and coordination with a professional land surveyor and office staff.
“Direct Supervision” - applies to one duly licensed as a Professional Land Surveyor (PLS) and only a licensee may provide direct supervision. The physical presence of a PLS on every type of surveying project is not required. There are, however, times when a site visit is necessary to make important decisions involving boundary retracements, property line disputes, etc.
Direct supervision of a party chief and field crew would require daily contact to determine the need for the presence of a PLS on site. This need would be based upon the type of work to be performed and the professional
judgement judgment of the PLS in charge. Should it be determined that a site visit is not warranted, the PLS, at a minimum, should instruct the field crew as to the procedures to be used, the data to be gathered, the maps or plats to be relied upon and the scope of the work to be performed. At the end of the assignment, all work should be reviewed and checked by the PLS.
While it has been argued that a survey crew does not always have to be under the direct supervision of a PLS, it is the Board's opinion that only a PLS has the ability to make that determination. It is therefore necessary for the field crew to have daily contact with the PLS so that this decision can be made properly, in order to protect the public.
“Related Science Curriculum” – are those courses of study for which one-third of the required core courses are the same or similar as those required for a Baccalaureate Degree Program in Surveying. These core courses may include but are not limited to Algebra, Trigonometry, Analytical Geometry, Calculus, General Physics and Computer Programming.
Degrees in related fields of study may include but not be limited to Civil Engineering, Mathematics, Physics, Agricultural Engineering, Actuarial Studies, Statistics, Geology and Forestry.
Because requirements for graduation differ from institution to institution, when considering these Related Science Curriculums attention will be given to the specific coursework completed. This examination of completed coursework may allow for greater flexibility of this definition. Section 2708(a).
“Surveying Curriculum” - For the purpose of these regulations, the term "Surveying Curriculum" will mean any approved curriculum for a Baccalaureate Degree in Surveying as it is accepted by the institution bestowing the said degree. This curriculum shall necessarily include but not be limited to courses in Surveying, Advanced Surveying, Legal Principles of Surveying, Data Adjustment, Subdivision Planning and Layout, Route and Construction Surveying, Engineering and Geodetic Astronomy, Topographic Surveying and Cartography and/or those other studies required by the institution where the degree is earned.
Independent study course work (which includes all correspondence, internet and distance-learning study) shall be considered only if those courses have been accepted by an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) as part of the approved curriculum. Section 2708(a).
3.0 Meeting Schedule and Election of Officers
The Board shall meet at least once each quarter of the calendar year. At the first regularly scheduled meeting in the first quarter, the Board will elect from its members a chair, vice-chair, and secretary. Section 2704(b).
4.0 Periodic Review of Application Form
The Application Form for those seeking licensure under 24 Del.C. Ch. 27 shall be reviewed every five years. Section 2706 (a)(2).
5.0 Designation of the National Examination
For the required National Examination for licensure under 24 Del.C. Ch. 27, the Board adopts the two-part examination developed by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES), consisting of the Principles and Practice of
Land Surveying Examination and the Fundamentals of Land Surveying Examination, as amended from time to time (then in effect at time of examination). Section 2706(a)(3).
6.0 Designation of the Drainage Examination/Delaware Law Examination
6.1 For the required drainage examination/Delaware law examination the Board adopts the bank of questions developed for this purpose and/or approved for this purpose by a recognized psychometrician or other authority whose services are acquired and approved by the Division of Professional Regulation of the Delaware Department of
Administrative Services State. Section 2706(a)(4).
6.2 Exam review procedures.
6.2.1 An applicant may review only the questions answered incorrectly.
6.2.2 No other materials will be allowed into the room when reviewing the exam.
6.2.3 There will be a 30-minute time limit supervised by the Division of Professional Regulation.
6.2.4 The fee will be determined by the Division of Professional Regulation.
6.2.5 An applicant cannot review the exam within 90 days prior to the next exam date.
6.2.6 An exam review will be limited to only one review.
7.0 Adoption of Administration and Grading Procedures and Passing Scores for National Examination
The Board adopts the administration and grading procedures and the passing scores adopted by the NCEES for the two-part national examination, described in Section 5.0 of these regulations. Section 2706(a)(5).
8.0 Process for Evaluation of Applicants' Credentials and Experience for Licensure
See Attachment B.
9.0 Procedure for Granting Licenses and License Renewals
9.1 When an applicant is approved for licensure, the Division of Professional Regulation will send a letter to the applicant advising that person of the prorated license fee. Once the license fee is received by the Division, a license number is issued and mailed to the applicant.
9.2 The Division of Professional Regulation will send a renewal notice to the last known address for each licensee at least 30 days prior to renewal. Even if a licensee does not receive a renewal, it is his/her responsibility to renew their license.
6 DE Reg. 271 (9/1/02)
10.0 Continuing Education
10.1 Biennium Requirements.
July 1, 1995 each biennium, as a condition for renewal of a Certificate of Registration for the practice of land surveying, a Professional Land Surveyor shall be required to successfully complete 24 hours of professional development within the preceding biennium. Any licensee who completes in excess of 24 hours of professional development within the preceding biennium may NOT have the excess, not to exceed 12 hours, applied to the requirements for the next biennium.
10.2 A licensee shall complete at least two (2) hours on ethics and professionalism for each renewal period with no carry-over credit
effective for any biennium with the 7/1/03 through 6/30/05 renewal period.
10.3 Sources of Credit. In reviewing and approving applications for PDHs, the Board shall take into consideration:
10.3.1 Program Content: Courses must cover land surveying topics and must directly contribute to accomplishment of the primary purpose of continuing education, which is to help assure that licensees possess the knowledge, skills and competence necessary to function in a manner that protects and serves the public interest. The knowledge or skills taught must enable licensees to better serve surveying clients and the subject matter must be directly related to the land surveying practice. All educational courses must be approved by the Board.
10.3.2 Instruction: Except as set forth below, the course must be one that will be conducted by a qualified instructor who will be able to interact directly either in person or by interactive television with all students at all times during the course. The course may be conducted through the use of interactive television or other media which permits continuous mutual communication between the instructor and all students, continuous observation of the instructor by all students, and continuous observation of all students by the instructor. Distance education courses may be acceptable when the sponsor gives the licensee a final exam and sends verification to the Board that the licensee has completed the course with a passing grade.
10.3.2.1 Distance education courses are defined as programs whereby instruction does not take place in a traditional classroom setting but rather through other media where teacher and student are apart. Distance education may not be utilized with the exceptions of interactive television and verified courses described above.
10.3.3 Examples of topics that are acceptable, but not limited to:
ALTA/ACSM land title surveys
GPS (survey related)
GIS (survey related)
Delaware land use laws
Boundary laws and regulations
Conflict resolution; i.e. boundary line agreements
Easements and rights of way
Highway design/Highway safety
Surveyor in court/Expert testimony
State and international boundaries
Technical writing related to deed descriptions and survey reports
Mathematics and computer applications of land surveying
Measurement and analysis
Photogrammetry and aerial photo interpretation
Business management and professional development related to the land
surveying practice; i.e. surveying contracts, communicating with
clients, good business planning and management, quality assurance
Ethics and professionalism
Liability for land surveyors
Sediment and erosion control
10.3.4 Serving as a member of a committee or a board or a commission, which has as its primary duty the preparation or grading of written tests which are given for the purpose of determining the proficiency of an applicant for registration, using accepted test development principles, shall be counted as one (1) PDH per hour of attendance.
10.3.5 Attendance at workshops or seminars, which are directly related to land surveying, shall count as one (1) PDH per actual hour of classroom attendance. Such sessions must be planned in advance, a record must be maintained describing the content and a record of attendance must be kept. This may include society meetings in which educational programs are presented.
10.3.6 The active teaching of land surveying at the college level, within the immediate preceding biennium, shall be counted as eight (8) PDHs per year. No more than sixteen (16) PDHs shall be issued for teaching at the college level in any renewal period. CREDIT WILL NOT BE GIVEN TO FULL TIME EDUCATORS.
10.3.7 Teaching a workshop or seminar, which is directly related to land surveying or professional development, shall be counted as two (2) PDHs per actual hour of teaching time, not to include preparation. No more than eighteen (18) PDHs may be claimed in any 2-year period. CREDIT WILL BE GIVEN FOR ONLY ONE PRESENTATION IN A TWO-YEAR PERIOD.
10.3.8 College level courses directly related to land surveying or professional development shall be counted as 40 PDH per credit hour. Ten (10) PDHs will be counted for each CEU (continuing education unit) earned.
10.3.9 Presentation and/or publication of a professional paper will be counted as 10 PDHs. No more than 20 PDHs may be claimed in any biennium renewal.
10.4 Renewal Credit.
10.4.1 Each licensee applying for renewal shall
be required attest to satisfying the continuing education requirements outlined in Rule 10.1, 10.2, and 10.3. submit on the Board approved form of his/her professional development hours obtained in the period defined in Section 10.1 of these rules. Should the licensee desire to have any excess PDHs applied to the requirement for the next biennium, it shall be so stated in the space provided on said form. Attestation may be completed electronically if the renewal is accomplished online. In the alternative, paper renewal documents that contain the attestation of completion can be submitted. on the Board approved form of his/her professional development hours obtained in the period defined in Section 10.1 of these rules. Should the licensee desire to have any excess PDHs applied to the requirement for the next biennium, it shall be so stated in the space provided on said form.
10.4.2 If the Board should, for any reason, deny or modify the licensee's request for
carryover PDHs, the Board shall notify the licensee of such action after the next Board meeting. The licensee's submittal shall be on a form provided by the Board and shall contain a statement signed and sealed by the licensee, which attests to the correctness thereof. Such statement shall accompany and be filed with the licensee's request for renewal. Licensees should retain their PDH files and records for at least five (5) years.
10.5 Pro-Rated Credits for Renewal. A licensee for renewal shall follow the following schedule of reporting PDH credits: if, at the time of renewal, you have been licensed for less than one year, NO continuing education is required; licensed for more than one year, but less than two years, half (12 PDHs) is required; licensed for two or more years, the full amount (24 PDHs) is required.
10.6 Renewal. Any licensee who has submitted a correctly completed paper or electronic renewal form as required in Section 10.4.1 and has met all other requirements shall be granted renewal.
10.7 Audit. Each biennium, the Division of Professional Regulation shall select from the list of potential renewal licensees a percentage, determined by the Board, which shall be selected by random method. The Board may also audit based on complaints or charges against an individual license, relative to compliance with continuing education requirements.
10.8 Documentation and Audit by the Board. When a licensee whose name or number appears on the audit list applies for renewal, the Board shall obtain documentation from the licensee showing detailed accounting of the various PDHs claimed by the licensee. Licensees selected for random audit are required to supplement the attestation with attendance verification. The Board shall attempt to verify the PDHs shown on the documentation provided by the licensee. The Board shall then review the documentation and verification. Upon completion of the review, the Board shall decide whether the licensee's PDHs meet the requirements of these rules and regulations.
10.9 Board Review. The Board shall review all documentation requested of any licensee shown on the audit list. If the Board determines the licensee has met the requirements, the licensee's certificate of registration shall remain in effect. If the Board initially determines the licensee has not met the requirements, the licensee shall be notified and a hearing may be held pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act. This hearing will be conducted to determine if there are any extenuating circumstances justifying the apparent noncompliance with these requirements. Unjustified noncompliance of these regulations shall be considered misconduct in the practice of land surveying, pursuant to 24 Del.C. §2712.
10.10 Noncompliance – Extenuating Circumstances. A licensee applying for renewal may request an extension and be given up to an additional twelve (12) months to make up all outstanding required PDHs providing he/she can show good cause why he/she was unable to comply with such requirements at the same time he/she applies for renewal. The licensee must state the reason for such extension along with whatever documentation he/she feels is relevant. The Board shall consider requests such as extensive travel outside the United States, military service, extended illness of the licensee or his/her immediate family, or a death in the immediate family of the licensee. The written request for extension must accompany the renewal application. The Board shall issue an extension when it determines that one or more of these criteria have been met or if circumstances beyond the control of the licensee have rendered it impossible for the licensee to obtain the required PDHs. A licensee who has successfully applied for an extension under this paragraph shall make up all outstanding hours of professional development within the extension period approved by the Board.
10.11 Appeal. Any licensee denied renewal pursuant to these rules and regulations may contest such ruling by filing an appeal pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act.
10.12 Retired Licensees. Licensees 62 years old and over who are retired (working less than 20 hours weekly) shall need only twelve (12) PDHs, including one ethics PDH, each biennium to satisfy the professional development requirements outlined herein.
10.13 Multiple State Licensees. Any licensee, who is not a Delaware resident and resides in another state or commonwealth, and is licensed in that state or commonwealth having a comparable continuing education requirement, shall not be required to satisfy these requirements in addition to those of his/her home state, but will satisfy these requirements as a minimum. Any questions regarding compliance with this Section shall be resolved by the Board.
6 DE Reg. 271 (9/1/02)
11.0 Investigations and Designation of Board Member for Contact with Division of Professional Regulation
Upon notice to the Board that a disciplinary investigation of a licensee is underway by the Division of Professional Regulation, the Board shall designate a Board member to assist the investigator. Whenever feasible, the Board member designated for this purpose should not reside in the county where the licensee under investigation resides or maintains his or her dominant area of practice. Section 2706(a)(10).
12.0 Minimum Technical Standards for Licences
12.1 The Board is required under Sections 2701 and 2112(a)(9) to establish minimum technical standards for licensees. The purpose of these standards is to establish minimum technical criteria to govern the performance of surveys when more stringent specifications are not required by other agencies or by contract. Further, the purpose is to protect the inhabitants of this state and generally to promote the public welfare. The Board also established minimum standards for Mortgage Inspection Plans (MIPs), and other types of work, frequently performed by licensees in portions of the state.
12.2 Procedure and Standards. Whenever a surveyor conducts a boundary survey or an improvement location survey of properties, a plat showing the results shall be prepared and a copy furnished to the client unless deemed unnecessary by the client. The plat shall conform to the following requirements and shall include the following information:
12.2.1 The plat shall be drawn on any reasonably stable and durable drawing paper, vellum or film of reproducible quality. No plat or map shall have dimensions of less than 8 ½ x 11 inches.
12.2.2 The plat shall show the written scale, area and classifications of the survey. These classifications (suburban, urban, rural, and marshland) are based upon both the purposes for which the property is being used at the time the survey is performed and any proposed developments, which are disclosed by the client, in writing. This classification must be based on the criteria in Section 12.4 and the survey must meet the minimum specifications set forth in Attachment A. The scale shall be sufficient to show detail for the appropriate classification.
12.2.3 The horizontal direction of all boundary lines shall be shown in relationship to grid north, magnetic, or in lieu thereof, to true north or to such other established line or lines to which the survey is referenced. The horizontal direction of the boundary lines shall be by direct angles or bearings. A prominent north arrow shall be drawn on every sheet. The description of the bearing reference system shall be stated on the plat.
12.2.4 All monuments, natural and artificial (man-made), found or set, used in the survey, shall be shown and described on the survey plat. The monuments shall be noted as found or set. All monuments set shall be ferrous metal, or contain ferrous metal, not less than ½ inch in diameter and not less than 18 inches in length, except however, a corner which falls upon solid rock, concrete, or other like materials shall be marked in a permanent manner and clearly identified on the plat. Monuments shall be set at all corners of all surveys as required by these standards, with the exception of meanders such as meanders of streams, tidelands, wetlands, lakes, swamps and prescriptive road rights-of-way. Witness monuments shall be set or referenced whenever a corner monument cannot be set or is likely to be disturbed. Such witness monument shall be set as close as practical to the true corner. If only one (1) witness monument is set, it must be set on the actual boundary line or prolongation thereof. Otherwise, at least two (2) witness monuments shall be set and so noted on the plat of the survey. Monuments shall be identified, where possible, with a durable marker bearing the surveyor's registration number and/or name.
12.2.5 The plat of a metes and boundary survey must clearly describe the commencing point and label the point of beginning for the survey.
12.2.6 Notable discrepancies between the survey and the recorded description, and the source of information used in making the survey, shall be indicated. When an inconsistency is found, including a gap or overlap, excess or deficiency, erroneously located boundary lines or monuments, the nature of the inconsistency shall be indicated on the drawing.
12.2.7 In the judgment of the surveyor, the description and location of any physical evidence found along a boundary line, including but not limited to fences, walls, buildings or monuments, shall be shown on the drawing.
12.2.8 The horizontal length (distance) and direction (bearing) of each line as determined in an actual survey process shall be shown on the drawing.
12.2.9 At least three (3) elements (including radius, arc and chord bearing and distance) of all circular curves, shall be shown.
12.2.10 Information used by the surveyor in the property description shall be clearly shown on the plat, including but not limited to, the point of beginning, course bearing, distance, monuments, etc.
12.2.11 The lot and block or tract numbers or other designations, including those of adjoining lots, if the survey is within a recorded subdivision. If the property is not within a recorded subdivision, then the name and deed record of all adjoining owners shall be shown.
12.2.12 Recorded public and private rights-of-way or easements which are discovered during the title search performed by others and supplied to the surveyor or graphically shown on the recorded plat, which includes the property, or which are known or observed adjoining or crossing the land surveyed, shall be shown.
12.2.13 Location of all permanent improvements pertinent to the survey, referenced radially and perpendicular to the nearest boundary, shall be shown.
12.2.14 Visible or suspected encroachments onto or from adjoining property or abutting streets, with the extent of such encroachments, shall be shown.
12.2.15 A plat or survey shall bear the Company and individual name, address, and date of survey and original signature and board-approved seal of the licensed surveyor in responsible charge. This signature and seal is certification that the survey meets minimum requirements of the Standards for Land Surveyors as adopted by the Delaware Board.
12.2.16 The following information shown on the plat must be included in a written description, if one is provided:
220.127.116.11 The commencing point and point of beginning.
18.104.22.168 Sufficient caption to connect the plat and description.
22.214.171.124 Length and direction of all lines.
126.96.36.199 Curve information as described in paragraph 12.2.9.
188.8.131.52 Type of monuments noted as found or set.
184.108.40.206 The area of the parcel.
220.127.116.11 Adjoining owners, subdivision name, etc.
12.3 Standards for Horizontal Control.
12.3.1 Definitions for specific types of horizontal control surveys, along with standards and procedures, may be found in National Geodetic Survey (NGS) or successor publications. All geodetic surveys, including determination and publication of horizontal and vertical values utilizing Global Positioning Systems, Ground Control Systems or any other system which relates to the practice and profession of Land Surveying, shall be performed under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed Professional Land Surveyor licensed in the State of Delaware.
12.3.2 Control Surveys that are used to determine boundary lines, including developing coordinates for existing boundary corners, shall meet the Standards contained herein.
12.3.3 Land Information Systems/Geographic Information Systems (LIS/GIS) maps should be built on a foundation of coordinates obtained by an accurate survey. Creation of LIS/GIS maps and services should include a Professional Land Surveyor licensed in the State of Delaware for coordination and input of their knowledge in these fields.
12.4 Classification of Surveys.
12.4.1 Urban Surveys - Surveys of land lying within or adjoining a city or town. This would also include the surveys of commercial and industrial properties, condominiums, townhouses, apartments and other high-density developments regardless of geographic location.
12.4.2 Suburban Surveys - Surveys of land lying outside urban areas. This land is used almost exclusively for single family residential use or residential subdivisions.
12.4.3 Rural Surveys - Surveys of land such as farms and other undeveloped land outside the suburban areas which may have a potential for future development.
12.4.4 Marshland Surveys of land which normally lie in remote areas with difficult terrain and usually have limited potential for development and cannot be classified as urban, suburban or rural surveys. This includes, but is not limited to, surveys of farmlands and rural areas.
12.5 ALTA/ACSM Land Title Survey. The current published standard as amended from time to time.
12.6 Mortgage Inspection Plans (MIP)
12.6.1 Purpose. The purpose of an MIP is to locate, describe and represent the positions of buildings or other visible improvements, or both, affecting the property being inspected.
12.6.2 Product. The results of the MIP shall be stated on a plat showing the property inspected and the location of the buildings or other visible improvements affecting the inspected property.
12.7 The Approval by the Consumer and Disclosures.
12.7.1 The surveyor shall not begin work for compensation pursuant to this regulation until the surveyor receives a signed approval form more particularly described below.
12.7.2 The approval form or its equivalent shall be sufficient if signed by one consumer, whether or not there are multiple consumers, or, if a consumer is not an individual, the consumer's duly authorized agent, with respect to the property for which services pursuant to this regulation are sought. The approval form shall at a minimum contain:
18.104.22.168 An approval by the signer of the requested services; and
22.214.171.124 An explanation of the differences between an MIP and a boundary survey which includes an improvement location drawing.
126.96.36.199 The following approval form or its equivalent shall suffice for the purpose of complying with this regulation: "Approval Form (on company letterhead, with name, address and telephone number)
In connection with the purchase or refinancing of the property located at ________________, we have been requested to prepare an MIP.
Since an MIP is not a boundary survey and does not identify property boundary lines, State regulations require us to have your approval. Therefore, please sign and return the original of this form promptly, by fax or mail, so that there will be no delay in settlement.
If you wish, we can perform a boundary survey, which includes an Improvement Location Drawing (ILD). This survey will identify property boundary lines and will mark property boundary corners.
An MIP will cost approximately $______. A boundary survey which includes an ILD will cost (approximately $_________) (between $_____ and $______).
Very truly yours,
Check appropriate lines:
_________We approve the preparation of an MIP. We have read and understand that, in the absence of any problem revealed by or during the preparation of this drawing, it may be all that is required of the land surveyor.
__________We request a boundary survey that will include an ILD, and will identify property boundary lines and mark property boundary corners.
12.7.3 Upon receipt of an approval form, which complies with this section, the surveyor shall perform the services approved by the consumer. If the consumer requests a boundary survey which includes an ILD, then the survey shall be consistent with the provisions set forth in The Minimum Model Standards adopted by the Board.
12.8 Minimum Procedures. If the consumer approves the preparation of an MIP, the surveyor shall perform at least the following procedures:
12.8.1 Examine the current deed and/or plat for the subject parcel and review the most current tax assessment map for inconsistencies with deed or plat.
12.8.2 Take sufficient on-site measurements to enable the surveyor to perform the tasks called for by this regulation with regard to the:
188.8.131.52 Locations of buildings and those other improvements pertinent to the MIP;
184.108.40.206 Locations of possible encroachments reasonably determined based on a visual inspection;
220.127.116.11 Easements; and
12.8.3 If the consumer has approved an MIP, then the following elements shall be shown:
18.104.22.168 Significant buildings, structures and other improvements, and their relationship to the apparent property lines referenced radially and/or perpendicular to the nearest boundary, based on the field measurements taken by the surveyor, and any other evidence considered by the surveyor;
22.214.171.124 Statement with regard to the level of accuracy and accuracy of apparent setback distances; (REFER TO ATTACHMENT A)
126.96.36.199 Possible encroachments to the extent reasonably determined by a visual inspection of the property either way across property lines; and
188.8.131.52 Minimum setback lines, as shown on plats,
184.108.40.206 A minimum of two control points and their relationship to each other and the subject property.
220.127.116.11 Easements or rights-of-way as shown on plats or current deed of record for subject property.
12.8.4 If, in connection with the preparation of an MIP, a surveyor finds evidence to warrant, in the surveyor's professional opinion, the performance of a boundary survey, the surveyor shall so notify, in writing, the consumer or the consumer's representative.
12.8.5 If the consumer has approved the preparation of an MIP, then:
18.104.22.168 The MIP prepared by the surveyor shall prominently display, at a minimum, advice to the effect that:
22.214.171.124.1 The MIP is of benefit to a consumer only insofar as it is required by a lender, a title insurance company or its agent in connection with the contemplated transfer, financing, or refinancing; and
126.96.36.199.2 The MIP is not to be relied upon for the establishment or location of fences, garages, buildings or other existing or future improvements.
12.9.1 The original plat of an MIP shall be a reproducible drawing at a scale which clearly shows the results of the field work, computations, research and record information as compiled and checked.
12.9.2 The plat shall be prepared in accordance with the following procedures:
188.8.131.52 A reasonably stable and durable drawing paper, linen or film is considered a suitable material;
184.108.40.206 Plats may not be smaller than 8 ½ x 11 inches;
220.127.116.11 The plat shall show the following:
18.104.22.168.1 Caption or title and address or lot number of the property,
22.214.171.124.4 Name and address of the firm or surveyor; and
126.96.36.199.5 Original signature and board-approved seal of the licensed surveyor in responsible charge,
188.8.131.52.6 Consumer's name,
184.108.40.206.7 Statement with regard to the level of accuracy and accuracy of apparent setback distances; (REFER TO ATTACHMENT A)
12.10 Maintenance of Records.
12.10.1 The surveyor shall make a reasonable effort to maintain records, including names or initials of all personnel, date of performance, reference to field data, such as book number, loose leaf pages and other relevant data.
12.11 Local Standards.
12.11.1 All work shall be performed according to the minimum standards for the community in which the service is provided, as long as said standards meet or exceed the standards herein. (1) Current local standards shall take precedence over the MIP as to the manner in which mortgage or deed-related surveys or plans are prepared and as to the manner of field work and staking related to these surveys or plans, if those standards require more detailed or more accurate work to meet those local standards.
12.11.2 Based on current information, the MIP shall be accepted as a minimum standard only in New Castle County. In Kent and Sussex counties, MIP’s shall not be considered to meet the minimum local standards for the work required for mortgage or deed-related surveys or plans.
7 DE Reg. 918 (01/01/04)
13.0 Professional Conduct - Code of Ethics
13.1 Foreword. Honesty, justice and courtesy form a moral philosophy which, associated with mutual interest among men and women, constitutes the foundation of ethics. The surveyor should recognize such a standard, not in a passive observance, but as a set of dynamic principles guiding his/her conduct and way of life. It is his/her duty to practice his/her profession according to this Code of Ethics.
As the keystone of professional conduct is integrity, the surveyor will discharge his/her duties with fidelity to the public, his/her employers and clients, and with fairness and impartiality to all. It is his/her duty to interest his/herself in the public welfare, and to be ready to apply his/her special knowledge for the benefit of mankind. He/she should uphold the honor and dignity of his/her profession and avoid association with any enterprise of questionable character. In his/her dealings with fellow surveyors he/she should be fair and tolerant.
13.2 Professional Life.
13.2.1 The surveyor will cooperate in extending the effectiveness of the surveying profession by interchanging information and experience with other surveyors and students and by contributing to the work of surveying societies and associations, schools and the scientific and surveying press.
13.2.2 It shall be considered unprofessional and inconsistent with honorable and dignified bearing for any surveyor to advertise his/her work in a false or deceptive manner that may mislead the public.
13.2.3 The surveyor will avoid all conduct or practice likely to discredit or do injury to the dignity and honor of his/her profession.
13.2.4 Because superior and distinct knowledge of surveying is essential to the profession, it is imperative for the surveyor to continue his/her education.
13.2.5 The surveyor shall not permit the use of his/her professional seal on any work over which he/she was not in responsible charge.
13.3 Relations With The Public.
13.3.1 The surveyor will endeavor to extend public knowledge of surveying and will discourage the spreading of untrue, unfair and exaggerated statements regarding surveying.
13.3.2 He/she will have due regard for the safety of life and health of public and employees who may be affected by the work for which he/she is responsible.
13.3.3 He/she will express an opinion only when it is founded on adequate knowledge and honest conviction while he/she is serving as a witness before a court, commission or other tribunal.
13.4 Relations With Clients and Employers.
13.4.1 The surveyor will act in fairness and in a professional manner toward each client or employer and produce a quality survey regardless of price.
13.4.2 He/she will engage, or advise his/her client or employer to engage, and he/she will cooperate with, other experts and specialists whenever the client's or employer's interests are best served by such service.
13.4.3 He/she will disclose no information concerning the business affairs or technical processes and data of clients or employers without their consent.
13.4.4 He/she will not undertake work which he/she believes will not be successful without first advising his/her client of his/her opinion.
13.4.5 He/she will promptly disclose to his/her client or employer any interest in a business which may compete with or affect the business of his/her client or employer. He/she will not allow an interest in any business to affect his/her decision regarding surveying work for which he/she is employed, or which he/she may be called upon to perform.
13.4.6 An employed surveyor will not solicit or accept other employment to the detriment of his/her regular work or the interests of his/her employer.
13.5 Relations With Surveyors.
13.5.1 The surveyor will see that those licensed to survey are properly qualified by character, ability and training and those who prove unworthy of their privileges are disciplined.
13.5.2 He/she will uphold the principle of appropriate and adequate compensation for those engaged in surveying work, including those in subordinate capacities, as being in the public interest and maintaining the standards of the profession.
13.5.3 He/she will endeavor to provide opportunity for the professional development and advancement of surveyors in his/her employ.
13.5.4 He/she will not directly or indirectly injure the professional reputation, prospects or practice of another surveyor. However, if he/she discovers an error or disagrees with the work of another surveyor, it is the duty of that surveyor to inform the other surveyor of such fact.
13.5.5 He/she will not review the work of another surveyor for the same client, except with the knowledge or consent of such surveyor or unless the connection of such surveyor with the work has been terminated.
13.5.6 He/she will not compete with another surveyor on the basis of charges by reducing his/her normal fees after having been informed of the charges named by the other, or undertake any work at a price that will not permit a satisfactory professional performance. Any offer of professional service should be on the basis of his/her regular fees.
13.5.7 He/she will not use the advantages of a salaried position (public or private) to compete unfairly with another surveyor, or use the advantages of instruments and office facilities (public or private) to compete with other surveyors without charging for such instruments and facilities at current rates.
13.5.8 He/she will not attempt to practice in any field of surveying in which he/she is not proficient. He/she should call in special consulting services to supplement his/her own experience and that of his/her organization on problems outside of their usual field.
14.0 Criminal History Reviews of Licensee Applicants
Part of the licensure process for applicants under 24 Del.C. Ch. 27 includes a requirement that the applicant not have a criminal conviction record, nor pending criminal charges relating to an offense, the circumstances of which substantially relate to the practice of land surveying. The Board shall review the information provided on the Application Form relating to this issue to determine if the applicant's criminal history record is substantially related to the practice of land surveying. Section 2708(a)(6).
15.0 Reciprocity Eligibility
15.1 24 Del.C. §2709 requires the Board to grant reciprocal licenses to applicants presenting proof of current licensure in good standing in another state, the District of Columbia, or territory of the United States, whose standards for licensure are "substantially similar" to Delaware standards.
15.2 All states that are contiguous to Delaware are considered to have "substantially similar" standards to the Delaware standards. In determining whether other jurisdiction's standards are substantially similar, the Board will consider the evidence presented by the applicant intended to show this similarity.
16.0 Renewal of Lapsed Licenses
A licensee may renew a license that has lapsed after the renewal date, by payment of the late fee penalty and proof of the required PDHs to the Division of Professional Regulation, if the licensee files for renewal within
two calendar years six (6) months of the most recent renewal date. A licensee who does not file for renewal within that period must re-apply for a new license. Section 2711.
17.0 Replacement of Lost, Destroyed or Mutilated Licenses
Lost, destroyed, or mutilated licenses may be replaced by payment of the appropriate fee to the Division of Professional Regulation. Section 2716(c).
18.0 Professional Seals, Rubber Stamps and Signatures
18.1 A raised seal shall be used wherever possible.
18.2 When a raised seal cannot be used, a rubber seal may be used, but only with red ink so that the lettering will stand out.
18.3 The signature must be originally hand written.
18.4 The seal to be used by a Delaware licensee shall conform to the above regulation and have two concentric circles. The inner circle shall contain only the words "REGISTERED," "NO.," and "DELAWARE." The area between the two circles shall contain, at the bottom, the words "PROFESSIONAL LAND SURVEYOR" reading counterclockwise and at the top, the name of the licensee as written below, reading clockwise.
18.5 The seal acceptable to the Board is the one recognized in the trade as the No. 1 official pocket size, which has an inner circle 1" in diameter and an outer circle 1 ½" in diameter. A sample is below. Replace JOHN DOE AND No. 123 with your name and number.
6 DE Reg. 271 (9/1/02)
CONDITION MARSH RURAL SUBURBAN URBAN REMARKS AND FORMULA
(minimum) 1: 5,000 1:7,500 1:10,000 1:15,000 Loop or between
(minimum) 30" Ö N 20" Ö N 15" Ö N 10" Ö N N=number of angles in traverse
of distances 0.10 ft 0.07 ft 0.05 ft 0.03 ft 100 ppm = 1:10,000
+ 200 ppm + 150 ppm + 100 ppm + 50 ppm
Elevations for boundaries
controlled by tides,
+ or -.50 ft + or -.50 ft + or -.50 ft + or -.50 ft Based on NGVD (1929)
contours, etc., accurate to: or NAVD 88
Location on subject property
of pertinent improvements, + or - 2 ft + or -1 ft + or -0.1 ft + or -0.1 ft Any shown improvement
structures, paving, etc. within 75' of subject property
lines must use these
Positional error in map
plotting not to exceed: 1/10 1/20 1/20 1/40 National Map accuracy
(applies to original map only) calls for 1/50th inch
0.1 acre 0.01 acre 0.001 acre + or – nearest Areas involving water
square foot = less boundary are left to
less than 1 acre; discretion of the licensee
0.0001 = greater
than 1 acre
EVALUATION OF APPLICANTS CREDENTIALS FOR LICENSURE
NO- License is denied
YES -Due process. State Ref: Administrative Procedures Act
Candidate is applying for initial license. Statute 2708
YES-Other jurisdiction is substantially similar. Statute 2709(a)
YES-Candidate sits for test
NO-propose to deny
YES -Candidate requests hearing
YES-Candidate passes test. Statute 2708(a)(2)
YES-Licensure. Statute 2706(a)(7)
Propose to deny
YES -Candidate has completed paperwork properly. Statute 2708(a)
YES-Candidate has 6 years combined office, field and boundary survey experience in responsible charge under licensed land surveyor. Statute 2708(a)
YES-Candidate has 5 years combined office, field and boundary survey experience in responsible charge under licensed land surveyor. Statute 2708(a)
YES-Candidate has 3 years combined office, field and boundary survey experience in responsible charge under licensed land surveyor. Statute 2708(a)
NO-Candidate has 10 years combined office, field & boundary survey experience in responsible charge under professional land surveyor. Statute 2708 (a)(1)(d)
NO-Candidate has successfully completed 32 semester hours or equivalent in land surveying or related subjects. Statute 2708(a)(1)(c)
NO-Candidate is graduate of 4 year. Related science curriculum. Statute 2708(a)(1)(b)
YES-Candidate is graduate of 4 year Surveying curriculum. Statute 2708(a)(1)(a)
Candidate is licensed in another jurisdiction. Statute 2709(a)
20.0 Crimes substantially related to practice of land surveyors
20.1 Conviction of any of the following crimes, or of the attempt to commit or of a conspiracy to commit or conceal or of solicitation to commit the following crimes, is deemed to be a crime substantially related to the practice of land surveyor in the State of Delaware without regard to the place of conviction:
20.1.1 Menacing. 11 Del.C. §602
20.1.2 Reckless endangering in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §603
20.1.3 Reckless endangering in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §604
20.1.4 Abuse of a pregnant female in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §605
20.1.5 Abuse of a pregnant female in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §606
20.1.6 Assault in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §612
20.1.7 Assault in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §613
20.1.8 Assault by abuse or neglect. 11 Del.C. §615
20.1.9 Terroristic threatening. 11 Del.C. §621(a)(b)
20.1.10 Unlawful administering drugs. 11 Del.C. §625
20.1.11 Unlawful administering controlled substance or counterfeit substance or narcotic drugs. 11 Del.C. §626
20.1.12 Prohibited acts as to substances releasing vapors or fumes. 11 Del.C. §627
20.1.13 Vehicular assault in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §628
20.1.14 Vehicular assault in the first degree.11 Del.C. §629
20.1.15 Vehicular homicide in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §630
20.1.16 Vehicular homicide in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §630A
20.1.17 Criminally negligent homicide. 11 Del.C. §631
20.1.18 Manslaughter. 11 Del.C. §632
20.1.19 Murder by abuse or neglect in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §633
20.1.20 Murder by abuse or neglect in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §634
20.1.21 Murder in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §635
20.1.22 Murder in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §636
20.1.23 Unlawful sexual contact in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §768
20.1.24 Unlawful sexual contact in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §769
20.1.25 Rape in the fourth degree. 11 Del.C. §770
20.1.26 Rape in the third degree. 11 Del.C. §771
20.1.27 Rape in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §772
20.1.28 Rape in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §773
20.1.29 Sexual extortion. 11 Del.C. §776
20.1.30 Continuous sexual abuse of a child. 11 Del.C. §778
20.1.31 Female genital mutilation. 11 Del.C. §780
20.1.32 Unlawful imprisonment in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §782
20.1.33 Kidnapping in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §783
20.1.34 Kidnapping in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §783A
20.1.35 Arson in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §803
20.1.36 Burglary in the third degree. 11 Del.C. §824
20.1.37 Burglary in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §825
20.1.38 Burglary in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §826
20.1.39 Multiple Offenses. 11 Del.C. §827
20.1.40 Possession of burglar’s tools or instruments facilitating theft. 11 Del.C. §828
20.1.41 Robbery in the second degree.11 Del.C. §831
20.1.42 Robbery in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §832
20.1.43 Carjacking in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §835
20.1.44 Carjacking in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §836
20.1.45 Shoplifting. 11 Del.C. § 840
20.1.46 Theft. 11 Del.C. §841
20.1.47 Theft of Services. 11 Del.C. §845
20.1.48 Extortion.11 Del.C. §846
20.1.49 Misapplication of property. 11 Del.C. §848
20.1.50 Theft of rented property. 11 Del.C. §849
20.1.51 Receiving stolen property. 11 Del.C. §851
20.1.52 Identity theft. 11 Del.C. §854
20.1.53 Forgery. 11 Del.C. §861
20.1.54 Falsifying business records. 11 Del.C. §871
20.1.55 Tampering with public records in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §873
20.1.56 Tampering with public records in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §876
20.1.57 Offering a false instrument for filing. 11 Del.C. §877
20.1.58 Issuing a false certificate. 11 Del.C. §878
20.1.59 Bribery. 11 Del.C. §881
20.1.60 Bribe receiving. 11 Del.C. §882
20.1.61 Issuing a bad check. 11 Del.C. §900
20.1.62 Criminal impersonation of a police officer. 11 Del.C. §907B
20.1.63 Unlawfully concealing a will. 11 Del.C. §908
20.1.64 Fraudulent conveyance of public lands. 11 Del.C. §911
20.1.65 Fraudulent receipt of public lands. 11 Del.C. §912
20.1.66 Insurance fraud. 11 Del.C. §913
20.1.67 Health care fraud. 11 Del.C. §913A
20.1.68 New home construction fraud. 11 Del.C. §917
20.1.69 Unauthorized access. 11 Del.C. §932
20.1.70 Theft of computer services. 11 Del.C. §933
20.1.71 Interruption of computer services. 11 Del.C. §934
20.1.72 Misuse of computer system information. 11 Del.C. §935
20.1.73 Destruction of computer equipment. 11 Del.C. §936
20.1.74 Dealing in children. 11 Del.C. §1100
20.1.75 Abandonment of a child. 11 Del.C. §1101
20.1.76 Endangering the welfare of a child. 11 Del.C. §1102
20.1.77 Sexual exploitation of a child. 11 Del.C. §1108
20.1.78 Unlawful dealing in child pornography. 11 Del.C. §1109
20.1.79 Possession of child pornography. 11 Del.C. §1111
20.1.80 Sexual solicitation of a child. 11 Del.C. §1112A
20.1.81 Bribery. 11 Del.C. §1201
20.1.82 Receiving a bribe. 11 Del.C. §1203
20.1.83 Giving unlawful gratuities. 11 Del.C. §1205
20.1.84 Receiving unlawful gratuities. 11 Del.C. §1206
20.1.85 Perjury in the third degree. 11 Del.C. §1221
20.1.86 Perjury in the second degree. 11 Del.C. §1222
20.1.87 Perjury in the first degree. 11 Del.C. §1223
20.1.88 Making a false written statement. 11 Del.C. §1233
20.1.89 Threats to public officials. 11 Del.C. §1240
20.1.90 Assault in a detention facility. 11 Del.C. §1254
20.1.91 Bribing a witness. 11 Del.C. §1261
20.1.92 Bribe receiving by a witness. 11 Del.C. §1262
20.1.93 Tampering with a witness. 11 Del.C. §1263
20.1.94 Interfering with child witness. 11 Del.C. §1263A
20.1.95 Bribing a juror. 11 Del.C. §1264
20.1.96 Bribe receiving by a juror. 11 Del.C. §1265
20.1.97 Tampering with physical evidence. 11 Del.C. §1269
20.1.98 Disorderly conduct. 11 Del.C. §1301
20.1.99 Felony hate crimes. 11 Del.C. §1304
20.1.100 Harassment. 11 Del.C. §1311
20.1.101 Aggravated harassment. 11 Del.C. §1312
20.1.102 Felony stalking. 11 Del.C. §1312A
20.1.103 Trading in human remains and associated funerary objects. 11 Del.C. §1333
20.1.104 Adulteration.11 Del.C. §1339
20.1.105 Carrying a concealed deadly weapon. 11 Del.C. §1442
20.1.106 Possessing a destructive weapon. 11 Del.C. §1444
20.1.107 Felony possession of a deadly weapon during the commission of a felony. 11 Del.C. §1447
20.1.108 Possession of a firearm during commission of a felony. 11 Del.C. §1447A
20.1.109 Possession and purchase of deadly weapons by persons prohibited. 11 Del.C. §1448
20.1.110 Theft of a firearm. 11 Del.C. §1451
20.1.111 Engaging in a firearms transaction on behalf of another. 11 Del.C. §1455
20.1.112 Removing a firearm from the possession of a law enforcement officer. 11 Del.C. §1458
20.1.113 Act of intimidation. 11 Del.C. §3532
20.1.114 Aggravated act of intimidation. 11 Del.C. §3533
20.1.115 Prohibited drug offenses A. 16 Del.C. §4751
20.1.116 Prohibited drug offenses B. 16 Del.C. §4752
20.1.117 Unlawful delivery of noncontrolled substances. 16 Del.C. §4752A
20.1.118 Prohibition against transfer, sale and purchase. 7 Del.C. §5306
20.1.119 Alteration, theft or destruction of will. 12 Del.C. §210
20.1.120 Receiving or transferring stolen vehicle. 21 Del.C. §6704
20.2 Crimes substantially related to the practice of professional land surveyors shall be deemed to include any crimes under any federal law, state law, or valid town, city or county ordinance, that are substantially similar to the crimes identified in this rule.
8 DE Reg. 1280 (3/1/05)
6 DE Reg. 271 (9/1/02)
10 DE Reg. 1630 (04/01/07) (Final)