1.1 Preamble. The Secretary of Delaware Health and Social Services adopts these Regulations pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary by 16 Del.C. §122. These Regulations establish standards for the sanitary operation of public pools. For the purpose of these Regulations, the term “public pool” as defined in 16 Del.C. §122(1) and (3) (d) and (j). These Regulations provide a system of permitting and inspection of public pools and procedures for enforcement.
1.2 Purpose. To provide minimum standards for design, construction, maintenance and operation of public pools in the State of Delaware, and to assure a clean, healthful, and safe environment for all bathers using these pools. These Regulations in no way preclude a facility from establishing additional rules and operating procedures as long as they do not contradict those established herein.
1.3 Severability. In the event any particular clause or section of these Regulations should be declared invalid or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining portions shall remain in full force and effect.
1.5.1 A licensee may seek a variance from these Regulations by making a request for variance to the Division. The Division may grant a variance by modifying or waiving the requirements of these Regulations if in the opinion of the Division a health hazard or nuisance will not result from the variance.
“Approved” means acceptable to the Division, unless stated otherwise, based on its determination as to conformance with appropriate standards and good public health practices.
“Aquatic Facility” means a physical place that contains one or more aquatic venues and support infrastructure.
“Aquatic Facility or Aquatic Venue Enclosure” means an uninterrupted barrier surrounding and securing an aquatic facility or aquatic venue.
“Aquatic Feature” means an individual component within an aquatic venue. Examples include slides, structures designed to be climbed or walked across, and structures that create falling or shooting water.
“Aquatic Venue” means an artificially constructed structure or modified natural structure where the general public is exposed to water intended for recreational or therapeutic purpose. Such structures do not necessarily contain standing water, so water exposure may occur via contact, ingestion, or aerosolization. Examples include swimming pools, wave pools, lazy rivers, surf pools, spas (including spa pools and hot tubs), therapy pools, waterslide landing pools, spray pads, and other interactive water venues.
“Increased Risk Aquatic Venue” means an aquatic venue which due to its intrinsic characteristics and intended users has a greater likelihood of affecting the of the bathers of that venue by being at increased risk for microbial contamination (e.g., by children less than 5 years old) or being used by people that may be more susceptible to infection (e.g., therapy patients with open wounds). Examples of increased-risk aquatic venues include spray pads, wading pools and other aquatic venues designed for children less than five years old as well as therapy pools.
“Lazy River” means a channeled flow of water of near−constant depth in which the water is moved by pumps or other means of propulsion to provide a river−like flow that transports bathers over a defined path. A lazy river may include play features and devices. A lazy river may also be referred to as a tubing pool, leisure river, leisure pool or a current channel.
“Spa” means a structure intended for either warm or cold water where prolonged exposure is not intended. Spa structures are intended to be used for bathing or other recreational uses and are not usually drained and refilled after each use. It may include, but is not limited to, hydrotherapy, air induction bubbles, and recirculation.
“Special Use Aquatic Venue” means aquatic venues that do not meet the intended use and design
“Attendant” means a person who meets the training requirements of the Division specified in Section 9.7.
“Attendant on Duty” means an attendant who is either at poolside or in the pool (special situations), visually guarding the life of the bathers. An attendant on duty shall not be assigned other duties that will distract his/her attention from proper observation of the bathers, or prevent the rendering of immediate assistance to someone in distress. In facilities with a spa pool(s) only it means an attendant who is on the premises and can be easily located and summoned to render assistance to someone in distress. If the attendant is not in direct view of the spa pool when it is open, he/she shall be located such that the poolside alarm required by Section 9.19. can be easily heard.
“Automated Controller” means a system of at least one chemical probe, a controller, and auxiliary or integrated component that senses the level of one or more water parameters and provides a signal to other equipment to maintain the parameters within a user-established range.
“Backflow” means a hydraulic condition caused by a difference in water pressure that causes an undesirable reversal of the flow as the result of a higher pressure in the system than in its supply.
“Bather” means a person at an aquatic venue who has contact with water either through spray or partial or total immersion. The term bather as defined, also includes staff members, and refers to those users who can be exposed to contaminated water as well as potentially contaminate the water.
“Bather Count” means the number of bathers in an aquatic venue at any given time.
“Beneficial Owner” means an ownership interest in the entity owning the pool through direct ownership of the real property where the pool is located, direct ownership of stock in a stock corporation owning the real property where the stock represents an equity interest in the corporation, or direct ownership through being a member in a limited liability company (L.L.C.) or a partner in a partnership owning the real property upon which the pool is placed.
“Breakpoint Chlorination” means the conversion of inorganic chloramine compounds to nitrogen gas by reaction with Free Available Chlorine. When chlorine is added to water containing ammonia (from urine, sweat, or the environment, for example), it initially reacts with the ammonia to form monochloramine. If more chlorine is added, monochloramine is converted into dichloramine, which decomposes into nitrogen gas, hydrochloric acid and chlorine. The apparent residual chlorine decreases since it is partially reduced to hydrochloric acid. The point at which the drop occurs is referred to as the “breakpoint”. The amount of free chlorine that must be added to the water to achieve breakpoint chlorination is approximately ten times the amount of combined chlorine in the water. As additional chlorine is added, all inorganic combined chlorine compounds disappear, resulting in a decrease in eye irritation potential and “chlorine odors.”
“Chemical Storage Space” means a space in an aquatic facility used for the storage of pool chemicals such as acids, salt, or corrosive or oxidizing chemicals. “Chemical Storage Space” means a space in an aquatic facility used for the storage of pool chemicals such as acids, salt, or corrosive or oxidizing chemicals.
“Chlorine” means an element that at room temperature and pressure is a heavy greenish yellow gas with a characteristic penetrating and irritating smell; it is extremely toxic. It can be compressed in liquid form and stored in heavy steel tanks. When mixed with water, chlorine gas forms hypochlorous acid, the primary chlorine-based disinfecting agent, hypochlorite ion, and hydrochloric acid. Hypochlorous acid dissociation to hypochlorite ion is highly pH dependent. Chlorine is a general term used in these regulations which refers to hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ion in aqueous solution derived from chlorine gas or a variety of chlorine-based disinfecting agents.
“Available Chlorine” means the amount of chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, which is the reactive, oxidized form. In contrast, chloride ion (Cl–) is in the -1 oxidation state, which is the inert, reduced state. Available Chlorine is subdivided into Free Available Chlorine and Combined Available Chlorine. Pool chemicals containing Available Chlorine are both oxidizers and disinfectants. Elemental chlorine (Cl2) is defined as containing 100% available chlorine. The concentration of Available Chlorine in water is normally reported as mg/L (PPM) “as Cl2”, that is, the concentration is measured on a Cl2 basis, regardless of the source of the Available Chlorine.
“Free Chlorine Residual” OR “Free Available Chlorine” means the portion of the total available chlorine that is not “combined chlorine” and is present as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) or hypochlorite ion (OCl-).The pH of the water determines the relative amounts of hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ion. HOCl is a very effective bactericide and is the active bactericide in pool water. OCl-is also a bactericide, but acts more slowly than HOCl. Thus, chlorine is a more effective bactericide at low pH than at high pH. A free chlorine residual must be maintained for adequate disinfection.
“Competitive Diving” means either the training of divers or an actual diving competition among trained divers, which is sanctioned by the Federation International de Natation Amateur (FINA), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFSHSA) or United States Diving Inc. (USD). The institution which is sponsoring the diving training or diving competition shall be responsible for the hiring of a qualified person(s) who is competent and knowledgeable in the areas of diving mechanics and safety. This person(s) shall be present at every practice session and competition in order to ensure proper training, supervision and safety.
“Contaminant” means a substance that soils, stains, corrupts, or infects another substance by contact or association.
“Contamination Response Plan” means a plan for handling contamination from formed-stool, diarrheal-stool, vomit, and blood.
“Corrosive Materials” means pool chemicals, fertilizers, cleaning chemicals, oxidizing cleaning materials, salt, de-icing chemicals, other corrosive or oxidizing materials, pesticides, and such other materials which may cause injury to people or damage to the building, air-handling equipment, electrical equipment, safety equipment, or fire-suppression equipment, whether by direct contact or by contact via fumes or vapors, whether in original form or in a foreseeably likely decomposition, pyrolysis, or polymerization form. Refer to labels and SDS forms.
“Crack” means any and all breaks in the structural shell of a pool vessel or deck.
“Cross-Connection” means a connection or arrangement, physical or otherwise, between a potable water supply system and a plumbing fixture, tank, receptor, equipment, or device, through which it may be possible for non-potable, used, unclean, polluted and contaminated water, or other substances to enter into a part of such potable water system under any condition.
“CT Value” means a representation of the concentration of the disinfectant (C) multiplied by time in minutes (T) needed for inactivation of a particular contaminant. The concentration and time are inversely proportional; therefore, the higher the concentration of the disinfectant, the shorter the contact time required for inactivation. The CT value can vary with pH or temperature change so these values must also be supplied to allow comparison between values.
“Cyanuric Acid” means a chemical added to pool water intended to counteract degradation of the chlorine residual by ultraviolet light.
“Deck” means surface areas serving the aquatic venue, including the perimeter/wet deck, pool deck, and dry deck.
“Dry Deck” means all pedestrian surface areas within the aquatic venue enclosure not subject to frequent splashing or constant wet foot traffic. The dry deck is not perimeter deck or pool deck, which connect the pool to adjacent amenities, entrances, and exits. Landscape areas are not included in this definition.
“Perimeter/Wet Deck” means the hardscape surface area immediately adjacent to and within four feet (1.2 m) of the edge of the swimming pool also known as the “wet deck” area.
“Pool Deck” means surface areas serving the aquatic venue, beyond perimeter deck, which is expected to be regularly trafficked and made wet by bathers.
“Diaper-Changing Station” means a hygiene station that includes a diaper-changing unit, hand-washing sink, soap and dispenser, a means for drying hands, trash receptacle, and disinfectant products to clean after use.
“Diaper-Changing Unit” means a diaper-changing surface that is part of a diaper-changing station.
“Dichloramine” means a disinfection by-product formed when chlorine binds to nitrogenous waste in pool water to form an amine- containing compound with two chlorine atoms (NHCl2). It is a known acute respiratory and ocular irritant.
“Director” means the Director of the Division of Public Health or an authorized agent.
“Disinfection” means a treatment that kills or irreversibly inactivates microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, and parasites); in water treatment, a chemical (commonly chlorine, chloramine, or ozone) or physical process (e.g., ultraviolet radiation) can be used.
“Disinfection By-Product” means a chemical compound formed by the reaction of a disinfectant (e.g. chlorine) with a precursor (e.g. natural organic matter, nitrogenous waste from bathers) in a water system (pool, water supply).
“Diving” means a head first entry into a body of water.
"Division" means the Division of Public Health of the Department of Health and Social Services, or anyone authorized by the Division as its designated representative, in conformance with 29 Del.C. §7904.
“Emergency Action Plan” means a plan that identifies the objectives that need to be met for a specific type of emergency, who will respond, what each person’s role will be during the response and what equipment is required as part of the response.
“Enclosure” means an uninterrupted constructed feature or obstacle used to surround and secure an area that is intended to deter or effectively prevent unpermitted, uncontrolled, and unfettered access. It is designed to resist climbing and to prevent passage through it and under it. Enclosure can apply to aquatic facilities or aquatic venues.
“Environmental Health Survey” means a comprehensive on-site review of the facilities, operation and management of a pool for the purpose of determining whether a safe environment and bathing water of acceptable quality are being provided.
“EPA Registered” means all products regulated and registered under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA; http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/lfra.html). EPA registered products will have a registration number on the label (usually it will state “EPA Reg No.” followed by a series of numbers). This registration number can be verified by using the EPA National Pesticide Information Retrieval System (http://ppis.ceris.purdue.edu/#).
“Equipment Room” means a space intended for the operation of pool pumps, filters, heaters, and controllers. This space is not intended for the storage of hazardous pool chemicals.
“Exit Gate” means an emergency exit, which is a gate or door allowing free exit at all times.
“Expansion Joint” means a watertight joint provided in a pool vessel used to relieve flexural stresses due to movement caused by thermal expansion/contraction.
“Fence” means a continuous vertical barrier, either solid, or with openings, holes or gaps not exceeding four (4) inches in diameter or width, completely enclosing the pool area which will prevent the entry of small children and minimize the entry of unauthorized or unwary persons.
“Flume” means the riding channels of a waterslide which accommodate riders using or not using mats, tubes, rafts, and other transport vehicles as they slide along a path lubricated by a water flow.
“Foot Baths” means standing water in which bathers or aquatics staff rinse their feet.
“Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupter” means a device for protection of personnel that de-energizes an electrical circuit or portion thereof in the event of excessive ground current.
“Guardian” is an adult designated by a parent who is responsible for the children and their behavior.
“Halogen” means one of the chemical elements chlorine, bromine, or iodine.
“Hand Wash Station” means a location which has a hand wash sink, adjacent soap with dispenser, hand drying device or paper towels and dispenser, and trash receptacle.
“Hot Water” means an aquatic venue with water temperature over 90 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius).
“Hygiene Facility” means a structure or part of a structure that contains toilet, shower, diaper-changing unit, hand wash station, and dressing capabilities serving bathers and patrons at an aquatic facility.
“Hygiene Fixtures” means all components necessary for hygiene facilities including plumbing fixtures, diaper-changing stations, hand wash stations, trashcans, soap dispensers, paper towel dispensers or hand dryers, and toilet paper dispensers.
“Hyperchlorination” means the intentional and specific raising of chlorine levels for a prolonged period of time to inactivate pathogens following a fecal or vomit release in an aquatic venue as outlined in these regulations Section 9.28.
“Imminent Health Hazard” means a significant threat or danger to health that is considered to exist when there is evidence sufficient to show that a product, practice, circumstance, or event creates a situation that requires immediate correction or cessation of operation to prevent injury based on the number of potential injuries and the nature, severity, and duration of the anticipated injury or illness.
“Inactive Pool” means a pool which has been closed for twelve (12) or more continuous months.
“Indoor Aquatic Facility” means a physical place that contains one or more aquatic venues and the surrounding bather and spectator/stadium seating areas within a structure that meets the definition of “Building” per the 2012 International Building Code. It does not include equipment, chemical storage, or bather hygiene rooms or any other rooms with a direct opening to the aquatic facility. Otherwise known as a natatorium.
“Infinity Edge” means a pool wall structure and adjacent perimeter deck that is designed in such a way where the top of the pool wall and adjacent deck are not visible from certain vantage points in the pool or from the opposite side of the pool. Water from the pool flows over the edge and is captured and treated for reuse through the normal pool filtration system. They are often also referred to as “vanishing edges,” “negative edges,” or “zero edges.”
“Inlet” means wall or floor fittings where treated water is returned to the pool.
“Interactive Water Play Aquatic Venue” means any indoor or outdoor installation that includes sprayed, jetted or other water sources contacting bathers and not incorporating standing or captured water as part of the bather activity area. These aquatic venues are also known as splash pads, spray pads, wet decks. For the purposes of these regulations, only those designed to recirculate water and intended for public use and recreation shall be regulated.
“Lifeguard on Duty” means a lifeguard who is either poolside or in the pool (special situations), visually guarding the life of the bathers. A lifeguard on duty shall not be assigned other duties that will distract his/her attention from proper observation of the bathers, or prevent the rendering of immediate assistance to someone in distress.
“mg/L” means milligrams per liter and is the equivalent metric measure to parts per million (PPM).
“Monitoring” is the regular and purposeful observation and checking of systems or facilities and recording of data, including system alerts, excursions from acceptable ranges, and other facility issues. Monitoring includes human or electronic means.
“No Diving Marker” means a sign with the words “No Diving” and the universal international symbol for “No Diving” pictured as an image of a diver with a red circle with a slash through it.
“NTU” means Nephelometric Turbidity Unit which is a means of measuring the water turbidity.
“Oocyst” means the thick-walled, environmentally resistant structure released in the feces of infected animals that serves to transfer the infectious stages of sporozoan parasites (e.g., Cryptosporidium) to new hosts.
“ORP” means oxidation reduction potential which is an electrical measurement in millivolts (mV) of the strength of the disinfectant (oxidizer). A higher ORP means a higher disinfecting potential.
“Oxidation” means the process of changing the chemical structure of water contaminants by either increasing the number of oxygen atoms or reducing the number of electrons of the contaminant or other chemical reaction, which allows the contaminant to be more readily removed from the water or made more soluble in the water. It is the “chemical cleaning” of pool water. Oxidation can be achieved by common disinfectants (e.g., chlorine, bromine), secondary disinfection/sanitation systems (e.g. ozone) and oxidizers (e.g. potassium monopersulfate).
“Oxidation Reduction Potential” means a measure of the tendency for a solution to either gain or lose electrons; higher (more positive) oxidation reduction potential indicates a more oxidative solution.
“Patron” means a bather or other person or occupant at an aquatic facility who may or may not have contact with aquatic venue water either through partial or total immersion. Patrons may not have contact with aquatic venue water, but could still be exposed to potential contamination from the aquatic facility air, surfaces, or aerosols.
“Peninsula / Wing Wall” means a structural projection into a pool intended to provide separation within the body of water.
“Perimeter Gutter System” means the alternative to skimmers as a method to remove water from the pool’s surface for treatment. The gutter provides a level structure along the pool perimeter versus intermittent skimmers.
“Person” means any corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company or individual.
“Person in Charge” means the/an owner of the pool. This individual shall represent the pool at any hearing scheduled pursuant to 15.3. Every pool shall, upon request, provide the Division with the name of the person(s) in charge and how they can be contacted. An operator, hired by the/an owner, cannot be the person in charge.
“pH” means the negative log of the concentration of hydrogen ions. When water ionizes, it produces hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxide ions (OH-). If there is an excess of hydrogen ions the water is acidic. If there is an excess of hydroxide ions the water is basic. pH ranges from 0 to 14. Pure water has a pH of 7.0. If pH is higher than 7.0, the water is said to be basic, or alkaline. If the water’s pH is lower than 7.0, the water is acidic. As pH is raised, more ionization occurs and chlorine disinfectants decrease in effectiveness.
“Plumbing Fixture” means a receptacle, fixture, or device that is connected to a water supply system or discharges to a drainage system or both and may be used for the distribution and use of water; for example: toilets, urinals, showers, and hose bibs. Such receptacles, fixtures, or devices require a supply of water; or discharge liquid waste or liquid-borne solid waste; or require a supply of water and discharge waste to a drainage system.
“Pool” means a subset of aquatic venues designed to have standing water for total or partial bather immersion. This does not include spas.
“Activity Pool” means a water attraction designed primarily for play activity that uses constructed features and devices including pad walks, flotation devices, and similar attractions.
“Diving Pool” means a pool used exclusively for diving.
“Landing Pool” means an aquatic venue or designated section of an aquatic venue located at the exit of one or more waterslide flumes. The body of water is intended and designed to receive a bather emerging from the flume for the purpose of terminating the slide action and providing a means of exit to a deck or walkway area.
“Skimmer Pool” means a pool using a skimmer system.
“Spa Pool” means a pool containing water greater than ninety five (95) degrees Fahrenheit (oF), which is not emptied after each use, has a maximum depth of four (4) feet, is large enough for the immersion of one person and may have a high velocity air and/or water jet system.
“Spray Pads” means any indoor or outdoor installation that includes sprayed, jetted or other water sources contacting bathers and not incorporating standing or captured water as part of the bather activity area. For the purposes of these Regulations only those designed to recirculate water and intended for public use and recreation shall be regulated.
“Surf Pool” means any pool designed to generate waves dedicated to the activity of surfing on a surfboard or analogous surfing device commonly used in the ocean and intended for sport as opposed to general play intent for wave pools.
“Therapy Pool” means a pool used exclusively for aquatic therapy, physical therapy, and/or rehabilitation to treat a diagnosed injury, illness, or medical condition, wherein the therapy is provided under the direct supervision of a licensed physical therapist, occupational therapist, or athletic trainer. This could include wounded patients or immunocompromised patients whose health could be impacted if there is not additional water quality protection.
“Wading Pool” means any pool used exclusively for wading and intended for use by young children where the depth does not exceed two feet (0.6 m).
“Wave Pools” means any pool designed to simulate breaking or cyclic waves for purposes of general play. A wave pool is not the same as a surf pool, which generates waves dedicated to the activity of surfing on a surfboard or analogous surfing device commonly used in the ocean and intended for sport as opposed to general play intent for wave pools.
“Private Pool” means any indoor or outdoor artificial basin containing a body of water which is used for swimming, wading, diving, recreative bathing, or other aquatic purposes and is not open to the general public, or a limited section of the public, but is intended strictly for the use of the beneficial owner(s) and his/her/their family and/or their guests in either of the following situations:
“Public Water Systems” means water systems including community water systems, non-transient/non-community water systems, or transient non-community water systems with exceptions as noted by the Division and EPA.
“Qualified Lifeguard” means an individual who has successfully completed a Division recognized lifeguard training course offered by a Division recognized training agency, holds a current certificate for such training, has met the pre-service requirements, and is participating in continuing in-service training requirements of the aquatic facility.
“Qualified Lifeguard Supervisor” means an individual responsible for the oversight of lifeguard performance and emergency response at an aquatic facility. A qualified lifeguard supervisor is an individual who has successfully completed a lifeguard supervisor training course and holds an unexpired certificate for such training; and who has met the pre-service and continuing in-service requirements of the aquatic facility according to this code.
“Qualified Operator” means an individual, that is at least 18 years old, that is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the water and air quality systems and the associated infrastructure of the aquatic facility and who has successfully completed a Division recognized operator training course to operate an aquatic facility offered by a Division recognized training agency and holds a current certificate for such training.
“Recessed Steps” means a way of ingress/egress for a pool similar to a ladder but the individual treads are recessed into the pool wall.
“Recirculation System” means the combination of the main drain, gutter or skimmer, inlets, piping, pumps, controls, surge tank or balance tank to provide pool water recirculation to and from the pool and the treatment systems.
“Reduction Equivalent Dose (RED) bias” means a variable used in UV system validation to account for differences in UV sensitivity between the UV system challenge microbe and the actual microbe to be inactivated (e.g., Cryptosporidium).
“Re-entrainment” means a situation where the exhaust(s) from a ventilated source such as an indoor aquatic facility is located too close to the air handling system intake(s), which allows the exhausted air to be re-captured by the air handling system so it is transported directly back into the aquatic facility.
“Responsible Supervisor” means an individual on-site that is responsible for water treatment operations when a “qualified operator” is not on-site at an aquatic facility.
“Robotic Cleaner” means a modular vacuum system consisting of a motor-driven, in-pool suction device, either self-powered or powered through a low voltage cable, which is connected to a deck-side power supply.
“Run-Out Slide” means that part of a waterslide where riders are intended to decelerate and/or come to a stop. The runout is a continuation of the waterslide flume surface.
“Safety” (as it relates to construction items) means a design standard intended to prevent inadvertent or hazardous operation or use (i.e., a passive engineering strategy).
“Safety Plan” means a written document that has procedures, requirements and/or standards related to safety which the aquatic facility staff shall follow. These plans include training, emergency response, and operations procedures.
“Safety Team” means any employee of the aquatic facility with job responsibilities related to the aquatic facility’s emergency action plan.
“Sanitize” means reducing the level of microbes to that considered safe by public health standards. This may be achieved through a variety of chemical or physical means including chemical treatment, physical cleaning, or drying.
“Saturation Index” means a mathematical representation or scale representing the ability of water to deposit calcium carbonate, or dissolve metal, concrete or grout.
“Secondary Disinfection Systems” means those disinfection processes or systems installed in addition to the standard systems required on all aquatic venues, which are required to be used for increased risk aquatic venues.
“Secretary, Delaware Health and Social Services” means the Administrator of the Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) of the State of Delaware, who shall hereafter in this document be referred to as the Secretary, DHSS in conformance with 29 Del.C. §7904.
“Shower” means a device that sprays water on the body.
“Cleansing Shower” means a shower located within a hygiene facility using warm water and soap. The purpose of these showers is to remove contaminants including perianal fecal material, sweat, skin cells, personal care products, and dirt before bathers enter the aquatic venue.
“Rinse Shower” means a shower typically located in the pool deck area with ambient temperature water. The main purpose is to remove dirt, sand, or organic material prior to entering the aquatic venue to reduce the introduction of contaminants and the formation of disinfection by-products.
“Skimmer” means a device installed in the pool wall whose purpose is to remove floating debris and surface water to the filter. They shall include a weir to allow for the automatic adjustment to small changes in water level, maintaining skimming of the surface water.
“Skimmer System” means periodic locations along the top of the pool wall for removal of water from the pool’s surface for treatment.
“Slide” means an aquatic feature where users slide down from an elevated height into water.
“Drop Slide” means a slide that drops bathers into the water from a height above the water versus delivering the bather to the water entry point.
“Pool Slide” means a slide having a configuration as defined in The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Ch. II, Title 16 Part 1207 by CSPC, or is similar in construction to a playground slide used to allow users to slide from an elevated height to a pool. They shall include children’s (tot) slides and all other non- flume slides that are mounted on the pool deck or within the basin of a public swimming pool.
“Waterslide” means a slide that runs into a landing pool or runout through a fabricated channel with flowing water.
“Slip Resistant” means a textured surface that is neither conducive to slipping when wet nor abrasive to bare feet and has a minimum static coefficient of friction of 0.6 (measured by an approved method).
“Standard” means something established by authority, custom, or general consent as a model for example.
“Structural Crack” means a break or split in the pool surface that weakens the structural integrity of the vessel.
“Substantial Alteration” means the alteration, modification, or renovation of an aquatic venue (for outdoor aquatic facilities) or indoor aquatic facility (for indoor aquatic facilities) where the total cost of the work exceeds 50% of the replacement cost of the aquatic venue (for outdoor aquatic facilities) or indoor aquatic facility (for indoor aquatic facilities).
“Superchlorinate” means the addition of large quantities of chlorine-based chemicals to kill algae, destroy odors, or improve the ability to maintain a disinfectant residual. This process is different from Hyperchlorination, which is a prescribed amount to achieve a specific CT value whereas Superchlorination is the raising of free chlorine levels for water quality maintenance.
“Supplemental Treatment Systems” means those disinfection processes or systems which are not required on an aquatic venue for health and safety reasons. They may be used to enhance overall system performance and improve water quality.
“Theoretical Peak Occupancy” means the anticipated peak number of bathers in an aquatic venue or the anticipated peak number of occupants of the decks of an aquatic facility. This is the lower limit of peak occupancy to be used for design purposes for determining services that support occupants. Theoretical peak occupancy is used to determine the number of showers. For aquatic venues, the theoretical peak occupancy is calculated around the type of water use or space:
“Agitated Water” means an aquatic venue with mechanical means (aquatic features) to discharge, spray, or move the water's surface above and/or below the static water line of the aquatic venue so people are standing or playing vertically. Where there is no static water line, movement shall be considered above the deck plane.
“Flat Water” means an aquatic venue in which the water line is static except for movement made by users usually as a horizontal use as in swimming. Diving spargers do not void the flat water definition.
“Hot Water” means an aquatic venue with a water temperature over 90oF (32oC).
“Stadium Seating” means an area of high-occupancy seating provided above the pool level for observation.
“Trichloramine” means a disinfection by-product formed when chlorine binds to nitrogenous waste in pool water to form an amine-containing compound with three chlorine atoms (NCl3). It is a known acute respiratory and ocular irritant. It has low solubility in water and is rapidly released into the air above pools where it can accumulate, particularly in indoor settings.
“Trihalomethanes” means chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH4) are replaced by halogen atoms.
“Turbidity” means a measure of the clarity or cloudiness of water
"Turnover" or "Turnover Rate" means the period of time, usually expressed in hours, required to circulate a volume of water equal to the capacity of the aquatic venue.
“Underwater Bench” means a submerged seat with or without hydrotherapy jets.
“Underwater Ledge” or “Underwater Toe Ledge” means a continuous step in the pool wall that allows swimmers to rest by standing without treading water.
“UV Transmissivity” means the percentage measurement of ultraviolet light able to pass through a solution.
“Water Quality Testing Device” means a product designed to measure the level of a parameter in water. A WQTD includes a device or method to provide a visual indication of a parameter level, and may include one or more reagents and accessory items.
“Zero Depth Entry” means a sloped entry into a pool from deck level into the interior of the pool as a means of access and egress.
3.1.1 No person shall operate a public pool who does not have a valid permit issued by the Division. Only a person who complies with the requirements of these Regulations shall be entitled to receive or retain such a permit.
3.1.4 When a public pool changes ownership, management firm, or lessee, both the facility and its operation shall be brought into full compliance with these Regulations prior to the issuance of a permit. A variance may be issued, as provided by these Regulations.
3.1.5 Establishments in compliance with these Regulations shall be issued a permit in accordance with Section 3.3. of these Regulations. Establishments that continue to operate without proper permits from the Division or operate in violation of these Regulations will be subject to legal remedial actions and sanctions as provided by law.
3.2 Operating Permit - No person shall operate a pool without a valid permit from the Division and operating permits shall expire annually. The operating permit is not transferable if either the pool name or ownership changes. The operating permit shall be available for viewing by any patron or representative of the Division upon request
3.3.1 Any person desiring to operate a public pool shall make written application for a permit. Such application shall be made on forms provided by the Division and shall include the name and address of each applicant, the location and type of the proposed establishment and the signature of each applicant.
3.4.1 No person shall construct, install, alter or replace a pool, auxiliary pool structure, or pool equipment and no person shall convert a private pool to a public pool until three (3) copies of plans and specifications have been submitted to the Division, and an Approval to Construct has been issued. Whenever it is discovered that any of the above have occurred or are occurring without such approval, the Director shall order the owner, operator or contractor to immediately close the pool if it is open or stop the work or conversion, and to submit plans and specifications to the Division. Any part of the unapproved work or pool that is not in compliance with these Regulations shall be removed, replaced or reconstructed in order to achieve compliance. Plans and specifications shall be legible and on paper no larger than 30" X 42" and shall include, but are not limited to the following information:
184.108.40.206 A scaled drawing showing an overhead view of the pool which includes the location of but is not limited to: all recirculation system fittings and piping, depth markings, steps/ladders, diving board, lifeguard stand, fillspout, safety line/bottom marking, lights (underwater and overhead), deck/walkway, fence, pump/filter room*, bathhouse facilities, food/beverage service facilities and any other pools (e.g. wading pool, spa pool). This drawing shall also specify the materials of construction for the pool and deck, and the color of the pool walls and floor. If wood is planned for the wet deck/walkway area the manufacturer of the wood shall be specified, and if the wood has been treated by the manufacturer or will be treated by the installer, any preservatives, coatings, paints, etc. shall be specified.
220.127.116.11 A scaled drawing showing a profile view(s) of the pool, the pool depths and the relative elevation of the pump and filter. If a diving board is planned, an end view showing the required dimensions shall also be provided.
18.104.22.168 The following pool information: volume, water surface area, perimeter, filter type, filter surface area, design flow rate, recirculation pump capacity, total dynamic head (TDH) in feet [if not provided a minimum of sixty (60) TDH will be used], pool turnover time, and the size and type of all piping (i.e. ductile iron, copper, plastic).
22.214.171.124 Specifications for and drawings or pictures of all recirculation system components, including but not limited to: skimmers* or gutters; drains; inlets; recirculation pump with pump curve; rate of flow indicator with manufacturer’s installation instructions; the type, brand and surface area in square feet of the filter(s)*; multiport valve*; the type, brand and capacity of automatic disinfection equipment*; heater (including proof of AGA or UL approval); portable vacuum equipment; and the chemical name of the disinfectant to be used. All specifications shall include the manufacturer’s name and model #.
126.96.36.199 *Specifications shall include proof of NSF International listing, or approved equivalent. In the remainder of these Regulations, wherever there is a referral to NSF, it means NSF International or approved equivalent.
188.8.131.52 The source of potable water (i.e. their own on-site well or the name of the water supplier if the water comes from off-site), and the location and methods of disposal for sanitary waste, filter backwash water and pool water pumped to waste.
184.108.40.206 For new pools, the following signed statement from the owner in all three (3) sets of plans and specifications: “I hereby acknowledge that all items either listed or shown in these plans and specifications as not in contract (NIC), by others, or equivalent, are my responsibility. I also realize that this entire project must be completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, and all conditions listed in the Approval to Construct, prior to the issuance of an operating permit by the Division.” This statement with signature may appear directly on the plan drawings.
220.127.116.11 For changes to existing pools, the following signed statement from the owner: “I hereby acknowledge that all items either listed or shown in these plans and specifications as not in contract (NIC), by others, or equivalent, are my responsibility. I also realize that this entire project must be completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, and all conditions listed in the Approval to Construct, prior to this pool receiving permission from the Division to reopen.” This statement with signature may appear directly on the plan drawings.
3.4.2 Upon receipt of plans and specifications, the Division shall determine if the project is approved or disapproved and notify the responsible person within thirty (30) days. If disapproved, the reasons shall be specified. If approved, an Approval to Construct shall be issued which shall be valid for one (1) year. All construction shall be in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, and all conditions listed in the Approval to Construct. Prior to opening, the owner or operator of a new pool shall contact the Division for a pre-operational inspection in order to receive an operating permit. The Division reserves the right to reject plans and specifications from a pool builder/pool service company based upon evidence of malfeasance or non-feasance related to a previous Approval to Construct.
4.1.1 Site Inspection - Prior to the issuance of an Approval to Construct for the construction of a new outdoor pool, a site inspection shall be made by a representative of the Division in order to confirm that the pool location meets the requirements of Section 3.4. After a specific site is approved, any change of location shall require another site inspection.
4.1.2 Pre-Operational Plan Review Inspection – A pre-operational plan review inspection will occur prior to an Environmental Health Inspection, and will be conducted by representatives of the Division in order to confirm that the pool meets the requirements of Section 3.4 for operation. This inspection will be posted in a location conspicuous to the public until an Environmental Health Inspection has been conducted.
4.1.3 Right of Entry and Environmental Health Inspection - Representatives of the Division shall have the right of immediate entry any time a pool is open, and in special situations, at any reasonable time, in order to perform any inspection to determine compliance with these Regulations. An inspection shall be conducted at least once per year at every active pool. These inspections may include any room or area associated with the pool operation. In addition, the representatives shall be permitted to examine any pertinent records.
4.3.1 Division personnel performing environmental health/sanitary evaluations or complaint investigations of public pool shall meet the same requirements as specified for a qualified pool operator in Section 4.4 of these Regulations prior to assuming responsibilities for this program.
4.4.1 The operation of every pool shall be monitored by a qualified operator. This person may be part of the pool staff or from a private company and shall monitor the pool weekly or more as necessary to maintain compliance with these Regulations. Weekly visits shall be documented and available for review by the Division.
18.104.22.168 For outdoor pools, any overhead wiring not inside an electrical conduit shall not pass over any part of the deck or an area within twenty (20) feet of the nearest edge of the pool. If the edge of a pool, extended upward vertically, is located within fifteen (15) feet of a building, building roof or balcony, a protective barrier may be required (discretion of the Division) to prevent diving from the building, roof or balcony.
22.214.171.124 Underwater or overhead projections or obstructions except for handholds, steps, ladders, facilities for persons with disabilities or recirculation system fittings shall be prohibited, unless such construction can be justified by engineering design.
126.96.36.199 Pool walls and bottoms shall be constructed of concrete, fiberglass, metal or other nontoxic, impervious and structurally rigid materials approved by the Division, which will provide a watertight basin, smooth, easily cleanable surfaces and a finish without cracks.
188.8.131.52 The slope shall not exceed one (1) foot in twelve (12) feet (1':12') where the water depth is five (5) feet or less, shall not exceed one (1) foot in three (3) feet (1':3') where the depth is greater than five (5) feet.
184.108.40.206 Any pool having a transition from the slope in the shallow end to the deep end shall do so through a slope break starting at a depth not less than three and one half (3 1/2) feet and not greater than five (5) feet.
220.127.116.11 At least one (1) foot and not more than two (2) feet on the shallow side of the slope break directly under the safety line, the floor shall be marked with a line of contrasting color that is either: solid and at least two (2) inches wide or intermittent with sections that are at least four (4) inches by four (4) inches and not more than one (1) foot apart on centers.
18.104.22.168 Any pool with a perimeter greater than two hundred twenty-five (225) feet shall have one (1) additional ladder or set of steps for each additional seventy-five (75) feet of perimeter or fraction thereof.
22.214.171.124.1 All ladders shall have two (2) handrails and at least two (2) slip resistant treads which are at least one and one half (1 1/2) inches deep, with a uniform length of at least twelve (12) inches and a uniform spacing of at least seven (7) inches and not more than twelve (12) inches. The clearance between any ladder and the pool wall shall be at least three (3) inches and not more than six (6) inches.
126.96.36.199.2 Recessed ladders (built into the wall) shall have two (2) handrails and shall have a tread at least five (5) inches in depth, at least twelve (12) inches in width and the uppermost tread shall be within twelve inches of the pool coping top edge or the deck surface.
188.8.131.52.1 All steps shall have a minimum tread length of twenty-four (24) inches, a tread depth of at least ten (10) inches and a uniform height of not more than twelve (12) inches, with the exception of either the top or bottom tread which may vary + two (2) inches.
184.108.40.206.2 The top surface edge of each step shall be outlined in contrasting color by a line (painted, tile, etc.) at least one (1) inch wide. Each set of steps shall have at least one (1) handrail per seven (7) feet of tread length.
220.127.116.11 For outdoor pools, the area of the deck shall be at least equal to the area of the pool water surface, and for indoor pools, the area of the deck shall be at least equal to two thirds (2/3) of the pool water surface.
18.104.22.168 To prevent standing water, decks and walkways shall have a uniform slope of not less than one quarter (1/4) inch per foot and not more than one half (1/2) inch per foot, away from the pool and toward deck drains or areas where the water will have a free unobstructed flow to points of disposal.
22.214.171.124 The edge of the pool deck at its junction with the pool wall shall be constructed of bullnose coping, or some other acceptable material, which will provide an adequate hand hold around the entire pool perimeter and which is not more than twelve (12) inches above the normal water level.
126.96.36.199 Shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material which has an impervious slip resistant surface, can be easily cleaned and is installed such that there are no hazards to patrons or their bare feet (e.g. tripping, abrasions, splinters, etc.).
188.8.131.52 If expansion joints are provided, the joint shall be filled with a non-rigid material such as mastic which shall not protrude above the deck. Exposed wooden expansion joints shall be prohibited.
184.108.40.206 Shall be provided at all pools which do not have adequate natural lighting or which are to be used for evening/night swimming. The artificial lighting shall meet all of the following conditions:
220.127.116.11.1 Lighting shall be sufficient such that all areas of the pool, and either of the following are clearly visible without glare from the deck: the main drain(s) and all bottom markings; or a black disk six (6) inches in diameter superimposed upon a white field and placed on the bottom at the deepest point.
18.104.22.168.2 Outdoor pools shall provide at least thirty (30) foot candles and indoor pools shall provide at least fifty (50) foot candles of illumination at the water surface from natural and/or artificial lighting.
22.214.171.124 A sufficient number of hose bibs shall be provided and located such that all parts of the deck area, the pump/filter room and the bathhouse facilities are easily reachable with a fifty (50) foot hose, without the hose passing over or through the pool water.
126.96.36.199 Hose bibs shall be located at the edge of the deck such that they do not constitute a tripping hazard and shall be equipped with vacuum breakers or other approved backflow prevention devices.
188.8.131.52 Trees at the pool site prior to construction shall not be permitted inside the pool fence. Sand areas and other nongrass / unsodded areas designed for bather access shall not be permitted inside the pool fence or room.
184.108.40.206 All pools shall have at least one (1) permanent water closet with lavatory for the lifeguard\attendant, which is accessible when the pool is open and is located contiguous to the pool deck or pool room.
220.127.116.11 All pools, with the exception of those where all patrons’ sanitary/bathhouse facilities are within one thousand (1000) feet, shall provide the following permanent sanitary/bathhouse facilities located contiguous to the pool deck or pool room:
18.104.22.168.5 For pools greater than eight thousand (8000) square feet, one additional fixture set for each sex shall be provided for each additional four thousand (4000) square feet, or fraction thereof.
22.214.171.124 All sanitary and bathhouse facilities shall be indoors, enclosed to provide privacy, finished in light colors, well ventilated, in good working order and designed such that good sanitation can be maintained throughout at all times.
126.96.36.199 All plumbing shall be in compliance with the “State of Delaware Regulations Governing a Detailed Plumbing Code” and new installations shall be inspected and approved by the appropriate authority prior to use.
188.8.131.52 All bathhouse facilities shall be at the same elevation as the pool deck or at an elevation that is accessible with a ramp having a slope that shall not exceed one (1) inch per foot and should not exceed one (1) inch per twenty (20) inches.
184.108.40.206.1 ASTM standard F2285-04: Consumer Performance Standards for Commercial Diaper-Changing Stations, or
220.127.116.11.2 The standards for diaper-changing surfaces in the most current version of Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs.
18.104.22.168 Any indoor pool with direct bather access to an outdoor sand beach or other unsodded area shall also have a foot rinse shower at the access point. The foot rinse shower shall be located such that bathers must walk past the deck discharge area.
22.214.171.124 The foot rinse shower should: be a shower head; be approximately twelve (12) to twenty four (24) inches above the deck; have an automatic shut off valve when released; and point toward the deck at approximately a forty five (45) degree angle.
126.96.36.199 Food and beverage service facilities that are inside the pool fence or room shall not be located within twenty (20) feet of the pool edge. If permitting is required, all such facilities shall be licensed by the Division or the appropriate authority.
188.8.131.52 Pools with diving boards higher than three (3) meters, and/or pools with diving platforms shall be constructed in accordance with the standards of the FINA, NCAA and USD and these devices shall be labeled “COMPETITIVE DIVING ONLY.”
184.108.40.206 Diving boards shall have guardrails on both sides which are at least thirty (30) inches high and extend from the back end of the board to at least one (1) foot past the pool edge. Diving boards which are greater than one (1) meter high shall have handrails on both sides of the ladder/steps and the spacing between them exceed twelve (12) inches.
220.127.116.11 All diving boards shall be level and shall have slip resistant surfaces. All supports, steps, and railings shall be made of material which is of sufficient strength to handle the anticipated load. Trampoline type diving facilities and rope drops shall be prohibited. With the exception of competitive diving, any adjustable fulcrum diving board shall have the fulcrum locked in the maximum forward position.
18.104.22.168 Any diving board in existence on the effective date of these Regulations (April 15, 1990) that cannot comply with the requirements of this Section by being shortened and/or lowered, should be removed. Also, in order for the replacement of any diving board stand, or the replacement of any diving board stand and diving board to be approved, the pool shall be in compliance with the requirements of this Section.
6.1.1 The recirculation system shall consist of, but is not limited to: a pump, a flow measuring device, a removable strainer with spare basket (not required on vacuum filters), a filter with at least one (1) pressure gauge, an automatic disinfectant feeder, piping, deep end floor outlet/drains, a perimeter overflow gutter or surface skimmers, return inlets, valves and other necessary equipment.
22.214.171.124 The difference between the minimum required flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm) (based on the type of pool) and the maximum allowable flow rate in gpm (based on the type of filtration) shall be at least ten (10) gpm.
126.96.36.199 The indicator shall be easily accessible for viewing, in proper working condition when the pool is open, sized such that the design flow rate is in the mid range of the indicator, and capable of measuring at least fifty (50) per cent more than the design flow rate.
188.8.131.52 All pools shall be provided with at least two (2) floor outlets/drains at the deepest point which: are connected to the recirculation system through the same line; are at least six (6) feet apart at centers (for special designs, as far apart as possible or on different planes); are equipped with a flow control valve(s) near the recirculation pump; have an antivortex cover or a twelve inch by twelve inch (12" x 12") grate or larger; and can completely drain the pool.
184.108.40.206 All drain outlet pipes shall be recessed within the fitting or in a pit and equipped with a cover which can only be removed with a Phillips screwdriver or a special tool. The width and length of slot openings in the cover shall not exceed one half (1/2) inch and one (1) inch respectively.
220.127.116.11 If perimeter overflow gutters are used, they shall be continuous around the pool with a uniform level rim which is not more than twelve (12) inches below the deck and which will provide a suitable handhold.
18.104.22.168.1 For pools that are greater than one thousand (1000) square feet of water surface, one (1) additional skimmer shall be provided for each additional (500) square feet of pool water surface or fraction thereof.
22.214.171.124.2 The distance between side wall or bottom inlets, measured along the wall or floor surface, shall not exceed twenty (20) feet and the spacing between any floor inlet and the side wall, measured along the surface, shall not exceed ten (10) feet.
126.96.36.199 All plastic piping shall be: labeled with the manufacturer’s name and the NSF logo for potable water; listed in the current NSF “Listing of Plastic Materials, Pipe, Fittings, and Appurtenances for Potable Water and Wastewater, or approved equivalent;” and used/installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.
7.1.1 All filters shall bear the manufacturer’s name, the model #, the surface area and the filter shall be NSF listed. All filtration systems shall be sized such that the maximum allowable filtration rates are not exceeded and shall be operated such that the passage of unfiltered water will be prevented.
7.1.3 All filters shall be capable of being totally drained through a manual valve or by disconnecting a union, and all filtration surfaces shall be accessible for inspection, maintenance or replacement.
7.4.1 If diatomaceous earth filters are equipped with a pressure type separation tank, there shall be no manual valves on the effluent line, and the following statement or equivalent shall be conspicuously posted on the top of the separation tank and at the pump control switch “Do not start the pump without opening the manual air release on the separation tank and checking to make sure that the top of the separation tank is securely attached.”
7.4.2 Any manufacturer’s instructions for the proper use of this separation tank shall display either on the top of the separation tank or on the wall nearby. The filtration rate for diatomaceous earth filters shall not exceed two (2) gpm per square foot of filter area, or the NSF listed flow rate, whichever is less.
7.5.1 All pools with cartridge filtration systems shall have at least one (1) spare cartridge for each cartridge in use, which is clean and ready for installation, along with at least one (1) vat which is capable of submerging all of the cartridges from one filter vessel.
7.5.4 The filtration rate for cartridge filters shall not exceed three hundred seventy-five one thousandths (.375) gpm per square foot of filter area, or the NSF design listed flow rate, whichever is less.
8.2.2 In order to minimize the possibility of creating a tripping hazard, all fillspouts that are on the deck shall be located immediately next to one of the pool ladders, or another approved location.
8.4.2 If samples are taken for the total coliform test, when the membrane filtration (MF) technique is used, the result shall be less than (<) one (1) colony per one hundred (100) milliliters of sample,
8.4.3 when the multiple tube fermentation or most probable number (MPN) method is used, none of the confirmed portions shall show the presence of the coliform group [result reported as less than (<) 2.2] and when the presence/absence test is used, the result shall be absent.
8.4.4 Samples shall be taken by, or required by the Division whenever it is deemed necessary. For the purpose of determining compliance with this Section, samples may be considered only if they have been analyzed by the Division or by another approved laboratory.
8.5.1 The chemical quality of pool water shall not cause any irritation to the eyes or skin of bathers and shall be in compliance with the requirements of the “State of Delaware Regulations Governing Public Drinking Water Systems.”
188.8.131.52 Any chemical added directly or indirectly to a pool shall be approved by the Division, registered with the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, used strictly in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions and properly labeled in accordance with the Hazardous Chemical Information Act 16 Del.C. Ch. 24.
184.108.40.206 has approved anti-siphon protection; and is wired such that it feeds only when the recirculation pump runs (shall be done on all pools which are in existence on the effective date of these Regulations when either the chemical feeder or recirculation pump are replaced).
220.127.116.11 After this manual addition has been completed, the pool shall remain closed for at least one (1) turnover and until such time as the chemical is thoroughly and evenly dispersed throughout the pool.
18.104.22.168 is capable of providing a dosage of at least ten (10) ppm for outdoor pools and a dosage of five (5) ppm for indoor pools (shall be done on an existing pool when the disinfectant feeder is replaced);
22.214.171.124 and is wired such that it feeds only when the recirculation pump runs (shall be done on all pools which are in existence on the effective date of these Regulations when either the disinfectant feeder or recirculation pump are replaced).
8.6.2 A flow-through (erosion) feeder shall feed only the disinfectant(s) specified by the manufacturer. All feeders, with the exception of flow-through feeders, shall add the disinfectant downstream from the filter and heater.
126.96.36.199 After this manual addition has been completed, the pool shall remain closed: for at least one (1) turnover and until such time as the chemical is thoroughly and evenly dispersed throughout the pool;
188.8.131.52.1 Secondary disinfection system shall be designed to achieve a minimum 3-log (99.9%) reduction in the number of infective Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts per pass through the secondary disinfection system.
184.108.40.206.1 The secondary disinfection system shall be located in the treatment loop (post filtration) and treat a portion (up to 100%) of the filtration flow prior to return of the water to the pool or feature.
220.127.116.11.2 Minimum Flow Rate Calculation The flow rate (Q) through the secondary disinfection system shall be determined based upon the total volume of the pool or feature (V) and a prescribed dilution time (T) for theoretically reducing the number of assumed infective Cryptosporidium (108 oocysts from an initial total number of 100 million) oocysts to a concentration of one oocysts/100 mL.
18.104.22.168.5 Flow Rate Measurements where a secondary disinfection system is installed, a means shall be installed to confirm the required flow rate to maintain a minimum 3 log (99.9%) reduction of infective Cryptosporidium oocysts at the minimum flow rate.
22.214.171.124 For disinfectant residual, the DPD (Diethyl-P-Phenylene Diamine) method, or any other method in the current edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, shall be used.
126.96.36.199 For pH, the phenol red colorimetric method, or any other method in the current edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, shall be used and the test kit shall have a range of at least 6.8-8.2.
188.8.131.52 All chemical test kit reagents shall be dated when received, and shall be replaced just prior to the start of each outdoor pool season, and at least yearly for indoor pools, with the exception of phenol red which shall be replaced at least every six (6) months.
184.108.40.206.1 pH and disinfectant residual shall be measured daily, prior to the pool opening, and as often as necessary while the pool is open (recommended every one (1) to two (2) hours) in order to ensure the proper levels.
8.6.13 Records of sample results shall be kept at the pool for at least one (1) year, shall be available for viewing by any representative of the Division during an inspection and shall be submitted to the Division upon request.
8.6.14 If any other substance is added to the pool on a regular basis (e.g. copper/silver from a supplemental disinfection system), the Division may require testing to ensure that the concentrations do not exceed acceptable levels.
8.7.2 The recirculation system shall operate continuously (24 hours per day), with the exception of the automatic disinfectant feeder when the disinfectant level approaches or exceeds the upper recommended level.
8.8.1 All chemicals, including test kits, shall be stored in accordance with the storage recommendations on the manufacturer’s label and the MSDS, and they shall be stored in areas that are not easily accessible to bathers or other unauthorized personnel.
9.1.8 Any deck/walkway areas that are hazardous to patrons or their bare feet (e.g. tripping, abrasions, splinters, etc.) or do not properly drain, shall be repaired or replaced such that the hazard or drainage problem is eliminated.
9.1.10 All pools which have a slope break, shall install a line of contrasting color one (1) to two (2) feet on the shallow side of the break directly under the safety line that is either: solid and at least two (2) inches wide or intermittent with sections that are at least four (4) inches by four (4) inches and not more than one (1) foot apart on centers.
9.1.12 All pools which have any type of overflow gutter or a safety ledge with a submerged protruding edge, shall install a solid marking line of contrasting color which is at least one (1) inch wide on the top surface edge of the gutter.
9.2.2 The pool floor, walls, deck, walkways and bathhouse facilities shall be cleaned and disinfected with an approved disinfectant as often as necessary in order to maintain an environment which is free of sediment, dirt, algae, grass/weeds and foreign objects.
9.2.5 All pools shall have at least one (1) permanent or portable water closet for the lifeguard/attendant, which is accessible when the pool is open and is located such that the path of travel from the nearest pool entrance/exit does not exceed five hundred (500) feet.
220.127.116.11 If a portable water closet is provided, it shall be properly vented, designed to exclude flies, equipped with a self-closing door, provided with toilet tissue and maintained in a clean sanitary condition and be located contiguous to the pool deck or pool room.
9.4.2 If anyone who is not toilet trained is going to use a pool, the operator shall take whatever steps are necessary to ensure that fecal material does not enter the water (e.g. requiring the use of a swimsuit diaper).
9.5.1 Any person with evidence of an open sore, a bandaged wound or diarrhea shall be prohibited from entering the pool water. Any person suspected of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs shall be prohibited from entering the pool.
9.6.1 Unless exempted by 16 Del.C., each pool that is greater than four (4) feet deep (any portion) shall have a lifeguard on duty when the pool is open.
9.6.2 If a lifeguard who is working alone must leave poolside, for whatever reason, he/she shall take whatever steps are necessary to ensure that no one remains in or enters the water in his/her absence.
18.104.22.168 Current certification in National YMCA Lifeguarding, or American Red Cross Basic Lifeguarding, Ellis and Associates International Lifeguard Training Program, Aquatic Resource Service Associates Aquatic Rescue Training or approved equivalent.
22.214.171.124 Current certification in American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or National Safety Council (NSC) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), or approved equivalent, that includes training in: one (1) person adult CPR, child CPR and infant CPR.
126.96.36.199 Current certification in American Red Cross Standard First Aid, or approved equivalent, that includes training in: obstructed airway, artificial breathing, control of bleeding, and treatment for shock.
9.7.1 If none of the pools at a facility require a lifeguard based on depth, each pool, with the exception of those exempted by 16 Del.C., shall have an attendant on duty when the pool is open.
9.7.2 If an attendant who is working alone must leave poolside, for whatever reason, he/she shall take whatever steps are necessary to ensure that no one remains in or enters the water in his/her absence.
188.8.131.52 Current certification in American Red Cross, American Heart Association or NSC Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), or approved equivalent that includes training in: one person adult CPR, child CPR and infant CPR.
184.108.40.206 Current certification in American Red Cross Standard First Aid, or approved equivalent, that includes training in: obstructed airway, artificial breathing, control of bleeding, and treatment for shock.
9.8.1 Any exempted pool or any pool with a maximum depth of four (4) feet that does not have a lifeguard or attendant on duty shall conspicuously post the following sign at the pool entrance(s) and at least one (1) other location inside the pool room/fence:
220.127.116.11 “WARNING NO LIFEGUARD ON DUTY” in letters at least four (4) inches high along with “CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF SIXTEEN (16) SHOULD BE ACCOMPANIED BY A PARENT OR GUARDIAN” in letters at least one (1) inch high. (NOTE -A guardian is an adult designated by a parent who is responsible for the children and their behavior)
9.13.1 With the exception of wading pools and spa pools, the water depth of all pools, in feet to the nearest one half (1/2) foot, shall be plainly marked at or above the water surface on the vertical pool wall, and on the coping or deck within eighteen (18) inches of the pool edge.
9.13.2 These pairs of depth markings shall be located at the points of minimum depth, maximum depth, intermediate depths at no more than two (2) foot depth increments, breaks in slope and on each end of the pool.
9.13.4 Markings on the pool walls shall be positioned to be read from the water. Markings on the deck shall be positioned to be read while standing on the deck and facing the pool and shall be slip resistant.
9.14.1 Whenever non-swimmers are in the water, all pools that have a slope break shall have a safety line located at least one (1) foot and not more than two (2) feet on the shallow side of the slope break, directly above the line on the bottom required by Section 5.1.
9.14.2 The safety line shall have clearly visible colored floats spaced not more than five (5) feet apart. The safety line shall be of sufficient size and strength to provide a handhold which will support any bather who is in need of help and the connections to the pool wall shall be recessed.
18.104.22.168 Alternate functional systems, devices, or communication processes are allowed with AHJ approval in situations when a hardwired telephone is not logistically sound, and an alternate means of communication is available.
9.15.4 In addition to the above, all pools without a lifeguard on duty (those exempted by 16 Del.C.) shall also be equipped with the following safety equipment which shall be and easily accessible:
22.214.171.124 One rigid backboard (long board) with at least three (3) attached ties/straps which is compatible for transport in the Delaware State Police MED-E-VAC helicopter, meets the design requirements of Emergency Medical Services, and is approved by the Division. Six (6) attached ties/straps are recommended.
9.16.3 The “No Diving” markings shall be: of a contrasting color; easily readable;, slip resistant and at least four (4) inches high consisting of the words “No Diving,” the words “No Diving” in combination with the picture (international) sign (diver inside a red circle with a red line across), or other approved markings.
9.19.1 Any spa pool, with the exception of those at facilities exempted by 16 Del.C., which is located such that it is not in direct view of the attendant shall have, in the immediate vicinity of the pool, a clearly labeled alarm device that can be activated when a bather is in trouble and is easily heard throughout the area or building.
126.96.36.199 Hot water immersion while under the influence of, anticoagulants, antihistamines, vasoconstrictors, vasodilators, stimulants, hypnotics, narcotics or tranquilizers may be hazardous to your health and is prohibited.
9.21.1 All Spa pools shall have a clearly labeled reversible aeration/jetting system timer switch with a fifteen (15) minute time limit located in the pool area but such that it cannot be reset from within the pool.
9.22.4 All spa pools shall be equipped with an approved system that will ensure that the water does not exceed 104oF (e.g. a high temperature alarm, an automatic heater shut off device, etc.) The alarm shall produce a distinctly different sound than that of the attendant alarm.
9.24.1 At least one person who meets the training requirements of Section 9.7. shall be stationed at the head of the flume to supervise and control the start of each slider, the spacing of sliders and the monitoring of the downward progress of each slider.
9.26.1 All bathhouse rooms, equipment rooms, chemical storage rooms and indoor pool rooms shall be provided with adequate natural or mechanical ventilation such that satisfactory indoor air quality is maintained.
9.27.1 All pools with cartridge filtration systems shall have at least one (1) spare cartridge for each cartridge in use, which is clean and ready for installation, along with at least one (1) vat which is capable of submerging all of the cartridges from one filter vessel.
188.8.131.52.2 Trained in Personal Protective Equipment and other OSHA measures including the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 to minimize exposure to bodily fluids that may be encountered as employees in an aquatic environment.
184.108.40.206.1 Fecal or vomit contamination of the item used to remove the contamination (e.g., the net or bucket) shall be removed by thorough cleaning followed by disinfection (e.g., after cleaning, leave the net, scoop, or bucket immersed in the pool during the disinfection procedure prescribed for formed-stool, diarrheal-stool, or vomit contamination, as appropriate).
220.127.116.11.1 Aquatic vacuum cleaners shall not be used for removal of contamination from the water or adjacent surfaces unless vacuum waste is discharged to a sanitary sewer and the vacuum equipment can be adequately disinfected.
18.104.22.168.1 Formed-stool contaminated water shall have the free chlorine residual checked and the free chlorine residual raised to 2.0 mg/L (if less than 2.0 mg/L) and maintained for at least 25 minutes (or an equivalent time and concentration to reach the CT value) before reopening the public pool.
22.214.171.124.2 Pools Containing Chlorine Stabilizers - In public pool water that contains cyanuric acid or a stabilized chlorine product, water shall be treated by doubling the inactivation time required.
126.96.36.199.1.1 Check the free chlorine residual and then raise the free chlorine residual to 20.0 mg/L and maintain for at least 12.75 hours (or an equivalent time and concentration to reach the CT value before reopening the public pool, or
188.8.131.52.1.1 Lowering the pH to 6.5, raising the free chlorine residual to 40 mg/L using a non-stabilized chlorine product, and maintaining at 40 mg/L for at least 30 hours or an equivalent time and concentration needed to reach the CT value. (Measurement of the inactivation time required shall start when the aquatic venue reaches the intended free chlorine level.) or;
184.108.40.206 Vomit-contaminated water shall have the free chlorine residual checked and the free chlorine residual raised to 2.0 mg/L (if less than 2.0 mg/L) and maintained for at least 25 minutes (or an equivalent time and concentration to reach the CT VALUE) before reopening the public pool.
220.127.116.11 Formed-stool, diarrheal-stool, or vomit-contaminated water in a brominated public pool shall have chlorine added to the public pool in an amount that will increase the free chlorine residual to the level specified for the specific type of contamination for the specified time.
18.104.22.168 Limit Access - If a bodily fluid, such as feces, vomit, or blood, has contaminated a surface in an public pool, facility staff shall limit access to the affected area until remediation procedures have been completed.
22.214.171.124 Clean Surfaces - Before disinfection, all visible contaminant shall be cleaned and removed with disposable cleaning products effective with regard to type of contaminant present, type of surface to be cleaned, and the location within the facility.
10.6.2 For wading pools that are greater than five hundred (500) square feet of water surface, one (1) additional skimmer shall be provided for each additional (500) square feet of pool water surface or fraction thereof.
11.4.1 Spa pools which are greater than twenty-four (24) inches deep shall have at least one (1) step with at least one (1) handrail and all steps shall be located at a point where the deck is at least four (4) feet wide.
11.5.1 The spa pool recirculation system shall be completely separate from the air/water jet system and shall be capable of providing a minimum of ninety-six (96) turnovers of the pool volume per day [one (1) every fifteen (15) minutes] against the maximum head.
11.7.1 All spa pools shall have at least two (2) inlets which are connected to the recirculation system and in spa pools where only one (1) skimmer is required, the inlets shall be located such that they direct water toward the skimmer
12.2.1 In order to facilitate prompt, safe exiting by bathers, all splash pools shall have either a set of steps along the entire length of the exit side (side opposite the flume terminus), or a floor that slopes upward to meet the water surface.
12.2.4 The depth of the splash pool at the flume end shall be at least three (3) feet and not more than four (4) feet, and this depth shall be maintained for at least twenty (20) feet in front of the flume end.
12.3.1 Flumes shall terminate either at a depth of at least six (6) inches below the splash pool operating water level, or not more than two (2) inches above the splash pool operating water level, provided the flume is level for at least the last ten (10) feet.
12.5.1 The water slide flume recirculation system shall be capable of providing a minimum of twenty-four (24) turnovers of the splash pool and pump reservoir volume per day [one (1) every hour] against the maximum head.
12.6.1 Pump reservoirs shall be separate from the splash pool, shall be made of concrete or other impervious material with a smooth slip-resistant finish, and shall be connected to the splash pool by a weir.
12.6.2 The minimum pump reservoir volume shall be equal to five (5) minutes of the combined flow rate in gpm of all water slide flume pumps. Pump reservoirs shall be accessible only to authorized individuals.
12.7.1 All splash pools and pump reservoirs shall have either perimeter overflow gutters or surface skimmers which effectively remove any floating material and are connected to the recirculation system.
14.2.1 If conditions exist at a pool which presents an imminent health hazard to the public, the Director may suspend the operating permit and order immediate closure without a hearing upon written notice.
126.96.36.199 The water temperature exceeds 104oF in a spa pool.
14.2.6 The person in charge of the pool may request in writing, to the Division at any time during the suspension, an Environmental Health Report for the purpose of showing that the imminent health hazard no longer exists.
14.2.7 The person in charge of the pool may also request, in writing, to the Division at any time during the suspension, an administrative hearing to challenge the findings of the Environmental Health Report that resulted in the pool closure.
14.2.9 If the Division determines that the imminent health hazard has not been corrected and that the hazard still exists, the suspension remains in force pending a hearing and the Division may recommend that the permit be revoked.
15.1 If the Division receives a request for a hearing, the Division shall schedule an administrative hearing within ten (10) days of the request. The purpose of the hearing is to determine if the suspension should be lifted.
188.8.131.52 If serious violations, repeat violations, or general unsanitary conditions exist, the Division may issue and properly serve due notice, by certified mail or by hand delivery, of the intention of the Division to suspend or revoke the permit of a pool.
184.108.40.206 The Division shall, not suspend or revoke a permit of a pool for serious or repeated violations that do not present an imminent health hazard, without having first issued and properly served such notice of intent to suspend or revoke.
15.1.3 The suspension or revocation shall commence upon expiration of the notice of intent, unless within thirty (30) days of the date of such notice, the Division receives from the permit holder a written request for an administrative hearing.
15.2.1 Upon due notice that the Division intends to suspend or revoke the permit of a pool as indicated in 15.2, or for other reasons to protect public health, the permit holder may submit to the Division, within thirty (30) days of the date of such notice of intent, a written request for an administrative hearing.
15.2.2 When an administrative hearing is scheduled, the permit holder of the pool shall be informed at least five (5) days prior to the hearing of the place, time and date of the hearing and the specific charges against the pool.
15.2.3 Notification of the hearing shall be by certified mail or by hand delivery. Failure of the permit holder to be present for an administrative hearing shall result in automatic suspension of the permit and recommendation for revocation.
16.1 No provisions of Sections of these Regulations shall be applied retroactively, or interpreted to require reconstruction, alteration or replacement of a pool, or any part of a pool, which has been approved by the Division and which has been installed or is under construction.
16.2 If, however, a pool or any part of a pool is reconstructed, altered or replaced, or if a private pool is converted to a public pool after the effective date of these Regulations, this conversion, reconstruction, alteration or replacement shall meet all of the provisions of these Regulations.
Any person who neglects or fails to comply with the requirements of these Regulations shall be subject to the provisions of 16 Del.C. §107, and shall be fined not less than $100 and not more than $1000, together with the costs, unless otherwise provided by law.
18.1 All Regulations or parts of Regulations in conflict with these Regulations are hereby repealed, and these Regulations shall be in full force and effect on the date of adoption by the Secretary, DHSS. The Secretary, DHSS may propose changes to the Regulations herein established and shall hold at least one public hearing on the proposed changes.
18.2 At least thirty (30) days in advance of the public hearing, notice of proposed changes shall be published in at least two newspapers of general circulation in the State. Notice shall include a brief synopsis of the changes to be made, information on when and where the proposed changes may be reviewed by the public, the procedure for submitting comments, and the time, date and location of the public hearing.
All chemicals in pool water affect the tendency of the water to be corrosive or to deposit a calcium carbonate scale. It is possible to control these two (2) conditions through the use of the Langelier Index (L.I.). The index was developed in 1936 by Professor W.F. Langelier at the University of California (Berkeley). It expresses the relationship between pH, alkalinity, calcium hardness and temperature. The resulting number (formula method - below) or position on the nomograph (nomograph method - Appendix B) indicates whether the pool water is chemically “balanced”. In theory, pool water that is “balanced” will neither corrode nor deposit a scale.
“Balanced” pool water has an L.I. between -0.3 and +0.3. An L.I. that is greater negatively than -0.3 indicates a corrosive water and an L.I. greater than +0.3 indicates a water that will deposit scale. After determining the pool water pH, alkalinity, calcium hardness and temperature, find the alkalinity factor (AF), calcium hardness factor (CHF) and temperature factor (TF) using the table below. Use the pH and these three (3) factors in the following equation:
A pool water has the following characteristics: pH-7.4; alkalinity-50; calcium hardness-50 ppm; temperature-78 F. Using the tables above, the factors are 1.7 for alkalinity, 1.3 for calcium hardness; and 0.6 for temperature. Using the formula:
This pool water is not balanced and is corrosive. The pH is within the required range and almost ideal, however, the alkalinity and calcium hardness should be much higher (see Appendix B). Alkalinity can be raised by adding sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and lowered by adding muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate (dry acid). Calcium hardness can be raised by adding calcium chloride but can only be lowered by replacing part or all of the pool water with lower calcium hardness water.
Measure the pool water pH, alkalinity and calcium hardness. The pH must be 7.2 - 7.8. pH can be raised by adding sodium carbonate (soda ash) and can be lowered by adding carbon dioxide (CO2), muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate (dry acid). Using the 104 F pH scale for spa pools and the 76 F pH scale for other pools, use a straight edge to line up the pH and alkalinity readings. The point where this extended line intersects the calcium hardness line is the level of calcium hardness needed for the water to be balanced. Do the same for pH and calcium hardness to get the alkalinity level needed for balance. The alkalinity and calcium hardness levels needed should be within the recommended ranges. Alkalinity can be raised by adding sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and lowered by adding muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate (dry acid). Calcium hardness can be raised by adding calcium chloride but can only be lowered by replacing part or all of the pool water with lower calcium hardness water.
Qualifications: A qualified operator shall have completed an operator training course that is recognized by the Division.
Training Documentation: A qualified operator shall have a current certificate or written documentation acceptable to the Division showing completion of an approved operator training course.
Certificate Available: Originals or copies of such certificate or documentation shall be available on site for inspection by the Division for each qualified operator employed at or contracted by the site, as specified in this Regulation.
1. Water Disinfection
1.1 Disinfectants types including
1.1.2 Their unique physical (e.g., shape or state [solid, liquid, or gas]) and chemical properties (e.g., how it reacts with acids or bases)
1.2 CT Values or Concentration x Time values including:
1.3 Bromine including:
1.4 Chlorine including:
1.4.5 Unstabilized products (sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, lithium hypochlorite, and chlorine gas)
1.5 Cyanuric Acid (CYA) and stabilized chlorine product use including:
1.6 Breakpoint/ Super-Chlorination including how to achieve it through calculation of chemical dosing to reach the desired free chlorine level and its relationship to reducing and controlling formation of combined chlorine including guidance for how to perform breakpoint chlorination in indoor aquatic settings.
1.7 Hyperchlorination including procedures for implementation of fecal/vomit/blood contamination response.
1.8 Combined Chlorine including:
1.9 Secondary Disinfection Systems including:
1.10 Supplemental Disinfection including other disinfection chemicals or systems on the market and their effectiveness in water treatment.
2. Water Chemistry Course work for water chemistry shall include:
2.1 Source Water including requirements for supply and pre-treatment.
2.2 Water Balance including:
2.3 Saturation Index including calculations, ideal values, and effects of values which are too low or too high.
2.4 Water Clarity including:
2.5 pH including:
2.6 Total Alkalinity including:
2.7 Calcium Hardness including:
2.9 Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) including:
2.10 Water Treatment Systems including:
2.11 Water Testing including:
2.11.1 How different methods (including but not limited to colorimetric, titrimetric, turbidimetric, and electronic) test water to determine the following levels:
220.127.116.11 Any other tests (including but not limited to salt concentrations, phosphates, nitrates, potassium monopersulfate, copper, iron, and bacterial testing);
3. Mechanical Systems Course work for mechanical systems shall include:
3.1 Maintenance Calculations including:
3.3 Main Drains including:
3.4 Gutters & Surface Skimmers including:
3.4.2 A description of different gutter types (at a minimum: scum, surge, and rim-flow);
3.4.5 Description of the components of SKIMMERS (e.g., weir, basket, and equalizer assembly) and their respective roles.
3.5 Mechanical System Balance including:
3.6 Circulation Pump & Motor including:
3.7 Valves including modulating/ automatic, and check) and their safe operation.
3.8 Return Inlets including a description of the role of return inlets and the importance of replacing fittings with those that meet original specifications.
3.9 Filtration including
3.10 Filter Backwashing/Cleaning including:
3.10.4 What additional fixtures/equipment may be needed (i.e., sump, separation tank).
4. Health and Safety Course work for health and safety shall include:
4.1 Recreational Water Illness (RWI) including:
4.2 Causes of RWIs
18.104.22.168 Diarrheal illness (Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Shigella, and norovirus);
22.214.171.124 Skin rashes (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, molluscum contagiosum);
126.96.36.199 Respiratory illness (Legionella);
188.8.131.52 Neurologic infections (echovirus, Naegleria);
184.108.40.206 Eye/ear illness (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, adenovirus, Acanthamoeba);
220.127.116.11 Hypersensitivity reactions (Mycobacterium avium complex, Pontiac fever, endotoxins); and
4.3 RWI Prevention including:
4.3.6 Developing a plan to minimize pathogens and other biological (e.g., blood, vomit, sweat, urine, and skin and hair care products) contamination of the water.
4.4 Risk Management including techniques that identify hazards and risks and that prevent illness and injuries associated with aquatic facilities open to the public.
4.5 Record Keeping including the need to keep accurate and timely records of the following areas:
4.5.1 Operational conditions (e.g., water chemistry, water temperature, filter pressure differential, flow meter reading, and water clarity);
4.5.2 Maintenance performed (e.g., backwashing, change of equipment);
4.5.3 Incidents and response (e.g., fecal incidents in the water and injuries); and
4.6 Chemical Safety including steps to safely store and handle chemicals including:
4.6.2 How to prevent individual chemicals and inorganic and organic chlorine products from mixing together or with other substances (including water) or in chemical feeders; and
4.7 Entrapment Prevention including:
4.7.1 Different types of entrapment (e.g., hair, limb, body, evisceration/disembowelment, and mechanical);
4.8 Electrical Safety including possible causes of electrical shock and steps that can be taken to prevent electrical shock (e.g., bonding, grounding, ground fault interrupters, and prevention of accidental immersion of electrical devices).
4.9 Rescue Equipment including a description and rationale for the most commonly found rescue equipment including:
4.10 Injury Prevention including basic steps known to decrease the likelihood of injury, at a minimum:
4.11 Drowning Prevention including causes and prevention of drowning.
4.12 Barriers including descriptions of how fences, gates, doors, and safety covers can be used to prevent access to water; and basics of design that effectively prevent access to water.
4.13 Signage & Depth Markers including the importance of maintaining signage and depth markers.
4.14 Facility Sanitation including:
4.14.1 Steps to clean and disinfect all surfaces that patrons would commonly come in contact with (e.g., deck, restrooms, and diaper-changing areas), and
4.14.2 Procedures for implementation of Section 9.28 Fecal-Vomit-Blood Contamination Response, in relation to responding to a body fluid spill on these surfaces.
4.15 Emergency Response Plan including:
4.15.1 Steps to respond to emergencies (at a minimum, severe weather events, drowning or injury, contamination of the water, chemical incidents); and
5. Operations Course work for operations shall include:
5.1 Regulations including the application of local, regional, state, and federal regulations and standards relating to the operation of aquatic facilities.
5.2 Immediate Closure - Course work shall also highlight reasons why an inspector or operator would immediately close an aquatic facilities.
5.3 Local & State Health Departments including stressing the importance of a good working relationship with the local and state health department.
5.4 Aquatic Facility Types including common aquatic venue types and settings and a discussion of features and play equipment that require specific operation and maintenance steps.
5.5 Daily/Routine Operations including listing and describing the daily inspection and maintenance requirements of an aquatic facility including, but not limited items listed:
5.5.7 Recirculation, disinfection systems, controller(s), and probes are operating as required;
5.5.11 Doors to nonpublic areas (chemical storage spaces, offices, etc.) are locked;
5.5.23 Emergency shut-off systems (slides, water features, pumps, etc.) function properly;
5.5.30 Access to permanent starting blocks is restricted or controlled when not in use by swim teams and prohibited when not in use by competitive swimming or swimming practice that is under direct supervision of an instructor or coach;
5.5.37 Play structures are secure (consider water velocity and reference manufacturers recommended levels); and
5.6 Preventive Maintenance including how to develop:
5.7 Weatherizing including the importance of weatherizing and the steps to prevent damage to aquatic facilities and their mechanical systems due to very low temperatures or extreme weather conditions (e.g., flooding).
5.8 Facility Renovation & Design – Aquatic facility renovation and design including:
5.9 Heating issues including:
5.10 Air Circulation including:
5.11 Spa & Therapy Pool Issues including: