This document outlines the Delaware Department of Transportation's (DelDOT) procedures for processing external complaints of discrimination filed under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (and related statutes as identified in Section 2.0) and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and/or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (ADA) on grounds of race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, or disability. The procedures are designed to provide due process for complainants and respondents.
2.1 The following Statutes, Regulations, Executive Orders, and References are incorporated by reference into DelDOT's External Complaints Procedure. The following Authorities define and affect the implementation of Title II/Section 504 and Title VI policies and procedures.
184.108.40.206 Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d, provides: No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
220.127.116.11 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 42 U.S.C. 794, et seq., provides: No qualified individual with a disability shall, by reason of his or her disability be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that receives or benefits from Federal financial assistance.
18.104.22.168 Age Discrimination Act of 1975, 42 U.S.C. 6101, provides: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
22.214.171.124 Federal Aid Highway Act of 1973, 23 U.S.C. 324, provides: No person shall, on the ground of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal assistance under this Title or carried on under this Title.
126.96.36.199 The Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987, P.L. 100-209, provides: Clarification of the original intent of Congress in Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The Act restores the broad, institution-wide scope and coverage of the nondiscrimination statutes to include all programs and activities of Federal-aid recipients, sub-recipients, and contractors, whether such programs and activities are federally assisted or not.
188.8.131.52 Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12131, et seq., provides: No qualified individual with a disability shall, by reason of such disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination by a department, agency, special purpose district, or other instrumentality of a State or local government.
“ADA” means the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
“ADAAG” means the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines.
“CFR” means the Code of Federal Regulations.
“DelDOT” means the Delaware Department of Transportation.
“Discrimination” means any act or inaction, whether intentional or unintentional in any program or activity of a Federal-aid recipient, sub-recipient, or contractor, which results in disparate (unfavorable) treatment, disparate impact, or perpetuating the effects of prior discrimination based on race, color, sex, national origin, age, disability or in the case of disability, failing to make a reasonable accommodation. An action (or inaction) whether intentional or unintentional, through which a person, based on race, color, sex, age, national origin or disability, has been subjected to unequal treatment or denied benefits under any program or activity receiving financial assistance from the FHWA under Title 23 U.S.C.
“EEOC” means the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
“E.O.” means Executive Order.
“FHWA” means the Federal Highway Administration.
“FTA” means the Federal Transportation Administration.
“HCR” means the Federal Highway Administration Headquarters Office of Civil Rights.
“Investigator” means an individual or entity assigned to conduct an investigation of a complaint. This may be DelDOT personnel or consultant(s) acting on DelDOT's behalf.
“Investigative report (IR)” means a written record which contains various documents and information acquired during the investigation under this procedure, including affidavits of the complainant, the alleged discriminating official, and the witnesses, and copies of, or extracts from, records, policy statements, or regulations of the agency, organized to show their relevance to the complaint or the general environment out of which the complaint arose. This document will be provided to the Federal Highway Administration, as required, and will otherwise be maintained confidentially, except where a lawsuit on the same subject has been filed.
“LOF” means Letter of Finding.
“Probable cause” means evidence and information gathered and reviewed as part of the investigation that support the allegations of the complainant and comprise sufficient support that discrimination, or a violation, and/or non-compliance may have occurred.
“Respondent” means a person, party, business entity or agency whose action or inaction results in the filing of a complaint by an aggrieved party as being discriminatory or non-compliant with applicable statutes, regulations and policies.
“U.S.C.” means the United States Code.
“USDOJ” means the U.S. Department of Justice.
“USDOT” means the U.S. Department of Transportation.
Any person or any specific class of persons, by themselves or by a representative, organizations or business entities that believe they have been subjected to discrimination or retaliation prohibited by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI) and related statutes, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504), or Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) may file a complaint.
4.2.1 A complaint is a written or electronic statement concerning an allegation of discrimination that contains a request for the receiving office to take action. Complaints should be in writing and signed and may be filed by mail, fax, in person, or e-mail. A complaint should contain at least the following information:
184.108.40.206 The complainant may call the agency and provide the allegations by telephone. The agency will transcribe the allegations of the complaint as provided over the telephone and send a written complaint to the complainant for signature and confirmation of the accuracy of the written complaint.
220.127.116.11 Complaints in languages other than English will be translated and responded to in the language in which they were sent in accordance with E.O. 13166, "Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency." DelDOT will provide translation services in as many languages as it has available to it.
18.104.22.168 The complainant could not reasonably be expected to know the act was discriminatory within the 180-day period, and the complaint was filed within 60 days after the complainant became aware of the alleged discrimination;
22.214.171.124 The complainant was unable to file a complaint because of incapacitating illness or other incapacitating circumstances during the 180-day period, and the complaint was filed within 60 days after the period of incapacitation ended;
126.96.36.199 The complainant filed a complaint alleging the same discriminatory conduct within the 180-day period with another Federal, State or local civil rights enforcement agency, and filed a complaint with DelDOT within 60 days after the other agency had completed its investigation or notified the complainant that it would take no further action;
188.8.131.52 The complainant filed, within the 180-day period, an internal grievance alleging the same discriminatory conduct that is the subject of DelDOT complaint, and the complaint is filed no later than 60 days after the internal grievance is concluded;
184.108.40.206 Some complaints may be referred to DelDOT by other agencies. In the event the referring agency has the complaint in its possession for an inordinately long period of time and the complainant filed his or her complaint with that agency within the 180-day timeframe, DelDOT will automatically grant an informal extension. In these cases, the complainant will not receive notification of the extension of the filing deadline.
4.5.2 Title VI complaints filed against sub-recipients will be processed by DelDOT in accordance with these complaint procedures. However, only HCR has the authority to make all final decisions including dismissing complaints and issuing LOFs.
4.5.4 DelDOT may use contract investigators to conduct investigations if necessary to prevent or eliminate a backlog of complaints. All complaints will be investigated in accordance with approved complaint processing procedures.
5.2.1 The following are examples of items that are not considered a complaint, unless the item contains a signed cover letter specifically asking that the agency take action concerning the allegations:
5.3.2 If the complaint is unclear or incomplete, the complainant will be contacted in writing or by telephone to obtain additional information. The complainant will have 15 calendars days to respond to the request for additional information.
5.3.3 Once the complaint is complete and no additional information is needed, the Complainant Consent/Release form and the Notice About Investigatory Uses of Personal Information form will be sent to the complainant for signature.
Title VI and ADA Title II/Section 504 complaint investigations will be completed within 90 days of receipt of the complete complaint unless circumstances exist justifying additional investigative time.
220.127.116.11 The complaint has been investigated by another agency and the resolution of the complaint meets USDOT/FHWA regulatory standards; e.g., all allegations were investigated, appropriate legal standards were applied, and any remedies secured meet USDOT's standards;
5.10.1 It is in the best interest of all parties involved that issues raised in a complaint of discrimination be resolved informally. Every effort will be made to pursue resolution of the complaint, even while the investigation is underway.
5.10.3 Complainants will be advised of their right to file their grievances with other governmental agencies possessing the statutory authority to accept and process such complaints; (such as the Delaware Human Relations Commission, Delaware Department of Labor) or, appropriate Federal agencies, including but not limited to FHWA, FTA, USDOT or the EEOC.
18.104.22.168 A Title VI finding of violation, no violation, or dismissal is a Federal decision that cannot be delegated. DelDOT can conduct a Title VI investigation of its sub-recipients or contractors and make a recommended finding to the Federal decision-making authority; the HCR has sole authority for all final decisions, dismissals, and LOFs.
22.214.171.124 When the ADA Title II/Section 504 Coordinator is unable to mediate a resolution of the complaint, the ADA Title II/Section 504 Coordinator will arrange a meeting with the complainant and their authorized representative(s), if applicable. If the complaint involves additional agencies/entities, the ADA Title II/Section 504 Coordinator will attempt to coordinate the meeting to include participation of an official representative from all parties involved.
6.2 For Title II/Section 504 Complaints: If the complainant wishes to appeal the ADA Title II/Section 504 Coordinator's determination, the complaint can be submitted to the US Department of Justice, Disability Rights Section, ADA Mediation Program. The ADA Mediation Program will follow its established complaint resolution and appeal processes as are appropriate for each specific complaint.