The Teacher Appraisal Process, Delaware Performance Appraisal System (DPAS II) Revised shall be effective for all school districts and charter schools beginning with the 2014-15 school year, unless another teacher appraisal system has been approved by the Department pursuant to Chapter 12 of Title 14 of the Delaware Code.
"Announced Observation" shall consist of an observation form and conference with the Credentialed Observer, an observation by the Credentialed Observer at an agreed upon date and time, using the associated formative conferences and reports. The observation shall be of sufficient length, at least thirty (30) minutes, to analyze the lesson and assess teacher performance.
"Board" shall mean a local board of education or charter school board of directors.
"Credentialed Observer" shall mean an individual, not always the supervisor of the teacher, who has successfully completed DPAS II credentialing in accordance with 10.0. Credentialed Observer denotes any individual who may conduct observations as part of a teacher’s appraisal process. The term Credentialed Observer encompasses those administrators who are Evaluators.
"DASA" shall mean the Delaware Association of School Administrators.
"Department" shall mean the Delaware Department of Education.
"DPAS II Revised Guide for Teachers" shall mean the manual that contains the prescribed forms, detailed procedures, specific details about the five (5) components of evaluation and other relevant documents that are used to implement the appraisal process.
"DSEA" shall mean the Delaware State Education Association.
“Evaluator” shall mean a Credentialed Observer who is responsible for a teacher’s Summative Evaluation. A teacher's required observations as part of the appraisal cycle shall generally be conducted by the assigned Evaluator; however, the assigned Evaluator may designate a school administrator who is also a Credentialed Observer to conduct the required observations.
"Experienced Teacher" shall mean a teacher who holds a valid and current Continuing or Advanced License, issued pursuant to Chapter 12 of Title 14 of the Delaware Code; or Standard or Professional Status Certificate issued prior to August 1, 2003.
"Group 1 Teacher" shall mean any Novice Teacher or Experienced Teacher providing instruction in reading and/or mathematics to a student enrolled in any grade three (3) through ten (10) as verified by the State's pupil accounting system.
"Improvement Plan" shall be the plan that a teacher and Evaluator mutually develop in accordance with 8.0.
"Interim assessment" shall mean an assessment given at regular and specified intervals throughout the school year, and designed to evaluate students' knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic standards, and the results of which can be aggregated (e.g., by course, grade level, school, or school district) in order to inform teachers and administrators at the student, classroom, school, and district levels.
"Non-Group 1 Teacher" shall mean any Novice Teacher or Experienced Teacher that does not meet the definition of Group 1 Teacher as defined herein and explained in the Guide.
"Novice Teacher" shall mean a teacher who holds a valid and current Initial License issued pursuant to Chapter 12 of Title 14 of the Delaware Code.
"Satisfactory Component Rating" shall mean the teacher's performance demonstrates an understanding of the concepts of the component under Chapter 12 of Title 14 of the Delaware Code.
"Satisfactory Evaluation" shall be equivalent to the overall "Highly Effective" or "Effective" rating on the Summative Evaluation and shall be used to qualify for a continuing license.
"Short Observation" shall consist of an observation by a Credentialed Observer, using the associated conferences and forms, at a date and time that has not been previously arranged. The observation shall be no less than ten (10) minutes, and be limited to specified criteria. Such observations shall not substitute for required observations under Section 3.0.
"Student Achievement" shall mean
(1) Student scores on the state assessment system; and, as appropriate,
(b) For non-tested grades and subjects: Alternative measures of student learning and performance such as student scores on pre-tests and end-of-course tests; student performance on English language proficiency assessments; and other measures of student achievement that are rigorous and comparable across classrooms. Such alternative measures must be approved by the Department and developed in partnership with DSEA and DASA.
(c) For the 2014-15 school year only, student scores on the Smarter English Language Arts and Smarter Mathematics statewide assessments shall not be incorporated into any teacher’s 2014-15 performance appraisal.
"Student Growth" shall mean the change in Student aAchievement data for an individual student between two points in time. Growth may also include other measures that are rigorous and comparable across classrooms.
"Summative Evaluation" shall mean the comprehensive, end-of-cycle appraisal and shall incorporate the results of the minimum required observations, any additional observations, and required component-level data. At the discretion of the Evaluator, it may also include additional Announced, Unannounced or Short observation data, beyond the required observation data, provided by other Credentialed Observers.
"Unannounced Observation" shall consist of an observation by a Credentialed Observer at a date and time that has not been previously arranged using the associated formative conferences and reports, and which may include the use of an observation form. The observation shall be of sufficient length, at least thirty (30) minutes, to analyze the lesson and assess teacher performance.
"Unsatisfactory Component Rating" shall mean the teacher's performance does not demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of the component.
"Unsatisfactory Evaluation" shall be the equivalent to the overall Needs Improvement or "Ineffective" rating on the Summative Evaluation as it pertains to educators seeking a continuing license.
"Working Day" shall mean a day when the employee would normally be working in that district or charter school.
3.1 Experienced Teachers who have earned a rating of "Highly Effective" on their most recent Summative Evaluation shall receive a minimum of one (1) Announced or Unannounced Observation each year with a Summative Evaluation at least once every two (2) years. The Student Improvement component for Highly Effective teachers shall be evaluated each year, regardless of whether or not a Summative Evaluation is conducted. If a Highly Effective teacher does not achieve a Satisfactory rating on the Student Improvement Component, the teacher shall receive a Summative Evaluation the following year, regardless of whether the teacher would otherwise be due for a Summative Evaluation pursuant to this section.
3.2 Experienced Teachers who have earned a rating of "Effective" and have earned "Satisfactory" ratings on at least four (4) of the components found in 5.0, including Student Improvement, on his or her most recent Summative Evaluation shall receive a minimum of one (1) Announced or Unannounced Observation each year with a Summative Evaluation at least once every two (2) years. The Student Improvement component for Effective teachers shall be evaluated each year, regardless of whether or not a Summative Evaluation is conducted. If an Effective teacher does not achieve a Satisfactory rating on the Student Improvement Component, the teacher shall receive a Summative Evaluation the following year, regardless of whether the teacher would otherwise be due for a Summative Evaluation pursuant to this section.
3.3 Experienced Teachers who are not otherwise included in 3.1 or 3.2 shall receive a minimum of one (1) Announced Observation and one (1) Unannounced Observation with a Summative Evaluation at the end of the one (1) year period. These teachers shall have an Improvement Plan which may require additional observations and other types of monitoring as outlined in the DPAS II Revised Guide for Teachers.
3.4 Novice Teachers shall receive a minimum of one (1) Announced Observation and two (2) Unannounced Observations with a Summative Evaluation every year. Novice teachers who have earned a rating of "Needs Improvement" or "Ineffective" on their most recent Summative Evaluation shall have an Improvement Plan which may require additional observations or other types of monitoring as outlined in the DPAS II Revised Guide for Teachers.
4.1 All school districts and charter schools shall use the manual entitled DPAS II Guide Revised for Teachers as developed and as may be amended by the Department of Education in collaboration with DASA and DSEA to implement the appraisal system.
5.1 The following five (5) Appraisal Components, including any Appraisal Criteria specified for each, shall be the basis upon which the performance of a teacher shall be determined. In each academic year, for each of the first four (4) Appraisal Components, a school district or charter school may waive one (1) criterion identified as optional below. In addition, for the Professional Responsibilities Component (5.1.4), a school district or charter school may substitute a locally determined alternative Appraisal Component, which must be approved by the Department no later than the last day of July of each year. Final notification of any such waiver or substitution shall be provided to all teachers in a school district or charter school and the Department of Education by the last day in August of each year:
126.96.36.199 Selecting Instructional Goals: Teacher selects instructional goals that are aligned with the DE content standards and the district or charter school's curricula. Goals are appropriate for the learners and reflect high expectations for all students, consistent with State Assessment levels of performance where applicable. (Optional)
188.8.131.52 Designing Coherent Instruction: Teacher plans for learning activities that align with the instructional goals and support student learning. Instructional planning shows a structure and selection of materials and activities that support student learning relative to the district or charter school's curricula.
184.108.40.206 Demonstrating Knowledge of Content and Pedagogy: Teacher shows his or her knowledge of content and how to teach it to a variety of learners. The teacher's plans include natural connections among content areas that deepen student learning. The content that he or she teaches is aligned to the district or charter school's curricula. (Optional)
220.127.116.11 Demonstrating Knowledge of Students: Teacher shows his or her knowledge of student developmental characteristics; approaches to learning, knowledge, and skills; interests; cultural heritage; and, where applicable, State Assessment performance levels.
18.104.22.168 Designing Student Assessments: Teacher creates and or selects assessments that are congruent with instructional goals, criteria and standards. The teacher plans for the use of formative and summative assessments of the teacher's students.
22.214.171.124 Managing Student Behavior: Teacher establishes behavioral expectations and consequences and monitors student conduct. Teacher responds to student behavior in appropriate and effective ways to minimize disruptions.
126.96.36.199 Creating an Environment to Support Learning: Teacher creates an atmosphere in which learning is valued. Teacher-to-student and student-to-student interactions show rapport that is grounded in mutual respect. (Optional)
188.8.131.52 Organizing Physical Space: Teacher organizes, allocates, and manages physical space to create a safe learning environment. Teacher uses physical resources to contribute to effective instruction and makes resources accessible to all students. (Optional)
184.108.40.206 Engaging Students in Learning: Content is appropriate, clear, and linked to student knowledge and experience. Content is aligned with the district or charter school's curricula. Activities and assignments engage all students. Instructional materials are suitable to the instructional goals. The instruction is coherent and paced appropriately for all students.
220.127.116.11 Demonstrating Flexibility and Responsiveness: Teacher has a repertoire of instructional strategies and makes use of them to make modifications to lessons as needed. Teacher differentiates instruction based on learner characteristics and achievement data. (Optional)
18.104.22.168 Using Questioning and Discussion Techniques: Questions are appropriate to the content and level of students' understanding. Teacher encourages students to pose their own questions and is responsive to student questions. Teacher facilitates student led discussions.
22.214.171.124 Using Assessment in Instruction: Teacher makes the criteria of the assessment known to the students, monitors the students' progress, provides descriptive feedback, and promotes student self-assessment and uses data to plan future instruction.
126.96.36.199 Communicating with Families: Teacher shares information about the school's educational program and expectations for student performance. Teacher develops a mechanism for two way communication with families about student progress, behavior, and personal needs or concerns. (Optional)
188.8.131.52 Recording student data in a Student Record System: Teacher keeps records of attendance, disciplinary actions, emergency contact information, and personal information. Teacher shares relevant information with appropriate school personnel.
184.108.40.206 Growing and Developing Professionally: Teacher chooses and participates in professional development that is aligned with his or her professional needs and aligned with the needs of the school, district or charter school, or students. (Optional)
220.127.116.11 Reflecting on Professional Practice: Teacher engages in reflective thinking as an individual, as a team participant, or as a school community member with the goal of improving instruction and learning for all students.
18.104.22.168 Measuring Student Improvement: Students collectively demonstrate appropriate levels of Student Growth as benchmarked against standards to be set by the Secretary based on input from stakeholder groups.
6.1.1 A satisfactory rating for each of the first four Appraisal Components shall mean the teacher has no more than one unacceptable rating on the Appraisal Criteria specified in each of the components. Appraisal Criteria observed shall be rated on each observation conducted and Appraisal Criteria also shall be assigned an overall rating in a teacher’s Summative Evaluation.
6.1.2 A satisfactory rating for the Student Improvement component shall mean that the teacher has demonstrated acceptable performance by meeting the standards set by the Secretary pursuant to 22.214.171.124.
6.2.1 "Highly Effective" shall mean that the teacher has earned a Satisfactory Component rating in at least four (4) of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0, including an Exceeds rating in the Student Improvement Component meaning that the students collectively demonstrate high rates of student growth as defined in the DPAS II Revised Guide for Teachers, as the same may be amended from time to time, developed pursuant to 4.0 of this regulation.
6.2.2 "Effective" shall mean that:
6.2.3 "Needs Improvement" shall mean that:
126.96.36.199 The teacher has earned one (1) or two (2) Satisfactory Component Ratings out of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0, including a Satisfactory rating in the Student Improvement Component, or
188.8.131.52 The teacher has earned three (3) or four (4) Satisfactory Component Ratings out of the five (5) Appraisal Components in accordance with 5.0, and the teacher has earned an Unsatisfactory rating in the Student Improvement Component.
6.2.4 "Ineffective" shall mean that:
7.1 A pattern of ineffective teaching shall be based on the most recent Summative Evaluation ratings of a teacher using the DPAS II process. Two consecutive ratings of "Ineffective" shall be deemed as a pattern of ineffective teaching. The following chart shows the consecutive Summative Evaluation ratings that shall be determined to be a pattern of ineffective teaching:
8.1 An Improvement Plan shall be developed for a teacher who receives an overall rating of "Needs Improvement" or "Ineffective" on the Summative Evaluation or a rating of Unsatisfactory on any Appraisal Component in 5.0 on the Summative Evaluation regardless of the overall rating.
8.2 An Improvement Plan may be developed if a teacher's overall performance during an observed lesson is unsatisfactory. In instances where an improvement plan is to be developed, the Evaluator shall first have noted the unsatisfactory performance on the required forms by noting "Performance is Unsatisfactory" and initialing the statement.
8.3.4 Specific resources necessary to implement the plan, including but not limited to, opportunities for the teacher to work with curriculum specialist(s), subject area specialist(s), instructional specialist(s) or others with relevant expertise;
8.5 The Improvement Plan shall be developed cooperatively by the teacher and Evaluator. If the plan cannot be cooperatively developed, the Evaluator shall have the authority and responsibility to determine the plan as specified in 8.1 and 8.2 above.
9.1 A teacher may challenge any rating on the Summative Evaluation, either a Component Rating or the Overall Rating, or a teacher may challenge the conclusions of a lesson observation if the statement "PERFORMANCE IS UNSATISFACTORY" has been included on the required form(s). To initiate a challenge, a teacher shall submit additional information specific to the point of disagreement in writing within fifteen (15) working days of the date of the teacher's receipt of the Summative Evaluation. Such written response shall become part of the appraisal record and shall be attached to the Summative Evaluation. All challenges together with the record shall be forwarded to the supervisor of the Evaluator unless the supervisor of the Evaluator is also in the same building as the teacher. In this situation, the challenge together with the record shall be forwarded to a designated district or charter school level Evaluator.
9.1.1 Within fifteen (15) working days of receiving the written challenge, the supervisor of the Evaluator or the designated district or charter school level Evaluator shall review the record which consists of all documents used in the appraisal process and the written challenge, meet with the teacher, and issue a written decision.
10.1 Credentialed Observers shall have successfully completed the DPAS II training as developed by the Department of Education. Each shall receive a certificate of completion which is valid for five (5) years and is renewable upon completion of professional development focused on DPAS II as specified by the Department of Education.
10.2 The training shall occur no less than once every three (3) years and shall include techniques of observation and conferencing, content and relationships of frameworks for teaching, and a thorough review of the DPAS II Revised Guide for Teachers. Activities in which participants practice implementation of DPAS II procedures shall be included in the training.
The Department of Education shall conduct an annual evaluation of the teacher appraisal process. The evaluation shall, at a minimum, include a survey of teachers and Evaluators and interviews with a sampling of teachers and Evaluators. Data from the evaluation and proposed changes to DPAS II Revised shall be presented to the State Board of Education for review on an annual basis.